Beaconsfield (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Beaconsfield in Buckinghamshire
|Population||99,387 (2011 census)|
|Major settlements||Beaconsfield, Marlow|
|Member of Parliament||vacant|
|Created from||South Buckinghamshire|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries and boundary changes
- 3 Members of Parliament
- 4 Elections
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes and references
- 7 Sources
The constituency was created in 1974, mostly from the former seat of South Buckinghamshire, since which date the area has formed the southernmost part of Buckinghamshire — before 1974 the notable settlements of Slough and Eton, and less well-known Langley, Wraysbury, Sunnymeads and Datchet were in the county. This leads to the unusual shape of the constituency, further accentuated in irregularity by the Thames meander containing Cookham, Berkshire to the west and southwest.
Beaconsfield is estimated to have voted 51% remain in the 2016 referendum on the UK's membership of the EU. Although estimates of the constituency results have not been confirmed, the official UK Electoral Commission EU referendum results detail the area of South Buckinghamshire, which contains the Beaconsfield constituency, as voting to leave the EU with a percentage of 50.7%.
The incumbent's win in 2010, Dominic Grieve, with 61.1% of the vote, was the second highest share of the vote in the general election for a Conservative candidate after William Hague in Richmond, North Yorkshire.
In the 1982 Beaconsfield by-election caused by the death of Sir Ronald Bell, the third-placed candidate was Tony Blair for the Labour Party. Tim Smith was the first and only person ever to have beaten Blair in an election and won; Paul Tyler was in second place. Tyler later became an MP for North Cornwall, meaning that, most unusually, the three main-party candidates subsequently served in the House of Commons at the same time.
Boundaries and boundary changes
1974–1983: The Urban District of Beaconsfield, the Rural District of Eton, and the parishes of Hedsor and Wooburn in the Rural District of Wycombe.
The constituency was formed largely from southern parts of the abolished County Constituency of South Buckinghamshire (Beaconsfield and the Rural District of Eton). The parishes of Hedsor and Wooburn were transferred from the County Constituency of Wycombe.
1983–1997: The District of South Bucks, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bourne End-cum-Hedsor, Flackwell Heath, Loudwater, The Wooburns, and Tylers Green.
Gained areas to the east of High Wycombe (former parish of Chepping Wycombe) from Wycombe. The parts of the former Rural District of Eton, including Datchet, which had been transferred from Buckinghamshire to Berkshire by the Local Government Act 1972 were included in the new County Constituency of East Berkshire.
1997–2010: The District of South Bucks, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bourne End-cum-Hedsor, Flackwell Heath, Little Marlow, Loudwater, The Wooburns, and Tylers Green.
Minor change (transfer of Little Marlow from Wycombe).
2010–present: The District of South Bucks, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bourne End-cum-Hedsor, Flackwell Heath and Little Marlow, Marlow North and West, Marlow South East, and The Wooburns.
Marlow transferred from Wycombe.
The seat consists of Beaconsfield, most of Burnham (including Burnham Beeches forest), Denham, Dorney, Farnham Common, Farnham Royal, Fulmer, Gerrards Cross, Hedgerley, Iver, Stoke Poges, Taplow and Wexham (excluding Wexham Court);[n 2] Hedsor, Little Marlow, Marlow, Wooburn and Bourne End and the Flackwell Heath settlement of Chepping Wycombe.[n 3]
Members of Parliament
|February 1974||Sir Ronald Bell||Conservative|
|1982 by-election||Tim Smith||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
Candidates listed in alphabetical order of surname.
|Independent||Adam David Cleary|
|Independent||Dominic Grieve (Unite to Remain)||Incumbent although previously elected as a Conservative|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Chapman||4,448||7.9||+0.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Chapman||3,927||7.4||-12.2|
|Liberal Democrat||John Edwards||10,271||19.6||−2.4|
|A Vote Against MP Expense Abuse||Andrew Cowen||475||0.9||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Chapman||8,873||20.4||−1.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Stephen Lloyd||9,117||21.6||+0.3|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Mapp||10,722||21.4||+2.1|
|Ind. Conservative||Christopher Story||1,434||2.9||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Gillian Duval||286||0.6||N/A|
|Natural Law||Tom Dyball||193||0.4||+0.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Anne Purse||10,220||19.3||−4.4|
|Ind. Conservative||William Foulds||1,317||2.5||+2.5|
|Natural Law||Andrew Foss||196||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|New Britain||Michael Byrne||225||0.6||N/A|
|Democratic Monarchist||Bill Boaks||99||0.3||N/A|
|Benn in Ten Unless Proportional Representation||Thomas Keen||51||0.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1970s
|Labour||Edwin Lloyd Glasson||10,443||20.2||−5.2|
|Liberal||Percy Walter Meyer||8,853||17.1||−9.1|
|National Front||John Noyes||548||1.1||N/A|
|Liberal||William Harold Eastwell||12,606||26.2||−2.0|
|Labour||Marigold Egerton Johnson||12,253||25.5||+3.2|
|Liberal||William Harold Eastwell||14,792||28.2||N/A|
|Labour||Peter Martyn Jones||11,691||22.3||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Beaconsfield: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
- "England Parliamentary electorates 2010–2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
- "Final estimates of the Leave vote share in the EU referendum". Google Docs. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
- "How did different constituencies vote in the 2016 EU referendum?". Full Fact. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
- "Results and turnout at the EU referendum". Retrieved 30 October 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)
- Shipman, Tim; Wheeler, Caroline (5 October 2019). "Lib Dems to save Dominic Grieve in 'remain alliance' pact". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
- "Democratic Dashboard". Retrieved 14 November 2019.
- Bloom, Dan (7 June 2017). "Here is every single 2017 general election candidate in a plain text list". Daily Mirror. Trinity Mirror. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- http://www.southbucks.gov.uk/article/4975/Beaconsfield-Constituency on 16Jun15
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Beaconsfield". YourNextMP. Archived from the original on 10 May 2010. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.