Beacon, Iowa

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Beacon, Iowa
City
Location of Beacon, Iowa
Location of Beacon, Iowa
Coordinates: 41°16′33″N 92°40′51″W / 41.27583°N 92.68083°W / 41.27583; -92.68083Coordinates: 41°16′33″N 92°40′51″W / 41.27583°N 92.68083°W / 41.27583; -92.68083
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Mahaska
Area[1]
 • Total 1.00 sq mi (2.59 km2)
 • Land 1.00 sq mi (2.59 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 758 ft (231 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 494
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 492
 • Density 494.0/sq mi (190.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 52534
Area code(s) 641
FIPS code 19-05050
GNIS feature ID 0454396

Beacon is a city in Mahaska County, Iowa, United States. The population was 494 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Coal miners in Beacon joined the United Mine Workers union in 1894, organizing local 178. By 1902, this had 100 members.[4]

Evans, Iowa was a coal camp 3 miles (5 km) to the northwest founded by Evan Evans. This was home to mines that opened in 1879 and were combined and reorganized as the American mine in 1884, at which time, the daily output was 100 tons.[5] By 1894, the mine face was 1.5 miles (2.4km) from the foot of the slope, and the mine was producing 1000 tons of coal a day from a coal seam 6 feet (1.8m) thick. This was one of the very few mines where the miners did not join the Bituminous coal miners' strike of 1894.[6] In 1899 United Mine Workers of America local 835 was organized, and in 1902, local 1932 was organized. Memberships in these two locals, combined, was 210 in 1901.[4]

Geography[edit]

Beacon's longitude and latitude coordinates
in decimal form are 41.275948, -92.680733.[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.00 square mile (2.59 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop. ±%
1880 727 —    
1890 570 −21.6%
1900 953 +67.2%
1910 623 −34.6%
1920 381 −38.8%
1930 350 −8.1%
1940 382 +9.1%
1950 371 −2.9%
1960 718 +93.5%
1970 338 −52.9%
1980 530 +56.8%
1990 509 −4.0%
2000 518 +1.8%
2010 494 −4.6%
2014 487 −1.4%
2015 480 −1.4%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center
Source:
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 494 people, 213 households, and 144 families residing in the city. The population density was 494.0 inhabitants per square mile (190.7/km2). There were 237 housing units at an average density of 237.0 per square mile (91.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.0% White, 0.6% African American, 1.2% Native American, and 0.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population.

There were 213 households of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.4% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.76.

The median age in the city was 41 years. 23.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26% were from 25 to 44; 29% were from 45 to 64; and 16.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.8% male and 49.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 518 people, 208 households, and 153 families residing in the city. The population density was 514.5 people per square mile (198.0/km²). There were 217 housing units at an average density of 215.5 per square mile (83.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.53% White, 0.39% African American, 0.58% Native American, and 2.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.39% of the population.

There were 208 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.0% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 23.9% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 109.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,000, and the median income for a family was $35,469. Males had a median income of $31,500 versus $26,641 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,972. About 5.5% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ a b Trade Unions in Iowa -- Table No. 1, Mine Workers of America, United, Tenth Biennial Report of the Bureau of Labor Statistics for the State of Iowa, 1901-1902, Murphy, Des Moines, 1903; page 232.
  5. ^ James H. Lees, History of Coal Mining in Iowa, Iowa Geologic Survey, Vol XIX (1908 Annual Report), Des Moines, 1909; page 558.
  6. ^ Scenes from the Coal Regions -- LIV -- Top Works of the American Slope Mine, Evans, Mahaska County, Iowa, The Coal Trade Journal, Oct. 3, 1894; page 723.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

  • City-Data Comprehensive statistical data and more about Beacon