Baysamun

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Baysamun
Baysamun is located in Mandatory Palestine
Baysamun
Baysamun
Arabic بيسمون
Also spelled Beisamun, En Besamun, Basimun[1]
Subdistrict Safad
Coordinates 33°5′51″N 35°34′46″E / 33.09750°N 35.57944°E / 33.09750; 35.57944Coordinates: 33°5′51″N 35°34′46″E / 33.09750°N 35.57944°E / 33.09750; 35.57944
Palestine grid 204/278
Population 20[2] (1945)
Date of depopulation May 25, 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation Whispering campaign

Baysamun (Arabic: بيسمون‎‎, Beisamûn) was a small Palestinian Arab village, located 16.5 kilometers (10.3 mi) northeast of Safad. In 1945, it had a population of 20.[4] It was depopulated during the 1948 War on May 25, 1948 by the Palmach's First Battalion in Operation Yiftach.

History[edit]

Kathleen Kenyon notes that Beisamun disappeared under modern drainage systems set up by Israel; in the fish ponds created, Neolithic remains were found that included houses and two plastered skulls.[5] Rectangular houses with plastered floors show striking similarities to those at Byblos.[5][6] These "Levantine pier house[s]" were also found in Yiftahel, Ayn Ghazal, and Jericho.[7]

A main period of habitation was during the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B era, but also Pottery Neolithic and Bronze Age remains have been found.[8]

British mandate era[edit]

The population of Baysamun in the 1922 census consisted of 41 Muslims,[9] increasing to 50 Muslims in 11 occupied houses by 1931.[10]

By 1945 the population was 20,[2] with a total of 2,102 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[11] Of this, 107 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 1,817 for cereals;[12] while 133 dunams was non-cultivable area.[13]

1948, aftermath[edit]

It was depopulated during the 1948 War on May 25, 1948 by the Palmach's First Battalion in Operation Yiftach in a Whispering campaign.[3][14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grootkerk, 2000, p. 120
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 9
  3. ^ a b Morris, 2004, xvi, village #27. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  4. ^ Hadawi, 1970, p. 69.
  5. ^ a b Kenyon, 1985, p. 29.
  6. ^ Wright, 1985, p. 30.
  7. ^ Negev and Gibson, 2005, p. 232.
  8. ^ Khalaily and Bocquentin, 2008, Beisamoun (Mallaha)
  9. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, p. 42
  10. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 105
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 69.
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 118
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 168
  14. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 251

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]