Bayswater tube station

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Bayswater London Underground
Bayswater Station Exterior.jpg
Entrance on Queensway
Bayswater is located in Central London
Bayswater
Bayswater
Location of Bayswater in Central London
Location Queensway
Local authority City of Westminster
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 2
Fare zone 1
London Underground annual entry and exit
2011 Decrease 5.10 million[1]
2012 Increase 5.54 million[1]
2013 Decrease 5.49 million[1]
2014 Increase 5.69 million[1]
Key dates
1868 Opened as "Bayswater" (MR)[2]
1926 Started (District) and renamed "Bayswater (Queen's Road) & Westbourne Grove"[2]
1933 Renamed "Bayswater (Queen's Road)"[2]
1946 Renamed "Bayswater (Queensway)" (suffix gradually dropped)[2]
1949 Started (Circle)[3]
Other information
Lists of stations
London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°30′43″N 0°11′17″W / 51.512°N 0.188°W / 51.512; -0.188

Bayswater is a London Underground station in the Bayswater area of the City of Westminster. The station is on the Circle and District lines, between Notting Hill Gate and Paddington stations and is in Travelcard Zone 1.[4] It is less than 100 metres (330 ft) away from the Central line's Queensway station.

Location[edit]

The station is located on the busy Queensway tourist street and is only a short walk from Portobello Market.[5] Further north along the street is Whiteleys shopping centre.[5] Also nearby is Westbourne Grove, Queens ice rink and bowling centre, Kensington Gardens and St Sophia's Greek Orthodox Cathedral.[5] It is less than 100 metres (330 ft) away from Queensway station on the Central line.[5]

History[edit]

Ordnance Survey map showing Bayswater station in 1869

The station was opened by the steam-operated Metropolitan Railway (MR) (now the Metropolitan line) on 1 October 1868 as Bayswater,[2] as part of the railway's southern extension to South Kensington where it connected to the District Railway (DR).[3][6][7] Construction of the railway line, through the already developed Bayswater area required the excavation of a tunnel using the cut and cover method: a trench 42 feet (13 m) deep was excavated between brick retaining walls which was then roofed-over with brick arches to allow building work above. Large compensation payments were made to landowners affected by the excavations and, in Leinster Gardens to the east, the frontages of two houses demolished to make way for the line were reconstructed to restore the appearance of a terrace of houses.[8][note 1]

Station roof under construction
Completed station
Bayswater station, circa 1867

The platforms of Bayswater station were constructed in the trench and provided with a glazed roof. A short section of the trench was left unroofed to the west of the station to allow smoke and steam from the trains to escape from the tunnels. Even before the completion in 1884 of the continuous circuit of tracks which are now the Circle line, the MR and DR operated services through Bayswater as the Inner Circle.[6] The MR originally provided all of the trains, but from 1871, each company operated half of the service.[9]

In 1905, to improve the conditions in the tunnels and stations and increase service frequencies, the MR electrified the tracks through Bayswater and, in conjunction with the DR, around the whole of the Inner Circle and across most of their routes.[6] Electric trains began running on 1 July 1905,[6] but the MR's poor coordination of the installation work with the DR led to disruption for several months.[10]

Exterior view in 1961

On 1 November 1926 the District line began a service between Edgware Road and Putney Bridge and the station was also renamed to Bayswater (Queen's Road) & Westbourne Grove.[2] From this date the MR operated all Inner Circle services apart from a few District line operated Sunday services.[11] The station was then renamed again to Bayswater (Queen's Road) in 1933.[2] In 1946, it was renamed to Bayswater (Queensway) but the suffix was gradually dropped.[2] In 1949, the service was separately identified on the tube map as the Circle line for the first time.[3]

The station was refurbished by Metronet in 2006.[12]

Services and connections[edit]

Services[edit]

Circle line[edit]

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is:

District line[edit]

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is:

There is also a morning service every day from Acton Town (Ealing Broadway on Saturdays) to Edgware Road and a late evening service from Edgware Road to Ealing Broadway on Sundays only.[7]

Connections[edit]

London Bus routes 7; 23; 27; 36 and 70, and night route N7 serve the station.[17][18] Additionally, bus routes 23, 27 and 36 provide a 24-hour bus service.[17][18] Bus route 7 runs from East Acton (Brunel Road/Telford Way) to Oxford Circus while route 23 begins at Westbourne Park bus garage and ends at Liverpool Street.[17][18] Bus route 27 starts from Chalk Farm (Morrisons) and terminates at Chiswick Business Park while route 36 stretches from Queen's Park to New Cross bus garage.[17][18] Bus route 70 runs from Acton Market Place to South Kensington (Harrington Road)[17] while night bus route N7 goes from Northolt to Oxford Circus.[18]

In popular culture[edit]

Bayswater tube station is the subject of a painting by Walter Sickert dating from 1916, showing the platform-sign reading ‘Queen’s Road (Bayswater)’ beside a big advertisement for Whiteley’s department store. The station was later renamed Bayswater,[2] to avoid confusion with Queensway station, which was also named ‘Queen’s Road’ until 1946.

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The dummy frontages at 23 and 24 Leinster Gardens remain and feature blank windows and false front doors and small porticos matching the adjacent buildings.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. June 2015. Retrieved 20 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Hywel, Williams (7 January 2004). "District Line — Bayswater". Renamed Stations. Archived from the original on 10 June 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c Rose 1999.
  4. ^ Transport for London (May 2015). Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 June 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Bayswater Tube Station". Google Maps. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f Feather, Clive. "Circle line". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 3 June 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c d Feather, Clive. "District line". Clive's Underground Line Guides. Archived from the original on 3 June 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  8. ^ Day & Reed 2008, pp. 20–21.
  9. ^ Day & Reed 2008, pp. 25–26.
  10. ^ Wolmar 2005, pp. 125–126.
  11. ^ Day & Reed 2008, p. 98.
  12. ^ "Station Refurbishment Summary" (PDF). London Underground Railway Society. July 2007. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 June 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  13. ^ "Circle line timetable: From Bayswater Underground Station to Paddington Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 6 June 2015. 
  14. ^ "Circle line timetable: From Bayswater Underground Station to Notting Hill Gate Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 6 June 2015. 
  15. ^ "District line timetable: From Bayswater Underground Station to Paddington Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 6 June 2015. 
  16. ^ "District line timetable: From Bayswater Underground Station to Notting Hill Gate Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 6 June 2015. 
  17. ^ a b c d e "Day buses from Bayswater (Queensway)" (PDF). Transport for London. 28 February 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 June 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  18. ^ a b c d e "Night buses from Bayswater (Queensway)" (PDF). Transport for London. 27 October 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 June 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Day, John R; Reed, John (2008) [1963]. The Story of London's Underground. Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-316-6. 
  • Rose, Douglas (1999) [1980]. The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4. 
  • Wolmar, Christian (2005) [2004]. The Subterranean Railway: How the London Underground Was Built and How It Changed the City Forever. Atlantic Books. ISBN 1-84354-023-1. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Hammersmith (via Tower Hill)
Circle line
towards Edgware Road
towards Wimbledon
District line