Beacon Hill, New South Wales

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Beacon Hill
SydneyNew South Wales
Beacon Hill Summit.JPG
The outlook from the summit of Governor Phillip Lookout
Population 6,900 (2011 census)[1]
Postcode(s) 2100
Location 17 km (11 mi) north-east of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) Northern Beaches Council
State electorate(s) Wakehurst
Federal Division(s)
Suburbs around Beacon Hill:
Oxford Falls Oxford Falls Cromer
Frenchs Forest Beacon Hill Narraweena
Allambie Heights Allambie Heights Brookvale

Beacon Hill is a suburb of northern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia 17 kilometres north-east of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of Northern Beaches Council. It is part of the Northern Beaches region.

History[edit]

Beacon Hill was given the title when the Department of Lands built a trigometric beacon there in 1881.[2]

Aboriginal culture[edit]

Little is known of local aboriginal culture in the Beacon Hill area but other local areas towards the sea have a rich and diverse aboriginal background. There are some aboriginal carvings in rocks to the north of Red Hill.

European settlement[edit]

Daniel Egan, a member of the NSW Parliament, purchased two 40-acre (16 ha) parcels of land on 5 October 1857.

Most of the houses in the suburb were built in the boom days after World War II, in the 1950s and 1960s.[3] Many of the streets in Beacon Hill are named after notable battles, military men or places where Australian troops served in World War II. These include Owen Stanley Avenue, Kokoda Crescent, Goroka Place and Lae Place.

Beacon Hill Post Office opened on 1 August 1949 and closed in 1986.[4] Beacon Hill High School was established in 1964 and closed in 2002.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census of Population, there were 6,900 residents in Beacon Hill. 69.2% of residents were born in Australia. The most common other countries of birth were England 6.3%, Italy 2.6% and New Zealand 2.3%. 79.2% of residents spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Italian 4.1%, Mandarin 2.0% and Cantonese 1.8%. The most common responses for religious affiliation were Catholic 33.4%, Anglican 21.1% and No Religion 20.2%.[1]

Transport[edit]

Beacon Hill is serviced by Sydney Buses. For many years there have been plans put forward, then withdrawn again for a heavy rail line to be constructed to service the Northern Beaches. Most residents therefore drive motor vehicles to get around.

Landmarks[edit]

Governor Phillip Lookout[edit]

This lookout is located atop Beacon Hill itself. Views of almost the entire eastern half of the Sydney region may be had from the summit which is approximately 152 metres (500 ft) above sea level.

Views extend from the southern outskirts of Sydney, west to the Blue Mountains and north to Gosford and the Central Coast. The skyline of the city is to the south. Ships, pleasure craft and occasional migratory whales can be seen out to sea in the east.

The lookout is popular with locals on New Year's Eve when the firework displays across Sydney Harbour are clearly visible, approximately 11 kilometres (7 mi) to the south.

The lookout may be reached via Warringah Road. There is a small parking area adjacent to the road with stairs leading to a pathway and the summit.

Red Hill[edit]

Red Hill, not to be confused with Beacon Hill, is located at the northern end of the suburb behind the former Beacon Hill High School site. From here there are views across to the Governor Phillip Lookout, and onwards to the city. The views to the north are over the eastern sections of the Garigal National Park, to Cromer and beyond into the suburbs of Elanora, Narrabeen and Ingleside.

The Red Hill Preservation Society attempted to prevent a state government development of Red Hill in the early 1990s[citation needed]

Community services and organisations[edit]

The Governor Phillip Lookout Trust was gazetted on 9 December 1966 and was charged with the responsibility not only of protecting and developing the area as an historical feature of the district, but also for the preservation and propagation of the native flora and fauna that surrounds the lookout. The first meeting took place on 10 April 1966.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Beacon Hill (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 April 2013.  Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN 0-207-14495-8
  3. ^ A History of Beacon Hill and its schools - Bruce, Jill B. 1943 - ISBN 0-7316-2170-0 (Copyright to Jill B Bruce and the Parents and Citizens Association of Beacon Hill Public School, Beacon Hill, Sydney, Australia. Contact school for permission to reprint any article or photograph.)
  4. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  5. ^ The Beacon Hill Story - a Memorial to Governor Phillip - C.E.McDonald & Governor Phillip Lookout Trust (no copyright)

Coordinates: 33°45′08″S 151°15′22″E / 33.7522°S 151.2560°E / -33.7522; 151.2560