Be (Cyrillic)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Cyrillic letter Be
Cyrillic letter Be - uppercase and lowercase.svg
Phonetic usage: [b]
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
А Б В Г Ґ Д Ђ
Ѓ Е Ѐ Ё Є Ж З
З́ Ѕ И Ѝ І Ї Й
Ј К Л Љ М Н Њ
О П Р С С́ Т Ћ
Ќ У Ў Ф Х Ц Ч
Џ Ш Щ Ъ Ы Ь Э
Ю Я
Non-Slavic letters
А́ А̀ Ӑ А̄ А̊ А̃ Ӓ
Ӓ̄ В̌ Ә Ә́ Ә̃ Ӛ Ӕ
Ғ Г̧ Г̑ Г̄ Г̣ Г̌ Ҕ
Ӻ Ғ̌ Ӷ Ԁ Ԃ
Д̆ Д̣ Ԫ Ԭ Д̆ Ӗ
Е̄ Е̃ Ё̄ Є̈ Ӂ Җ
Ӝ Ԅ Ҙ Ӟ З̌ З̱ З̣
Ԑ Ԑ̈ Ӡ Ԇ Ӣ И̃ Ҋ
Ӥ И́ Қ Ӄ Ҡ Ҟ Ҝ
Ԟ К̣ Ԛ Ӆ Ԯ Ԓ Ԡ
Ԉ Ԕ Ӎ Ӊ Ң Ԩ Ӈ
Ҥ Ԣ Ԋ О̆ О̃ О̄ Ӧ
Ө Ө̄ Ӫ Ҩ Ԥ Ҧ Р̌
Ҏ Ԗ Ҫ С̣ С̱ Ԍ Т̌
Т̣ Ҭ Ԏ У̃
Ӯ Ӱ Ӱ́ Ӳ Ү Ү́ Ұ
Х̣ Х̱ Х̮ Х̑ Ҳ Ӽ Ӿ
Һ Һ̈ Ԧ Ҵ Ҷ
Ӵ Ӌ Ҹ Ҽ
Ҿ Ы̆ Ы̄ Ӹ Ҍ Э̆ Э̄
Э̇ Ӭ Ӭ́ Ӭ̄ Ю̆ Ю̈ Ю̈́
Ю̄ Я̆ Я̄ Я̈ Ԙ Ԝ Ӏ
Archaic letters
Ҁ Ѻ
Ѹ Ѡ Ѽ Ѿ
Ѣ Ѥ Ѧ
Ѫ Ѩ Ѭ Ѯ
Ѱ Ѳ Ѵ Ѷ

Be (Б б italics: Б б б) is a letter of the Cyrillic script. It commonly represents the voiced bilabial plosive /b/, like the English pronunciation of ⟨b⟩ in "bee". It should not be confused with the Cyrillic letter Ve (В в), which is shaped like Latin capital letter B but represents the voiced labiodental fricative /v/.

The Cyrillic letter Б (Be) is romanized using the Latin letter B.

History[edit]

Both the Cyrillic letters Be and Ve (В в) were derived from the Greek letter Beta (Β β).

In the Early Cyrillic alphabet the name of the letter Be was бѹкы (buky/буки), meaning "letter".

In the Cyrillic numeral system, the letter Be had no numeric value because the letter Ve inherited the Greek letter Beta's numeric value.

Form[edit]

The Russian small letter б (be) is similar (but not identical) in shape to the digit 6. Its lowercase form also somewhat resembles a lowercase letter B ("b"), the letter to which it corresponds in the Latin alphabet. After all, lowercase letter B ("b") developed from scribal alterations to the capital letter B ("B"), just as б did from scribal alterations to the capital letter В.

Printed forms (the font used is Cambria)

In Serbian and Macedonian the italic form is allowed to vary, but the regular should look like in other languages.[1]

Russian cursive forms (design of capital letter on this image differs from Serbian and Macedonian style)

The cursive form of the lowercase letter Be resembles the lowercase Greek letter Delta (δ), but they are slightly different in their upper portions.

Usage[edit]

In Russian and Bulgarian, the letter Be generally represents the voiced bilabial plosive /b/, but word-finally or before a voiceless consonant, it also represents the voiceless [p]. Before a palatalizing vowel, it represents /bʲ/. In Macedonian, the letter represents the sound /b/, but it is in the final position of the word, it is pronounced as /p/, like in леб /lɛp/ ('bread').

In Mari, it may represent either /b/ or the voiced bilabial fricative /β/.

Related letters and other similar characters[edit]

Computing codes[edit]

Character Б б
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BE CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1041 U+0411 1073 U+0431
UTF-8 208 145 D0 91 208 177 D0 B1
Numeric character reference Б Б б б
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 226 E2 194 C2
CP 855 163 A3 162 A2
Windows-1251 193 C1 225 E1
ISO-8859-5 177 B1 209 D1
Mac Cyrillic 129 81 225 E1

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peshikan, Mitar; Jerković, Jovan; Pižurica, Mato (1994). Pravopis srpskoga jezika. Matica Srpska. p. 42. 

External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of Б at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of б at Wiktionary