Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture

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Bayingolin Prefecture

巴音郭楞州 · بايىنغولىن ئوبلاستى
Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture
巴音郭楞蒙古自治州
بايىنغولىن موڭغۇل ئاپتونوم ئوبلاستى
Bayanbulak grassland in Hejing County
Bayanbulak grassland in Hejing County
Bayingolin Mongol Prefecture (red) in Xinjiang (orange)
Bayingolin Mongol Prefecture (red) in Xinjiang (orange)
Coordinates: Coordinates: 42°N 86°E / 42°N 86°E / 42; 86
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionXinjiang
Prefectural seatKorla
Area
 • Total472,472.1 km2 (182,422.5 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[1]
 • Total1,278,486
 • Density2.7/km2 (7.0/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
ISO 3166 codeCN-XJ-28
Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture
Chinese name
Chinese巴音郭楞蒙古自治州
Shorter name
Chinese巴音郭楞
Literal meaningBayingolin Prefecture
Shortest name
Chinese巴州
Literal meaningBā Prefecture
Mongolian name
Mongolian scriptᠪᠠᠶᠠᠨᠭᠣᠣᠯ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠵᠧᠦ
Uyghur name
Uyghurبايىنغولىن موڭغۇل ئاپتونوم ئوبلاستى
Bayingolin
Chinese name
Chinese巴音郭楞
Literal meaningRich river (from Mongolian)
Mongolian name
Mongolian scriptᠪᠠᠶᠠᠨᠭᠣᠣᠯ
Uyghur name
Uyghurبايىنغولىن

Bayingolin (Chinese: 巴音郭楞蒙古族自治州; pinyin: Bāyīnguōléng Měnggǔzú Zìzhìzhōu; often abbreviated to Bayingol;[2] also as Bayinguoleng) is an autonomous prefecture for Mongol people in the southeast of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Western China. It borders Gansu to the east, Qinghai to the southeast and the Tibet Autonomous Region to the south. It is the largest prefecture-level division nationally, with an area of 462,700 km2 (178,600 sq mi), which is even larger than its neighboring province of Gansu. The prefectural capital is Korla.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2000 census, Bayingolin has 1,056,970 inhabitants (population density: 2.28 per km²).

As of 2015, 826,063 of the 1,393,812 residents of the county were Han Chinese, 440,283 were Uyghur, 64,979 were Hui and 50,091 were Mongol.[3]

Ethnic groups in Bayingolin[edit]

When Bayingolin was established in 1954, Mongols comprised 35% of the prefecture's population.[4] Due to development needs and migration, the Han population increased from 1,682 in the region of Bayingolin in 1947 to over 660,000 in 2004.[5][6]

Population by ethnicity
Nationality 2000[7] 2010[8]
Population % Population %
Han Chinese 607,774 57.5% 757,983 59.29%
Uyghur 345,595 32.7% 406,942 31.83%
Hui 52,252 4.94% 60,451 4.73%
Mongol 43,544 4.12% 43,484 3.40%
Tujia 2,336 0.18%
Miao 1,362 0.11%
Dongxiang 1,148 0.09%
Kazakhs 1,091 0.09%
Manchu 888 0.07%
Other 7,805 0.74% 2,801 0.22%
Total 1,046,970 100% 1,278,486 100%

Subdivisions[edit]

Bayin'gholin directly controls one county-level city, seven counties and one Hui autonomous county.

Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Uyghur (UEY) Uyghur Latin (ULY) Mongolian Population (2010 Census) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
Korla[9] 库尔勒市 Kù'ěrlè Shì كورلا شەھىرى Korla Shehiri ᠬᠣᠷᠣᠯ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ 549,324 7,219 76.09
Luntai County[9] 轮台县 Lúntái Xiàn بۈگۈر ناھىيىسى Bügür Nahiyisi ᠪᠦᠭᠦᠷ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ 116,166 14,185 8.18
Yuli County[9] 尉犁县 Yùlí Xiàn لوپنۇر ناھىيىسى Lopnur Nahiyisi ᠯᠣᠪᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ 96,068 59,402 1.61
Ruoqiang County[9] 若羌县 Ruòqiāng Xiàn چاقىلىق ناھىيىسى Chaqiliq Nahiyisi ᠴᠠᠺᠢᠯᠢᠺ ᠰᠢᠶᠠ 35,580 199,222 0.17
Qiemo County[9] (Qarqan) 且末县 Qiěmò Xiàn چەرچەن ناھىيىسى Cherchen Nahiyisi ᠴᠧᠷᠴᠧᠨ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ 65,572 138,680 0.47
Hejing County[9] 和静县 Héjìng Xiàn خېجىڭ ناھىيىسى Xéjing Nahiyisi ᠬᠡᠵᠢᠨ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ 160,804 34,984 4.59
Hoxud County[9] 和硕县 Héshuò Xiàn خوشۇت ناھىيىسى Xoshut Nahiyisi ᠬᠣᠱᠤᠳ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ 72,556 12,754 5.68
Bohu County[9] 博湖县 Bóhú Xiàn باغراش ناھىيىسى Baghrash Nahiyisi ᠪᠣᠰᠲᠠᠨᠠᠭᠤᠷ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ 54,788 3,597 15.23
Yanqi Hui Autonomous County 焉耆回族自治县 Yānqí Huízú Zìzhìxiàn يەنجى خۇيزۇ ئاپتونوم ناھىيىسى Yenji Xuyzu Aptonom Nahiyisi ᠶᠠᠨᠼᠢ ᠬᠣᠲᠣᠩ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ 127,628 2,429 52.54

Notable persons[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 巴音郭楞蒙古自治州历史沿革 [Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Prefecture Historical Development] (in Chinese). XZQH.org. 30 January 2015. Retrieved 7 December 2019. 2003年,巴州总面积472472.1平方千米,{...}2010年第六次人口普查,常住总人口1278486人,
  2. ^ The official spelling is "Bayingolin" according to 中国地名录. Beijing: SinoMaps Press (中国地图出版社). 1997. p. 300. ISBN 7-5031-1718-4.
  3. ^ 3-7 各地、州、市、县(市)分民族人口数 (in Chinese). Xinjiang Bureau of Statistics. 15 March 2017. Archived from the original on 11 October 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  4. ^ Atwood, Christopher (2004). Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol Empire. Facts on File. p. 39.
  5. ^ Gardner Bovingdon (2010). "Chapter 2 - Heteronomy and Its Discontents". The Uyghurs - strangers in their own land. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-14758-3.
  6. ^ Bovingdon, Gardner (2010). "Note 9 (Chapter 2)". The Uyghurs - strangers in their own land. Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-14758-3.
  7. ^ 2000年人口普查中国民族人口资料. Publishing House of Minority Nationalities. September 2003. ISBN 7-105-05425-5.
  8. ^ Stanley W. Toops (August 2012). Susan M. Walcott; Corey Johnson (eds.). Eurasian Corridors of Interconnection: From the South China to the Caspian Sea. Routledge. pp. 65–66. ISBN 978-1135078751.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h The official spelling according to 中国地名录. Beijing: SinoMaps Press (中国地图出版社). 1997. ISBN 7-5031-1718-4.

External links[edit]