In the 9th century, the territory of Bešeňov became part of the Kingdom of Hungary. In historical records the village was first mentioned in 1075. After the Austro-Hungarian army disintegrated in November 1918, Czechoslovak troops occupied the area, later acknowledged internationally by the Treaty of Trianon. Between 1938 and 1945 Bešeňov once more became part of Miklós Horthy's Hungary through the First Vienna Award. From 1945 until the Velvet Divorce, it was part of Czechoslovakia. Since then it has been part of Slovakia.
The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Nitra, Slovakia"
- Roman Catholic church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1787-1925 (parish A)
- Reformated church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1784-1870 (parish B)
- Surnames of living people in Besenov[permanent dead link]
- Bešeňov – Nové Zámky okolie
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