Bazilionai

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Not to be confused with Bazilioniai.
Bazilionai
Town
Bazilionai3.jpg
Bazilionai is located in Lithuania
Bazilionai
Bazilionai
Location in Lithuania
Coordinates: 55°47′40″N 23°08′20″E / 55.79444°N 23.13889°E / 55.79444; 23.13889Coordinates: 55°47′40″N 23°08′20″E / 55.79444°N 23.13889°E / 55.79444; 23.13889
Country  Lithuania
Ethnographic region Samogitia
County Šiauliai County
Municipality Šiauliai district municipality
Eldership Bubiai eldership
Population (2001)
 • Total 475
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Bazilionai (Polish: Bazyliany) is a small town in Šiauliai County in northern-central Lithuania. It is situated on the bank of the Dubysa River about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) of the road connecting Šiauliai with Sovetsk (former trade route to Tilsit).[1] As of 2001 it had a population of 475.[2]

History[edit]

In 1744, King Augustus III granted a privilege to organize regular fairs in the town.[3] Before monks of the Congregation of Saint Basil arrived to the town in 1749, it was known as Padubysys (literally: near Dubysa).[1] The Basilian Fathers established a parish school in 1773. After 20 years, the school had 192 students and was reorganized into six-year school.[3] The monastery and school was closed by the Tsarist authorities after the failed uprising in 1830.[3] The town church was transformed into an Eastern Orthodox one. After Lithuania regained independence in 1919, the church was reformed back to a Catholic one.[3] Before World War II, the Jewish community of the village had 130 members. All of them were murdered in a mass execution perpetrated by an einsatzgruppen of Germans and Lithuanian nationalists in 1941.[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Semaška, Algimantas (2006). Kelionių vadovas po Lietuvą: 1000 lankytinų vietovių norintiems geriau pažinti gimtąjį kraštą (in Lithuanian) (4th ed.). Vilnius: Algimantas. p. 225. ISBN 9986-509-90-4. 
  2. ^ Šiaulių apskrities kaimo gyvenamosios vietovės ir jų gyventojai (PDF) (in Lithuanian). Vilnius: Department of Statistics to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania. 2003. p. 93. ISBN 9986-589-94-0. 
  3. ^ a b c d Kviklys, Bronius (1968). Mūsų Lietuva (in Lithuanian). IV. Boston: Lietuvių enciklopedijos leidykla. p. 480. OCLC 3303503. 
  4. ^ http://www.yahadmap.org/#village/bazilionai-scaron-iauliai-lithuania.683
  5. ^ http://www.yadvashem.org/yv/he/research/ghettos_encyclopedia/ghetto_details.asp?cid=127

External links[edit]

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