Baytex Energy

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Baytex Energy Corp.
Traded asTSXBTE
IndustryPetroleum industry
Key people
Raymond Chan
(Executive Chairman)
Edward LaFehr
(President and CEO)
ProductsHeavy crude oil, Light crude oil, Natural Gas
RevenueC$852.74 (2010)Increase24%[1]
C$177.63 million (2010)Increase103%
Total assetsC$2.047 billion dec 2010Steady
Total equityC$1.029 billion dec 2010Steady

Baytex Energy Corp. is a Calgary-based[2] Canadian producer, developer and explorer of oil and natural gas. Formerly a trust, it converted to a corporation January 2011 because of government changes to tax incentives.[3] Through its subsidiaries, Baytex is "engaged in the business of acquiring, developing, exploiting and holding interests in petroleum and natural gas properties and related assets in Canada (in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan) and in the United States (in the state of Texas)."[4] Heavy oil makes up 50% of production while the EagleFord shale oil represents the other 50%. Baytex was over 40%-owned by institutional investors in late 2013, including four of the big five Canadian banks and the Quebec Public Service Employees pension fund.[5]

For fiscal 2016 total production was 69,300 US bbl/d (8,260 m3/d, flat to the year before. Baytex's portfolio is 79% oil and liquids with the remaining 21% natural gas.[1] Light and medium oil (oil with an API gravity over 22.3 degrees) makes up a growing part of its reserve base.[3][6]

In 2011 and 2016, respectively, Baytex acquired "heavy oil assets located in the Reno and Seal areas of its northern Alberta Peace River area."[4]

In June 2014 Baytex acquired Aurora Oil & Gas Limited, which led to its significant new position in the EagleFord shale oil play in Texas.[4]

In 2014 Baytex 52-week high was $49.88 and its 52-week low was $14.56.[4]

In June 2018, Baytex announced an offer to buy Raging River Exploration Inc., another Canadian oil and gas firm, for C$2.8 billion.[7] The all-stock deal was poorly received by markets and analysts, with both companys' share prices falling.


Early on (1993–2000) the company was more focused on developing light oil and natural gas containing properties in North and SE Alberta. In Jan 19, 2006, Baytex Energy Trust announced that the New York Stock Exchange had cleared Baytex to file an Original Listing Application to list its trust units on the NYSE. The company began trading on the NYSE in March 27. In April 2008 it completed a $181 million takeover of Burmis Energy Inc, a Calgary-based oil and natural gas producer (72% of production was natural gas) that was nine times smaller than Baytex at the time. The deal gave Baytex control of the Seal heavy oil property in Alberta and increased daily production by 3,650 boe.[8] Many key heavy oil and natural gas assets were purchased from True Energy Trust in the summer of 2009 for US$79.9 million (when the US:Cdn exchange rate was 1:1.164). The deal which included properties near Lloydminster and Kerrobert, Saskatchewan (heavy oil) and also central Alberta (natural gas) increased production and cash flow by 7% and 6% respectively.[9]

In October 2010 it sold half of the interest it had in the Kerrobert heavy oil properties to Petrobank Energy and Resources (including another asset acquired in Dawson the transaction cost Petrobank $15 million, Petrobank's THAI and CAPRI technology can help Baytex exploit more of the resource).[10][11]

In February 2011 it completed a $156.5 million deal with a private company for heavy oil assets in Saskatchewan (near Seal Lake and Lloydminster). The acquisition added over 10 million boe of proved and probable reserves and raised company production by about 5%.

Super-heated tanks oil-processing tanks[edit]

Several Peace River farming families have complained about "tar and solvent-like odours and emissions associated with heavy-crude operations across the region" after Baytex Energy began production. The Alberta Energy Regulator and Energy Minister Ken Hughes have publicly expressed concern about Baytex's conduct and have emphasized that the impacts being caused by Baytex are out of the ordinary. Minister Ken Hughes told CBC News the Mar. 22nd decision to put a moratorium on further drilling by Baytex in the Reno field was "unprecedented." "What I could detect was that there was something in the air that was different than the rest of Alberta," Hughes said. "This kind of development was experiencing different emissions, and different air quality problems." [12]

The families who had all originally welcomed the energy projects onto their land report "more than two years of health effects, including severe headaches and dizziness, sinus and other medical problems", according to their lawyer Keith Wilson. Regulations have not been developed for the CHOPS method of oil sands production being used by Baytex. That is why Baytex is not technically violating any laws by open venting its bitumen processing tanks. Because emissions from these tanks are known to cause health effects and affect air quality other companies like Penn West Petroleum use fully closed vapour recovery systems.[13] Baytex has chosen not to expend the money installing these systems on the 86 super-heated oil sands processing tanks in the area despite reporting a record 200% rate of return on investment. A return rate that Baytex claims is one of the highest for any oil project in North America.[14] The Alberta Government has expressed serious concerns about what Baytex is doing and has taken the unprecedented step of not only not allowing Baytex any new well licences in the area and but has also convened a public inquiry.[15] Yet Baytex continues to produce in open vented tanks and several families remain out of their homes.[16][17][18] There are broader concerns about what Baytex's actions may do to harm the reputation of Alberta's oil sands production at a time when the Canadian government is trying to reassure its trading partners that oil sands are produced in an environmentally safe and socially responsible manner.

From a purely market point of view, Baytex VP Brian Ector, notes their high capital efficiency, high rates of return projects has been successful for shareholders.[2][19]


There are 5 principal subsidiaries that the company operates through; Baytex Energy Ltd., Baytex Energy Partnership, Baytex Energy Oil & Gas Ltd and Baytex Energy (USA) Ltd.[20] 2P reserves totalled 197 million barrels of oil equivalent at the end of 2009.[21]

Canadian Heavy Oil[22]

  • Alberta – Seal, Ardmore, Cold Lake, Lindbergh
    • Seal (63,000 acres undeveloped) – Oil sands property 100% owned through long term leases. 2009 production averaged 5,095 bbls/d.
    • Ardmore (39,000 acres undeveloped) – owned since 2002, produces about 2,100 bbls/d (includes 374 mcf natural gas).
    • Cold Lake (13,600 acres net undeveloped) – Oil production 476 bbls/d.
    • Lindbergh (21.25% owned) – not a significant producer (less than 600 bbls/d).
  • Saskatchewan – Lloydminster and Kerrobert
    • Tangleflags (7,800 acres undeveloped) – owned since 2000, produced 4,238 bbls/d of oil (48.7%) and natural gas (51.3%).

Canadian Light and Medium Oil and Gas[23] (less than 290,000 acres of undeveloped land, produced at an average rate of 15,063 boe/d in 2009, 56.6% natural gas)

  • British Columbia (owned since December 2004) – in and around Stoddart. All of the oil is processed by Baytex owned batteries (oil makes up 49.4% of production), natural gas is processed initially at its own facilities before being treated at other sites in BC (not owned).
  • Alberta – in and around Bon Accorrd, Pembina as well as many small properties between there and Calgary (its corporate headquarters)
    • Bon Accord – part of the company since 1997, currently produces light oil and natural gas (in terms of barrels of oil equivalent light oil contributes twice as much as natural gas). Baytex has more recently (since 2009) utilized the method of horizontal well drilling to increase production.
    • Pembina (28,000 acres of net undeveloped land) – assets in the area were acquired in the summers of 2007 and 2008. Most of the extracted gas comes from the Nisku formation. Production is processed by facilities operated by the company and others run by other producers and refiners. Light oil and natural gas production are about the same, together they totaled 7,057 boe/d in 2009.
  • SaskatchewanDodsland, SE Saskatchewan. Its 34,500 net acres contain light oil. Drilling involves fractured horizontal wells.

United States

Canadian royalty trusts (CANROYs)[edit]

Penn West was one of a group of oil and gas producers which also included Advantage, ARC Energy, Baytex Energy, Bonavista Energy, Bonterra, Canadian Oil Sands, Crescent Point Energy, Daylight Resources, Enerplus Resources, Enterra, Fairborne Energy, Freehold Royalty, NAL Oil & Gas, Paramount, Pengrowth, Penn West Exploration, Peyto Energy, Progress Energy, Provident Energy, Trilogy, Vermillion Energy and Zargon Energy who did not pay "federal income taxes if they distributed their income to shareholders."[24][25]

The resulting double-digit dividend yields grabbed dividend investors' attention in the mid-2000s. Eventually the government cracked down and starting in 2011, trusts were required to pay the same taxes as regular corporations. Consequently, all trusts converted to corporations, and many cut their dividends.

— Harry Domash

On January 1, 2011, Penn West converted from a CANROY to a conventional corporation.[25]


  1. ^ a b "Baytex Energy April 1, 2011 Corporate Handout" (PDF). April 1, 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 11, 2016. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
  2. ^ a b Healing, Dan (February 24, 2014). "Canadian oil beats U.S. on costs, bank study says: Thermal oilsands ranked ahead of some American shale crude". Calgary Herald. Calgary, Alberta.
  3. ^ a b "Baytex Energy 2010 Third quarter Report" (PDF). November 10, 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 14, 2011. Retrieved December 20, 2010.
  4. ^ a b c d Baytex Energy Corp (BTE.TO), Thomson Reuters, December 23, 2016, retrieved December 23, 2014
  5. ^ "Baytex Energy Corp Institutional Ownership"
  6. ^ "Canadian Light Oil & Gas Business Unit". Archived from the original on December 25, 2010. Retrieved December 20, 2010.
  7. ^ Benny, John (June 18, 2018). "Canada's Baytex to buy oil producer Raging River for C$2.8 billion". Reuters. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
  8. ^ "Baytex gobbles up Burmis". April 10, 2010. Archived from the original on November 9, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2010.
  9. ^ "Baytex to buy assets from True Energy for C$93 mln". Reuters. July 8, 2010.
  10. ^ "Petrobank Energy buys out partners in two heavy oil projects". October 19, 2010. Archived from the original on October 2, 2011. Retrieved December 20, 2010.
  11. ^ "Petrobank's THAI Technology Expands Exploitable Bitumen In Place". March 12, 2010.[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ Kim Trynacity (May 28, 2013). "Bitumen facility blamed for Peace Country health woes". CBC News. Retrieved December 23, 2014.
  13. ^ "Report of Recommendations on Odours and Emissions in the Peace River Area" (PDF), AER, March 31, 2014, retrieved December 23, 2014
  14. ^ "Baytex Corporate Presentations" (PDF), Baytex, September 2013, archived from the original (PDF) on March 7, 2016, retrieved December 23, 2014
  15. ^ "Odours and Emissions from Heavy Oil Operations in the Peace River Area", AER, archived from the original on January 24, 2014, retrieved December 4, 2013
  16. ^ Baytex likely headed to court over emissions, The Globe and Mail, November 28, 2013, retrieved December 23, 2014
  17. ^ "Report of Recommendations on Odours and Emissions in the Peace River Area AER Response", AER, April 15, 2014
  18. ^ "Report of Recommendations onOdours and Emissions in the Peace River Area" (PDF), AER, March 31, 2014, retrieved December 23, 2014
  19. ^ Mohr, Patricia (February 20, 2014), Scotiabank Commodity Price Index (PDF), Scotiabank, archived from the original (PDF) on December 8, 2014, retrieved February 22, 2014
  20. ^ "Recent Study: Baytex Energy Trust". August 30, 2010.
  21. ^ "Baytex Energy Trust". Reuters. Retrieved December 20, 2010.
  22. ^ "Canadian Heavy Oil Business Unit". Archived from the original on December 25, 2010. Retrieved December 20, 2010.
  23. ^ "Canadian Light Oil & Gas Business Unit". Archived from the original on December 25, 2010. Retrieved December 20, 2010.
  24. ^ Domash, Harry (2011), Canadian Energy: Exploration & Production, Dividend Detective, retrieved December 23, 2014
  25. ^ a b "Penn West Petroleum Ltd (TSE:PWT)", Google Finance, December 23, 2014, retrieved December 23, 2014

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