Bazaar

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Not to be confused with Bizarre.
For the version control system, see GNU Bazaar. For other uses, see Bazaar (disambiguation).
A Moorish Bazaar
"Bazaar at Athens", in the Ottoman Empire Edward Dodwell.
Women purchasing copper utensils in a bazaar in 19th century India.
Mozaffarieh: An alley in Tabriz Bazaar devoted to carpet selling.
Troopers in the Bazaar in 19th century India.
City of Kandahar, its principal bazaar and citadel, taken from the Nakkara Khauna
Vakil Bazaar as seen by Jane Dieulafoy in 1881

A bazaar is a permanently enclosed marketplace or street where goods and services are exchanged or sold. The term originates from the Persian word bāzār,[1] from Middle Persian wāzār,[2] from Old Persian vāčar,[3] from Proto-Indo-Iranian *wahā-čarana.[4] Souq is another word used in the Middle East for an open-air marketplace or commercial quarter. The term bazaar is sometimes also used to refer to the "network of merchants, bankers, and craftsmen" who work in that area. Although the current meaning of the word is believed to have originated in native Zoroastrian Persia, its use has spread and now has been accepted into the vernacular in countries around the world. The rise of large bazaars and stock trading centers in the Muslim World allowed the creation of new capitals and eventually new empires. New and wealthy cities such as Isfahan, Golconda, Samarkand, Cairo, Baghdad, and Timbuktu were founded along trade routes and bazaars. Street markets is the European and North American equivalents.

Term[edit]

The origin of the word Bazaar comes from Parthian language.[5] Many languages have names for this concept, including Arabic and Urdu: بازار‎, Persian language, Kurdish language has the same word bazaar meaning a marketplace. Albanian, Bosnian and Turkish: pazar, Assamese: বজাৰ (bôzar), Bengali: বাজার ,Odia: ବଜାର, Bulgarian and Macedonian: пазар, Cypriot Greek: pantopoula,[6] Greek: παζάρι (pazari), Hindi: बाज़ार, Hungarian: vásár (term originates from Persian influence around the 7th-8th century and means a regular market, but special occasion markets also exist, such as Karácsonyi Vásár or "Christmas Market", and bazár or Oriental-style market or shop, the term stemming from Turkish influence around the 16th-17th century), Indonesian and Malay: pasar, Armenian: բազար, Georgian: ბაზარი, Polish: bazar, Russian: базар, Ukrainian: базар and Uzbek: bozor,Uyghur: بازار ULY:bazar,базар‎.

In North America, the United Kingdom and some other European countries, the term can be used as a synonym for a "rummage sale", to describe charity fundraising events held by churches or other community organizations in which either donated used goods (such as books, clothes, and household items) or new and handcrafted (or home-baked) goods are sold for low prices, as at a church or other organisation's Christmas bazaar, for example. In South Korea, the word '바자회',[7] composed of '바자' (transliteration of 'bazaar') + 회 (會, meaning 'gathering') is used to describe the sort of rummage sale described above.

Although Turkey contains many famous markets known as "bazaars" in English, the Turkish word "pazar" refers to an outdoor market held at regular intervals, not a permanent structure containing shops. English place names usually translate "çarşı" (shopping district) as "bazaar" when they refer to an area with covered streets or passages. For example, the Turkish name for the "Grand Bazaar in Istanbul "Kapalıçarşı" (gated shopping area), while the Spice Bazaar is the "Mısır Çarşısı" (Egyptian shopping area).

Examples[edit]

Australia[edit]

Afghanistan[edit]

Azerbaijan[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

China[edit]

Egypt[edit]

Two Egyptian women shopping at a market next to the Al-Ghouri Complex in Cairo, Egypt.

Hong Kong[edit]

Israel[edit]

India[edit]

Iran (Persia)[edit]

Kazakhstan[edit]

Kuwait[edit]

  • Souq Almubarikiyya

Kyrgyzstan[edit]

Lebanon[edit]

Macedonia[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

  • Bukit Beruang Bazaar, Malacca
  • Bazar Bukakbonet Gelang Patah,Johor Bahru

Nepal[edit]

  • Namche Bazaar, Namche
  • Purano Bazaar,KTM
  • Naya Bazaar, KTM
  • Bishal Bazaar,Pokhara

Pakistan[edit]

Serbia[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Syria[edit]

See also: Al-Madina Souq
  • Al-Buzuriyah Souq in Damascus
  • Al-Hamidiyah Souq in Damascus
  • Souq Atwail in Damascus
  • Souq Al Buzria in Damascus
  • Mathaf Al Sulimani in Damascus
  • Midhat Pasha Souq in Damascus
  • Souq Al-Attareen (Perfumers' Souq) in Aleppo
  • Souq Khan Al-Nahhaseen (Coopery Souq) in Aleppo
  • Souq Al-Haddadeen (Blacksmiths' Souq) in Aleppo
  • Suq Al-Saboun (Soap Souq) in Aleppo
  • Suq Al-Atiq (the Old Souq) in Aleppo
  • Al-Suweiqa (Suweiqa means "small souq" in Arabic) in Aleppo
  • Suq Al-Hokedun (Hokedun means "spiritual house" in Armenian) in Aleppo

Turkmenistan[edit]

Turkey[edit]

(These are bazaars in the English sense of the word and are referred to as "çarşı" in Turkish).

Uzbekistan[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ayto, John (1 January 2009). Word Origins. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 104. ISBN 978-1-4081-0160-5. 
  2. ^ Daryaee, Touraj (16 February 2012). The Oxford Handbook of Iranian History. Oxford University Press. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-19-973215-9. 
  3. ^ "Bazaar". Dictionary.com, LLC. Retrieved 11 March 2015. 
  4. ^ Benveniste, Émile; Lallot, Jean (1 January 1973). "Chapter Nine: Two Ways of Buying". Indo-European Language and Society. University of Miami Press. Section Three: Purchase. ISBN 978-0-87024-250-2. 
  5. ^ http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=bazaar
  6. ^ Christou, Jean, "Linguist makes the island a little smaller for all", Cyprus Mail, May 27, 2006 Archived March 12, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ http://endic.naver.com/krenEntry.nhn?sLn=kr&entryId=92795a163f3c451bbfa3910516244118&query=%EB%B0%94%EC%9E%90%ED%9A%8C
  8. ^ "Bazaars of Uzbekistan". Goldensteppes.com. Retrieved 2013-06-10. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]