Bayfield County, Wisconsin

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Bayfield County, Wisconsin
Bayfield County WI Courthouse.JPG
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Bayfield County
Location in the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded April 12, 1850
Named for Henry Bayfield
Seat Washburn
Largest city Washburn
Area
 • Total 2,042 sq mi (5,289 km2)
 • Land 1,478 sq mi (3,828 km2)
 • Water 564 sq mi (1,461 km2), 28%
Population (est.)
 • (2014) 14,985
 • Density 10/sq mi (4/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.bayfieldcounty.org

Bayfield County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,014.[1] Its county seat is Washburn.[2] The county was created in 1845 and organized in 1850.[3]

History[edit]

Originally, in 1848 it was named La Pointe County, Wisconsin. After Douglas (1854) and Ashland (1860) Counties were split off from the original La Pointe County, the remainder was renamed Bayfield County on April 12, 1866.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,042 square miles (5,290 km2), of which 1,478 square miles (3,830 km2) is land and 564 square miles (1,460 km2) (28%) is water.[4] It is the third-largest county in Wisconsin by total area and second-largest by land area.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airport[edit]

Cable Union Airport (FAA LID: 3CU) serves Bayfield County and the surrounding communities.

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 489
1860 353 −27.8%
1870 344 −2.5%
1880 564 64.0%
1890 7,390 1,210.3%
1900 14,392 94.7%
1910 15,987 11.1%
1920 17,201 7.6%
1930 15,006 −12.8%
1940 15,827 5.5%
1950 13,760 −13.1%
1960 11,910 −13.4%
1970 11,683 −1.9%
1980 13,822 18.3%
1990 14,008 1.3%
2000 15,013 7.2%
2010 15,014 0.0%
Est. 2016 14,891 [5] −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790–1960[7] 1900–1990[8]
1990–2000[9] 2010–2014[1]
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Bayfield County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 15,014 people residing in the county. 86.7% were White, 9.6% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% Black or African American, 0.2% of some other race and 2.9% of two or more races. 1.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 15,013 people, 6,207 households, and 4,276 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 11,640 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.46% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 9.39% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 1.49% from two or more races. 0.61% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.3% were of German, 10.4% Norwegian, 8.4% Swedish, 6.1% Irish, 5.9% Polish, 5.7% Finnish and 5.0% English ancestry. 96.8% spoke English as their first language.

There were 6,207 households out of which 28.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.90% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.10% were non-families. 26.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 5.30% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 28.50% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 102.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.70 males.

Communities[edit]

County sign on US2 / WIS13

Cities[edit]

Village[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Bayfield County has voted for the Democratic candidate in every presidential election since 1960, except 1972.

Presidential Elections Results[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 42.9% 4,124 51.5% 4,953 5.6% 535
2012 36.8% 3,603 61.6% 6,033 1.6% 152
2008 35.5% 3,365 63.1% 5,972 1.4% 131
2004 38.7% 3,754 60.3% 5,845 1.0% 100
2000 39.5% 3,266 53.6% 4,427 6.9% 566
1996 30.7% 2,250 53.1% 3,895 16.3% 1,195
1992 29.5% 2,393 47.7% 3,873 22.8% 1,846
1988 41.5% 3,095 58.0% 4,323 0.5% 40
1984 45.9% 3,474 53.3% 4,034 0.8% 59
1980 42.1% 3,278 47.6% 3,705 10.4% 806
1976 39.2% 2,624 58.1% 3,885 2.8% 184
1972 51.9% 3,045 46.7% 2,736 1.4% 84
1968 40.9% 2,333 53.2% 3,036 5.8% 333
1964 32.7% 1,886 67.1% 3,875 0.3% 16
1960 46.9% 2,841 52.7% 3,196 0.4% 23
1956 53.3% 3,096 46.4% 2,691 0.3% 19
1952 56.0% 3,419 42.8% 2,616 1.2% 72
1948 40.1% 2,338 52.8% 3,081 7.1% 416
1944 42.0% 2,475 57.1% 3,362 0.9% 53
1940 38.5% 2,829 59.8% 4,387 1.7% 126
1936 31.1% 2,071 65.5% 4,366 3.4% 226
1932 38.1% 2,035 55.9% 2,981 6.0% 319
1928 63.4% 3,279 33.1% 1,709 3.5% 183
1924 36.4% 1,675 4.5% 205 59.1% 2,720
1920 73.3% 2,536 17.0% 589 9.6% 333
1916 51.1% 1,320 38.6% 996 10.3% 267
1912 23.0% 514 29.8% 666 47.1% 1,052
1908 70.3% 1,957 20.8% 579 8.9% 249
1904 85.0% 2,665 11.2% 350 3.9% 121
1900 76.9% 2,428 20.0% 632 3.0% 96
1896 72.6% 2,244 24.9% 770 2.5% 78
1892 50.5% 1,467 46.4% 1,349 3.1% 89

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on July 12, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Wisconsin: Individual County Chronologies". Wisconsin Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved August 12, 2015. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 2, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2011. 
  11. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°38′N 91°11′W / 46.63°N 91.18°W / 46.63; -91.18