Beacon Fell, Lancashire
|Elevation||266 m (873 ft)|
Beacon Fell is a fell in the civil parish of Goosnargh in Lancashire, England. It has been a Country Park since 1970. It is situated on the edge of the Forest of Bowland Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty although it is separated from the other hills in the Forest.
Beacon Fell is an isolated hill 2 miles (3 km) south of the main range of hills in the Forest of Bowland. Although, at 266 metres (873 ft) above sea level, small compared with the neighbouring fells, its position offers commanding views over the flat plain of the Fylde and Morecambe Bay to the west, as well as the Ribble valley to the south.
From Beacon Fell there are extensive views
- to the west, of the whole of the Fylde, including Blackpool Tower;
- to the north-west, the southern part of Morecambe Bay;
- to the north and north-east, of the Forest of Bowland hills, particularly Fair Snape Fell and Parlick;
- to the east, of Chipping, Pendle Hill, Longridge Fell and Longridge;
- to the south, of Preston.
The high visibility of the fell made it an ideal location for a warning beacon. A beacon on the fell has been recorded as early as 1002. The fell formed part of a chain of beacons to warn of the approach of the Spanish Armada in 1588, and of French forces between 1795 and 1815. More recently, beacon chains have been lit in celebration of coronations and jubilees.
In 1909, Fulwood Urban District Council bought the fell, which until then had been farmland, as a water supply. Under the provisions of the Fulwood and Whittingham Water Act of 1882, water from the fell was collected in the existing Barnsfold Reservoirs, 1 mile (2 km) to the south-west, and from there piped to Fulwood and Whittingham Asylum via Horns Dam Reservoir in Goosnargh parish and a small covered reservoir in Haighton. Conifer woodland was planted on the fell to help manage drainage. From 1959, the fell was no longer required for water, and was left to fall into disrepair.
Lancashire County Council acquired the site in 1969 and opened it, in October 1970, as one in the first tranche of country parks in the United Kingdom. A new road was built connecting the existing single-track roads on the fell to form a circular route around the fell, to be operated as a one-way system. Car parks were added, and on the site of a farmhouse a visitor centre was built.
The park is popular with visitors. It has a network of well-maintained footpaths through largely coniferous woodland. The Bowland Visitor Centre provides information about the fell and the Forest of Bowland, and serves refreshments. Wildlife that may be observed on the fell includes rabbit, hare, roe deer, stoat, weasel, red fox, badger, hedgehog, mole, grey squirrel and the otter. 11 species of dragonflies and damselflies have been found around the fell's tarn.
Charges were introduced in the car parks nearest to the visitor centre in 2011, but parking on other parts of the fell is still free.
The reservoirs at Barns Fold are now used for angling.
The fell features a number of sculptures by local artist Thompson Dagnall, Black Tiger and Kissing Seat (2006), Walking Snake (1998), Spruced up Heron (1996) and Orme Sight (1996) however the Owl (2013) which [replaced Hanging Bat (1998)] was not carved by Thompson Dagnall . Lancaster artist Richard Shilling is artist in residence who creates short-lasting sculptures from surrounding materials.
Beacon Fell Traditional Lancashire Cheese, named after the Fell, and currently manufactured in Longridge and Garstang, has Protected Designation of Origin status. Only cheeses made with milk from the Fylde or the Preston area, and conforming to the published method of production, may use this name.
- "Your Lancashire – View Points"[permanent dead link], Lancashire County Council, accessed 29 May 2012
- Freethy, Ron (8 April 2009), "Walks in the Lake District: Beacon Fell walk", Lancashire Telegraph, accessed 29 May 2012
- Pattinson, M. (Ed.) (1999) Longridge — The Way we Were, Hudson History of Settle, ISBN 0-9533643-4-8, p.117
- (14 October 2010) "News : Beacon Fell Country Park is 40 years-old", Lancashire County Council, accessed 29 May 2012
- "Issue - decisions - Charging for Car Parking at Countryside Sites", Lancashire County Council, accessed 29 May 2012
- Barnsfold Waters Trout Fishery, accessed 29 May 2012
- Thompson Dagnell: List of Works Archived 2011-07-17 at the Wayback Machine., accessed 11 July 2008
- 2009, "Local artist: Richard Shilling", BBC Lancashire, accessed 27 June 2009
- "Queen to visit county's 'big cheese'", Lancashire Evening Post, 20 June 2008, accessed online 12 November 2008
- Dewlay Cheesemakers, accessed 17 February 2012
- DEFRA - Beacon Fell Traditional Lancashire Cheese Archived December 25, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. accessed 12 November 2008