Be Right Back
|"Be Right Back"|
|Black Mirror episode|
|Directed by||Owen Harris|
|Written by||Charlie Brooker|
Original Score by|
|Original air date||11 February 2013|
|Running time||44 minutes|
"Be Right Back" is the first episode of the second series of British science fiction anthology series Black Mirror. It was written by series creator and showrunner Charlie Brooker, directed by Owen Harris and first aired on Channel 4 on 11 February 2013.
The episode tells the story of Martha (Hayley Atwell), a young woman whose boyfriend Ash Starmer (Domhnall Gleeson) is killed in a car accident. As she mourns him, she discovers that technology now allows her to communicate with an artificial intelligence imitating Ash, and reluctantly decides to try it. "Be Right Back" had two sources of inspiration: the question of whether to delete a dead friend's phone number from one's contacts, and the idea that Twitter posts could be made by software mimicking dead people.
"Be Right Back" explores the theme of grief; it is a melancholy story similar to the previous episode, "The Entire History of You". The episode received positive reviews, with the performances of Atwell and Gleeson receiving universal acclaim. Some critics believe it to be the best episode of Black Mirror, though the ending was met with criticism. Several real life artificial intelligence products have been compared to the one shown in the episode, including a Luka chatbot that was partially inspired by the episode.
Martha (Hayley Atwell) and Ash Starmer (Domhnall Gleeson) are a young couple who have moved to Ash's remote family house in the countryside. The day after moving in, Ash is killed while returning the hire van. At the funeral, Martha's friend Sarah (Sinead Matthews) talks about a new online service which helped her in a similar situation. Martha yells at her, but Sarah signs Martha up anyway. After discovering she is pregnant, Martha reluctantly tries it out. Using all of Ash's past online communications and social media profiles, the service creates a new virtual "Ash". Starting out with instant messaging, Martha uploads more videos and photos and begins to talk with the artificial Ash over the phone. Martha takes it on countryside walks, talking to it constantly while neglecting her sister's messages and calls.
At a checkup, Martha hears her child's heartbeat, and on her way out accidentally drops her phone and temporarily loses contact with the artificial Ash. After consoling her, the artificial Ash tells her about the service's experimental stage. Following his instructions, Martha turns a blank, synthetic body into an android that looks almost exactly identical to Ash. From the moment the android is activated, Martha is uncomfortable and struggles to accept its existence. Despite the android satisfying her sexually, she is concerned by his inability to sleep and absence of Ash's personality traits. One night, she orders the robot Ash to leave and is annoyed that he does so, as the real Ash would have resisted. The next morning, Martha takes the artificial Ash to a cliff and orders him to jump off. As he begins to follow the order, Martha expresses her frustration that Ash would not have simply obeyed. The android begs for its own life. Martha screams.
Several years later, it is Martha's daughter's (Indira Ainger) birthday. Martha keeps the Ash android locked in the attic and only allows her daughter to see the android on weekends, but she makes an exception for her birthday. Her daughter chats away to the android while Martha stands at the bottom of the attic steps, and forces herself to join them.
The trailer for series two of Black Mirror.
"Be Right Back"|
The trailer for "Be Right Back".
"Be Right Back" was the first episode of the second series of Black Mirror, produced by Zeppotron for Endemol. It aired on Channel 4 on 11 February 2013. On 22 January 2013, a trailer for the second series was released, featuring "a dream sequence", a "repetitive factory setting" and a "huge dust cloud". The advert ran on Channel 4 and in cinemas. A trailer for "Be Right Back" first aired on 1 February 2013.
Conception and writing
The episode was written by series creator Charlie Brooker. A few months after the death of a person he knew, Brooker was removing unneeded contacts from his phone, and considered it to be "weirdly disrespectful" to delete their name. This idea later became an inspiration for "Be Right Back", along with another idea Brooker had when using Twitter: "what if these people were dead and it was software emulating their thoughts?"
Prior to the writing of "Be Right Back", Brooker had read about the 1960s artificial intelligence program ELIZA, and how the creator's secretary was engaged in a very personal conversation with ELIZA within minutes of first testing it. Brooker also considered the inauthenticity of social media users, commenting in another interview that "I found myself being inauthentic on there and it reminded me of writing columns for a newspaper". In 2013, Brooker said that he rationed his Twitter usage as it caused him unhappiness.
In a British Film Institute panel, Brooker notes that the episode mirrors stages of internet dating, progressing from text conversations to phone calls to real life interactions, and believes the "biggest leap" to be the synthetic flesh version of Ash, while the rest is "not that far-fetched". Executive producer Annabel Jones compares the technology to mediumship, as both are used for comfort.
An unused idea for the episode was to have the audience realise "what a money-making scheme" the artificial intelligence company in the episode is. Brooker says in an interview that "there was a point where she runs out of credit and has to top it up. I think that was even shot". Another idea was for viewers to "see other people who'd been brought back from their social media profiles."
Casting and filming
Hayley Atwell, who plays Martha, was a fan of the first series of the show, calling it "inventive and very smart", so she asked her agent to get her a part in the second series. Atwell's first impression of the script was that it was "really poignant, but it still had the wit." Asked in a 2013 interview, Atwell said that she was a heavy user of the internet. Domhnall Gleeson plays Ash, and said in a 2018 interview that the role led him to try to use his phone less, with a stage direction where he frantically searches his phone particularly resonating with him.
The episode was directed by Owen Harris, who would later direct series three episode "San Junipero" – an episode which Harris described as "strangely similar" to this one as both are "relationship-led". Brooker believes that Harris is "very good with performers" and "gravitates" towards Black Mirror episodes that are "more tender". Brooker praises Harris' "good eye for those authentic, bittersweet and painful moments." Harris wished to make the episode appear as if it could be possible in the near future, as if one could "walk into the Mac store tomorrow and it wouldn't be out of place to see people trialling software like this". He describes that the story "on the one hand is about technology and on the other hand is about grief".
In The New Yorker, Giles Harvey says that Brooker "was determined to make the devices and screens and interfaces used in 'Black Mirror' seem authentic." This is evidenced by an email sent to Martha reading "Martha, people in your position bought the following", and then showing "an array of grief-counselling books". Harvey comments that "the vignette stands for an accumulation of such intrusive moments—the death of solitude by a thousand digital cuts." Another article in Huffington Post notes the touch-screen easel shown briefly in the episode, with Brooker commenting that "the design team had a field day with that easel" and that they suggested "Oh, we should copyright this. It'd be brilliant if this existed."
Brooker called the episode "a ghost story". David Sims of The A.V. Club described it as a "spare, haunting piece". Charles Bramesco of Vulture wrote that it is a "high-concept tearjerker" which amalgamates a "cerebral sci-fi thought [experiment]" and a "sentimental core". Megan Logan of Inverse said the episode is "tragic, but it also carries a deep-seated optimism". Emily Yoshida of Grantland believed the episode is about grief, "one of the most primal emotions we know". Luke Owen of Flickering Myth agreed, summarising the episode as a "sombre, low-key and all together depressing affair about grief and how people deal with it in different ways." Similarly, James Hibberd of Entertainment Weekly opined that the episode is a "moving exploration of grief". Roxanne Sancto of Paste said the episode "examines our own mortality and our tendency to play God", and demonstrates how humans have a "desperate need to reverse a natural and necessary part of life without considering the consequences". Tom Sutcliffe of The Independent called the episode "tender" and "wistful", writing of Brooker that "his writing has changed since he became a husband and a father, but it's a thickening not a softening".
Unlike past episodes of Black Mirror, this episode features a character beginning to use a technology, rather than one who is used to it. Ryan Lambie of Den of Geek believed the episode's theme to be "technology's effects on relationships", while Johnston posited that the episode "offers insight into not just the grieving process, but the way people portray themselves in increasingly mediated public spaces". According to Daniel M. Swain of HuffPost, the episode is a "powerful reminder to the soullessness of social media", and Sameer Rahim of The Daily Telegraph wrote that the episode "touched on" ideas such as "the false way we sometimes present ourselves online, and our growing addiction to virtual lives".
According to Lambie, Ash is "an affectionate boyfriend" and Martha is "blissfully in love", though Ash is easily distracted by his phone. Martha and Ash only appear together in a few scenes, but we see their love through "little in-jokes, shared love of cheesy 70s tunes and childhood memories". Bojalad wrote that they are "one of the most realistically comfortable and happy couples" in the series. Owen agreed, writing that though the relationship has little screentime, the audience feel "an instant connection with them". These scenes are later invoked "with the film's latter half cruelly mirroring all that we saw before", Sims wrote. Examples include the android Ash disliking the Bee Gees and engaging in sex that feels "robotic". Ash's cause of death is "neither clear nor important", though Sims and Sancto thought that it relates to him checking his phone while driving.
Yoshida said that the presence of the android Ash is "somehow menacing even though he appears completely docile". Yoshida further commented that Martha is unable to resist him, but also feels "real revulsion" at her situation. Sims stated that the replica of Ash is "self-aware", as it "knows it cannot replace Ash fully, and it knows its parameters as a computer program". The robotic Ash is "like a lost puppy" and follows Martha's "every request to the letter". Swain said that he is "a handful of witty comments" lacking "anything of any meaning". Morgan Jeffery of Digital Spy called him "hollow" and commented that he lacks "so much of what made Ash the man he was". Logan said the episode is about "the intangibles of humanness that make up the people we love". Sutcliffe believed the robotic Ash fails as a replacement because humans miss their loved ones "sourness" as well as their "sweetness".
Comparisons to other media
In contrast to the previous series opener, "The National Anthem", Brooker described "Be Right Back" as "more earnest than people might expect" as well as "melancholy" and "very intimate and personal", and Lambie made similar comments. Lambie and Jeffery both compared the episode to "The Entire History of You", an episode from the first series written by Jesse Armstrong. Yoshida noted that "The Entire History of You" begins with Liam obsessing over a job interview, which he is able to replay through his grain device. Yoshida compared his inability to "let it go" to Martha's choice to "forever nurse herself on a slow drip of delayed acceptance" by replacing Ash with an android version of him. Maura Johnston of The Boston Globe said that both episodes "revolve around the ideas of memory and its functions" and "[play] on the ideas of love and the ideal".
Richard Hand of The Conversation described the episode as a "clever reworking" of Mary Shelley's 1800s novel Frankenstein. Yoshida compared the artificial Ash to Frankenstein's monster, with Hand making the same comparison as both are "resurrected figure[s]" that "can never be human". While Frankenstein demonstrates that the "vital essence of humanity" is not the "assemblage of body parts", "Be Right Back" shows it is not the "digital presence which surrounds".
Reviewers have used the analogy that the episode is a version of "The Monkey's Paw" with futuristic technology. Lambie compared the storyline to Ubik by Philip K. Dick and 1984 film Starman, and the cinematography to 2010 film Never Let Me Go. TheWrap noted that the episode "shares some similarities" with 2013 film Her.
Comparisons to AI technology
In 2015, Luka co-founder Eugenia Kuyda used her AI startup resources to build a similar online service using her deceased friend's chat logs; "Be Right Back" was one of the sources of inspiration for the project. Having seen the episode after her friend's death, she questioned of the concept: "Is it letting go, by forcing you to actually feel everything? Or is it just having a dead person in your attic?" The Luka chatbot was launched in May 2016 and was met with mostly positive responses, though four of Kuyada's friends were disturbed by the project and one commented that she had "failed to learn the lesson of the Black Mirror episode". Another company, Eterni.me, also produces AI that is "remarkably similar" to the robot Ash in "Be Right Back"; cofounder Marius Ursache has commented that "we're trying to stay away from that idea" about "the concept that it's a way for grieving loved ones to stall moving on" and that the AI depicted in this episode is a "creepier version" of their ideas. Similar bots such as BINA48, made public in 2010 by Martine Rothblatt, have also been compared to the central conceit in this episode.
First airing on Channel 4 on 11 February 2013 at 10 p.m., the episode garnered 1.6 million viewers, a 9% share of the audience. This was 14% higher than the time slot's average for the channel, but a lower figure than the 1.9 million viewers who watched "The National Anthem", the previous series' first episode. In 2014, the episode was nominated for a British Academy Television Craft Award in the category Best Single Drama.
The A.V. Club gave the episode an A– rating. Out of five stars, the episode received four stars in The Daily Telegraph and Digital Spy. Empire ranked the first meeting between Martha and the Ash android as one of the 50 greatest sci-fi moments. Prior to the premiere of series 3, Logan claimed that the episode was "the best episode of the series so far" and the "most heartbreaking". Rahim says that the episode is "a touching exploration of grief" and opines that "it's the best thing Brooker has done". Following the fourth series, Alec Bojalad of Den of Geek opined that it is the best episode of the show.
Logan praised the "great narrative" as a "stunning, linear meditation on grief and love". Lambie believed that the limited scope of the episode "intensifies its dramatic strength", and praised it as "appropriately haunting". Contrastingly, Mike Higgins of The Independent criticised that the episode "wasn't quite the social-media satire it hoped to be". Jeffery praised the tone as "creepy and moving in equal measure". Sims commented that the "inevitable breakdown" is predictable but still "engrossing".
Jeffery criticised that the episode "does stumble just a little at the final hurdle", with the ending seeming like a "cop-out" from Brooker because "like Martha, you get the feeling that he doesn't quite know what to do with Ash now that he's created him." Owen criticised that the episode's ending "doesn't really conclude any of Martha's character progression". Higgins called the ending a "puzzle" as "Ash has become just another sci-fi stock robot". However, Sims praised the final scene as "melancholy" and "too much to bear".
Lambie praised the performances of Hayley Atwell and Domhnall Gleeson, writing that Atwell is "the hub of almost every scene" and "puts in one of the best performances in Black Mirror's short history", while the characters of Ash and Martha have "a real spark [...] in the few scenes they share together". Owen reviewed that Atwell gives "the best performance" in Black Mirror so far, with Gleeson's acting "equally as great". Jeffery praised that the episode "has real heart and characters that live and breathe". Sims reviewed that Atwell "almost never [lets] her grief feel cartoonish or clichéd". Sims also praised Gleeson's acting, writing about the climax that "[i]t's amazing to watch Gleeson turn the emotions on after keeping them bottled in for an entire episode".
Owen praised Harris' directing, as "the surroundings look familiar and the technology doesn't look that farfetched – adding to the believability of the story." Higgins praised the cinematography in the countryside scene. Bojalad wrote that the scene in which the police arrive to inform Martha of Ash's death is "among the most artful and devastating moments Black Mirror has ever presented".
"Be Right Back" appeared on many critics' rankings of the 19 episodes in Black Mirror, from best to worst:
Other critics ranked the 13 episodes in Black Mirror's first three series.
- "Black Mirror – A new drama from Charlie Brooker". Endemol UK. 11 May 2011. Archived from the original on 15 May 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
- "MPC creates darkly compelling ads for Charlie Brooker's Black Mirror". Digital Arts. 29 January 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Westbrook, Caroline (2 February 2013). "New Black Mirror trailer shows Charlie Brooker's sinister take on social media". Metro. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Tate, Gabriel (31 January 2013). "Charlie Brooker and Hayley Atwell discuss 'Black Mirror'". Time Out. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- BFI Q&A - Be Right Back (Video interview). YouTube. 12 February 2013. Archived from the original on 31 January 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
- Temperton, James (11 October 2016). "Charlie Brooker on where Black Mirror will take us next". Wired. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- "Black Mirror's Charlie Brooker interview: 'I'm loathe to say this is the worst year ever because the next is coming'". The Independent. 21 October 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- Jeffery, Morgan (8 February 2013). "'Black Mirror' returns: Charlie Brooker, Hayley Atwell talk series two". Digital Spy. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Nicholson, Tom (9 April 2018). "A Scene In 'Black Mirror' Changed The Way Domhnall Gleeson Used His Phone Forever". Esquire. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
- Adam Chitwood (4 October 2016). "Black Mirror Season 3 Review: The Future is Slightly Sunnier on Netflix". Collider. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
- Strause, Jackie (23 November 2016). "'Black Mirror' Director Shares His Take on "San Junipero's" Ending and Ideas for a Spinoff". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
- Grobar, Matt (22 June 2017). "'Black Mirror' Creator Charlie Brooker On His Affinity For "Idea-Based Dramas" And What's To Come In Season 4". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
- Harvey, Giles (28 November 2016). "The Speculative Dread of "Black Mirror"". The New Yorker. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Duca, Lauren (22 January 2015). "'Black Mirror' Intends To 'Actively Unsettle' Audiences, But It's Not Technology That You Should Fear". Huffington Post. Retrieved 16 December 2017.
- Sims, David (3 December 2013). "Review: Black Mirror: "Be Right Back"". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
- Bramesco, Charles (21 October 2016). "Every Episode of Black Mirror, Ranked From Worst to Best". Vulture. New York. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- Logan, Megan (21 October 2016). "The Most Heartbreaking 'Black Mirror' Episode Proves Love". Inverse. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
- Yoshida, Emily (4 December 2013). "Black Mirror Episode 4, 'Be Right Back': Death and the RealDoll". Grantland. ESPN. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
- Owen, Luke (12 February 2013). "Black Mirror Season 2 – Episode 1 Review". Flickering Myth. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
- Hibberd, James (23 October 2016). "'Black Mirror': We Rank All 19 Episodes". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- Sancto, Roxanne (20 October 2016). "Every Episode of Black Mirror So Far, Ranked". Paste. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
- Sutcliffe, Tom (12 February 2013). "TV review: Black Mirror, Channel 4 - Charlie Brooker's writing has changed since he became a husband and a father". The Independent. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
- Lambie, Ryan (24 January 2013). "Black Mirror series 2 episode 1 spoiler-free review: Be Right Back". Den of Geek. Dennis Publishing. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
- Johnston, Maura (5 December 2014). "The warped, perfect world of 'Black Mirror'". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 17 December 2017.
- Swain, Daniel M. (12 February 2013). "What Black Mirror Episode Be Right Back Says About Us and Technology". HuffPost. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
- Rahim, Sameer (11 February 2013). "Black Mirror: Be Right Back, Channel 4, review". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
- Bojalad, Alec (1 February 2018). "Black Mirror: "Be Right Back" Is a Masterful Exploration of Fear, Love, and Death". Den of Geek. Dennis Publishing. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
- Jeffery, Morgan (11 February 2013). "'Black Mirror' series two 'Be Right Back' review: "Creepy and moving"". Digital Spy. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
- Hand, Richard (28 February 2018). "How Black Mirror combines a disturbing future with a familiar past". The Conversation. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
- Higgins, Mike (17 February 2013). "TV review: Black Mirror - Tweet dreams are made of this?". The Independent. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
- Donnelly, Matt; Molloy, Tim. "All 19 'Black Mirror' Episodes Ranked, From Good to Mind-Blowing (Photos)". TheWrap. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- O'Keefe, Meghan (6 October 2016). "'Black Mirror' Is Real: A Woman Is Texting Her Dead Friend — And You Can, Too!". Decider. New York Post. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
- Newton, Casey. "Speak, Memory". The Verge.
- Cosslett, Rhiannon Lucy (8 April 2014). "Digital humans give me the creeps – but there might be something in it". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
- Clark, Liat (5 February 2014). "This creepy AI will talk to loved ones when you die and preserve your digital footprint". Wired. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
- O'Neill, Natalie (16 March 2016). "Companies Want to Replicate Your Dead Loved Ones With Robot Clones". Vice. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
- Boboltz, Sara (7 October 2016). "The AI Episode Of 'Black Mirror' Is Closer To Reality Thanks To Russian Coders". Huffington Post. Retrieved 5 December 2017.
- Plunkett, John (12 February 2013). "Black Mirror nets nearly 1.6m viewers". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
- "2014 Television Single Drama". British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- "Empire Podcast Greatest Sci-Fi Moments special". Empire Online.
- Atad, Corey (24 October 2016). "Every Episode of Black Mirror, Ranked". Esquire. Hearst Communications. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- Page, Aubrey (28 October 2016). "Every 'Black Mirror' Episode Ranked From Worst to Best". Collider. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- Jeffery, Morgan (9 April 2017). "Ranking all 19 episodes of Charlie Brooker's chilling Black Mirror". Digital Spy. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- Clark, Travis (10 September 2018). "All 19 episodes of 'Black Mirror,' ranked from worst to best". Business Insider. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
- Glover, Eric Anthony (22 December 2017). "Every 'Black Mirror' Episode Ranked, From Worst to Best". Entertainment Tonight. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- Greene, Steve; Nguyen, Hanh; Miller, Liz Shannon (24 November 2017). "Every 'Black Mirror' Episode Ranked, From Worst to Best". IndieWire. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- Khosla, Proma (5 January 2018). "Every 'Black Mirror' episode ever, ranked by overall dread". Mashable. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
- David, Adam (24 October 2016). "How to watch all 'Black Mirror' episodes, from worst to best". CNN Philippines. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- Elfring, Mat (28 October 2016). "Black Mirror: Every Episode Ranked From Good to Best". GameSpot. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- Power, Ed (28 December 2017). "Black Mirror: every episode ranked and rated". The Telegraph. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- Bone, Christian (4 November 2016). "Black Mirror: Ranking Every Episode From Worst To Best". WhatCulture. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- Hall, Jacob (28 October 2016). "Through a Touchscreen Darkly: Every 'Black Mirror' Episode Ranked". /Film. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- Wallenstein, Andrew (21 October 2016). "'Black Mirror' Episodes Ranked: Spoiler-Free Guide to Seasons 1–3". Variety. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- Doyle, Brendan (17 December 2017). "The Top Ten Black Mirror Episodes". CraveOnline. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
- O'Brien, Jon (17 October 2016). "Black Mirror Episodes Ranked from Worst to Best". Metro. Retrieved 11 September 2018.