Bayswater

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Bayswater
Bayswater.jpg
View across Bayswater, looking south towards Kensington Gardens, from the roof of a block on the Hallfield Estate
Bayswater is located in Greater London
Bayswater
Bayswater
Bayswater shown within Greater London
Population 10,300 (2011 Census. Westminster Ward)[1]
OS grid reference TQ255805
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district W2
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
London
51°30′34″N 0°11′34″W / 51.5095°N 0.1929°W / 51.5095; -0.1929Coordinates: 51°30′34″N 0°11′34″W / 51.5095°N 0.1929°W / 51.5095; -0.1929

Bayswater is an area within the City of Westminster and the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in central London.[2] It is a built-up district located 2.5 miles (4.0 km) west-north-west of Charing Cross, bordering the north of Kensington Gardens and having a population density of 17,500 per square kilometre.

Bayswater is one of London's most cosmopolitan areas: a diverse local population is augmented by a high concentration of hotels. In addition to the English, there are many other nationalities; in particular there is a large Greek community around St Sophia's Cathedral, Moscow Road – London's Greek Orthodox Cathedral, a sizeable French community, Americans and London's largest Brazilian community. There is also a significant Arab community present here. The area has attractive streets and garden squares lined with Victorian stucco terraces, mostly now subdivided into flats and boarding houses. The property ranges from very expensive apartments to small studio flats. There are also purpose-built apartment blocks dating from the inter-war period as well as more recent developments, and a large council estate, the 650-flat Hallfield Estate, designed by Sir Denys Lasdun and now largely sold off.

Queensway and Westbourne Grove are its busiest main streets, both having many ethnic-cuisine restaurants.

History[edit]

The land now called Bayswater belonged to the Abbey of Westminster when the Domesday Book was compiled; the most considerable tenant under the abbot was Bainiardus, probably the same Norman associate of the Conqueror who gave his name to Baynard's Castle. The descent of the land held by him cannot be clearly traced: but his name long remained attached to part of it; and, as late as the year 1653, a parliamentary grant of the Abbey or Chapter lands describes "the common field at Paddington" as being "near a place commonly called Baynard's Watering."[citation needed] In 1720, the lands of the Dean and Chapter are described to be the occupation of Alexander Bond, of Bear's Watering, in the same parish of Paddington.[citation needed] It may therefore fairly be concluded that this portion of ground, always remarkable for its springs of excellent water, once supplied water to Baynard, his household, or his cattle; that the memory of his name was preserved in the neighbourhood for six centuries; and that his watering-place now takes the abbreviated name Bayswater.

Notable residents[edit]

Local politics[edit]

The Bayswater area elects a total of six councillors to Westminster City Council, three each from the eponymous Bayswater Ward,[8] and from Lancaster Gate Ward.[9]

Following the 2018 Westminster City Council elections, five members belong to the Conservative Party and one to the Labour Party, with the Bayswater Ward being a split-party marginal and Lancaster Gate being a fully Conservative-held ward.

Education[edit]

Nearest places[edit]

Nearest tube stations[edit]

Bayswater station

The stations within the district are Bayswater and Queensway. Other nearby stations include Paddington (Bakerloo, Circle and District lines and Circle and Hammersmith & City lines),[10] Royal Oak (In Westbourne) and Lancaster Gate (To the east).

Places of interest[edit]

References in fiction[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Westminster Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 21 October 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  2. ^ "London's Places" (PDF). London Plan. Greater London Authority. 2011. p. 46. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  3. ^ http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/morley-the-life-of-richard-cobden
  4. ^ http://www.artwarefineart.com/gallery/portrait-richard-cobden-mp-1804-1865
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 March 2007. Retrieved 2006-02-24. observer.guardian.co.uk
  6. ^ Charlotte Mitchell: Smith, Georgina Castle... Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, UK: OUP, 2004/2008) Retrieved 2 April 2018.
  7. ^ L. Perry Curtis jun., "Tenniel, Sir John (1820–1914)" Retrieved 25 February 2014, pay-walled.
  8. ^ "Westminster.gov.UK: Bayswater Ward profile" (PDF). Bayswater Ward's councillors, boundary map and demographics. Westminster City Council. July 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2013.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "Westminster.gov.UK: Lancaster Gate Ward profile" (PDF). Lancaster Gate Ward's councillors, boundary map and demographics. Westminster City Council. July 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2013.[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "Queens Park Hotel Bayswater Tube Station". www.queensparkhotel.com. Retrieved 2016-01-18.

https://tfl.gov.uk/maps/track/tube

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Bayswater at Wikimedia Commons