Bayfield, Ontario

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Bayfield
Community
Marina in Bayfield
Marina in Bayfield
Country Canada
Province Ontario
County Huron County
Founded 1832

Coordinates: 43°33′45″N 81°41′53″W / 43.562544°N 81.697962°W / 43.562544; -81.697962 Bayfield is a community in Bluewater, Ontario, Canada in Huron County with a 2016 population of 1,112.[1] It is on the eastern shore of Lake Huron at the mouth of Bayfield River. Bayfield is a popular tourist destination. Visitors enjoy the historic Main Street with its many well-preserved old buildings,[2] including the Little Inn which has served travelers since the 1800s, initially as a stagecoach stop.[3] Main Street is lined with boutique shops, art galleries and fine dining restaurants. The nearby marina and public beaches draw crowds in the summer months.

History[edit]

Bayfield was founded in 1832 by Carel Lodewijk, Baron van Tuyll van Serooskerken (1784-1835), a Dutch nobleman who had purchased 388 acres in the area, part of a much larger holding in the Huron Tract that he purchased from the Canada Company [4] [5] Over the next 10 years, a plan was laid out for the community and two mills (grist and lumber) were built. It was named for noted Great Lakes surveyor and British naval officer Admiral Henry Wolsey Bayfield, who had personally selected the site for the community.[6]

The mouth of the Bayfield River is a natural sheltered harbour[7] and by 1869, the settlement was a port of entry and vessels touched here on their route from Detroit to Goderich. Stages travelled daily to Seaforth.[8] In 1869, when the population was only 125, the settlement had a wagon and plough making shop, two blacksmiths, a distiller, a brickyard and two tanneries. A large, permanent harbour was built during the 1870s.[9] By 1876, Bayfield was incorporated as a village, with a population of 846.[10][11]

Bayfield's Historic Town Hall

The Town Hall was built in 1882 and was not moved to its present location on Clan Gregor Square until 1920. By then, Bayfield had been in decline for at least 20 years, because the railway was built far from this area.[12] By 1984, it was closed as a fire hazard; fund raising allowed for repairs, and the hall was re-opened in 1993. After the Village became part of Bluewater in 2001, the Bayfield Town Hall was used for community events. Additional upgrades to the building were made in 2013 and 2016.[13]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Bayfield, Ontario
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.9
(53.4)
18.5
(65.3)
23.6
(74.5)
23.9
(75)
29.8
(85.6)
32.0
(89.6)
32.0
(89.6)
34.4
(93.9)
30.4
(86.7)
25.5
(77.9)
19.9
(67.8)
16.7
(62.1)
34.4
(93.9)
Average high °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
2.5
(36.5)
5.2
(41.4)
11.0
(51.8)
18.0
(64.4)
22.7
(72.9)
24.1
(75.4)
23.6
(74.5)
21.0
(69.8)
14.2
(57.6)
7.5
(45.5)
1.4
(34.5)
12.54
(54.58)
Average low °C (°F) −7.3
(18.9)
−4.7
(23.5)
−2.6
(27.3)
1.4
(34.5)
7.4
(45.3)
12.6
(54.7)
14.3
(57.7)
13.4
(56.1)
10.7
(51.3)
5.2
(41.4)
1.2
(34.2)
−4.6
(23.7)
3.92
(39.05)
Record low °C (°F) −24.2
(−11.6)
−17.6
(0.3)
−21.8
(−7.2)
−6.4
(20.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
3.8
(38.8)
6.9
(44.4)
5.2
(41.4)
0.7
(33.3)
−2.7
(27.1)
−14.6
(5.7)
−16.5
(2.3)
−24.2
(−11.6)
Source: Environment Canada, The Weather Network

Annual events[edit]

Bayfield Harbour, 1910
Bayfield Christmas Parade

As a small community Bayfield has many yearly traditions which include the Bayfield Fair in August, and Christmas in Bayfield, which takes place the weekend after Remembrance Day and includes the lighting of the trees in Clan Gregor Square as well as an annual Christmas Parade. Other annual events include the Fireman's Breakfast, Pioneer Park 5k Run, Santa Run, Halloween Witches Walk, and Corvette Fest and Volks Fest.[citation needed]

Bayfield's Main Beach

Bayfield has the largest croquet club in North America and members compete internationally.

Transportation[edit]

Bayfield is located on Highway 21, 20 kilometres south of Goderich.

References[edit]

External links[edit]