Beaconsfield (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Beaconsfield in Buckinghamshire.
|Population||99,387 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||75,320 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Beaconsfield, Marlow|
|Member of parliament||Dominic Grieve (Conservative)|
|Created from||South Buckinghamshire|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
Beaconsfield // is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Dominic Grieve QC of the Conservative Party, the former Attorney General of England and Wales.[n 2] It is traditionally one of the safest Conservative seats in Buckinghamshire and the country as a whole.
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries and boundary changes
- 3 Changes proposed for 2022
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
- 8 Sources
The constituency was created in 1974, mostly from the former seat of South Buckinghamshire, since which date the area has formed the southernmost part of Buckinghamshire — before 1974 the notable settlements of Slough and Eton, and less well-known Langley, Wraysbury, Sunnymeads and Datchet were in the county. This leads to the unusual shape of the constituency, further accentuated in irregularity by the Thames meander containing Cookham, Berkshire to the west and southwest.
In the Beaconsfield by-election, 1982 caused by the death of Sir Ronald Bell, the third-placed candidate was Tony Blair for the Labour party. Tim Smith was the first and only person ever to have beaten Blair in an election. Paul Tyler was in second place; he later became an MP for North Cornwall, meaning that, most unusually, the three main-party candidates subsequently served in the House of Commons at the same time.
Boundaries and boundary changes
1974-1983: The Urban District of Beaconsfield, the Rural District of Eton, and the parishes of Hedsor and Wooburn in the Rural District of Wycombe.
The constituency was formed largely from southern parts of the abolished County Constituency of South Buckinghamshire (Beaconsfield and the Rural District of Eton). The parishes of Hedsor and Wooburn were transferred from the County Constituency of Wycombe.
1983-1997: The District of South Bucks, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bourne End-cum-Hedsor, Flackwell Heath, Loudwater, The Wooburns, and Tylers Green.
Gained areas to the east of High Wycombe (former parish of Chepping Wycombe) from Wycombe. The parts of the former Rural District of Eton, including Datchet, which had been transferred from Buckinghamshire to Berkshire by the Local Government Act 1972 were included in the new County Constituency of East Berkshire.
1997-2010: The District of South Bucks, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bourne End-cum-Hedsor, Flackwell Heath, Little Marlow, Loudwater, The Wooburns, and Tylers Green.
Minor change (transfer of Little Marlow from Wycombe).
2010-present: The District of South Bucks, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bourne End-cum-Hedsor, Flackwell Heath and Little Marlow, Marlow North and West, Marlow South East, and The Wooburns.
Marlow transferred from Wycombe.
The seat consists of Beaconsfield, most of Burnham (including Burnham Beeches forest), Denham, Dorney, Farnham Common, Farnham Royal, Fulmer, Gerrards Cross, Hedgerley, Iver, Stoke Poges, Taplow and Wexham (excluding Wexham Court);[n 3] Hedsor, Little Marlow, Marlow, Wooburn and Bourne End and the Flackwell Heath settlement of Chepping Wycombe.[n 4]
Changes proposed for 2022
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. If these proposals are approved by Parliament they will reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and come into effect at the next UK general election which is due to take place in May 2022 under the terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011.
The Commission proposed that the constituency be unchanged.
Members of Parliament
|Feb 1974||Sir Ronald Bell||Conservative|
|1982 by-election||Tim Smith||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Chapman||4,448||7.9||+0.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Chapman||3,927||7.4||-12.2|
|Liberal Democrat||John Edwards||10,271||19.6||−2.4|
|A Vote Against MP Expense Abuse||Andrew Cowen||475||0.9||N/A|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Chapman||8,873||20.4||−1.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Stephen Lloyd||9,117||21.6||+0.3|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Peter Mapp||10,722||21.4||+2.1|
|Ind. Conservative||Christopher Story||1,434||2.9||N/A|
|ProLife Alliance||Gillian Duval||286||0.6||N/A|
|Natural Law||Tom Dyball||193||0.4||+0.0|
|Conservative||Tim Smith||33,817||64. 0||−2.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Anne Purse||10,220||19.3||−4.4|
|Ind. Conservative||William Foulds||1,317||2.5||+2.5|
|Natural Law||Andrew Foss||196||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|New Britain||Michael Byrne||225||0.6||N/A|
|Democratic Monarchist||Bill Boaks||99||0.3||N/A|
|Benn in Ten Unless Proportional Representation||Thomas Keen||51||0.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1970s
|Labour||Edwin Lloyd Glasson||10,443||20.2||−5.2|
|Liberal||Percy Walter Meyer||8,853||17.1||−9.1|
|National Front||John Noyes||548||1.1||N/A|
|Liberal||William Harold Eastwell||12,606||26.2||−2.0|
|Labour||Marigold Egerton Johnson||12,253||25.5||+3.2|
|Liberal||William Harold Eastwell||14,792||28.2||N/A|
|Labour||Peter Martyn Jones||11,691||22.3||N/A|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- These are all civil parishes in the South Bucks district
- These are all civil parishes in the Wycombe (district)
- "Beaconsfield: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "Final estimates of the Leave vote share in the EU referendum". Google Docs. Retrieved 2019-01-09.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
- "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
- Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)
- Bloom, Dan (7 June 2017). "Here is every single 2017 general election candidate in a plain text list". Daily Mirror. Trinity Mirror. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- http://www.southbucks.gov.uk/article/4975/Beaconsfield-Constituency on 16Jun15
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Beaconsfield". YourNextMP. Archived from the original on 10 May 2010. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.