Baz Bahadur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Baz Bahadur
Sultan of Malwa
Baz Bahadur
Báz Bahádur and Roopmati on horses with attendants.
Spouse Rani Roopmati
Father Shuja'at Khan
Religion Islam

Miyan Bayezid Baz Bahadur Khan was the last sultan of Malwa, who reigned from 1555 to 1562. He succeeded his father, Shuja'at Khan. He is known for his romantic liaison with Roopmati.

Baz Bahadur as sultan did not bother to look after his kingdom nor did he maintain a strong army, being devoted to the arts and to his paramour. The Mughals defeated him and captured his queen Roopmati, who killed herself at this turn of events.

In 1561, Akbar's army led by Adham Khan and Pir Muhammad Khan attacked Malwa and defeated Baz Bahadur in the battle of Sarangpur on 29 March 1561. One of the reasons for Adham Khan's attack seems to be his love for Rani Roopmati. Rani Roopmati poisoned herself upon hearing of the fall of Mandu. Baz Bahadur fled[1] to Khandesh. Akbar soon recalled Adham Khan and made over command to Pir Muhammad, who attacked Khandesh and proceeded up to Burhanpur but was soon defeated by a coalition of three powers: Miran Mubarak Shah II of Khandesh, Tufal Khan of Berar and Baz Bahadur. Pir Muhammad died while retreating. The confederate army pursued the Mughals and drove them out of Malwa, and thus Baz Bahadur regained his kingdom for a brief period. In 1562, Akbar sent another army led by Abdullah Khan which finally defeated Baz Bahadur, who fled to Chittor. Baz Bahadur remained a fugitive at a number of courts until he surrendered in November 1570 to Akbar at Nagaur and joined Akbar's service.[2]

Bahadur's capital was Mandu (now in Madhya Pradesh), which then became an important city in the Mughal. The Jahaz Mahal is located in Mandu.[1]


  1. ^ a b Smith, Vincent, Arthur. Akbar the Great Mogul, 1542-1605. 
  2. ^ Majumdar, R.C. (ed.) (2007) The Mughul Empire, Mumbai:Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, ISBN 81-7276-407-1, pp.112-3