Be'er Tuvia

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Be'er Tuvia
בְּאֵר טוֹבִיָּה
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • standard Be'er Tuviya
Be'er Tuvia is located in Israel
Be'er Tuvia
Be'er Tuvia
Coordinates: 31°44′9.78″N 34°43′25.81″E / 31.7360500°N 34.7238361°E / 31.7360500; 34.7238361Coordinates: 31°44′9.78″N 34°43′25.81″E / 31.7360500°N 34.7238361°E / 31.7360500; 34.7238361
District Southern
Council Be'er Tuvia
Affiliation Moshav Movement
Founded 1930
Founded by Yisrael Hochman and other Zionists
Population (2015)[1] 1,030

Be'er Tuvia (Hebrew: בְּאֵר טוֹבִיָּה‎, Be'er Toviya, "Tuvia's Well") is a moshav in the Southern District of Israel. Located near the city of Kiryat Malakhi, it falls under the jurisdiction of Be'er Tuvia Regional Council. In 2015 its population was 1,030.[1]

History[edit]

Be'er Tuvia circa 1888

In 1887, a group of First Aliyah newcomers from Bessarabia founded a moshava, which they named Qastina, after the neighboring Arab village of the same name. Although supported by Baron Edmond de Rothschild, the moshava did not prosper due to lack of water, distance from other Jewish centers, attacks by neighboring Arab villagers and strained relations between the settlers and the Baron's administration.

In 1896, the association of Hovevei Zion in Odessa purchased the land and new settlers came. Qastina became Be'er Tuvia - an adaptation of the site's Arabic name, "Bir Ta'abya".[2] In 1910, the colony again faced financial collapse and some members approached the Jewish National Fund with a proposal that it buy the land and houses. The JNF agreed, but due to disagreement with Hovevei Zion this never happened. Instead, the JNF compensated farmers who left Be'er Tuvia and in 1913 brought farmers from Hulda to replace them. Within a short time, the colony's situation was much improved.[3]

According to a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, Be'er Tuvia had a population of 112 inhabitants, all Jews.[4]

The moshava was practically destroyed during the 1929 Palestine riots and had to be abandoned. In 1930, it was founded anew as moshav by veterans of the Jewish Legion and kibbutzniks, mostly members of Kfar Giladi and Merhavia. By the time of the 1931 census, there were 62 occupied houses and a population of 206 Jews, 4 Christians and 2 Muslims.[5] After water was discovered, Be'er Tuviya became one of the most prosperous moshavim in the country. During the Second World War, many of the moshav members joined the British Army.

During the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, the moshav was used by the Israel Defense Forces as a base for the troops fighting Egypt in the Negev.[6]

The moshav economy is mainly based on citrus and intensive farming.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ "Be'er Tuvia (Toviyyah) Moshav on the southern Coastal Plain of Israel.". Jewish Agency for Israel. Archived from the original on 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2007-08-07. 
  3. ^ Zvi Shilony (1998). Ideology and Settlement; The Jewish National Fund, 1897-1914. The Magnes Press. pp. 311–312. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem, 1932, p. 2.
  6. ^ "Be'er Tuvia". The Israeli Labor Movement (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2008-09-01. [permanent dead link]