Beaconsfield (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Beaconsfield in .
|Population||99,387 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||75,320 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Beaconsfield, Marlow|
|Member of parliament||Dominic Grieve (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||South Buckinghamshire|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
Beaconsfield // is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Dominic Grieve QC of the Conservative Party, the former Attorney General of England and Wales.[n 2]
1974-1983: The Urban District of Beaconsfield, the Rural District of Eton, and part of the Rural District of Wycombe.
1983-1997: The District of South Bucks, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bourne End-cum-Hedsor, Flackwell Heath, Loudwater, The Wooburns, and Tylers Green.
1997-2010: The District of South Bucks, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bourne End-cum-Hedsor, Flackwell Heath, Little Marlow, Loudwater, The Wooburns, and Tylers Green.
2010-present: The District of South Bucks, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bourne End-cum-Hedsor, Flackwell Heath and Little Marlow, Marlow North and West, Marlow South East, and The Wooburns.
The seat consists of Beaconsfield, most of Burnham (including Burnham Beeches forest), Denham, Dorney, Farnham Common, Farnham Royal, Fulmer, Gerrards Cross, Hedgerley, Iver, Stoke Poges, Taplow and Wexham (excluding Wexham Court);[n 3] Hedsor, Little Marlow, Marlow, Wooburn and Bourne End and the Flackwell Heath settlement of Chepping Wycombe.[n 4]
The constituency was created in 1974, mostly from the former seat of South Buckinghamshire, since which date the area has formed the southernmost part of Buckinghamshire — before 1974 the notable settlements of Slough and Eton, and less well-known Langley, Wraysbury, Sunnymeads and Datchet were in the county. This leads to the unusual shape of the constituency, further accentuated in irregularity by the Thames meander containing Cookham, Berkshire to the west and southwest. It is traditionally one of the safest Conservative seats in Britain.
In the Beaconsfield by-election, 1982 caused by the death of Sir Ronald Bell, the third-placed candidate was Tony Blair for the Labour party. Tim Smith is the last person to have beaten Blair in an election. Paul Tyler was in second place; he later became an MP for North Cornwall, meaning that, most unusually, the three main-party candidates subsequently served in the House of Commons at the same time.
Members of Parliament
|Feb 1974||Sir Ronald McMillan Bell||Conservative|
|1982 by-election||Tim Smith||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: Beaconsfield|
|UKIP||Tim Scott ||7,310||13.8||+8.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Chapman ||3,927||7.4||-12.2|
|General Election 2010: Beaconsfield|
|Liberal Democrat||John Edwards||10,271||19.6||−2.4|
|A Vote Against MP Expense Abuse||Andrew Cowen||475||0.9||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Beaconsfield|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Chapman||8,873||20.4||−1.2|
|General Election 2001: Beaconsfield|
|Liberal Democrat||Stephen Lloyd||9,117||21.6||+0.3|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Beaconsfield|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter G.D. Mapp||10,722||21.4||+2.1|
|Labour||Alastair S. Hudson||10,063||20.0||+6.5|
|Referendum||Humphrey A. Lloyd||2,197||4.4||N/A|
|Independent Conservative||Christopher Story||1,434||2.9||N/A|
|UKIP||Christopher W.R. Cooke||451||0.9||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Mrs. Gillian S. Duval||286||0.6||N/A|
|Natural Law||Tom W.S. Dyball||193||0.4||+0.0|
|Independent||Robert R. Matthews||146||0.3||N/A|
|General Election 1992: Beaconsfield|
|Conservative||Timothy John Smith||33,817||64.0||−2.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Ms. Anne Purse||10,220||19.3||−4.4|
|Independent Conservative||William F. Foulds||1,317||2.5||+2.5|
|Natural Law||Andrew P.O. Foss||196||0.4||N/A|
|Independent||Ms. Joan Martin||166||0.3||+0.3|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Beaconsfield|
|Conservative||Timothy John Smith||33,324||66.0|
|Liberal||David Harry Ive||11,985||23.7|
|Labour||Kenneth John Harper||5,203||10.3|
|General Election 1983: Beaconsfield|
|Conservative||Timothy John Smith||30,552||63.8|
|Liberal||David Harry Ive||12,252||25.6|
|Labour||John Sherwin Smith||5,107||10.7|
|By-election 1982: Beaconsfield|
|Conservative||Timothy John Smith||23,049||61.8||+0.1|
|New Britain||Michael Byrne||225||0.6||N/A|
|Democratic Monarchist||Bill Boaks||99||0.3||N/A|
|Benn in Ten Unless Proportional Representation||Thomas Keen||51||0.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Beaconsfield|
|Conservative||Ronald McMillan Bell||31,938||61.7||+13.4|
|Labour||Edwin Lloyd Glasson||10,443||20.2||−5.2|
|Liberal||Percy Walter Meyer||8,853||17.1||−9.1|
|National Front||John Noyes||548||1.1||N/A|
|General Election October 1974: Beaconsfield|
|Conservative||Ronald McMillan Bell||23,234||48.3||−1.5|
|Liberal||William Harold Eastwell||12,606||26.2||−2.0|
|Labour||Marigold Egerton Johnson||12,253||25.5||+3.2|
|General Election February 1974: Beaconsfield|
|Conservative||Ronald McMillan Bell||26,040||49.6||N/A|
|Liberal||William Harold Eastwell||14,792||28.2||N/A|
|Labour||Peter Martyn Jones||11,691||22.3||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- These are all civil parishes in the South Bucks district
- These are all civil parishes in the Wycombe (district)
- "Beaconsfield: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- http://www.southbucks.gov.uk/article/4975/Beaconsfield-Constituency on 16Jun15
- "List of selected candidates". Liberal Democrats. 4 March 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Beaconsfield". YourNextMP. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.