Bełchatów Power Station

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Bełchatów Power Station
Rogowiec, Elektrownia Bełchatów - (262556).jpg
Bełchatów Power Station
Bełchatów Power Station is located in Poland
Bełchatów Power Station
Location of Bełchatów Power Station
Official name Elektrownia Bełchatów
Country Poland
Location Bełchatów, Łódź Voivodeship
Coordinates 51°15′59″N 19°19′50″E / 51.26639°N 19.33056°E / 51.26639; 19.33056Coordinates: 51°15′59″N 19°19′50″E / 51.26639°N 19.33056°E / 51.26639; 19.33056
Status Operational
Commission date 1982
Owner(s) PGE
Operator(s) PGE Elektrownia Bełchatów S.A.
Thermal power station
Primary fuel Lignite
Power generation
Units operational 12 x 370/380 MW
1 x 858 MW
Nameplate capacity 5,420 MW[1]
Annual output 27–28 TWh
Bełchatów Power Station view at the top

The Bełchatów Power Station is the world's second largest (nameplate power of 5,420 MW[1]) lignite-fired power station situated near Bełchatów in Łódź Voivodeship, Poland. It is the largest thermal power station in Europe, and second largest fossil-fuel power station in the world.[2] It produces 27–28 TWh of electricity per year, or 20% of the total power generation in Poland. The power station is owned and operated by PGE GIEK Oddział Elektrownia Bełchatów, a subsidiary of Polska Grupa Energetyczna.

In 2011 a new 858 MW unit was commissioned and the total capacity of the power has risen to 5,053 MW.[3] The new unit has an efficiency rating of approximately 42%, which is contributing to reduction of both fuel consumption and emissions compared to the existing units.[4] The unit was built by Alstom.[2] Alstom has also carried out the modernization of the low pressure parts in all 12 turbines and on 8 April 2009, PGE and Alstom signed a contract to modernise unit 6.[2] After modernization of other units total installed capacity reached 5,420 MW in September 2015.[1]

The station's exhaust is expelled through two 300 m (980 ft) tall chimneys, among Poland's tallest free-standing structures. Coal for the plant is provided by a large neighboring strip mine.

Carbon dioxide emissions[edit]

In 2007, the World Wide Fund for Nature ranked the power station as Europe's 11th most relatively polluting power station due to carbon dioxide emissions of 1.09 kg per kWh of energy produced, and the highest absolute emitter, with 30.1 million tonnes of CO2 per year.[5] In July 2009, the facility was titled as the biggest carbon polluter in the European Union by the Sandbag Climate Campaign, a London-based non-profit organization. The report stated that the facility produced 30,862,792 tonnes of CO2 in 2008, and after commissioning the new unit, the whole generating capacity will have grown by 20%.[6]

To reduce CO2 emissions, the company plans to introduce carbon capture and storage technology. On 8 December 2008, PGE and Alstom signed a memorandum of understanding, according to which Alstom will design and construct a pilot carbon capture plant at Unit 12 by mid-2011. The larger carbon capture plant will be integrated with the new 858 MW unit by 2015.[7] The project will be supported by the European Commission with the €180 million allocation from the European Energy Programme for Recovery.[8][9]

In April 2014, the European Commission has ranked Bełchatów Power Station "the most climate-damaging power plant in the European Union", with CO2 emissions of roughly 37.2 million tonnes in 2013.[10]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]