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Component City
City of Bayugan
Bayugan City Center
Bayugan City Center
Nickname(s): City of Rice Corn and Flowers; Cut Flower Capital of Agusan del Sur; Agusan del Sur Growth Center; Timberland City; Rice Capital of Agusan del Sur
Map of Agusan del Sur with Bayugan highlighted
Map of Agusan del Sur with Bayugan highlighted
Bayugan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 08°43′N 125°45′E / 8.717°N 125.750°E / 8.717; 125.750Coordinates: 08°43′N 125°45′E / 8.717°N 125.750°E / 8.717; 125.750
Country Philippines
Region Caraga (Region XIII)
Province Agusan del Sur
District 1st District of Agusan del Sur
Founded August 20, 1961
Barangays 43
 • Mayor Kim Lope Asis (NUP)
 • Vice Mayor Charles Anggayong (NUP)
 • Total 688.77 km2 (265.94 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 99,361
 • Density 140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Demonym Bayuganon
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code 8502
Dialing code 85
Income class 5th class

Bayugan is a city in the province of Agusan del Sur, Philippines. It has a population of 99,361 according to the census of 2010.[3] The city is classified as a fifth class city according to Philippine Statistics Authority (Republic Act No. 7160). Being the only city in the 1st Congressional District and the only city in the province of Agusan del Sur, Bayugan serves as the growth center of the province.[citation needed]

Located at the northern part of Agusan del Sur, Bayugan is the "cut-flower capital" of the province owing to its lucrative cut flower industry. The city's climate, especially in the highland barangays, is conducive to high yield cut-flower production. The city is also one of the major producers of rice and vegetables in the province, even providing the needs of neighboring municipalities and provinces.[citation needed]


The name "Bayugan" is a Manobo term for pathway, since then the natives called the place, Bayugan. Another version states that "bayug" trees grew abundantly in this place. It was also believed that the natives used to make this place their meeting spot and that the means of gathering the inhabitants was by knocking on a hollow piece of wood which they termed as the "bayug."


Bayugan was formerly a sitio of Barangay Maygatasan, Esperanza. Several versions abound on how the sitio got its name. First, the place was located along the river which served as the pathway of the natives in going to Esperanza.

In 1942, Japanese troops entered Bayugan.

In 1945, the town of Bayugan in Southern Agusan was liberated by Filipino soldiers and guerrillas from the Japanese forces occupying the town.

In 1948, the Department of Public Works and Highways conducted a survey for a national highway that would connect Butuan with Davao City. Simultaneously, the Bureau of Lands surveyed the places that would be traversed by the proposed road. Possible town sites were identified and among them was Barangay Maygatasan. However, the National highway passed through the sitio of Bayugan instead of Barangay Maygatasan. Migrants started settling in the sitio of Bayugan, thus, prompting the transfer of the proposed town site.

In the early part of 1960, the inhabitants led by Mr. Jose Joson passed a resolution creating the sitio of Bayugan into a regular barrio. In April of that year, Barangay Bayugan was inaugurated with Joson as the Teniente del Barrio. Brought about by the construction of the National Highway which traversed the place, business activity sprouted rapidly in the area.

A year later, barangay officials led by the late Sergio Mullaneda worked out the creation of Bayugan into a regular municipality through the assistance of Governor Democrito O. Plaza, Governor of Agusan. By virtue of Executive Order No. 440 of the late President Carlos P. Garcia, the petition to create the municipality of Bayugan was granted on August 6, 1961. Mr. Mullaneda, the first appointed Municipal Mayor of Bayugan assumed into office on August 6, 1962 during the term of President Diosdado Macapagal. In the year 2007 Bayugan was converted to a city.

Bayugan is a transportation highway nexus for the eastern part of Mindanao Island. Bayugan is now one if not the fastest growing component city in Northern Mindanao.


Barangay Poblacion is the city proper of Bayugan.

During the 11th Congress (1998–2001), Congress enacted into law 33 bills converting 33 municipalities into cities. However, Congress did not act on a further 24 bills converting 24 other municipalities into cities.

During the 12th Congress (2001–2004), Congress enacted into law Republic Act No. 9009 (RA 9009), which took effect on 30 June 2001. RA 9009 amended Section 450 of the Local Government Code by increasing the annual income requirement for conversion of a municipality into a city from ₱20 million to ₱100 million. The rationale for the amendment was to restrain, in the words of Senator Aquilino Pimentel, "the mad rush" of municipalities to convert into cities solely to secure a larger share in the Internal Revenue Allotment despite the fact that they are incapable of fiscal independence.

After the effectivity of RA 9009, the House of Representatives of the 12th Congress adopted Joint Resolution No. 29, which sought to exempt from the ₱100 million income requirement in RA 9009 the 24 municipalities whose cityhood bills were not approved in the 11th Congress. However, the 12th Congress ended without the Senate having approved Joint Resolution No. 29.

During the 13th Congress (2004–2007), the House of Representatives re-adopted former Joint Resolution No. 29 as Joint Resolution No. 1 and forwarded it to the Senate for approval. However, the Senate again failed to approve the Joint Resolution. Following the suggestion of Senator Aquilino Pimentel (Senate President), 16 municipalities filed, through their respective sponsors, individual cityhood bills.[4] The 16 cityhood bills each contained a common provision exempting it from the ₱100 million income requirement of RA 9009 –

"Exemption from Republic Act No. 9009. — The City of x x x shall be exempted from the income requirement prescribed under Republic Act No. 9009."

On 22 December 2006, the House of Representatives approved the cityhood bills. The Senate also approved the cityhood bills in February 2007, except that of Naga, Cebu which was passed on 7 June 2007. These cityhood bills lapsed into law on various dates from March to July 2007 after President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo failed to sign them.

The point of law at issue in 2007 was whether there had been a breach of Section 10, Article X of the 1987 Constitution, which provides –

No province, city, municipality, or barangay shall be created, divided, merged, abolished or its boundary substantially altered, except in accordance with the criteria established in the local government code and subject to approval by a majority of the votes cast in a plebiscite in the political units directly affected.

– and in each case the established criteria were far from met.

In November 2008, Bayugan lost its cityhood, along with 15 other cities,[4] after the Supreme Court of the Philippines granted a petition filed by the League of Cities of the Philippines, and declared unconstitutional the cityhood law (RA 9405) which had allowed the town to acquire its city status.[5] The Supreme Court ruled that they did not pass the requirements for cityhood.[6][7]

On 10 December 2008, the 16 cities affected acting together filed a motion for reconsideration with the Supreme Court. More than a year later, on 22 December 2009, acting on said appeal, the Court reversed its earlier ruling as it ruled that "at the end of the day, the passage of the amendatory law" (regarding the criteria for cityhood as set by Congress) "is no different from the enactment of a law, i.e., the cityhood laws specifically exempting a particular political subdivision from the criteria earlier mentioned. Congress, in enacting the exempting law/s, effectively decreased the already codified indicators."[8] Accordingly cityhood status was restored.

But on 27 August 2010, the 16 cities lost their city status again, after the Supreme Court voted 7-6, with two justices not taking part, to reinstate the 2008 decision declaring as "unconstitutional" the Republic Acts that converted the 16 municipalities into cities. A previous law required towns aspiring to become cities to earn at least ₱100 million annually, which none of the 16 did.[9]

On 15 February 2011, the Supreme Court made another volte-face and upheld for the third time the cityhood of 16 towns in the Philippines.[10]

And on 12 April 2011, a Supreme Court en banc ruling delivered in Baguio City, promulgated and resolved that:

We should not ever lose sight of the fact that the 16 cities covered by the Cityhood Laws not only had conversion bills pending during the 11th Congress, but have also complied with the requirements of the LGC prescribed prior to its amendment by R.A. No. 9009.[9] Congress undeniably gave these cities all the considerations that justice and fair play demanded. Hence, this Court should do no less by stamping its imprimatur to the clear and unmistakable legislative intent and by duly recognizing the certain collective wisdom of Congress. WHEREFORE, the Ad Cautelam Motion for Reconsideration (of the Decision dated 15 February 2011) is denied with finality.[10]

So affirming the finality of the constitutionality of the 16 cityhood laws.

On 28 June 2011 the Supreme Court directed the Clerk of Court to issue forthwith the entry of judgment on the cityhood case of 16 municipalities. Sealing with "the finality of the resolution upholding the constitutionality of the 16 Cityhood Laws absolutely warrants the respondents‍ '​ "Motion for Entry of Judgment", the SC ruled."[11]

This entry of judgment ended the cityhood battle of the 16 cities in the Philippines.

NB The income classification limits have been revised more than once since RA9009.

Source: Income Classification for Provinces, Cities and Municipalities


Bayugan is bordered by the Municipality of Sibagat and the province of Surigao del Sur to the north; the Municipality of Prosperidad to the east; the Municipality of Esperanza to the south; and the Municipality of Las Nieves, Agusan del Norte, to the west.


The city is geographically situated below the typhoon belt but is usually affected by depressions forming in the typhoon regions of Visayas and the province of Surigao del Norte. The climate map of the Philippines based on the modified coronas classification shows that the city falls under Type II. Which also is the weather classification of the province of Agusan del Sur.

Type II climate has no dry season with very pronounced wet season of heavy precipitation. Maximum rainfall generally occurs from December to January although there is no single dry month. Its average monthly rainfall is 161.6 millimetres (6.36 in) and average temperature is 32 °C (90 °F). Areas characterized by this climate type are generally along or very near the eastern coast thus are open to the northeast monsoon.

Climate data for Bayugan City, Philippines
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30
Average low °C (°F) 23
Average precipitation mm (inches) 259.1
Average precipitation days 22 19 18 13 15 20 18 16 16 19 21 24 221
Source: World Weather Online


Bayugan is politically subdivided into 43 barangays, of which 3 are urban and 40 are rural. (Population is according to the 2010 Census of Population and Housing)[2][3]

  • Berseba (1,688)
  • Bucac (3,367)
  • Cagbas (1,575)
  • Calaitan (2,385)
  • Canayugan (1,167)
  • Charito (1,529)
  • Claro Cortez (654)
  • Fili (2,923)
  • Gamao (1,035)
  • Getsemane (436)
  • Grace Estate (651)
  • Hamogaway (1,568)
  • Katipunan (1,135)
  • Mabuhay (1,750)
  • Magkiangkang (1,628)
  • Mahayag (554)
  • Marcelina (3,508)
  • Maygatasan (4,148)
  • Montivesta (602)
  • Mt. Ararat (821)
  • Mt. Carmel (2,047)
  • Mt. Olive (1,501)
  • New Salem (663)
  • Noli (3,380)
  • Osmeña (1,573)
  • Panaytay (624)
  • Pinagalaan (1,108)
  • Poblacion (city center) (17,596)
  • Sagmone (1,157)
  • Saguma (1,937)
  • Salvacion (5,079)
  • San Agustin (613)
  • San Isidro (1,046)
  • San Juan (3,391)
  • Santa Irene (2,820)
  • Santa Teresita (1,168)
  • Santo Niño (1,643)
  • Taglatawan (commercial center) (12,976)
  • Taglibas (386)
  • Tagubay (749)
  • Verdu (1,373)
  • Villa Ondayon (1,312)
  • Wawa (Del Carmen) (1,413)


Population census of Bayugan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 78,725 —    
1995 89,999 +2.54%
2000 93,623 +0.85%
2007 95,032 +0.21%
2010 99,361 +1.63%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][12]

Indigenous people:



  • Rice / palay (the major rice production site of Agusan del Sur)
  • Cut Flowers (abundant in the city making it the cut flower capital of Agusan del Sur)
  • Corn
  • Coconut
  • Banana
  • Rubber
  • Vegetables
  • Legumes
  • Cacao
  • Coffee
  • Citrus
  • Root Crops
  • Fruits

Fertile soil suitable for agricultural, Protection Forest About 26,107.163 Hectares = 51.697% in land classifications. Gold, silver, sand and gravel.

Places of interest[edit]

The Pinagalaan Falls in Bayugan
  • Bayugan Rotunda – Bayugan's most prominent landmark simply the widest circular park in Mindanao
  • Rizal Park Plaza – largest park in the province
  • Narra Avenue – the widest road in the province. The Avenue serves as the main road of the city and is a six lane road. At night, Narra Avenue is the brightest and most lit road in the province.
  • Bayug (Hamogaway) Falls – located at Brgy Hamogaway, the falls is now known to be a tourist attraction in the city.
  • Pinagalaan Falls – the biggest and tallest falls in the city.
  • Gethsemane Falls
  • Wawa River and Irrigation System
  • Wawa Bridge - largest steel bridge in the province. The bridge serves as the road boundary of Bayugan City and Sibagat, Agusan del Sur.
  • Family Place Resort
  • Green Haven Adventure Park
  • Mangrove Base Park
  • Bayugan City Hall
  • ARC Bayugan
  • Graceland Cold Spring
  • Magkiangkang Cave – a spectacular cave located at the mountainous barangay of Magkiankang.
  • New Loon Cave
  • San Agustin Lake
  • Putting Bato Cave
  • Katipunan Lake
  • Vising/Sisimon Cave
  • Sacred of Jesus Parish Church
  • San Lorenzo Ruiz Diocesan Shrine

Local festivals, and events[edit]

A flower float during the float contest of the Rice Corn and Flower Festival.
  • Kahimunan Festival, Holy Child – a local version of the Sinulog Festival of Cebu, it is highlighted by street dancing focusing on the indigenous tribes' of Bayugan and their way of life. Celebrated every Last Sunday of January.
  • Sacred Heart of Jesus Festival – popularly known as the town fiesta or "pista", celebrated every 30 June.
  • Rice Corn and Flower Festival – a new born festival replacing the traditional "Araw ng Bayugan". The festival is named from the nickname of the city (City of Rice, Corn, and Flowers). It highlights street dancing and float contests.
  • Charter Day Celebration- held every 21 June to commemorate the city-hood of Bayugan.


Narra Avenue has been a transportation nexus in Mindanao.


Bayugan can be reached via land transport. Bachelor Express, Land Car Inc., Surigao Express are only few bus companies travelling to and from the city. Major transportation are motorela and some multicabs which travel to remote barangays. "Habal-habal" is also used as a transport to the mountain barangays of Bayugan.

Air and sea[edit]

Butuan has the nearest sea and air ports from Bayugan. Other air and sea ports are located at Davao City, and Surigao City.

Local government[edit]

City officials[edit]

Elected city officials 2013-2016:


  • Mayor: Kim Lope A. Asis
  • Vice Mayor: Charles P. Anggayong


  • City councilors:
    • Kirk A. Asis
    • Fortunato A. Paway
    • Charles C. Salazar
    • Jeremais A. Estuya
    • Edgardo D. Hinlo
    • Pedro M. Alonde
    • Ferdinand H. Ebarle
    • Gilbert M. Honculada
    • Orlando A. Sevilla Sr.
    • Allan R. Cogollodo

Barangay council[edit]

Association of Baragay Councils (Liga ng mga Barangay):

  • President - Kirk A. Asis (Brgy. Poblacion)
  • Vice President - Vacant position


Bayugan National Comprehensive High School, or BNCHS, is a comprehensive high school with a population of exactly 5,365 students, and is located on a site that has an area of 5 hectares. The school is currently recognized for its research program in science related topics. "Comprehensive" it is because it offers different curricula such as ESEP (Engineering and Science Education Program) on its 1st Year, Project BEST (Breeding Excellence in Science and Technology), Special Program in Journalism (pilot school for journalism in CARAGA Region), Special Program in the Arts (with the specialization of Visual Arts, Creative Writing, Dancing, Music, Media Arts and Theater Arts), Technical Vocational Courses, Special Program in Sports and Revised Basic Education Curriculum. The school is currently headed by the Secondary School Principal IV, Dr. Wilson C. Calvo. Facebook, Website

Agusan del Sur College is the leading college institution in Bayugan.

Agusan del Sur College or ADSCO established in 1966, is the only private educational institution in the city offering Preparatory, Elementary, High School, College (CHED) degree courses i.e. Bachelor of Science in Business Administration (BSBA) major in : Marketing Management, Financial Management, Operation Management, Bachelor of Secondary Education, Bachelor of Elementary Education, Bachelor of Arts major in English, Associate in Computer Secretarial, Bachelor of Science in Hotel and Restaurant Mamagement (by year 2011) and TESDA programs like Health Care Services NC II, Computer Hardware Servicing NC II, Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) NC II, Driving NC II, Security Services NC II, Massage Therapy NC II, Housekeeping, Commercial Cooking NC II, Bookkeeping NC II.

Father Urios Technical Institute of Bayugan Inc. (formerly Father Urios High School-Bayugan or FUHS), is the oldest private educational institution in the city. Located at the heart of the city making it one of the most populous school in Bayugan. Created in the year 1959, Urios caters elementary and secondary basic education. By school year 2010–2011, Urios will be putting up its technical courses.The school was founded by a Jesuit priest Father Atanasio B. De Castro in 1959.

List of schools[edit]

Listed below are few of the top performing schools in the city.


Department of Education, Bayugan City Division


  • Bayugan National Comprehensive High School (BNCHS) 
  • Father Saturnino Urios College of Bayugan Inc.
  • Noli National High School
  • Salvacion National High School
  • Marcelina National High School
  • San Juan National High School
  • Calaitan National High School
  • Berseba National High School
  • Magkiangkang National High School
  • Mt. Olive National High School
  • Mt. Carmel National High School


  • Bayugan Central Elementary School (BCES) – A child-friendly school and the 2nd of the Top outstanding school in the province and The Model of Excellence (MOE) school in Bayugan City. which is more musical and dancing
  • Agusan del Sur Pilot Laboratory School (ADSPILS) – The only Pilot Lab School in the province and is a top performing elementary school in the province.
  • Bayugan West Central Elementary School
  • East Bayugan Central Elementary School (EBCES) -The Model of Excellence (MOE) school in Bayugan City.


  • Bayugan Adventist Academy
  • Doane Faith Christian Academy
  • Little Steps Learning Center
  • St. Anne Progressive School
  • Prophet Elisha Christian Academy
  • MCLYRE Enrichment Corner
  • SLC Learning and Training Center
  • Bayugan Adventist Learning Center


Communication system[edit]


Mobile communications:


  • Choice FM 90.5
  • Radyo Natin FM 105.7
  • Rhapsody FM 93.1
  • Friendster FM 94.1
  • Countryside FM 96.5
  • Town Radio 94.9
  • Flash FM 91.3

Cable companies[edit]

Sister cities[edit]



  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: AGUSAN DEL SUR". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  4. ^ a b The 16 were:
    Municipality Province
    Batac Ilocos Norte
    Baybay Leyte
    Bayugan Agusan del Sur
    Bogo Cebu
    Borongan Eastern Samar
    Cabadbaran Agusan del Norte
    Carcar Cebu
    Catbalogan Western Samar
    El Salvador Misamis Oriental
    Guihulngan Negros Oriental
    Lamitan Basilan
    Mati Davao Oriental
    Naga Cebu
    Tabuk Kalinga
    Tandag Surigao del Sur
    Tayabas Quezon
  5. ^ Republic Act No. 9405 of 23 March 2007 Charter of the City of Bayugan
  6. ^ G.R. No. 176951 et al. (First appeal) of 18 November 2008 Consolidated petitions for prohibition assailing the constitutionality of the subject Cityhood Laws and enjoining the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) and respondent municipalities from conducting plebiscites pursuant to the Cityhood Laws.
  7. ^ Napallacan, Jhunex (2008-11-21). "Cities’ demotion worries DepEd execs". Cebu Daily News. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  8. ^ G.R. No. 176951 et al. (First reversal) of 21 December 2009
  9. ^ a b Republic Act No. 9009 of 24 February 2001 An Act amending section 450 of Republic Act no. 7160, otherwise known as the Local Government Code of 1991, by increasing the average annual income requirement for a municipality or cluster of barangays to be converted into a component city.
  10. ^ a b G.R. No. 176951 et al. (Second appeal) of 15 February 2011 League of Cities of the Philippines v. COMELEC
  11. ^ G.R. No. 176951 et al. (Final Resolution) of 28 June 2011 Supreme Court has directed the Clerk of Court to forthwith issue the Entry of Judgment
  12. ^ "Province of Agusan Del Sur". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 

External links[edit]