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FC Bayern Munich

Coordinates: 48°6′7″N 11°34′22″E / 48.10194°N 11.57278°E / 48.10194; 11.57278
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Bayern Munich
crest
Full nameFußball-Club Bayern München e. V.
Nickname(s)
  • Die Bayern (The Bavarians)
  • Stern des Südens (Star of the South)
  • Die Roten (The Reds)[1]
  • FC Hollywood[2]
Short name
  • Bayern Munich
  • FC Bayern
  • Bayern
  • FCB
Founded27 February 1900; 124 years ago (1900-02-27)
StadiumAllianz Arena
Capacity75,000[3]
PresidentHerbert Hainer
CEOJan-Christian Dreesen
Head coachVincent Kompany
LeagueBundesliga
2023–24Bundesliga, 3rd of 18
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Fußball-Club Bayern München e. V. (FCB, German pronunciation: [ˈfuːsbalˌklʊp ˈbaɪɐn ˈmʏnçn̩]), also known as Bayern Munich or FC Bayern (pronounced [ˌɛft͡seː ˈbaɪɐn] ), is a German professional sports club based in Munich, Bavaria. They are best known for their professional men's association football team, who play in the Bundesliga, the top tier of the German football league system. Bayern are the most successful club in German football history, having won a record 33 national titles, including eleven consecutively from 2013 to 2023, and 20 national cups, along with numerous European honours.

Bayern Munich was founded in 1900 by eleven players, led by Franz John.[4] Although Bayern won its first national championship in 1932, the club was not selected for the Bundesliga at its inception in 1963. The club had its period of greatest success in the mid-1970s when, under the captaincy of Franz Beckenbauer, they won the European Cup three consecutive times (1974–1976). Overall, Bayern have won six European Cup/UEFA Champions League titles (a German record), winning their sixth title in the 2020 final as part of the Treble, after which it became the second European club to achieve the feat twice. Bayern has also won one UEFA Cup, one European Cup Winners' Cup, two UEFA Super Cups, two FIFA Club World Cups and two Intercontinental Cups, making it one of the most successful European clubs internationally, and the only German club to have won both international titles. Bayern players have accumulated five Ballon d'Or awards, two The Best FIFA Men's Player awards, five European Golden Shoe and three UEFA Men's Player of the Year awards, including UEFA Club Footballer of the Year.

By winning the 2020 FIFA Club World Cup, Bayern Munich became only the second club to win the "sextuple" (winning the League, Cup, and Champions League in one season followed by the Domestic Supercup, UEFA Supercup and Club World Cup in the next season), or all trophies that a club competes for in a given calendar year. Bayern Munich are one of five clubs to have won all three of UEFA's main club competitions, the only German club to achieve that. As of May 2023, Bayern Munich are ranked second in UEFA club rankings. The club has traditional local rivalries with 1860 Munich and 1. FC Nürnberg.

Since the beginning of the 2005–06 season, Bayern has played its home games at the Allianz Arena. Previously, the team had played at Munich's Olympiastadion for 33 years. The team colours are red and white, and the crest shows the white and blue flag of Bavaria. In terms of revenue, Bayern Munich is the largest sports club in Germany and the third highest-earning football club in the world, behind Barcelona and Real Madrid, earning €634.1 million in 2021.[5] In August 2023, Bayern had more than 300,000 official members and 4,557 officially registered fan clubs, with over 362,000 members. The club has other departments for chess, handball, basketball, gymnastics, bowling, table tennis and senior football, with more than 1,100 active members.[6]

History

Early years (1900s–1960s)

The first game of Bayern Munich against 1. FC Nürnberg in 1901

Bayern Munich was founded by members of a Munich gymnastics club (MTV 1879). When a congregation of members of MTV 1879 decided on 27 February 1900 that the footballers of the club would not be allowed to join the German Football Association (DFB), eleven members of the football division left the congregation and on the same evening founded Fußball-Club Bayern München. Within a few months, Bayern achieved high-scoring victories against all local rivals, including a 15–0 win against Nordstern,[7] and reached the semi-finals of the 1900–01 South German championship.[4] In the following years, the club won some local trophies, and, in 1910–11, Bayern joined the newly founded "Kreisliga", the first regional Bavarian league. The club won this league in its first year, but did not win it again until the beginning of the First World War in 1914, which halted all football activities in Germany.[8][9] By the end of its first decade of founding, Bayern had its first German national team player, Max Gablonsky.[10] By 1920, it had over 700 members, making it the largest football club in Munich.[10]

In the years after the war, Bayern won several regional competitions before winning its first South German championship in 1926, an achievement repeated two years later.[8][11] Its first national title was gained in 1932, when coach Richard "Little Dombi" Kohn led the team to the German championship by defeating Eintracht Frankfurt 2–0 in the final.[8]

The rise of Adolf Hitler to power put an abrupt end to Bayern's development. Club president Kurt Landauer and the coach, both of whom were Jewish, left the country. Many others in the club were also purged. Bayern was taunted as the "Jew's club", while local rival 1860 Munich gained much support. Josef Sauter, who was inaugurated in 1943, was the only NSDAP member as president. After a friendly match in Switzerland, some Bayern players greeted Landauer, who was a spectator, and the club was subject to continued discrimination.[12] Bayern was also affected by the ruling that football players had to be full amateurs again, which led to the move of gifted young centre-forward Oskar Rohr to Switzerland. In the following years, Bayern could not sustain its role of contender for the national title, achieving mid-table results in its regional league instead.[13]

After the end of the Second World War in 1945, Bayern became a member of the Oberliga Süd, the southern conference of the German first division, which was split five ways at that time. Bayern struggled, hiring and firing 13 coaches between 1945 and 1963. Landauer returned from exile in 1947, and was once again appointed club president, the tenure lasted until 1951. He remains as the club's president with the longest accumulated tenure. Landauer has been deemed the most important figure in Bayern's transition to a professional club.[14][15] In 1955, the club was relegated but returned to the Oberliga in the following season and won the DFB-Pokal for the first time, beating Fortuna Düsseldorf 1–0 in the final.[16][17]

The club struggled financially, though, verging on bankruptcy at the end of the 1950s. President Reitlinger was ousted in the club's elections of 1958 by the industrialist Roland Endler, who provided financial stability for the club. Under his reign, Bayern had its best years in the Oberliga.[18] Endler was no longer a candidate in 1962, when Wilhelm Neudecker, who became wealthy in the postwar construction boom, replaced him.

In 1963, the Oberligas in Germany were consolidated into one national league, the Bundesliga. Five teams from the Oberliga South were admitted. The key to qualifying for the Bundesliga was the accumulated record of the last twelve years, where Bayern was only the sixth-ranked club. To boot, local rivals 1860 Munich, ranked seventh, were champions of the last Oberliga-Süd season and were given preference on the basis of this achievement.[19][20] After initial protests by Bayern for alleged mistreatment remained fruitless, president Neudecker rose to the challenge and hired Zlatko Čajkovski, who in 1962 led 1. FC Köln to the national championship. Fielding a team with young players like Franz Beckenbauer, Gerd Müller and Sepp Maier – who would later be collectively referred to as the axis, they achieved promotion to the Bundesliga in 1965.[17]

The golden years (1960s–1970s)

Franz Beckenbauer and Roberto Perfumo before a friendly v Argentina in 1970
Gerd Muller displayed on a 1973 football card

In their first Bundesliga season, Bayern finished third and also won the DFB-Pokal. This qualified them for the following year's European Cup Winners' Cup, which they won in the final against Scottish club Rangers, Franz Roth scoring the decider in a 1–0 extra time victory.[17] In 1967, Bayern retained the DFB-Pokal, but slow overall progress saw Branko Zebec take over as coach. He replaced Bayern's offensive style of play with a more disciplined approach, and in doing so achieved the first league and cup double in Bundesliga history in 1969. Bayern Munich are one of four German clubs to win the Bundesliga and DFB-Pokal in the same season along with Borussia Dortmund, 1. FC Köln and Werder Bremen. Zebec used only 13 players throughout the season.[21]

Udo Lattek took charge in 1970. After winning the DFB-Pokal in his first season, Lattek led Bayern to their third German championship. The deciding match in the 1971–72 season against Schalke 04 was the first match in the new Olympiastadion, and was also the first live televised match in Bundesliga history. Bayern beat Schalke 5–1, so won the title, while also setting several records, including points gained and goals scored.[22] Bayern also won the next two championships, but the zenith was their triumph in the 1974 European Cup Final against Atlético Madrid, which Bayern won 4–0 after a replay.[23] This title – after winning the Cup Winners' trophy 1967 and two semi-finals (1968 and 1972) in that competition – marked the club's breakthrough as a force on the international stage.

FC Bayern Munich against 1. FC Magdeburg in 1974

During the following years, the team was unsuccessful domestically, but defended their European title by defeating Leeds United in the 1975 European Cup final, when Roth and Müller secured victory with late goals. "We came back into the game and scored two lucky goals, so in the end, we were the winners, but we were very, very lucky", stated Franz Beckenbauer. Billy Bremner believed the French referee was "very suspicious". Leeds fans then rioted in Paris and were banned from European football for three years.[24] A year later in the final in Glasgow, another Roth goal helped defeat Saint-Étienne, and Bayern became the third club to win the trophy in three consecutive years. The final trophy won by Bayern in this era was the Intercontinental Cup, in which they defeated Brazilian club Cruzeiro over two legs.[25] The rest of the decade was a time of change and saw no further titles for Bayern. In 1977, Franz Beckenbauer left for New York Cosmos and, in 1979, Sepp Maier and Uli Hoeneß retired while Gerd Müller joined the Fort Lauderdale Strikers.[26] Bayerndusel was coined during this period as an expression of either contempt or envy about the sometimes narrow and last-minute wins against other teams.[citation needed]

From FC Breitnigge to FC Hollywood (1970s–1990s)

The 1980s were a period of off-field turmoil for Bayern, with many changes in personnel and financial problems. On the field, Paul Breitner and Karl-Heinz Rummenigge, termed "FC Breitnigge", led the team to Bundesliga titles in 1980 and 1981. Apart from a DFB-Pokal win in 1982, two relatively unsuccessful seasons followed, after which Breitner retired, and former coach Udo Lattek returned. Bayern won the DFB-Pokal in 1984 and went on to win five Bundesliga championships in six seasons, including a double in 1986. European success, however, was elusive during the decade; Bayern, though, finished as runner-up in the European Cups of 1982 and 1987.[27]

Jupp Heynckes was hired as coach in 1987, but after two consecutive championships in 1988–89 and 1989–90, Bayern's form dipped. After finishing second in 1990–91, the club finished just five points above the relegation places in 1991–92. In 1993–94, Bayern was eliminated in the UEFA Cup second round to Premier League side Norwich City, who were the only English club to beat Bayern at the Olympiastadion during Bayern's time playing there.[28] Franz Beckenbauer took over for the second half of the 1993–94 season, winning the championship again after a four-year gap. Beckenbauer was then appointed club president.[29]

His successors as coach, Giovanni Trapattoni and Otto Rehhagel, both finished trophyless after a season, not meeting the club's high expectations.[30] During this time, Bayern's players frequently appeared in the gossip pages of the press rather than the sports pages, resulting in the nickname "FC Hollywood".[31] Franz Beckenbauer briefly returned at the end of the 1995–96 season as caretaker coach and led his team to victory in the UEFA Cup, beating Bordeaux in the final.[32] For the 1996–97 season, Trapattoni returned to win the championship. In the following season, Bayern lost the title to newly promoted Kaiserslautern and Trapattoni had to take his leave for the second time.[33][34]

Renewed international success (1990s–2000s)

The Allianz Arena, opened in 2005, is one of the world's most modern football stadiums.

After his success at Borussia Dortmund, Bayern were coached by Ottmar Hitzfeld from 1998 to 2004. In Hitzfeld's first season, Bayern won the Bundesliga and came close to winning the Champions League, losing 2–1 to Manchester United into injury time after leading for most of the match.[35] The following year, in the club's centenary season, Bayern won the third league and cup double in its history. A third consecutive Bundesliga title followed in 2001, won with a stoppage time goal on the final day of the league season.[36][37] Days later, Bayern won the Champions League for the fourth time after a 25-year gap, defeating Valencia on penalties.[38] The 2001–02 season began with a win in the Intercontinental Cup,[39] but ended trophyless otherwise. In 2002–03, Bayern won their fourth double, leading the league by a record margin of 16 points.[40] Hitzfeld's reign ended in 2004, with Bayern underperforming, including defeat by second division Alemannia Aachen in the DFB-Pokal.[41]

Felix Magath took over and led Bayern to two consecutive doubles. Prior to the start of the 2005–06 season, Bayern moved from the Olympiastadion to the new Allianz Arena, which the club shared with 1860 Munich.[42] On the field, their performance in 2006–07 was erratic. Trailing in the league and having lost to Alemannia Aachen in the cup yet again, coach Magath was sacked shortly after the winter break.[43]

Hitzfeld returned as a trainer in January 2007, but Bayern finished the 2006–07 season in fourth position, meaning no Champions League qualification for the first time in more than a decade. Additional losses in the DFB-Pokal and the DFB-Ligapokal left the club with no honours for the season.[citation needed]

Domestic dominance and continental treble (2000s–2010s)

For the 2007–08 season, Bayern made drastic squad changes to help rebuild.[44] Among new signings were 2006 World Cup players such as Franck Ribéry, Miroslav Klose and Luca Toni. Bayern won the Bundesliga in convincing fashion, leading the standings on every single week of play, and the DFB-Pokal against Borussia Dortmund.[45] After the season, Bayern's long-term goalkeeper Oliver Kahn retired,[46] which left the club without a top-tier goalkeeper for several seasons. The club's coach Ottmar Hitzfeld also retired and Jürgen Klinsmann was chosen as his successor.[47] However, Klinsmann was sacked before the end of his first season as Bayern trailed Wolfsburg in the league, had lost the quarterfinal of the DFB-Pokal to Bayer Leverkusen, and were defeated in the quarterfinal of the Champions League by Barcelona, conceding four goals in the first half of the first leg. Jupp Heynckes was named caretaker coach and led the club to a second-place finish in the league.[48]

Bayern Munich playing against Bayer Leverkusen in the Bundesliga in September 2011

For the 2009–10 season, Bayern hired Dutch manager Louis van Gaal,[49] and Dutch forward Arjen Robben joined Bayern.[50] Robben, alongside Ribéry, would go on to shape Bayern's playstyle of attacking over the wings for the next ten years. The press quickly dubbed the duo "Robbery". In addition, David Alaba and Thomas Müller were promoted to the first team. Van Gaal stated: "With me, Müller always plays", which has become a much-referenced phrase over the years.[51] On the pitch, Bayern had its most successful season since 2001, securing the domestic double[52] and losing only in the final of the Champions League to Inter Milan.[53] Van Gaal was fired in April 2011 as Bayern was trailing in the league and eliminated in the first knockout round of the Champions League, again by Inter.[54]

Heynckes returned for his second permanent spell in the 2011–12 season. Although the club had signed Manuel Neuer, ending Bayern's quest for an adequate substitute for Kahn, and Jérôme Boateng for the season, Bayern remained without a title for a second consecutive season, coming in second to Borussia Dortmund in the league and the cup.[55] The Champions League final was held at the Allianz Arena and Bayern reached the final in their home stadium but lost to Chelsea on penalties.[56] Bayern Munich went on to win all titles in 2012–13. They set various Bundesliga records along the way,[57] becoming the first German team to win the treble. Bayern finished the Bundesliga on 91 points, only eleven points shy of a perfect season. In what was Bayern's third Champions League final appearance within four years, they beat Borussia Dortmund 2–1.[58] A week later, they completed the treble by winning the DFB-Pokal final against Stuttgart.[59] During the season, the club announced that they would hire Pep Guardiola as coach for the 2013–14 season. Originally, the club presented this as Heynckes retiring on the expiration of his contract, but Uli Hoeneß later admitted that it was not Heynckes's decision to leave Bayern at the end of the season. It was actually forced by the club's desire to appoint Guardiola.[60]

Guardiola's first season started off well, with Bayern extending a streak of undefeated league matches from the previous season to 53 matches. An eventual loss to Augsburg came two match days after Bayern had won the league title.[61] During the season, Bayern had also claimed two other titles, the FIFA Club World Cup and the UEFA Super Cup,[62][63] the latter being the last major trophy the club had not yet won. Bayern also won the cup to complete their tenth domestic double,[64] but lost in the semi-final of the Champions League to Real Madrid.[65] Off the pitch, Bayern's president Uli Hoeneß was convicted of tax evasion in March 2014, and sentenced to 3+12 years in prison. Hoeneß resigned the next day,[66] and vice-president Karl Hopfner was elected president in May. Under Guardiola, Bayern also won the Bundesliga in 2014–15 and 2015–16, including another double in 2015–16,[67] but did not advance past the semi-finals in the Champions League. Although the club's leadership tried to convince Guardiola to stay, the coach decided not to extend his three-year contract.[68]

Carlo Ancelotti was hired as successor to Guardiola.[69] Off the pitch, Uli Hoeneß had been released early from prison and reelected as president in November 2016.[70] Under Ancelotti, Bayern won a fifth consecutive league title.[71] In July 2017, Bayern announced that 1860 Munich would leave the Allianz for good as the club had been relegated to the fourth-tier Regionalliga.[72] During the 2017–18 season, Bayern's performances were perceived to be increasingly lacklustre, and Ancelotti was sacked after a 3–0 loss to Paris St. Germain in the Champions League, early in his second season.[73] Willy Sagnol took over as interim manager for a week, before Jupp Heynckes was announced as coach for the rest of the season, in what was his fourth spell at the club.[74] During the season, the club urged Heynckes—even publicly—to extend his contract, but Heynckes, aged 73, stayed firm that he would retire after the season.[75] Heynckes led the club to another championship, but lost the cup final against Eintracht Frankfurt. Eintracht's coach, Niko Kovač, was named Heynckes' successor at Bayern.[76] In Kovač's first season at Bayern, the club was eliminated by Liverpool in the round of 16 in the Champions League, the first time since 2011 that Bayern did not reach the quarter-final.[77] Bayern won their seventh straight Bundesliga title, however, as they finished two points above Dortmund with 78 points. This Bundesliga title was Ribéry's ninth and Robben's eighth.[78] A week later, Bayern defeated RB Leipzig 3–0 in the 2019 DFB-Pokal final to win their 19th German Cup and to complete their 12th domestic double.[79]

Return to German coaches (2019–)

Kovač was sacked after a 5–1 loss to Eintracht Frankfurt, with Hansi Flick being promoted to interim manager in November 2019.[80][81] After a satisfying spell as interim, Bayern announced a month later that Flick would remain in charge.[82] Under Flick, the club won the league, having played the most successful second half of a Bundesliga season in history, winning all but one match, which was drawn.[83] The club also won the cup, completing the club's 13th domestic double.[84] In the Champions League, Bayern reached their first final since 2013, having beaten Barcelona 8–2 in the quarter-finals.[85] Bayern defeated Paris Saint-Germain 1–0 in the final, which was held in Lisbon behind closed doors due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Former PSG player Kingsley Coman scored the only goal of the match.[86] Bayern became the second European club after Barcelona to complete the seasonal treble in two different seasons.[87]

Bayern started the 2020–21 season by winning the UEFA Super Cup for the second time in their history. Bayern also won the FIFA Club World Cup, defeating Mexican team Tigres 1–0 in the final. Bayern became the second club to win the sextuple, after Barcelona did so in 2009.[88] The club also won its ninth Bundesliga title in a row.[89] During the season, Robert Lewandowski broke Gerd Müller's record for most goals scored in a Bundesliga season, having scored 41 times in 29 matches.[90] Flick left at the end of the 2020–21 season to manage the Germany national team, and at Flick's request, RB Leipzig manager Julian Nagelsmann succeeded him.[91][92] According to several news reports, Bayern paid Leipzig €25m as compensation for Nagelsmann's services, a world record for a manager.[93]

Under Nagelsmann, Bayern won its 10th consecutive Bundesliga title.[94] In March 2023, Nagelsmann was released by Bayern and replaced with Thomas Tuchel,[95] who led the club to a record eleventh consecutive title, after winning a close title race with Borussia Dortmund.[96] In August 2023, Bayern broke the German transfer record again, signing England captain and all-time leading goalscorer Harry Kane from Tottenham Hotspur for a reported fee of €110m.[97]

Kits

In the original club constitution, Bayern's colours were named as white and blue, but the club played in white shirts with black shorts until 1905 when Bayern joined MSC. MSC decreed that the footballers would have to play in red shorts. Also, the younger players were called red shorts, which were meant as an insult.[4] For most of the club's early history, Bayern had primarily worn white and maroon home kits. In 1968–69 season, Bayern changed to red and blue striped shirts, with blue shorts and socks. Between 1969 and 1973, the team wore a home strip of red and white striped shirts with either red or white shorts and red socks. In the 1973–74 season, the team switched to an all-white kit featuring single vertical red and blue stripes on the shirt. From 1974 onwards, Bayern has mostly worn an all-red home kit with white trim. Bayern revived the red and blue striped colour scheme between 1995 and 1997. In 1997, blue was the dominant colour for the first time when Adidas released an all navy blue home kit with a red chest band. In 1999, Bayern returned to a predominantly red kit, which featured blue sleeves, and, in 2000, the club released a traditional all-red kit with white trim to be worn for Champions League matches.[98] Bayern also wore a Rotwein-coloured home kit in Bundesliga matches between 2001 and 2003, and during the 2006–07 Champions League campaign, in reference to their first-choice colours prior to the late 1960s.[99]

The club's away kit has had a wide range of colours, including white, black, blue, and gold-green. Bayern also features a distinct international kit. During the 2013–14 season, Bayern used an all-red home kit with a Bavarian flag diamond watermark pattern, a Lederhosen-inspired white and black Oktoberfest away kit, and an all-navy blue international kit.[100]

In the 1980s and 1990s, Bayern used a special away kit when playing at Kaiserslautern, representing the Brazilian colours blue and yellow, a superstition borne from the fact that the club found it hard to win there.[101][failed verification]

Kit suppliers and shirt sponsors

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor (chest) Shirt sponsor (sleeve)
1964–1971 Palme Trikotfabrik[102] None None
1971–1974 Erima
1974–1978 Adidas Adidas
1978–1981 Magirus Deutz
1981–1984 Iveco Magirus
1984–1989 Commodore
1989–2002 Opel
2002–2017 Deutsche Telekom
2017–2018 Hamad Airport
2018–2023 Qatar Airways
2023–2024 Audi
2024–present Allianz

Kit deals

Kit supplier Period Latest contract
announcement
Current contract
duration
Value Notes
Adidas 1974–present 28 April 2015 2015–2030 (15 years) Total 900 million
(60 million per year)
[103][104]

Crest

Bayern's crest has changed several times. Originally it consisted of the stylised letters F, C, B, M, which were woven into one symbol. The original crest was blue. The colours of Bavaria were included for the first time in 1954.[98] The crest from 1919 to 1924 denotes "Bayern FA", whereby "FA" stands for Fußball-Abteilung, i.e., Football Department; Bayern then was integrated into TSV Jahn Munich and constituted its football department.[citation needed]

The modern version of the crest has changed from the 1954 version in several steps.[98] While the crest consisted of a single colour only for most of the time, namely blue or red, the current crest is blue, red, and white. It has the colours of Bavaria in its centre, and FC Bayern München is written in white on a red ring enclosing the Bavarian colours.

Stadiums

Model of Bayern's first stadium, their home from 1906 to 1924

Bayern played its first training games at the Schyrenplatz in the centre of Munich. The first official games were held on the Theresienwiese. In 1901, Bayern moved to a field of its own, located in Schwabing at the Clemensstraße. After joining the Münchner Sport-Club (MSC) in 1906, Bayern moved in May 1907 to MSC's ground at the Leopoldstraße.[106] As the crowds gathering for Bayern's home games increased at the beginning of the 1920s, Bayern had to switch to various other premises in Munich.[107]

From 1925, Bayern shared the Grünwalder Stadion with 1860 Munich.[108] Until the Second World War, the stadium was owned by 1860 Munich, and is still colloquially known as Sechz'ger ("Sixties") Stadium. It was destroyed during the war, and efforts to rebuild it resulted in a patchwork. Bayern's record crowd at the Grünwalder Stadion is reported as more than 50,000 in the home game against 1. FC Nürnberg in the 1961–62 season.[109] In the Bundesliga era, the stadium had a maximum capacity of 44,000, which was reached on several occasions, but the capacity has since been reduced to 21,272. As was the case at most of this period's stadiums, the vast majority of the stadium was given over to terracing. Since 1995, the second teams and youth teams of both clubs played in the stadium.[110][111]

The Olympiastadion, home of Bayern Munich from 1972 to 2005

For the 1972 Summer Olympics, the city of Munich built the Olympiastadion. The stadium, renowned for its architecture,[112] was inaugurated in the last Bundesliga match of the 1971–72 season. The match drew a capacity crowd of 79,000, a total which was reached again on numerous occasions. In its early days, the stadium was considered one of the foremost stadiums in the world, and played host to numerous major finals, such as that of the 1974 FIFA World Cup.[113] In the following years, the stadium underwent several modifications, such as an increase in seating space from approximately 50 per cent to 66 per cent. Eventually, the stadium had a capacity of 63,000 for national matches and 59,000 for international occasions such as European Cup competitions. Many people, however, began to feel that the stadium was too cold in winter, with half the audience exposed to the weather due to lack of cover. A further complaint was the distance between the spectators and the pitch, betraying the stadium's track and field heritage. Renovation proved impossible, as the architect Günther Behnisch vetoed major modifications of the stadium.[114]

Allianz Arena is lit in red for Bayern home games.

After much discussion, the city of Munich, the state of Bavaria, Bayern Munich and 1860 Munich jointly decided at the end of 2000 to build a new stadium. While Bayern had wanted a purpose-built football stadium for several years, the awarding of the 2006 FIFA World Cup to Germany stimulated the discussion as the Olympiastadion no longer met the FIFA criteria to host a World Cup game. Located on the northern outskirts of Munich, the Allianz Arena has been in use since the beginning of the 2005–06 season.[114] Since August 2012, 2,000 more seats were added in the last row of the top tier, increasing the capacity to 71,000.[115] In January 2015, a proposal to increase the capacity was approved by the city council, with the Allianz Arena holding a capacity of 75,000 (70,000 in Champions League).[116]

The stadium's most prominent feature is the translucent outer layer, which can be illuminated in different colours for effects. Red lighting is used for Bayern home games and white for German national team home games.[117]

In May 2012, Bayern opened a museum about its history, FC Bayern Erlebniswelt, inside the Allianz Arena.[118]

Supporters

A part of the "Südkurve" – the usual spot of the ultra-scene at Allianz Arena

At the 2018 annual general meeting, the Bayern board reported that the club had 291,000 official members and 4,433 officially registered fan clubs with over 390,000 members.[119] This made the club the largest fan membership club in the world.[120] Bayern has an average of 75,000 fans at the Allianz Arena which is at 100 per cent capacity level. Every Bundesliga game has been sold-out for years.[121] Bayern's away games have also been sold out for many years.[122] According to a study by Sport+Markt from 2010, Bayern is the fifth-most popular football club in Europe with 20.7 million supporters, ranking first of all German clubs.[123]

The club's most prominent ultra groups are Schickeria München, Inferno Bavaria, Red Munichs '89, Südkurve '73, Munichmaniacs 1996, Red Angels, and Red Sharks. The ultras scene of Bayern Munch has been recognised for certain groups taking stance against right-wing extremism, racism and homophobia,[124][125][126] and in 2014 the group Schickeria München received the Julius Hirsch Award by the DFB for its commitment against antisemitism and discrimination.[127][128][129][130]

Stern des Südens is the song which fans sing at FCB home games. In the 1990s, they also used to sing FC Bayern, Forever Number One.[131] Another notable song is Mia San Mia[b] (Bavarian for "we are who we are"), which is a well-known motto of the club as well.[133] A renowned catchphrase for the team is "Packmas", which is a Bavarian phrase for the German "Packen wir es", which means "let's do it".[134] The club's mascot is "Berni" since 2004.[135]

The club also has had a number of high-profile supporters, among them Pope Benedict XVI,[136] Boris Becker, Wladimir Klitschko, Horst Seehofer and Edmund Stoiber, former Minister-President of Bavaria.[137]

Rivalries

A Munich derby match at the Allianz Arena between Bayern and 1860 Munich in the quarter-final of the 2007–08 DFB-Pokal on 27 February 2008

Bayern is one of three professional football clubs in Munich. Bayern's main local rival is 1860 Munich, who was the more successful club in the 1950s and was controversially picked for the initial Bundesliga season in 1963, winning a cup and a championship. In the 1970s and 1980s, 1860 Munich moved between the first and the third division. The Munich derby is still a much-anticipated event, getting much extra attention from supporters of both clubs.[138] Despite the rivalry, Bayern has repeatedly supported 1860 in times of financial disarray.[139]

Since the 1920s, 1. FC Nürnberg has been Bayern's main and traditional[140] rival in Bavaria. Philipp Lahm said that playing Nürnberg is "always special" and is a "heated atmosphere".[140] Both clubs played in the same league in the mid-1920s, but in the 1920s and 1930s, Nürnberg was far more successful, winning five championships in the 1920s, making the club Germany's record champion. Bayern took over the title more than sixty years later, when they won their tenth championship in 1987, thereby surpassing the number of championships won by Nürnberg.[140][141] The duel between Bayern and Nürnberg is often referred to as the Bavarian Derby.

Bayern also has a strong rivalry with the Kaiserslautern, originating in parts from a game in 1973, when Bayern lost 7–4 after leading 4–1,[142][143] but also from the two clubs competing for German championship honours at various times in the Bundesliga, as well as the city of Kaiserslautern, together with the surrounding Palatinate, having been part of Bavaria until the end of the Second World War.

Bayern Munich won 2–1 against Borussia Dortmund to win the 2012–13 UEFA Champions League on 25 May 2013.

Since the 1970s, Bayern's main rivals have been the clubs who put up the strongest fight against its national dominance. In the 1970s, this was Borussia Mönchengladbach,[23] in the 1980s, the category expanded to include Hamburger SV. In the 1990s, Borussia Dortmund, Werder Bremen and Bayer Leverkusen[144][145] emerged as the most ardent opponents. Since the 2000s, Borussia Dortmund, Schalke 04,[146] and Werder Bremen have been the main challengers in the Bundesliga.[147] Bayern and Dortmund also have played against each other in the DFB-Pokal final in 2008, 2012, 2014, and 2016. The 5–2 loss against Dortmund in the 2012 final was Bayern's worst ever loss in a DFB-Pokal final.[citation needed] The highlight of the rivalry between the two clubs was when Bayern defeated Dortmund 2–1 in the final of the 2012–13 UEFA Champions League.

Amongst Bayern's chief European rivals are Real Madrid,[148] AC Milan,[149] and Manchester United.[144] Real Madrid versus Bayern is the match that has historically been played most often in the Champions League/European Cup with 26 matches. Due to Bayern being traditionally hard to beat for Madrid, Madrid supporters often refer to Bayern as the "Bestia negra" ("Black Beast").[150] Despite the number of duels, Bayern and Real have never met in the final of a Champions League or European Cup.

Organization and finance

Bayern's former president from 1994 to 2009 and former player Franz Beckenbauer

Bayern is mostly led by former club players. From 2016 to 2019, Uli Hoeneß served as the club's president, following Karl Hopfner who had been in office from 2014; Hoeneß had resigned in 2014 after being convicted of tax fraud.[151][152] Oliver Kahn was chairman of the executive board of the AG.[153] The supervisory board of nine consists mostly of managers of big German corporations. Besides the club's president and the board's chairman, they are Herbert Hainer former CEO of (Adidas), Dr. Herbert Diess chairman of (Volkswagen), Dr. Werner Zedelius senior advisor at (Allianz), Timotheus Höttges CEO of (Deutsche Telekom), Dieter Mayer, Edmund Stoiber, Theodor Weimer CEO of (Deutsche Börse), and Dr. Michael Diederich speaker of the board at (UniCredit Bank).[154][155]

Professional football at Bayern is run by the spin-off organisation FC Bayern München AG. AG is short for Aktiengesellschaft, and Bayern is run like a joint stock company, a company whose stock are not listed on the public stock exchange, but is privately owned. 75 per cent of FC Bayern München AG is owned by the club, the FC Bayern München e. V. (e. V. is short for Eingetragener Verein, which translates into "Registered Club"). Three German corporations, the sports goods manufacturer Adidas, the automobile company Audi and the financial services group Allianz each hold 8.33 per cent of the shares, 25 per cent in total.[153] Adidas acquired its shares in 2002 for €77 million. The money was designated to help finance the Allianz Arena.[156] In 2009, Audi paid €90 million for their share. The capital was used to repay the loan on the Allianz Arena.[157] And in early 2014, Allianz became the third shareholder of the company acquiring theirs share for €110 million. With the sale, Bayern paid off the remaining debt on the Allianz Arena 16 years ahead of schedule.[158] Bayern's other sports departments are run by the club.[citation needed]

The Bayern Munich team bus provided by sponsor MAN

Bayern's shirt sponsor is Deutsche Telekom. Deutsche Telekom has been Bayern's shirt sponsor since the start of 2002–03 season. The company extended their sponsorship deal in August 2015 until the end of the 2026–27 season.[159] Previous kit sponsors were Adidas[160] (1974–78), Magirus Deutz and Iveco[161] (1978–84), Commodore[162] (1984–89) and Opel[163] (1989–2002). Bayern's kit manufacturer is Adidas, who have been Bayern's kit manufacturer since 1974. The deal with Adidas runs until the end of the 2029–30 season.[164]

Bayern is an exception in professional football, having generated profits for 27 consecutive years.[119] Other clubs often report losses, realising transfers via loans, whereas Bayern always uses current assets. In the 2019 edition of the Deloitte Football Money League, Bayern had the fourth-highest revenue in club football, generating revenue of €629.2 million. Bayern had the second-highest commercial revenue in the 2019 Deloitte Football Money League, behind only Real Madrid. Bayern's commercial revenue was €348.7 million (55 per cent of total revenue). In contrast, Bayern's matchday revenue trails other top clubs at €103.8 million (17 per cent of their total revenue).[165] In 2017, Forbes ranks Bayern as the world's fourth-most valuable football club in their annual list, estimating the club's value at €2.5 billion.[166]

While other European clubs have mainly marketed to international audiences, Bayern had focused on Germany.[167] Since the 2010s, Bayern have started to focus their marketing more on Asia and the United States. Bayern made summer tours to the United States in 2014 and 2016.[citation needed] Bayern went to China in the summer of 2015 and returned in the summer of 2017, where they also played games in Singapore. In August 2014, Bayern opened an office in New York City as the club wants to strengthen their brand positioning against other top European clubs in the United States.[168] In March 2017, Bayern opened an office in Shanghai, China.[169]

Social engagement and charity

Bayern has been involved with charitable ventures for a long time, helping other football clubs in financial disarray as well as ordinary people in misery. In the wake of the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami the "FC Bayern – Hilfe e.V." was founded, a foundation that aims to concentrate the social engagements of the club.[170] At its inception, this venture was funded with €600,000, raised by officials and players of the club.[171] The money was, amongst other things, used to build a school in Marathenkerny, Sri Lanka,[171] and to rebuild the area of Trincomalee, Sri Lanka.[170]

The club has also assisted other sport clubs in financial disarray. The club has supported its local rival 1860 Munich with player transfers at favourable rates and direct money transfers.[172] When St. Pauli threatened to lose its licence for professional football due to financial problems,[when?] Bayern met the club for a friendly game, giving all gate receipts to St. Pauli.[173] In 1993, Alexander Zickler transferred from Dynamo Dresden to Bayern for 2.3 Million DM, with many considering the sum to have been a subvention for the financially threatened Dresdeners.[174] In 2003, Bayern provided a €2 Million loan to the nearly bankrupt Borussia Dortmund.[175][176][177] In 2009, Mark van Bommel's home club Fortuna Sittard was in financial distress; Bayern played a charity game at the Dutch club, gifting them gate receipts.[178] In 2013, Bayern played a charity game against financially threatened third division side Hansa Rostock. The game raised about €1 million, securing Hansa's licence.[179] In 2017, Bayern played a benefit match against financial troubled Kickers Offenbach, with all gate receipts going to Kickers Offenbach.[180] Two years later, Bayern played a benefit match against Kaiserslautern. The match was played so Kaiserslautern could secure their licence to play in the German third division. All income from the match went to Kaiserslautern.[181] In March 2020, Bayern, Borussia Dortmund, RB Leipzig and Bayer Leverkusen, the four German UEFA Champions League teams for the 2019–20 season, collectively gave €20 million to Bundesliga and 2. Bundesliga teams that were struggling financially during the COVID-19 pandemic.[182]

In mid-2013, Bayern was the first club to give financial support to the Magnus Hirschfeld National Foundation. The foundation researches the living environment LGBT people, and developed an education concept to facilitate unbiased dealing with LGBT themes in football.[183] In 2016, Bayern received the Nine Values Cup, an award of the international children's social programme Football for Friendship.[184]

Training facility

Entrance of Bayern Munich Headquarters

Bayern Munich headquarters and training facility is called Säbener Straße and it is located in the Untergiesing-Harlaching borough of Munich. The first team and the reserve team train at the facility.[185] There are five grass pitches, two of which have undersoil heating, two artificial grass fields, a beach volleyball court and a multi-functional sports hall.[186]

In August 2017, the club's sports complex, FC Bayern Campus, opened at a cost of €70 million.[citation needed] The campus is located north of Munich at Ingolstädter Straße. The campus is 30 hectare and has eight football pitches for youth teams from the U-9s to the U-19s and the women's and girls' teams. The campus also has a 2,500-capacity stadium where the U-17s and the U-19s play their matches. The Allianz Bayern Akademie is located on the campus site, and the academy has 35 apartments for young talents who do not live in the Greater Munich area. The academy building also has offices for youth coaches and staff.[187]

Honours

Bayern is historically the most successful team in German football, as they have won the most championships and the most cups. They are also Germany's most successful team in international competitions, having won fourteen trophies. Bayern is the only club to have won all three major European competitions, to have won three consecutive European Cups and to have won the treble twice, one of which was part of the larger, and more elusive, "sextuple" (2020).

The three consecutive European Cup trophies won by Bayern Munich from 1974 to 1976. The one on the far right is the real trophy, given to Bayern permanently. The ones on the left are slightly smaller replicas.
Since the club's 30th Bundesliga title, its players are allowed to wear a fifth star on their jerseys.[188]
Type Competition Titles Seasons
Domestic German Champions/Bundesliga 33 1932, 1968–69, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1973–74, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1984–85, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1988–89, 1989–90, 1993–94, 1996–97, 1998–99, 1999–2000, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2007–08, 2009–10, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2016–17, 2017–18, 2018–19, 2019–20, 2020–21, 2021–22, 2022–23
DFB-Pokal 20 1956–57, 1965–66, 1966–67, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1981–82, 1983–84, 1985–86, 1997–98, 1999–2000, 2002–03, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2007–08, 2009–10, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2015–16, 2018–19, 2019–20
DFB/DFL-Supercup 10 1987, 1990, 2010, 2012, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2020, 2021, 2022
DFL-Ligapokal 6 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2004, 2007
Continental European Cup/UEFA Champions League 6 1973–74, 1974–75, 1975–76, 2000–01, 2012–13, 2019–20
UEFA Cup 1 1995–96
UEFA/European Cup Winners' Cup 1 1966–67
UEFA/European Super Cup 2 2013, 2020
Worldwide FIFA Club World Cup 2 2013, 2020
Intercontinental Cup 2 1976, 2001

Source:[189]

  •   record

Trebles

Bayern Munich has completed all available Trebles (seasonal treble, domestic treble and European treble).[190]

Sextuple

During each calendar year, Bayern Munich only have six trophies available to them. A sextuple consists of going "six for six" in those competitions, which Bayern accomplished in 2020. This rare feat consists of winning the Continental treble in one season, followed by winning each of the three additional competitions, to which the treble gives a club access in the following season.

Players

Current squad

As of 6 February 2024[191]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK Germany GER Manuel Neuer (captain)
2 DF France FRA Dayot Upamecano
3 DF South Korea KOR Kim Min-jae
4 DF Netherlands NED Matthijs de Ligt
6 DF Germany GER Joshua Kimmich (3rd captain)
7 MF Germany GER Serge Gnabry
8 MF Germany GER Leon Goretzka (4th captain)
9 FW England ENG Harry Kane
10 FW Germany GER Leroy Sané
11 FW France FRA Kingsley Coman
13 FW Cameroon CMR Eric Maxim Choupo-Moting
15 MF England ENG Eric Dier (on loan from Tottenham Hotspur)
17 FW Spain ESP Bryan Zaragoza (on loan from Granada)
18 GK Israel ISR Daniel Peretz
No. Pos. Nation Player
19 MF Canada CAN Alphonso Davies
20 DF Senegal SEN Bouna Sarr
22 DF Portugal POR Raphaël Guerreiro
23 DF France FRA Sacha Boey
25 FW Germany GER Thomas Müller (vice-captain)
26 GK Germany GER Sven Ulreich
27 MF Austria AUT Konrad Laimer
28 DF Germany GER Tarek Buchmann
34 MF Croatia CRO Lovro Zvonarek
39 FW France FRA Mathys Tel
40 DF Morocco MAR Noussair Mazraoui
42 MF Germany GER Jamal Musiala
45 MF Germany GER Aleksandar Pavlović

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
14 MF Germany GER Paul Wanner (at Elversberg until 30 June 2024)
32 MF Croatia CRO Gabriel Vidović (at Dinamo Zagreb until 30 June 2024)
35 GK Germany GER Johannes Schenk (at Preußen Münster until 30 June 2024)
36 GK Germany GER Alexander Nübel (at Stuttgart until 30 June 2024)
37 FW United States USA Malik Tillman (at PSV until 30 June 2024)
No. Pos. Nation Player
41 DF Germany GER Frans Krätzig (at Austria Wien until 30 June 2024)
44 DF Croatia CRO Josip Stanišić (at Bayer Leverkusen until 30 June 2024)
FW Germany GER Arijon Ibrahimović (at Frosinone until 30 June 2024)
FW Germany GER Yusuf Kabadayı (at Schalke 04 until 30 June 2024)

Retired numbers

Notable past players

The "Greatest Ever" squad chosen by more than 79,901 fans, in 2005. The coach chosen was Ottmar Hitzfeld.[193]

At his farewell game, Oliver Kahn was declared honorary captain of Bayern Munich.[194] The players below are part of the Bayern Munich Hall of Fame.[195]

1930s

1970s:

1980s:

1990s:

2000s:

2010s:

Captains

Years Captain
1965 Germany Adolf Kunstwadl (DF)
1965–1970 Germany Werner Olk (DF)
1970–1977 Germany Franz Beckenbauer (DF)
1977–1979 Germany Sepp Maier (GK)
1979 Germany Gerd Müller (FW)
1979–1980 Germany Georg Schwarzenbeck (DF)
1980–1983 Germany Paul Breitner (MF)
1983–1984 Germany Karl-Heinz Rummenigge (FW)
1984–1991 Germany Klaus Augenthaler (DF)
1991–1994 Germany Raimond Aumann (GK)
1994–1997 Germany Lothar Matthäus (MF/DF)
1997–1999 Germany Thomas Helmer (DF)
1999–2002 Germany Stefan Effenberg (MF)
2002–2008 Germany Oliver Kahn (GK)
2008–2011 Netherlands Mark van Bommel (MF)
2011–2017 Germany Philipp Lahm (DF)
2017– Germany Manuel Neuer (GK)

Coaches

Current staff

As of 29 May 2024[196]
Coaching staff
Belgium Vincent Kompany Head coach
Germany Arno Michels
Hungary Zsolt Lőw
England Anthony Barry
Assistant coach
Germany Michael Rechner Goalkeeping coach
Analysis department
Germany Michael Niemeyer Head of video analyst
Germany Vitus Angerer Video analysts
Germany Michael Cuper
Germany Maximilian Schwab
Fitness coaches
Germany Holger Broich Scientific director and head of fitness
Italy Simon Martinello Fitness coaches
Germany Peter Schlösser
Germany Thomas Wilhelmi
Turkey Soner Mansuroglu Data analyst
Medical department
Germany Roland Schmidt Internist and cardiologist
Germany Jochen Hahne Team doctor
Germany Peter Ueblacker Chief medical officer
Germany Helmut Erhard Head of physiotherapy
Germany Gerry Hoffmann Deputy head of physiotherapy
Italy Gianni Bianchi Physiotherapists
Germany Florian Brandner
Germany Knut Stamer
Germany Christian Huhn
Germany Stephan Weickert
Sport management and organisation
Germany Kathleen Krüger Head of team management
Germany Bastian Wernscheid Team manager

Coaches since 1963

Bayern has had 20 coaches since its promotion to the Bundesliga in 1965. Udo Lattek, Giovanni Trapattoni and Ottmar Hitzfeld served two terms as head coach. Franz Beckenbauer served one term as head coach and one as caretaker, while Jupp Heynckes had four separate spells as coach, including one as caretaker.[197] Lattek was the club's most successful coach, having won six Bundesliga titles, two DFB Cups and the European Cup; following closely is Ottmar Hitzfeld, who won five Bundesliga titles, two DFB Cups and the Champions League. The club's least successful coach was Søren Lerby, who won less than a third of his matches in charge and presided over the club's near-relegation in the 1991–92 campaign.[citation needed]

No. Coach Period Major
Titles
Domestic European Worldwide
from until days BL DP LP SC CL EL SC WC ICC CWC
1 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Zlatko Čajkovski 1 July 1963 30 June 1968 1,826 3 2 1
2 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Branko Zebec 1 July 1968 13 March 1970 620 2 1 1
3 West Germany Udo Lattek 14 March 1970 2 January 1975 1,755 5 3 1 1
4 West Germany Dettmar Cramer 16 January 1975 30 November 1977 1,049 3 2 1
5 Hungary Gyula Lóránt 2 December 1977 18 December 1978 453
6 Hungary Pál Csernai 19 December 1978 16 May 1983 1,537 3 2 1
7 West Germany Reinhard Saftig (caretaker) 17 May 1983 30 June 1983 44
8 West Germany Udo Lattek 1 July 1983 30 June 1987 1,460 5 3 2
9 Germany Jupp Heynckes 1 July 1987 8 October 1991 1,560 4 2 2
10 Denmark Søren Lerby 9 October 1991 10 March 1992 153
11 Germany Erich Ribbeck 11 March 1992 27 December 1993 656
12 Germany Franz Beckenbauer 28 December 1993 30 June 1994 184 1 1
13 Italy Giovanni Trapattoni 1 July 1994 30 June 1995 364
14 Germany Otto Rehhagel 1 July 1995 27 April 1996 301
15 Germany Franz Beckenbauer (caretaker) 29 April 1996 15 May 1996 16 1 1
16 Germany Klaus Augenthaler(caretaker) 16 May 1996 30 June 1996 45
17 Italy Giovanni Trapattoni 1 July 1996 30 June 1998 729 3 1 1 1
18 Germany Ottmar Hitzfeld 1 July 1998 30 June 2004 2,191 11 4 2 3 1 1
19 Germany Felix Magath 1 July 2004 31 January 2007 944 5 2 2 1
20 Germany Ottmar Hitzfeld 1 February 2007 30 June 2008 515 3 1 1 1
21 Germany Jürgen Klinsmann 1 July 2008 27 April 2009 300
22 Germany Jupp Heynckes (caretaker) 28 April 2009 30 June 2009 63
23 Netherlands Louis van Gaal 1 July 2009 9 April 2011 647 3 1 1 1
24 Netherlands Andries Jonker (caretaker) 10 April 2011 30 June 2011 81
25 Germany Jupp Heynckes 1 July 2011 30 June 2013 730 4 1 1 1 1
26 Spain Pep Guardiola 1 July 2013 30 June 2016 1,095 7 3 2 1 1
27 Italy Carlo Ancelotti 1 July 2016 28 September 2017 454 3 1 2
28 France Willy Sagnol (caretaker) 29 September 2017 8 October 2017 9
29 Germany Jupp Heynckes 9 October 2017 1 July 2018 265 1 1
30 Croatia Niko Kovač 1 July 2018 3 November 2019 490 3 1 1 1
31 Germany Hansi Flick 3 November 2019 30 June 2021 605 7 2 1 1 1 1 1
32 Germany Julian Nagelsmann 1 July 2021 24 March 2023 631 3 1 2
33 Germany Thomas Tuchel 25 March 2023 29 May 2024 447 1 1
34 Belgium Vincent Kompany 29 May 2024 Present 16

Club management

FC Bayern München AG

Supervisory board (Aufsichtsrat) of FC Bayern AG
Members Notes Source
Herbert Hainer Chairman of supervisory board; President FC Bayern München e.V. [198]
Jan Heinemann Adidas AG general counsel and chief compliance officer [199]
Markus Duesmann Audi AG executive board chairman
Werner Zedelius Allianz SE board member
Uli Hoeneß Deputy chairman; Honorary president FC Bayern München e.V.
Thorsten Langheim Deutsche Telekom AG board member
Dieter Mayer Senior vice-president FC Bayern München e.V.
Edmund Stoiber Former Minister-President of Bavaria; FC Bayern Munich e.V. advisory board chairman
Karl-Heinz Rummenigge Former Chief Executive Officer of FC Bayern München AG
Executive board (Vorstand) of FC Bayern AG
Members Position Source
Jan-Christian Dreesen Chief executive officer [200]
Michael Diederich Executive vice chairman
Andreas Jung Executive board member
Max Eberl Board member for sport [201]

FC Bayern München e.V.

Presidium (Präsidium) of FC Bayern e.V.
Members Position Source
Herbert Hainer President [202]
Dieter Mayer Senior vice-president [202]
Walter Mennekes Deputy vice-president [202]
Advisory board (Verwaltungsbeirat) of FC Bayern e.V.
Members Position Source
Edmund Stoiber Chairman [202]
Alexandra Schörghuber Deputy chairwoman
Dorothee Bär Advisory board member
Georg Fahrenschon
Peter Kerspe
Marion Kiechle
Lars Klingbeil
Hildegard Müller
Joachim Müller
Dieter Reiter
Josef Schmid
Jochen Tschunke

Other departments

Football

The reserve team, FC Bayern Munich II, serves mainly as the final stepping stone for promising young players before being promoted to the main team. The second team is coached by Sebastian Hoeneß.[203] The team competes in the Regionalliga Bayern, the fourth level of German football. Their greatest achievement to date was winning the 3. Liga in the 2019–20 season. Since the inception of the Regionalliga in 1994, the team played in the Regionalliga Süd, after playing in the Oberliga since 1978. In the 2007–08 season, they qualified for the newly founded 3. Liga, where they lasted until 2011 when they were relegated to the Regionalliga. This ended 33 consecutive years of playing in the highest league that the German Football Association permits the second team of a professional football team to play.[45][204]

The FC Bayern Academy at the campus in Munich

The youth academy has produced some of Europe's top football players, including Thomas Hitzlsperger, Owen Hargreaves, Philipp Lahm, Bastian Schweinsteiger and Thomas Müller. On 1 August 2017, the FC Bayern Campus became the new home of the youth teams. It consists of ten teams, with the youngest being under 9.[205][206] Jochen Sauer is the FC Bayern Campus director, and Bayern legend coach Hermann Gerland is the sporting director.[citation needed]

The women's football department consists of five teams, including a professional team, a reserve team, and two youth teams. The women's first team, which is led by head coach Thomas Wörle, features several members of the German national youth team. In the 2008–09 season, the team finished second in the women's Bundesliga. The division was founded in 1970 and consisted of four teams with 90 players. Their greatest successes were winning the championships in 1976, 2015, and 2016.[207] In the 2011–12 season on 12 May 2012, FC Bayern Munich dethroned the German Cup title holders 1. FFC Frankfurt with a 2–0 in the 2011–12 final in Cologne and celebrated the biggest success of the club's history since winning the championship in 1976. In 2015, they won the Bundesliga for the first time, without any defeat. They won the 2015–16 Bundesliga for the second consecutive time.[208]

The senior football department was founded in 2002 and consists of five teams. The division is intended to enable senior athletes to participate in the various senior citizen competitions in Munich.[209] The FC Bayern AllStars were founded in summer 2006, and consists of former Bayern players, including Klaus Augenthaler, Raimond Aumann, Andreas Brehme, Paul Breitner, Hans Pflügler, Stefan Reuter, Paulo Sérgio, and Olaf Thon. The team is coached by Wolfgang Dremmler, and plays matches with other senior teams around the world. For organisational reasons, the team can only play a limited number of games annually.[210] The refereeing department was established in 1919 and is currently the largest football refereeing division in Europe, with 110 referees, with 2 of them women. The referees mainly officiate amateur games in the local Munich leagues.[211][212]

Other sports

Bayern has other departments for a variety of sports.[6]

The basketball department was founded in 1946, and currently[when?] contains 26 teams, including four men's teams, three women's teams, sixteen youth teams, and three senior teams. The men's team are five-time German champions, having won in 1954, 1955, 2014, 2018, and 2019. The team also won the German Basketball Cup in 1968, 2018, and 2021. The team plays its home games at the Rudi-Sedlmayer-Halle, located in the Sendling-Westpark borough of Munich.[213][214]

The bowling department emerged from SKC Real-Isaria in 1983 and currently consists of five teams. Directly next to the well-known club building of the football department, the team plays at the bowling alley of the Münchner Kegler-Verein. The first team plays in the second highest division of the Münchner Spielklasse Bezirksliga.[215][216]

The chess department was created in 1908 and consists of nine teams, including seven men's teams and two women's teams. The men's team, which currently plays in the Chess Bundesliga following promotion in 2013 from the 2. Bundesliga Ost, was nine-time German Champion from 1983 to 1995. The team also won the European Chess Club Cup in 1992. The women currently play in the 2. Bundesliga with their biggest successes being promotion to the Frauenbundesliga in 2016[217] and 2018.[218]

Logo of the handball department

The handball department was founded in 1945, and consists of thirteen teams, including three men's teams, two women's teams, five boys teams, two girls teams, and a mixed youth team. The first men's team plays in the Bezirksoberliga Oberbayern, while the women's first teams plays in the Bezirksliga Oberbayern.[219][220]

The table tennis department was founded in 1946 and currently[when?] has 220 members. The club currently has fourteen teams, including eight men's teams, a women's team, three youth teams, and two children teams. The women's first team is currently playing in the Landesliga Süd/Ost, while the men's first team plays in the 3. Bundesliga Süd. The focus of the department is on youth support.[221][222]

Literature

  • Hüetlin, Thomas: Gute Freunde. Die wahre Geschichte des FC Bayern München. Blessing, München 2006. ISBN 3-89667-254-1.
  • Schulze-Marmeling, Dietrich: Der FC Bayern und seine Juden. Aufstieg und Zerschlagung einer liberalen Fußballkultur. Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2011. ISBN 978-3-89533-781-9.[223]
  • Bausenwein, Christoph, Schulze-Marmeling, Dietrich: FC Bayern München. Unser Verein, unsere Geschichte. Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2012. ISBN 978-3-89533-894-6.

Notes

  1. ^ Between 1938 and 1945, all German clubs had to wear the emblem of the National Socialist League of the Reich for Physical Exercise on their shirts instead of their actual crests.[105]
  2. ^ Mia San Mia is a phrase originated in the 19th century Austro-Hungarian Empire, later used by German politician Franz Josef Strauss, chairman of the Christian Social Union (CSU), before being adopted by Bayern during the 1980s.[132]

References

  1. ^ "Never-say-die Reds overcome Ingolstadt at the death". FC Bayern Munich. Archived from the original on 12 February 2017. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  2. ^ Whitney, Clark (8 April 2010). "CL Comment: Van Gaal's Bayern Give New Meaning to "FC Hollywood"". Goal (website). Archived from the original on 29 June 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  3. ^ "Ab sofort 75.000 Fans bei Bundesliga-Heimspielen" [As of now 75,000 for Bundesliga home matches]. FC Bayern Munich. 13 January 2015. Archived from the original on 13 January 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
  4. ^ a b c Schulze-Marmeling, Dietrich (2003). Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters (in German). Die Werkstatt. pp. 17–33. ISBN 3-89533-426-X.
  5. ^ "Deloitte Football Money League 2019". Deloitte. January 2019. Archived from the original on 20 January 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Other Sports". FC Bayern Munich Official Website. 2007. Archived from the original on 15 August 2008. Retrieved 3 July 2008.
  7. ^ "Bayern fans bring club's earliest years to light". The Local. 22 May 2015. Archived from the original on 25 May 2015. Retrieved 30 May 2015.
  8. ^ a b c "1900 bis 1932: Von Beginn an erfolgreich" [1900 to 1932: Successful from the start] (in German). FC Bayern Munich Official Website. Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  9. ^ Schulze-Marmeling, Dietrich (2003). Die Bayern. Die Geschichte des deutschen Rekordmeisters (in German). Die Werkstatt. pp. 30–40. ISBN 3-89533-426-X.
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See also

External links