Bayonne, New Jersey

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Bayonne, New Jersey
City of Bayonne
The Bayonne Bridge in June 2008
The Bayonne Bridge in June 2008
Flag of Bayonne, New Jersey
Flag
Official seal of Bayonne, New Jersey
Seal
Map showing Bayonne in Hudson County. Inset: Location of Hudson County in New Jersey.
Map showing Bayonne in Hudson County. Inset: Location of Hudson County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Bayonne, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Bayonne, New Jersey
Bayonne is located in Hudson County, New Jersey
Bayonne
Bayonne
Location in Hudson County
Bayonne is located in New Jersey
Bayonne
Bayonne
Location in New Jersey
Bayonne is located in the United States
Bayonne
Bayonne
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°39′45″N 74°06′37″W / 40.662411°N 74.110228°W / 40.662411; -74.110228Coordinates: 40°39′45″N 74°06′37″W / 40.662411°N 74.110228°W / 40.662411; -74.110228[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Hudson
IncorporatedApril 1, 1861 (as township)
IncorporatedMarch 10, 1869 (as city)
Named forBayonne, France or
location on two bays
Government
 • TypeFaulkner Act Mayor-Council
 • BodyCity Council
 • MayorJames M. Davis (term ends June 30, 2022)[3][4]
 • AdministratorTerrence Malloy (acting)[5]
 • Municipal clerkMadelene C. Medina[6]
Area
 • Total11.082 sq mi (28.702 km2)
 • Land5.804 sq mi (15.033 km2)
 • Water5.278 sq mi (13.669 km2)  47.62%
Area rank200th of 566 in state
2nd of 12 in county[1]
Elevation7 ft (2 m)
Population
 • Total63,024
 • Estimate 
(2018)[12]
65,083
 • Rank21st of 566 in state
3rd of 12 in county[13]
 • Density10,858.3/sq mi (4,192.4/km2)
 • Density rank28th of 566 in state
10th of 12 in county[13]
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code(s)201[16]
FIPS code3401703580[1][1][17][18]
GNIS feature ID0885151[1][19]
Websitewww.bayonnenj.org

Bayonne (/bˈjn/ bay-OWN[20]) is a city in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. Located in the Gateway Region, Bayonne is situated on a peninsula located between Newark Bay to the west, the Kill Van Kull to the south, and New York Bay to the east. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 63,024,[9][10][11] reflecting an increase of 1,182 (+1.9%) from the 61,842 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 398 (+0.6%) from the 61,444 counted in the 1990 Census.[21]

Bayonne was originally formed as a township on April 1, 1861, from portions of Bergen Township. Bayonne was reincorporated as a city by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 10, 1869,[22] replacing Bayonne Township, subject to the results of a referendum held nine days later.[23] At the time it was formed, Bayonne included the communities of Bergen Point, Constable Hook, Centreville, Pamrapo and Saltersville.[24]

While somewhat diminished, traditional manufacturing, distribution, and maritime activities remain a driving force of the economy of the city, and a portion of the Port of New York and New Jersey is located there. The Cape Liberty Cruise Port is a cruise ship terminal that is on a 430-acre (170 ha) site that had been originally developed for industrial uses in the 1930s and then taken over by the U.S. government during World War II as the Military Ocean Terminal at Bayonne. After creation of a passenger terminal with full customs and immigration facilities on the site, in May 2004, the 3,000-plus-passenger Voyager of the Seas became the first ship to depart from the site, the first time in almost four decades that a passenger ship had departed from a port in the state.[25] The Voyager of the Seas was one of two ships to have its base of operations shifted to Bayonne from the New York Passenger Ship Terminal on the Hudson River waterfront of Manhattan's West Side.[26]

History[edit]

Originally inhabited by Native Americans, the region presently known as Bayonne was claimed by the Netherlands after Henry Hudson explored the Hudson River which is named after him.[27] According to Royden Page Whitcomb's 1904 book, First History of Bayonne, New Jersey, the name Bayonne is speculated to have originated with Bayonne, France, from which Huguenots settled for a year before the founding of New Amsterdam.[28] However, there is no empirical evidence for this notion, which is considered apocryphal. Whitcomb gives more credence to the idea that Erastus Randall, E.C. Bramhall and B.F. Woolsey, who bought the land owned by Jasper and William Cadmus for real estate speculation, named it Bayonne for purposes of real estate speculation, because it was located on the shores of two bays, Newark and New York.[29]

Bayonne became one of the largest centers in the nation for refining crude oil and Standard Oil of New Jersey's facilty -- which had grown from its original establishment in 1877 -- and its 6,000 employees made it the city's largest place of employment.[24] Significant civil unrest arose during the Bayonne refinery strikes of 1915–1916, in which mostly Polish American workers staged labor actions against Standard Oil of New Jersey and Tidewater Petroleum, seeking improved pay and working conditions.[30] Four striking workers were killed when strikebreakers protected by police fired into a crowd.[31]

Geography[edit]

An 1837 map of Bayonne, oriented with North pointing to the right

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 11.082 square miles (28.702 km2), including 5.804 square miles (15.033 km2) of land and 5.278 square miles (13.669 km2) of water (47.62%) was water.[1][2]

The city is located on a peninsula earlier known as Bergen Neck surrounded by Upper New York Bay to the east, Newark Bay to the west, and Kill Van Kull to the south.[24] Bayonne is east of Newark, the state's largest city, north of Elizabeth in Union County and west of Brooklyn. It shares a land border with Jersey City to the north and is connected to Staten Island by the Bayonne Bridge.[32]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the city include:[33] Bergen Point, Constable Hook and Port Johnson.[citation needed]

Bayonne has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) bordering a hot-summer humid continental climate (Dfa). The average monthly temperature varies from 32.3 °F in January to 77.0 °F in July. [1] The hardiness zone is 7b and the average absolute minimum temperature is 5.2 °F. [2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18703,834
18809,372144.4%
189019,033103.1%
190032,72271.9%
191055,54569.7%
192076,75438.2%
193088,97915.9%
194079,198−11.0%
195077,203−2.5%
196074,215−3.9%
197072,743−2.0%
198065,047−10.6%
199061,444−5.5%
200061,8420.6%
201063,0241.9%
Est. 201865,083[12][34][35]3.3%
Population sources: 1870-1920[36]
1870[37][38] 1880-1890[39]
1890-1910[40] 1870-1930[41]
1930-1990[42] 2000[43][44] 2010[9][10][11]

The city has a very ethnically diverse population, home to large populations of Italian Americans, Irish Americans, Polish Americans, Egyptian Americans, Dominican Americans, Mexican Americans, Salvadoran Americans, Pakistani Americans, Puerto Ricans, amongst others.[citation needed]

2010 Census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 63,024 people, 25,237 households, and 16,050.732 families residing in the city. The population density was 10,858.3 per square mile (4,192.4/km2). There were 27,799 housing units at an average density of 4,789.4 per square mile (1,849.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 69.21% (43,618) White, 8.86% (5,584) Black or African American, 0.31% (194) Native American, 7.71% (4,861) Asian, 0.03% (16) Pacific Islander, 10.00% (6,303) from other races, and 3.88% (2,448) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.79% (16,251) of the population.[9] Non-Hispanic Whites were 56.8% of the population.

There were 25,237 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.1% were married couples living together, 16.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.16.[9]

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.4 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 87.9 males.[9]

The U.S. Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $53,587 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,278) and the median family income was $66,077 (+/- $5,235). Males had a median income of $51,188 (+/- $1,888) versus $42,097 (+/- $1,820) for females. The per capita income for the city was $28,698 (+/- $1,102). About 9.9% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.5% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.[45]

2000 Census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 61,842 people, 25,545 households, and 16,016 families residing in the city. The population density was 10,992.2 people per square mile (4,241.1/km²). There were 26,826 housing units at an average density of 4,768.2 per square mile (1,839.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 78.8% White, 5.50% African American, 0.2% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 7.46% from other races, and 4.02% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.81% of the population.[43][44]

As of the 2000 Census, the most common reported ancestries of Bayonne residents were Italian (20.1%), Irish (18.8%) and Polish (17.9%).[43][44]

There were 25,545 households out of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.3% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.10.[43][44]

In the city the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.3 males.[43][44]

The median income for a household in the city was $41,566, and the median income for a family was $52,413. Males had a median income of $39,790 versus $33,747 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,553. About 8.4% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over.[43][44]

Economy[edit]

Portions of the city are part of an Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ), one of 32 zones covering 37 municipalities statewide. Bayonne was selected in 2002 as one of a group of three zones added to participate in the program.[46] In addition to other benefits to encourage employment and investment within the Zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3.3125% sales tax rate (half of the ​6 58% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.[47] Established in September 2002, the city's Urban Enterprise Zone status expires in December 2023.[48] More than 200 businesses have registered to participate in the city's UEZ since it was first established.[49]

The Bayonne Town Center, located within the Broadway shopping district, includes retailers, eateries, consumer and small business banking centers. The Bayonne Medical Center is a for-profit hospital that anchors the northern end of the Town Center. It is the city's largest employer, with over 1,200 employees. A 2013 study showed that the hospital charged the highest rates in the United States.[50]

Bayonne Crossing on Route 440 in Bayonne, includes a Lowe's, New York Sports Club, and Wal-Mart.[51]

On the site of the former Military Ocean Terminal, the Peninsula at Bayonne Harbor includes new housing and businesses. One of them, Cape Liberty Cruise Port is located at the end of the long peninsula with Royal Caribbean.[52] Also found is a memorial park for the Tear of Grief, a monument that is 100 feet (30 m) high and weighs 175 short tons (159 t) commemorating the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.[53]

The firearms manufacturing company Henry Repeating Arms moved from Brooklyn to Bayonne in 2009.[54][55]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Hackensack RiverWalk begins at Bergen Point where the Kill Van Kull meets the Newark Bay and connect to the Hudson River Waterfront Walkway. A plaque unveiled on May 2, 2006, for the new Richard A. Rutkowski Park, a wetlands preserve on the northwestern end of town that is part of the RiverWalk. Also known as the Waterfront Park and Environmental Walkway, it is located immediately north of the Stephen R. Gregg Hudson County Park.[56]

Hudson River Waterfront Walkway is part of a walkway that is intended to run the more than 18 miles (29 km) from the Bayonne Bridge to the George Washington Bridge.[57][58]

In August 2014, the Bayonne Hometown Fair, a popular tourist and community attraction that ceased in 2000, was revived by a local business owner and resident. The first revived Bayonne Hometown Fair took place from June 6–7, 2015.[59]

Government[edit]

City Hall

Local government[edit]

The City of Bayonne has been governed within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Mayor-Council system of municipal government (Plan C), implemented based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission as of July 1, 1962,[60] before which it was governed by a Board of Commissioners under the Walsh Act. The governing body consists of a mayor and a five-member city council, of which two seats are elected at-large and three from wards.[7][3][61]

As of 2019, the Mayor of Bayonne is James M. "Jimmy" Davis, whose term of office ends June 30, 2022; Davis was first elected as mayor in a runoff election on June 10, 2014, against incumbent Mayor Mark Smith. Members of the Bayonne City Council are Council President Sharon Ashe-Nadrowski (At-Large), Neil Carroll III (1st Ward; appointed to serve an unexpired term), Salvatore Gullace (2nd Ward), Gary La Pelusa Sr. (3rd Ward) and Juan M. Perez (At-Large), all of whom are serving concurrent terms of office that end on June 30, 2022.[3][62][63][64]

In November 2018, the City Council appointed Neil Carroll III to fill the 1st Ward seat vacated by Tommy Cotter after heresigned to take a psoition as the city's DPW director; at age 27, Carroll became the youngest councilmember in city history.[65]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

View of Manhattan from Bayonne, 1974
View of Lower Manhattan from Bayonne, September 11, 2014

Bayonne is split between the 8th and 10th Congressional Districts[66] and is part of New Jersey's 31st state legislative district.[10][67][68] Prior to the 2010 Census, Bayonne had been split between the 10th Congressional District and the 13th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[69] The split placed 33,218 residents living in the city's south and west in the 8th District, while 29,806 residents in the northeastern portion of the city were placed in the 10th District.[66][70]

For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Eighth Congressional District is represented by Albio Sires (D, West New York).[71][72] For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne Jr. (D, Newark).[73][74] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[75] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).[76][77] For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 31st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Sandra Bolden Cunningham (D, Jersey City) and in the General Assembly by Nicholas Chiaravalloti (D, Bayonne) and Angela V. McKnight (D, Jersey City).[78][79]

Hudson County is governed by a directly elected County Executive and by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, which serves as the county's legislative body. Hudson County's Freeholder District 1 includes all of Bayonne and a part of Jersey City. As of 2018, the district is represented by Kenneth Kopacz[80] The County Executive is Thomas A. DeGise, whose term of office ends December 31, 2019.[81]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 32,747 registered voters in Bayonne, of which 17,087 (52.2%) were registered as Democrats, 2,709 (8.3%) were registered as Republicans and 12,928 (39.5%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 23 voters registered to other parties.[82]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 66.4% of the vote (13,467 cast), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 32.6% (6,605 votes), and other candidates with 1.0% (197 votes), among the 20,454 ballots cast by the city's 34,424 registered voters (185 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 59.4%.[83][84] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 57.0% of the vote here (13,768 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 40.6% (9,796 votes) and other candidates with 1.2% (283 votes), among the 24,139 ballots cast by the town's 35,823 registered voters, for a turnout of 67.4%.[85] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 56.0% of the vote here (12,402 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 42.2% (9,341 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (184 votes), among the 22,135 ballots cast by the town's 32,129 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 68.9.[86]

In the 2013, gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 49.3% of the vote (5,322 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 49.1% (5,297 votes), and other candidates with 1.6% (169 votes), among the 10,987 ballots cast by the city's 34,957 registered voters (199 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 31.4%.[87][88] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 53.8% of the vote here (7,421 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 38.7% (5,333 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 4.8% (662 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (183 votes), among the 13,781 ballots cast by the town's 32,588 registered voters, yielding a 42.3% turnout.[89]

Local services[edit]

Municipal Utilities Authority[edit]

The Bayonne Municipal Utilities Authority (BMUA) is the second agency to use wind power in New Jersey and has built the first wind turbine in the metropolitan area.[90][91][92][93][94] Construction of a single turbine tower was completed in January 2012.[95][96] It is the first wind turbine created by Leitwind to be installed in the United States.[97]

In December 2012, the autonomous agency entered into a water management agreement with the Bayonne Water Joint Venture (BWJV), a partnership between United Water and investment firm Kohlberg, Kravis, Roberts.[98] The 40-year concession agreement is a public-private partnership between the city and the BWJV in which the private partners pay off the BMUA's $130 million debt and take over the operations, maintenance, and capital improvement of Bayonne's water and wastewater utilities in exchange for a regulated share of the revenue.[99][100][101] United Water is managing the operations for the partnership, while KKR is providing 90% of the funding.[102] A rate schedule was included in the agreement, and it contained an immediate 8.5% utility rate increase (the first rate increase since 2006),[98] followed by two years without increases, followed by annual increases estimated to range between 2.5% - 4.5%.[100] This partnership was sought for several reasons, including the BMUA's debt, its shortage of skilled employees, and its lagging rate revenue from years without rate increases and reduced demand.[99][103] Part of this reduced demand stemmed from the closure of the Military Ocean Terminal at Bayonne,[103] and the fact that the subsequent plans to redevelop the site with housing fell short.[104] The BMUA's $130 million debt that was paid off by the BWJV represented over half of Bayonne's overall debt ($240 million) at the time,[100] and in March 2013, Moody's Investors Service upgraded the credit rating of Bayonne from 'negative' to 'stable', citing the water deal.[102]

Fire department[edit]

Fire Station # 3

The city of Bayonne is protected on a full-time, around-the-clock basis by the 161 professional firefighters of the city of Bayonne Fire Department (BFD), which was founded on September 3, 1906, and operates out of five fire stations, located throughout the city. The BFD operates a fire apparatus fleet of four engines, three ladders, one squad (rescue engine), one rescue truck (which is also part of the Metro USAR Collapse Rescue Strike Team), two fireboats, a Multi-Service Unit, a large 4,000-US-gallon (15,000 l; 3,300 imp gal) foam tanker truck, a haz-mat truck, and numerous other special, support and reserve units. Each piece of apparatus is staffed by three fire fighters and a captain. Each platoon works on a 24 hours on, 72 hours off schedule and is commanded by a Battalion Chief. The BFD responds to approximately 17,000 emergency calls annually. The current Chief of Department is Keith Weaver.[105]

The department is part of the Metro USAR Strike Team, which consists of nine North Jersey fire departments and other emergency services divisions working to address major emergency rescue situations.[106]

Education[edit]

Bayonne Free Public Library and Cultural Center

Public schools[edit]

The Bayonne Board of Education serves students from pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2017-18 school year, the district's 13 schools had an enrollment of 9,907 students and 689.2 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 14.4:1.[107] Schools in the district (with 2017-18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[108]) are Henry E. Harris Community School No. 1[109] (683 students; in grades PreK-8), Phillip G. Vroom Community School No. 2[110] (489; PreK-8), Dr. Walter F. Robinson Community School No. 3[111] (777; PreK-8), Mary J. Donohoe Community School No. 4[112] (471; PreK-8), Lincoln Community School No. 5[113] (465; PreK-8), Horace Mann Community School No. 6[114] (573; PreK-8), William Shemin Midtown Community School No. 8[115] (1,179; PreK-8), Washington Community School No. 9[116] (684; PreK-8), Woodrow Wilson Community School No. 10[117] (700; PreK-8), John M. Bailey Community School No. 12[118] (664; PreK-8), Nicholas Oresko Community School No. 14[119] (462; PreK-8) an advanced school for gifted and talented students in academics, the arts, and physical education; and Bayonne High School[120] (2,668; 9-12).[121][122] Bayonne High School is the only public school in the state to have an on-campus ice rink for its hockey team.[123][124]

During the 1998-99 school year, Midtown Community School No. 8 was recognized with the National Blue Ribbon School Award of Excellence by the United States Department of Education.[125] During the 2008–09 school year, P.S. #14 was recognized as a Blue Ribbon School award, and Washington Community School No. 9 was honored during the 2009–10 school year.[126]

For the 2004–05 school year, Mary J. Donohoe No. 4 School was named a "Star School" by the New Jersey Department of Education, the highest honor that a New Jersey school can achieve.[127] It is the fourth school in Bayonne to receive this honor. The other three are Bayonne High School in 1995–96,[128] Midtown Community School in 1996–97[129] and P.S. #14 in the 1998–99 school year.[130]

Beginning with the 2006–07 school year, the Board of Education implemented a dress code for students in pre-K through eighth grade. Under this code students wear a school logo shirt and a variety of pants, skirts, shorts, and other prescribed items. The plan was intended to "increase student identification with their schools and the district, eliminate many of the distractions associated with differences in social or economic status, allow the children, their teachers and the Board of Education to concentrate on shared pursuit of educational excellence [and] instill a sense of belonging and school pride".[131][132] The decision prompted a battle between the Board and parents upset at the manner in which the policy was imposed, the cost of the uniforms, the loss of freedom of expression to students in choosing the clothing they wear and issues regarding the manner in which the contract was awarded.[133]

Private schools[edit]

Private schools in Bayonne include All Saints Catholic Academy for grades PreK-8 and the co-ed Marist High School for grades 9-12, All Saints operates under the supervision of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark, while Marist High School operates under the Marist Brothers.[134][135] All Saints was one of eight private schools recognized in 2017 as an Exemplary High Performing School by the National Blue Ribbon Schools Program of the United States Department of Education.[136] Marist High School has been ranked in the top 50 private schools in New Jersey. [3] It is one of a few high schools across the nation that provides an associate's degree program.

The Yeshiva Gedolah of Bayonne is a yeshiva high school / Bais Medrash / Kolel with 130 students.[137]

Holy Family Academy for girls in ninth through twelfth grades was closed at the end of the 2012-13 school year in the wake of financial difficulties and declining enrollment, having lost the support of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia in 2008.[138]

Libraries and museums[edit]

The Bayonne Public Library,[139] one of New Jersey's original 36 Carnegie libraries,[140] the Bayonne Community Museum,[141] the Bayonne Firefighters Museum,[142] and the Joyce-Herbert VFW Post 226 Veterans Museum[143] provide educational events and programs.

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

View west along I-78 (New Jersey Turnpike Newark Bay Extension) in Bayonne

As of May 2010, the city had a total of 76.55 miles (123.20 km) of roadways, of which 65.78 miles (105.86 km) were maintained by the city, 4.82 miles (7.76 km) are overseen by Hudson County, 4.04 miles (6.50 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 1.91 miles (3.07 km) are the responsibility of the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[144]

The Bayonne Bridge stretches 1,775 feet (541 m), connecting south to Staten Island over the Kill Van Kull. Originally constructed in 1931, the nridge underwent a Navigation Clearance Project that was completed in 2017 at a cost of $1.7 billion, that raised the bridge deck from 151 feet (46 m) above the water to 215 feet (66 m), allowing larger and more heavily laden ships to clear their way under the bridge.[145] Kennedy Boulevard is a major thoroughfare along the west side of the city from the bridge north to Jersey City and North Hudson.

The Newark Bay Extension (Interstate 78) of the New Jersey Turnpike eastbound travels to Jersey City and, via the Holland Tunnel, Manhattan. Westbound, the Newark Bay Bridge provides access to Newark, Newark Liberty International Airport and the rest of the turnpike (Interstate 95).[146]

Route 440 runs along the east side of Bayonne, and the West Side of Jersey City, partially following the path of the old Morris Canal route.[147] Although it has traffic lights it is usually the quickest route north-south within Bayonne. It connects to the Bayonne Bridge, I-78, and to Route 185 to Liberty State Park.

Public transportation[edit]

The Hudson-Bergen Light Rail has four stops in Bayonne, all originally from the former Central Railroad of New Jersey (CNJ). They are located at 45th Street, 34th Street, 22nd Street, all just east of Avenue E, and 8th Street (the southern terminal of the 8th Street-Hoboken Line) at Avenue C, which opened in January 2011.[148]

Bus transportation is provided on three main north-south streets of the city: Broadway, Kennedy Boulevard, and Avenue C, both by the state-operated NJ Transit and several private bus lines.[149] The Broadway line runs solely inside Bayonne city limits, while bus lines on Avenue C and Kennedy Boulevard run to various end points in Jersey City. The NJ Transit 120 runs between Avenue C in Bayonne and Battery Park in Downtown Manhattan during rush hours in peak direction while the 81 provides service to Jersey City.[150][151][152]

MTA Regional Bus Operations provides bus service between Bayonne and Staten Island on the S89 route, which connects the 34th Street light rail station and the Eltingville neighborhood on Staten Island with no other stops in Bayonne. It is the first interstate bus service operated by the New York City Transit Authority.[153]

For 114 years, the CNJ ran frequent service through the city. Trains ran north to the Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal in Jersey City. Trains ran west to Elizabethport, Elizabeth and Cranford for points west and south. The implementation of the Aldene Connection in 1967 bypassed CNJ trains around Bayonne so that nearly all trains would either terminate at Newark Pennsylvania Station or at Hoboken Terminal.[154] By 1973, a lightly used shuttle between Bayonne and Cranford that operated 20 times per day was the final remnant of service on the line.[155] Until August 6, 1978, a shuttle service between Bayonne and Cranford retained the last leg of service with the CNJ trains.[156]

Points of interest[edit]

Kill Van Kull meets Newark Bay
Rutkowski Park

National Registered Historic Places and museums[edit]

See List of Registered Historic Places in Hudson County, New Jersey

Media and culture[edit]

Bayonne is located within the New York media market, with most of its daily papers available for sale or delivery. Local, county, and regional news is covered by the daily Jersey Journal. The Bayonne Community News is part of The Hudson Reporter group of local weeklies. Other weeklies, the River View Observer and El Especialito also cover local news.[165] Bayonne-based periodicals include the Bayonne Evening Star-Telegram (B.E.S.T.).

Bayonne's local culture is served by the Annual Outdoor Art Show, which was instituted in 2008, in which local artists display their works.[166]

Jackie Gleason, a former headliner at the Hi-Hat Club in Bayonne, was fascinated by the city and mentioned it often in the television series The Honeymooners.[167]

Films set in Bayonne include the 1991 film Mortal Thoughts, with Demi Moore and Bruce Willis, which was filmed near Horace Mann School and locations around Bayonne and Hoboken;[168] the 2000 drama Men of Honor, starring Robert De Niro and Cuba Gooding Jr.; the 2002 drama Hysterical Blindness; and the 2005 Tom Cruise science fiction film War of the Worlds, which opens at the Bayonne home of the lead character, and depicts the destruction of the Bayonne Bridge by aliens. Films shot in Bayonne include the 2001 film A Beautiful Mind, scenes of which were filmed at the Peninsula at Bayonne Harbor,[169] and the 2008 Mickey Rourke drama The Wrestler, which was partially filmed in the Color & Cuts Salon and the former Dolphin Gym, both of which are on Broadway in Bayonne.[170][171]

The November 16, 2010, episode of The Daily Show with Jon Stewart parodied former Alaska Governor Sarah Palin's reality television series, Sarah Palin's Alaska, in the form of a trailer for a fictional reality show called Jason Jones' Bayonne, New Jersey, whose portrayal of the city was characterized by prostitution, drugs, crime, pollution and a stereotypical Italian-American population.[172] Bayonne Mayor Mark Smith criticized the sketch, saying, "Jon Stewart's unfortunate and inaccurate depiction of Bayonne represents a lame attempt at humor at the expense of a rock solid, all-American community."[173]

The comic strip Piranha Club (originally "Ernie"), drawn by Bud Grace, is set in and around Bayonne.[174]

The ABC sci-fi comedy television series The Neighbors is about a family that moves from Bayonne into a fictional gated community, Hidden Hills, that is populated by aliens from another planet posing as humans.[175]

The Best Show with Tom Scharpling records near Bayonne, and the city is frequently mentioned due to Associate Producer Mike Lisk (a.k.a. AP Mike) being a Bayonne native, who tends bar at Massa's Tavern, a local bar.

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Bayonne include ((B) denotes that the person was born in the city):

References[edit]

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  159. ^ Shooters Island, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Accessed December 6, 2011. "Because of its importance as a habitat and breeding ground for birds, Shooter's Island was assigned to Parks on March 3, 1994 as a bird sanctuary. Nine of the island's 43 acres (17 ha) belong to New Jersey (Bayonne owns 7.5 acres (3 ha), Elizabeth owns 1.5 acres). New York State paid New Jersey $30,000 for the right to manage the whole of the island in perpetuity."
  160. ^ The Memorial at Harbor View Park, The Peninsula at Bayonne Harbor. Accessed August 9, 2017.
  161. ^ Miller, Jonathan. "Art, or Something Like It, Brings Russian Leader to Bayonne", The New York Times, September 16, 2015. Accessed August 9, 2017. "It is not every day that the president of Russia comes to visit a blue collar New Jersey town, but here he was, Vladimir Putin, standing amid shipping containers and cracked, weed-choked asphalt, clasping hands with the mayor, and speaking of Russia's 'unity' with the United States. The reason? A 'groundbreaking' (though no ground was actually broken) for a beleaguered memorial from Russia commemorating the attack of Sept. 11, 2001 that initially had been offered to, and then rejected by, Jersey City."
  162. ^ Dedication Ceremony: September 11, 2006, 911 Monument. Accessed August 9, 2017. "On September 11, 2006, the fifth anniversary of the tragedy, the monument To the Struggle Against World Terrorism was dedicated. The ceremony started with the performance of the National Anthems of the United States and the Russian Federation. Former United States President William Jefferson Clinton was the keynote speaker."
  163. ^ First Reformed Dutch Church of Bergen Neck Nomination Form, National Register of Historic Places. Accessed March 15, 2018.
  164. ^ Robbins Reef - Entrance to Kill Van Kull, New Jersey Lighthouse Society. Accessed August 6, 2013. "The original lighthouse was an white, octagonal stone tower built in 1839. In 1883 the tower was replaced by the present 46 foot, cast iron 'spark plug' tower built atop a granite foundation situated a few yards south of the old tower."
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  168. ^ Sullivan, Al. "Bayonne High School is film set Bruce Willis will play principal in new movie", The Hudson Reporter, October 5, 2007. Accessed March 30, 2012. "When Demi Moore came to Bayonne in 1991 to make her film Mortal Thoughts, not many people may know that she brought her actor/husband, Bruce Willis, with her. Willis, who returned to Bayonne last week to film his segments in a new film, entitled The Assassination of a High School Principal or The Sophomore, was a big hit during his first visit, prompting one teacher - who was on the 1991 set at Horace Mann School - who hoped to catch a glimpse of him at the high school."
  169. ^ "Building For a Future", The Peninsula at Bayonne Harbor, Bayonne Local Redevelopment Authority, Accessed November 11, 2010.
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  175. ^ Sullivan, Al. "Home to aliens? New sci-fi TV series set in Bayonne", The Hudson Reporter, October 17, 2012. Accessed December 30, 2014. "If you ever thought your neighbors might be from outer space, then the new show The Neighbors is right up your alley. Set in Bayonne, the show features a gated community in which most of the residents are aliens from outer space, with males who get pregnant and name their children after earthly sport stars."
  176. ^ Chasing Rainbows; The Road to Oz, Goodspeed Musicals. Accessed December 4, 2017. "Marc Acito (Book) was born on January 11, 1966 in Bayonne, New Jersey."
  177. ^ "Walker Lee Ashley", National Football League. Accessed October 29, 2013.
  178. ^ Pogrebin, Robin. "Symphony to Investigate String-Instrument Deal", The New York Times, August 17, 2004. Accessed October 29, 2013. "Mr. Axelrod, an entrepreneur from Bayonne, made his money publishing pet care books."
  179. ^ Central Savings Bank, New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, December 21, 1993. Accessed October 29, 2013. "William Louis Ayres was born in Bergen Point, New Jersey."
  180. ^ Staff. "Alexander Barkan, 81; headed labor's political action group", Chicago Tribune, October 22, 1990. Accessed October 29, 2013. "Alexander E. Barkan, longtime head of the AFL-CIO's political action committee has died at age 81, the labor federation announced.Mr. Barkan was a native of Bayonne, N.J."
  181. ^ Staff. "Allan Benny Dead; Ex-Congressman; Bayonne Leader, Once Member of State Assembly, Served Also as City Attorney", The New York Times, November 8, 1942. Accessed September 19, 2017.
  182. ^ Staff. "Ben Bernie Dies; Band Leader, 52; 'Old Maestro,' Star of Radio, Stage and Screen, Rose From Poverty on the East Side", The New York Times, October 21, 1943. Accessed September 19, 2017. "His father, who had a horseshoeing establishment on South Street under the spreading roadway of the Brooklyn Bridge, had a difficult time to feed the eleven children, and when ben was 6 years old the family moved to Bayonne, N. J., where the family became, as it were, the village blacksmith."
  183. ^ Thorbourne, Ken. "Bayonne actress Tammy Blanchard set to light up small screen", NJ.com, March 25, 2010,
  184. ^ via Associated Press. "9/11 survivor from N.J. seen in iconic photo covered in dust dies", The Record (New Jersey), August 26, 2015. Accessed August 29, 2015. "The 42-year-old Bayonne resident was working on the 81st floor inside one of the Twin Towers in the attack, but she managed to escape the building."
  185. ^ Kurland, Bob. "Pitching In Majors Fulfills Borowski's Other Dream", The Record (Bergen County), August 27, 1995. Accessed July 15, 2007. "The 24-year-old native of Bayonne even has had a taste of pitching for the Baltimore Orioles."
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  187. ^ Kenny Britt profile at ESPN.com
  188. ^ Reichler, Joe via Associated Press. "Roberts Is Also 20 Game Winner", The Telegraph, August 20, 1952. Accessed October 29, 2013. "Dick Brodowski, of Bayonne, NJ, Boston Rod Sox pitcher, has his blood pressure taken by Lieut Vincent Pattlavina, of Quincy, Mass, at the Army Base induction center in Boston, the morning of August 18."
  189. ^ "Clem Burke of Blondie talks to ZANI", ZANI. Accessed October 29, 2013. "Clem Burke born 24th November 1954 Bayonne, New Jersey, is a drummer who has been in the forefront of popular music since 1976. He joined Blondie a year before in New York where he passed an audition under the watchful eye of Debbie Harry (Lead Singer and Songwriter) and Chris Stein (Guitar and Songwriter)."
  190. ^ Blumenthal, Ralph. "Leon H. Charney, Investor, Cable TV Host and Peace Broker, Is Dead at 77", The New York Times, March 22, 2016. Accessed March 24, 2016. "Mr. Charney was born on July 23, 1938, in Bayonne, N.J., and grew up poor, the son of a sewing supplies salesman who died young."
  191. ^ Hack, Charles. "Assemblyman Anthony Chiappone of Bayonne is introducing a 'DiNardo' illegal-gun bill", The Jersey Journal, October 8, 2009. Accessed September 20, 2017. "Although Bayonne Assemblyman Anthony Chiappone has been indicted on corruption charges by a state grand jury and the speaker of the Assembly is denying him his pay and benefits, he is still a working lawmaker."
  192. ^ Sullivan, Al (July 21, 2010). "Political career ends: Chiappone resigns from Assembly". The Hudson Reporter.
  193. ^ Gobis, Peter. "Coello, PawSox knocked around ", The Sun Chronicle, July 9, 2010. Accessed October 29, 2013. "Coello, a Bayonne, N.J. native, was once a catcher, selected in the 20th round of the MLB Draft in 2004 by Cincinnati."
  194. ^ Hevesi, Dennis. "Robert B. Cohen, Hudson News Chain Founder, Dies at 86", The New York Times, February 5, 2012. Accessed October 29, 2013. "Robert Benjamin Cohen was born in Bayonne, N.J., on May 26, 1925, to Isaac and Lillian Goodman Cohen. His father, who once operated a newsstand and a home-delivery route in Brooklyn, started what was then called the Bayonne News Company in the early 1920s."
  195. ^ Conte, Michaelangelo. "Former Bayonne Mayor Dennis P. Collins dies at 85", The Jersey Journal, December 7, 2009. Accessed October 29, 2013. "Former Bayonne Mayor Dennis P. Collins died yesterday, leaving a legacy of nearly three decades of public service that earned him the distinction of having the city's largest park and main post office named in his honor.... Collins amassed 28 years of public service, including 12 years on the City Council and a record four-term mayoralty, from 1974 to 1990, when he retired."
  196. ^ Sullivan, Al. "Bringing it back home; Dr. Hook guitarist unveils new instrument", The Union City Reporter, March 25, 2009, Pages 5 and 20. Accessed August 25, 2013.
  197. ^ Miniscule, Caroline. "The Thunder Child: Interviews Source Book - Tom De Haven: Author It's Superman, The Thunder Child, March 2006. Accessed September 20, 2017. "I was born in Bayonne, New Jersey, grew up in the same neighborhood you see in the first half hour of Steven Spielberg's War of the Worlds: that beautiful silvery bridge those aliens blast to undulating smithereens is the same Bayonne Bridge I used to ride my bike across (to Staten Island) in the late 1950s and early 1960s."
  198. ^ Kehr, Dave. "Sandra Dee, 'Gidget' Star and Teenage Idol, Dies at 62", The New York Times, February 20, 2005. Accessed November 11, 2012. "Born Alexandra Zuck on April 23, 1942, in Bayonne, N.J., she began modeling in New York at an early age."
  199. ^ Schlossberg, Tatiana. "A Nun From New Jersey Is on a Path to Sainthood", The New York Times, October 3, 2014. Accessed November 29, 2017. "Sister Miriam Teresa Demjanovich was a nun for only two years at a convent in New Jersey before she died in 1927 at the age of 26. But on Saturday she will edge closer to sainthood when she is beatified at a special Mass in Newark, the first time such a ceremony has been held in the United States.Sister Miriam Teresa was born in Bayonne in 1901, the youngest of seven children of immigrants from present-day Slovakia."
  200. ^ Rich Dimler profile, Pro-Football-Reference.com. Accessed September 20, 2017.
  201. ^ Aron, Michael. Interview with James P. Dugan, Eagleton Institute of Politics Center on the American Governor at Rutgers University, February 27, 2008. Accessed July 22, 2019. "James P. Dugan: Well, I was born Bayonne, many years ago.... Q: Where did you live in those days? Were you in Bayonne? James P. Dugan: Yes."
  202. ^ Farber, Michael. "Garden State: Returning to his hometown, Bayonne, the author marvels at the incongruity of an ultraexclusive golf club sharing a ZIP Code with a city that's best known as a punch line", Sports illustrated, November 12, 2007. Accessed December 26, 2017. "Bayonne is my hometown, in that I lived there for the formative years between fifth and 10th grade and the summers afterward."
  203. ^ Oreskes, Michael. "Washington at Work; Barney Frank's Public and Private Lives: Lonely Struggle for Coexistence", The New York Times, September 15, 1989. Accessed August 14, 2012. "Mr. Frank points up at the poster as he explains what was wrong with his life back then – how he tried to divide his public from his private life, how he could not handle the strain of this and, finally, how he made a personal blunder that threatens now to wreck a political career more successful than he ever imagined possible as a boy growing up in Bayonne, N.J."
  204. ^ Ojuitku, Mak. "Glover's camp as much about football as it is life", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, July 13, 2016. Accessed July 23, 2019. "This week, college football Hall of Famer Rich Glover held his annual four-day All Access to Life Foundation football camp in conjunction with the Jersey City Department of Recreation.... For the former New York Giant who was born in Bayonne and raised in the Greenville section of Jersey City, the camp is a way of giving back to the community."
  205. ^ Rick Gomez, ABC Studios Cupid (2009 TV series). Accessed June 3, 2011. "Hometown: Bayonne, NJ"
  206. ^ Olsen, Mark. "Heavens Knows What star knows all about the street life film depicts", Los Angeles Times, June 1, 2015. Accessed October 18, 2019. "Holmes, 21, is originally from Bayonne, N.J. ('not a place you’d want to go,' she said)."
  207. ^ Fowler, Glenn. "Nathan Jacobs, 83, an Ex-Justice Of the New Jersey Supreme Court", The New York Times, January 26, 1989. Accessed June 16, 2016. "Justice Jacobs, who grew up in Bayonne, was a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania and received bachelor's and doctoral degrees in law from Harvard."
  208. ^ Review of The Worlds of Herman Kahn: The Intuitive Science of Thermonuclear War, accessed December 2, 2006.
  209. ^ Staff. "Thinker of the Unthinkable", Time (magazine), July 18, 1983. Accessed November 11, 2012. "Kahn was born in Bayonne, NJ, graduated from UCLA in 1945 and three years later joined the Rand Corp., the California think tank that helps the Pentagon develop defense strategies."
  210. ^ Van Gelder, Lawrence. "Brian Keith, Hardy Actor, 75; Played Dads and Desperadoes", The New York Times, June 25, 1997. Accessed August 14, 2012. "Mr. Keith, whose full name was Robert Brian Keith Jr., was born in Bayonne, N.J."
  211. ^ Marks, Peter. "Theater; Frank Langella Stamps 'The Father' as His Own", The New York Times, February 11, 1996. Accessed August 14, 2012. "A Bayonne, N.J., native, he is perhaps best known for his performance in the Broadway and movie versions of Dracula."
  212. ^ "Bucknell Mourns the Loss of Bob Latour, Former AD and First Bison Swimming Coach", Bucknell Bison, November 19, 2010. Accessed June 18, 2018. "Born May 11, 1925 in Bayonne, N.J., and raised in Middletown, N.Y., Latour served in the U.S. Army in 1943-44."
  213. ^ Assembly Joint Resolution No. 47 State of New Jersey 208th Legislature, New Jersey General Assembly, June 15, 1998. Accessed August 2, 2016. "A Joint Resolution designating that portion of State Highway Route No. 169 in the City of Bayonne, Hudson County, as the 'Joseph A. LeFante Memorial Highway.' Whereas, Joseph A. LeFante was born on September 8, 1928 in the City of Bayonne and attended the Bayonne schools before attending St. Peter's Institute of Industrial Relations and graduating from the New Jersey Real Estate Institute"
  214. ^ Jammal Lord, Nebraska Cornhuskers football. Accessed July 17, 2017. "Quarterback Jammal Lord was an ironman for Nebraska in his final two seasons, starting 27 consecutive games, while guiding one of the nation's most prolific rushing attacks. He made his way near the top of the Nebraska record book by the conclusion of his career. The Bayonne, N.J., native finished his senior season with 2,253 yards of total offense, pushing his career total to 5,421 yards, placing him in third on Nebraska's career list, trailing only Eric Crouch and Tommie Frazier."
  215. ^ The Living Church, Volume 136, p. 148. Morehouse-Gorham Company, 1958. Accessed September 20, 2017. "The Rev. Donald MacAdie is 58 years of age, was born in Bayonne, N. Y. [sic], the son of John and Ella Jordan MacAdie."
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  218. ^ "Winners of Contests Sponsored by Music Clubs Show Real Talent", Musical America, Volumes 33-34. Accessed August 13, 2018. "As announced in the complete account of the convention sessions published in Musical America last week, Devora Nadworney of Bayonne, N. J., was the winner in the contest for female voice, the judges giving her an average on points of 84.66."
  219. ^ Staff. "Samuel I. Newhouse, Publisher, Dies at 84; Samuel I. Newhouse, Builder of an Empire in Newspapers and Broadcasting, Is Dead at 84 Relatives on the Payroll Some Takeover Bids Resisted Newhouse Beneficiaries Payment on a Bad Debt Newhouse Publications and Broadcast Stations", The New York Times, August 30, 1979. Accessed July 17, 2017. "Born May 24, 1895, to Meyer and Rose Fatt Newhouse, immigrants from Russia and Austria, respectively, he was reared in Bayonne, N.J."
  220. ^ Robb, Adam. "Stand-up comic Jim Norton, a Bayonne native, set to return to New Jersey for show at the Wellmont in Montclair", The Jersey Journal, February 26, 2011. Accessed September 20, 2017.
  221. ^ Staff. "New Jersey Sports; En Garde! Touchez!", The New York Times, April 3, 1973. Accessed February 7, 2018 ."As a result of his efforts and those of other fencing enthusiasts such as Evelyn Terhune of Mahwah, Irwin Bernstein of Westfield and Denise O'Connor of Bayonne-all top regional competitors-New Jersey now has a large number of devotees."
  222. ^ Clark, Amy Sara. "New public safety director hopes to cut costs in Bayonne, protect needy in Trenton", The Jersey Journal, August 5, 2010. Accessed September 10, 2014. "A fourth-generation Bayonne resident, O'Donnell lives on 11th Street near Avenue A — just three blocks from where he grew up, with his wife Kerry, a special education teacher, and their three young children, Caroline, Jack and Patrick."
  223. ^ Gene Olaff, National Soccer Hall of Fame. Accessed November 26, 2007.
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  225. ^ O'Neal, Shaquille. Shaq Talks Back, p. 21. St. Martin's Press, 2014. ISBN 9781466874657. Accessed December 15, 2014. "When I was five, we moved to Bayonne, New Jersey, and a couple of years later to Eatontown, New Jersey."
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  228. ^ Rahman, Sarah. "Author Steven V. Roberts pays a visit to hometown of Bayonne", The Jersey Journal, December 11, 2009. Accessed March 19, 2017. "For author Steven V. Roberts, Bayonne will always be the home to come back to, despite travels across continents and moving from one corner of the world to the next."
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  231. ^ Sullivan, Al. "'Beam me up, Scotty'; Local writer makes name in Star Trek universe" Archived March 20, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The Hudson Reporter, March 28, 2008. Accessed March 19, 2017. "A resident of Bayonne since he was 10 years old, William Stape, 39, has become a part of the Star Trek universe, both as the author of scripts for The Next Generation and Deep Space Nine TV series, but also by recently unveiling details concerning the sets of the upcoming Star Trek movie.... Born in Jersey City, Stape moved with his family to the Toms River area before relocating to Bayonne."
  232. ^ Rubin, Roger. "Villanova trio of NYC area products Corey Fisher, Corey Stokes, Antonio Pena lead 'Cats past UCLA", Daily News (New York), November 25, 2010. Accessed December 27, 2010. "So it was again for No. 7 Villanova's tri-captains – Corey Fisher (Bronx), Corey Stokes (Bayonne) and Antonio Peña (Brooklyn) – when they met UCLA in a Preseason NIT semifinal."
  233. ^ "Bio Summary". Robert Tepper Music. Accessed May 14, 2013.
  234. ^ "Joseph W. Tumulty, 82, Jersey City Lawyer", The New York Times, December 26, 1996. Accessed September 2, 2019. "Joseph W. Tumulty, a former Democratic State Senator and member of a politically connected law firm in his native Jersey City, died Dec. 20 at Christ Hospital in Jersey City. He was 82 and lived in Bayonne."
  235. ^ "Tales from the dark side – Offbeat, off-B'way player turns...", The Star-Ledger, April 17, 2005. "Urbaniak was born in Bayonne but moved to Marlboro Township when he was 7."
  236. ^ Miller, Jonathan. "The Week; Bayonne Bleeder vs. 'Rocky': The Final Round", The New York Times, August 13, 2006. Accessed August 14, 2012. "So nearly three years ago, Mr. Wepner, who was known in the ring as the Bayonne Bleeder, sued Mr. Stallone for $15 million. This month, Mr. Wepner, 67, who still lives in Bayonne and is a wholesale liquor salesman, settled with Mr. Stallone for an undisclosed amount."
  237. ^ Streeter, Leslie Gray. "A Wylde time; Rarely printable but always quotable rocker has had a big year", The Kansas City Star, November 9, 2006. "The thing about Wylde, a 40- year-old, Bayonne, NJ-born father of three married to his high school sweetheart, is that he's just a rock n roll guy."

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