Beacon Hill, Seattle

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Beacon Hill, Seattle
I-5 & Downtown Seattle from Beacon Hill
I-5 & Downtown Seattle from Beacon Hill
Beacon Hill highlighted in pink
Beacon Hill highlighted in pink
Coordinates: 47°33′08″N 122°17′53″W / 47.55222°N 122.29806°W / 47.55222; -122.29806Coordinates: 47°33′08″N 122°17′53″W / 47.55222°N 122.29806°W / 47.55222; -122.29806
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountyKing
CitySeattle
City CouncilDistrict 2
Time zoneUTC−8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
Zip Code
98108, 98118, 98144
Area Code206

Beacon Hill is a hill and neighborhood in southeast Seattle, Washington. It is roughly bounded on the west by Interstate 5, on the north by Interstate 90, on the east by Rainier Avenue South, Cheasty Boulevard South, and Martin Luther King Junior Way South, and on the south by the Seattle city boundary. It is part of Seattle's South End.

The neighborhood has a major population of Asian Americans and African Americans and is among the most racially diverse in Seattle. It was formerly home to the world headquarters of Amazon (at the Pacific Tower) and present home to the Seattle Division of the Department of Veterans Affairs' Puget Sound Health Care System.

Geography[edit]

Beacon Hill offers views of downtown, the Industrial District, Elliott Bay, First Hill, Rainier Valley, and, when the weather is good, Mount Rainier and the Olympic Mountains. It is roughly bounded on the west by Interstate 5, on the north by Interstate 90, on the east by Rainier Avenue South, Cheasty Boulevard South, and Martin Luther King Junior Way South, and on the south by the Seattle city boundary. It is part of Seattle's South End.

The municipal government subdivides it into North Beacon Hill, Mid-Beacon Hill, Holly Park, and South Beacon Hill,[1] though most people who live there simply call it "Beacon Hill."

Homes on the northern part of the hill were mostly built in the early 1900s; thus, North Beacon Hill contains many examples of Craftsman bungalows and Seattle box houses, a local variant of the Foursquare style.

Nearby neighborhoods[edit]

History and demographics[edit]

The Turner-Koepf House is on the National Register of Historic Places.

The Duwamish call the hill "Greenish-Yellow Spine" (Lushootseed: qWátSéécH, pronounced QWAH-tseech), probably referring to the color of the deciduous trees that once grew thickly on the hill.[2] Early settlers named it Holgate and Hanford Hill after two early settlers, John Holgate and Edward Hanford, who settled in the area in the 1850s[3] and are commemorated to this day by South Holgate and Hanford Streets on North Beacon Hill. A later arrival, M. Harwood Young, named the hill after the Beacon Hill in his hometown, Boston, Massachusetts.[4]

Beacon Hill was nicknamed "Boeing Hill" in the 1950s and 60s due to the number of residents who worked in the nearby Boeing airplane factory. The term fell out of use when many Boeing employees joined the general exodus to the suburbs, and Asian immigrants took their place. Today the neighborhood is majority Asian, as can be seen by the many Chinese, Vietnamese, and Filipino businesses along Beacon Avenue South. However, the area remains racially diverse, as shown by the 2000 United States census: 51% Asian, 20% white, 13% black, 9% Hispanic/Latino and 7% other.[5] The census also showed the total Beacon Hill population to be 22,300. Neighboring Rainier Valley also shows a similar diversity.

Landmarks and institutions[edit]

PacMed
  • Pacific Medical Center (PacMed) located at the northern tip of Beacon Hill. Formerly a marine hospital, the building served as headquarters to Amazon for ten years.
  • Jefferson Park: Golf, lawn bowling, skate park, Beacon Mountain Playground, tennis courts, open space and more. Golf professional Fred Couples was raised in the neighborhood and Jefferson Park was his home course as a teen.
  • Beacon Food Forest is one of the nation's largest food forest projects and is located on the west side of Jefferson Park.
  • Comet Lodge Cemetery (1895)
  • Dr. Jose Rizal Park: views to the west overlooking downtown, Elliott Bay and Olympic Mountains; start of bike path to I-90 bridge, Lake Washington, Mercer Island, Eastgate[6]
  • El Centro de la Raza, a civil rights and community service organization, in the former Beacon Hill School built in 1904[7]
  • Beacon Hill First Baptist Church
    Beacon Hill First Baptist Church a historic landmark Tudor Revival building built in 1910, designed by notable architect Ellsworth Storey[8]
  • The Frank D. Black property a designated landmark with river rock structures built in 1914 [9]
  • Cheasty Greenbelt/Cheasty Boulevard Trail
  • Beacon Hill Station of Sound Transit Light Rail, located at Beacon Avenue South and South Lander Street
  • Beacon Hill branch of the Seattle Public Library, reopened in a new building and location in 2005
  • Beacon Hill International Elementary School, a K-5 school that offers bilingual and diverse programs

Awards and honors[edit]

In 2012, the American Planning Association named Beacon Hill as one of the 30 Great Places in America.[10]

Culture[edit]

The Beacon Hill neighborhood prides itself on many fine foods and restaurants, a highly rated hair salon, the best live music venue, and a place for kids activities, all voted for as some of the "Best of 2012" by Seattle Magazine (online version not currently available). The City of Seattle, in partnership with Beacon BIKES, created the Beacon Hill Family Bicycle and Pedestrian Circulation Plan,[11] a ten-year plan to increase pedestrian bicycle networks serving highly used greenways, intersections, and cycle tracts within the neighborhood as a measure to increase safety for all users. The plan was awarded the 2012 VISION 2040 Award from the Puget Sound Regional Council.

Beacon Hill is home to the "Beacon Rocks!" performance series, beginning its 5th season in 2014 on the last Sunday of June, July and August. This event featuring a variety of types of performances is held on the Roberto Maestas Festival Street[12] and produced by Beacon Hill's neighborhood community arts group "ROCKiT Community Arts".[13]

Beacon Hill has recently become known for their Food Forest, a new project that has created neighborhood urban farming west of Jefferson Park. The Beacon Food Forest has gained national attention in the news, receiving recognition from the Associated Press, CBS, Gawker, and HLN, to name a few. A 2012 article in Seattle Weekly stated that Beacon Hill was soon to "boast the biggest public food forest in the country" with seven lush acres containing a community park and an edible landscape, including such plantings as walnuts, chestnuts, berry shrubs and vegetables.[14] The idea started with a community-led group that secured $22,000 in Neighborhood Matching Funds from the Department of Neighborhoods.

Further reading[edit]

  • Merrell, Frederica and Mira Latoszek (2004). Seattle's Beacon Hill (Images of America). Charleston: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-2861-7.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Beacon Hill". Seattle City Clerk's Neighborhood Map Atlas. City Clerk's Office, City of Seattle. Retrieved September 3, 2005.
  2. ^ Thrush, Coll (2007). Native Seattle: Histories from the Crossing-Over Place. University of Washington Press. p. 230. ISBN 978-0-295-98700-2.
  3. ^ George Lange (November 10, 2000). "John Holgate explores the Duwamish River by canoe but does not stake King County land claim during the summer of 1850". Essay 1749. HistoryLink.org. Retrieved September 3, 2005.
  4. ^ Wilma, David (February 21, 201). "Seattle Neighborhoods: Beacon Hill -- Thumbnail History". HistoryLink. Retrieved August 3, 2022.
  5. ^ "2000 Census Data: Beacon Hill". Retrieved September 3, 2005.[dead link]
  6. ^ David Wilma (April 5, 2001). "Rizal Park". Essay 3168, Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History. HistoryLink.org. Retrieved September 3, 2005.
  7. ^ David Wilma (August 2, 2000). "Chicano activists occupy abandoned school that becomes El Centro on October 11, 1972". Essay 2588, Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History. HistoryLink.org. Archived from the original on August 19, 2005. Retrieved September 3, 2005.
  8. ^ David Wilma (April 17, 2002). "Seattle Landmarks: Beacon Hill First Baptist Church (1910)". Essay 3216, Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History. HistoryLink.org. Archived from the original on September 4, 2005. Retrieved September 3, 2005.
  9. ^ David Wilma (April 23, 2001). "Seattle Landmarks: Frank D. Black Property (1914)". Essay 3226, Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History. HistoryLink.org. Archived from the original on August 16, 2005. Retrieved September 3, 2005.
  10. ^ "2012 Great Neighborhoods". American Planning Association. Archived from the original on August 13, 2018. Retrieved September 2, 2018.
  11. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). www.seattle.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 18, 2017. Retrieved January 12, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Roberto Maestas to be honored during Beacon Rocks!". June 21, 2011.
  13. ^ "ROCKiT Community Arts". Archived from the original on September 5, 2013.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". www.seattleweekly.com. Archived from the original on October 4, 2013. Retrieved January 12, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]