Beaconsfield (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Coordinates: 51°36′36″N 0°38′42″W / 51.610°N 0.645°W / 51.610; -0.645

Beaconsfield
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Beaconsfield in Buckinghamshire
CountyBuckinghamshire
Population99,387 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate76,582 (2018)[2]
Major settlementsBeaconsfield, Marlow
Current constituency
Created1974 (1974)
Member of Parliamentvacant
Created fromSouth Buckinghamshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencySouth East England

Beaconsfield /ˈbɛkənzfld/ is a constituency[n 1]

History[edit]

The constituency was created in 1974, mostly from the former seat of South Buckinghamshire, since which date the area has formed the southernmost part of Buckinghamshire — before 1974 the notable settlements of Slough and Eton, and less well-known Langley, Wraysbury, Sunnymeads and Datchet were in the county. This leads to the unusual shape of the constituency, further accentuated in irregularity by the Thames meander containing Cookham, Berkshire to the west and southwest.

EU referendum[edit]

Beaconsfield is estimated to have voted 51% remain in the 2016 referendum on the UK's membership of the EU.[3][4] Although estimates of the constituency results have not been confirmed, the official UK Electoral Commission EU referendum results detail the area of South Buckinghamshire, which contains the Beaconsfield constituency, as voting to leave the EU with a percentage of 50.7%.[5]

2010 election[edit]

The incumbent's win in 2010, Dominic Grieve, with 61.1% of the vote, was the second highest share of the vote in the general election for a Conservative candidate after William Hague in Richmond, North Yorkshire.

1982 candidates[edit]

In the 1982 Beaconsfield by-election caused by the death of Sir Ronald Bell, the third-placed candidate was Tony Blair for the Labour Party. Tim Smith was the first and only person ever to have beaten Blair in an election and won; Paul Tyler was in second place. Tyler later became an MP for North Cornwall, meaning that, most unusually, the three main-party candidates subsequently served in the House of Commons at the same time.

Boundaries and boundary changes[edit]

1974–1983: The Urban District of Beaconsfield, the Rural District of Eton, and the parishes of Hedsor and Wooburn in the Rural District of Wycombe.[6]

The constituency was formed largely from southern parts of the abolished County Constituency of South Buckinghamshire (Beaconsfield and the Rural District of Eton).  The parishes of Hedsor and Wooburn were transferred from the County Constituency of Wycombe.

1983–1997: The District of South Bucks, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bourne End-cum-Hedsor, Flackwell Heath, Loudwater, The Wooburns, and Tylers Green.[7]

Gained areas to the east of High Wycombe (former parish of Chepping Wycombe) from Wycombe.  The parts of the former Rural District of Eton, including Datchet, which had been transferred from Buckinghamshire to Berkshire by the Local Government Act 1972 were included in the new County Constituency of East Berkshire.

1997–2010: The District of South Bucks, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bourne End-cum-Hedsor, Flackwell Heath, Little Marlow, Loudwater, The Wooburns, and Tylers Green.[8]

Minor change (transfer of Little Marlow from Wycombe).

2010–present: The District of South Bucks, and the District of Wycombe wards of Bourne End-cum-Hedsor, Flackwell Heath and Little Marlow, Marlow North and West, Marlow South East, and The Wooburns.[9]

Marlow transferred from Wycombe.

The seat consists of Beaconsfield, most of Burnham (including Burnham Beeches forest), Denham, Dorney, Farnham Common, Farnham Royal, Fulmer, Gerrards Cross, Hedgerley, Iver, Stoke Poges, Taplow and Wexham (excluding Wexham Court);[n 2] Hedsor, Little Marlow, Marlow, Wooburn and Bourne End and the Flackwell Heath settlement of Chepping Wycombe.[n 3]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[10] Party
February 1974 Sir Ronald Bell Conservative
1982 by-election Tim Smith Conservative
1997 Dominic Grieve Conservative
2019 Independent

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

Candidates listed in alphabetical order of surname.

Incumbent MP, Dominic Grieve is standing for reelection as an Independent. On 5 November 2019, the Liberal Democrats stood down their candidate Rob Castell, and endorsed Grieve.[11]

General election 2019: Beaconsfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Adam David Cleary[12]
Labour Alexa Collins[13]
Independent Dominic Grieve (Unite to Remain)[14][15] Incumbent although previously elected as a Conservative
Green Zoe Hatch[16][17]
Conservative Joy Morrissey[18]
General election 2017: Beaconsfield[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Dominic Grieve 36,559 65.3 +2.0
Labour James English 12,016 21.4 +10.0
Liberal Democrat Peter Chapman 4,448 7.9 +0.6
UKIP John Conway 1,609 2.9 -10.9
Green Russell Secker 1,396 2.5 -1.7
Majority 24,543 43.9 -5.6
Turnout 56,028 72.3 +1.2
Conservative hold Swing -4.0
General election 2015: Beaconsfield[20][21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Dominic Grieve 33,621 63.2 +2.2
UKIP Tim Scott 7,310 13.8 +8.8
Labour Tony Clements 6,074 11.4 -0.3
Liberal Democrat Peter Chapman 3,927 7.4 -12.2
Green Dave Hampton 2,231 4.2 +2.7
Majority 26,311 49.5 +8.0
Turnout 53,163 71.1 +1.1
Conservative hold Swing
General election 2010: Beaconsfield[22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Dominic Grieve 32,053 61.1 +7.0
Liberal Democrat John Edwards 10,271 19.6 −2.4
Labour Jeremy Miles 6,135 11.7 −7.8
UKIP Delphine Gray-Fisk 2,597 4.9 +0.1
Green Jem Bailey 768 1.5 N/A
A Vote Against MP Expense Abuse Andrew Cowen 475 0.9 N/A
Independent Quentin Baron 191 0.4 N/A
Majority 21,782 41.5 +6.5
Turnout 52,490 70.0 +6.8
Conservative hold Swing +4.7

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General election 2005: Beaconsfield[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Dominic Grieve 24,126 55.4 +2.6
Liberal Democrat Peter Chapman 8,873 20.4 −1.2
Labour Alex Sobel 8,422 19.4 −2.4
UKIP John Fagan 2,102 4.8 +0.9
Majority 15,253 35.0 +4.0
Turnout 43,523 63.9 +3.1
Conservative hold Swing +1.9
General election 2001: Beaconsfield[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Dominic Grieve 22,233 52.8 +3.5
Labour Stephen Lathrope 9,168 21.8 +1.7
Liberal Democrat Stephen Lloyd 9,117 21.6 +0.3
UKIP Andrew Moffatt 1,626 3.9 +3.0
Majority 13,065 31.0 +3.1
Turnout 42,144 60.8 −12.0
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General election 1997: Beaconsfield[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Dominic Grieve 24,709 49.2 −14.8
Liberal Democrat Peter Mapp 10,722 21.4 +2.1
Labour Alastair Hudson 10,063 20.0 +6.5
Referendum Humphrey Lloyd 2,197 4.4 N/A
Ind. Conservative Christopher Story 1,434 2.9 N/A
UKIP Christopher Cooke 451 0.9 N/A
ProLife Alliance Gillian Duval 286 0.6 N/A
Natural Law Tom Dyball 193 0.4 +0.0
Independent Robert Matthews 146 0.3 N/A
Majority 13,987 27.9 −16.7
Turnout 50,201 72.8 -6.2
Conservative hold Swing −8.2
General election 1992: Beaconsfield[27][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tim Smith 33,817 64.0 −2.0
Liberal Democrat Anne Purse 10,220 19.3 −4.4
Labour Graham Smith 7,163 13.5 +3.2
Ind. Conservative William Foulds 1,317 2.5 +2.5
Natural Law Andrew Foss 196 0.4 N/A
Independent Joan Martin 166 0.3 +0.3
Majority 23,597 44.6 +2.4
Turnout 52,879 79.0 +4.4
Conservative hold Swing +1.2

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General election 1987: Beaconsfield[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tim Smith 33,324 66.0
Liberal David Ive 11,985 23.7
Labour Kenneth Harper 5,203 10.3
Majority 21,339 42.3
Turnout 74.6
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1983: Beaconsfield[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tim Smith 30,552 63.8
Liberal David Ive 12,252 25.6
Labour John Smith 5,107 10.7
Majority 18,300 38.2 N/A
Turnout 72.4 N/A
Conservative hold Swing
By-election 1982: Beaconsfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Tim Smith 23,049 61.8 +0.1
Liberal Paul Tyler 9,996 26.8 +8.7
Labour Tony Blair 3,886 10.4 −9.8
New Britain Michael Byrne 225 0.6 N/A
Democratic Monarchist Bill Boaks 99 0.3 N/A
Benn in Ten Unless Proportional Representation Thomas Keen 51 0.1 N/A
Majority 13,053 35.0 −8.2
Turnout 37,306
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General election 1979: Beaconsfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ronald Bell 31,938 61.7 +13.4
Labour Edwin Lloyd Glasson 10,443 20.2 −5.2
Liberal Percy Walter Meyer 8,853 17.1 −9.1
National Front John Noyes 548 1.1 N/A
Majority 21,495 41.5 +19.4
Turnout 51,782 76.2 +6.0
Conservative hold Swing
General election October 1974: Beaconsfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ronald Bell 23,234 48.3 −1.5
Liberal William Harold Eastwell 12,606 26.2 −2.0
Labour Marigold Egerton Johnson 12,253 25.5 +3.2
Majority 10,628 22.1 +0.7
Turnout 48,093 70.2 -7.1
Conservative hold Swing
General election February 1974: Beaconsfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ronald Bell 26,040 49.6 N/A
Liberal William Harold Eastwell 14,792 28.2 N/A
Labour Peter Martyn Jones 11,691 22.3 N/A
Majority 11,248 21.4 N/A
Turnout 52,523 77.3 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ These are all civil parishes in the South Bucks district
  3. ^ These are all civil parishes in the Wycombe (district)
References
  1. ^ "Beaconsfield: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
  2. ^ "England Parliamentary electorates 2010–2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Final estimates of the Leave vote share in the EU referendum". Google Docs. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  4. ^ "How did different constituencies vote in the 2016 EU referendum?". Full Fact. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  5. ^ "Results and turnout at the EU referendum". Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  6. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  7. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  8. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  9. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  10. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)
  11. ^ Shipman, Tim; Wheeler, Caroline (5 October 2019). "Lib Dems to save Dominic Grieve in 'remain alliance' pact". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  12. ^ "Democratic Dashboard". Retrieved 14 November 2019.
  13. ^ https://candidates.democracyclub.org.uk/elections/parl.beaconsfield.2019-12-12/
  14. ^ https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/dominic-grieve-seat-liberal-democrats-remain-alliance-general-election-a9144956.html
  15. ^ https://candidates.democracyclub.org.uk/elections/parl.beaconsfield.2019-12-12/
  16. ^ https://chiltern.greenparty.org.uk/news/2019/05/22/zoe-hatch-selected-as-beaconsfield-candidate/
  17. ^ https://candidates.democracyclub.org.uk/elections/parl.beaconsfield.2019-12-12/
  18. ^ https://twitter.com/AleksandraAco/status/1193202819723124737
  19. ^ Bloom, Dan (7 June 2017). "Here is every single 2017 general election candidate in a plain text list". Daily Mirror. Trinity Mirror. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  20. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  21. ^ http://www.southbucks.gov.uk/article/4975/Beaconsfield-Constituency on 16Jun15
  22. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  23. ^ "Beaconsfield". YourNextMP. Archived from the original on 10 May 2010. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
  24. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  25. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  26. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  27. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  28. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  29. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  30. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.

Sources[edit]