Beagle Bay Community, Western Australia
|Beagle Bay Community|
|Population||348 (2016 census)|
|Time zone||AWST (UTC+8)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Broome|
The community is situated adjacent to the Indian Ocean. Beagle Bay is the gateway to communities further north such as Djarindjin, Lombadina, Bobieding and Ardyaloon. The main access road from Broome is unpaved and so becomes inaccessible during the wet season, although it remains connected to other towns on the peninsula to the north by a bitumenised road.
The community was established by Trappist monks around 1890. Beagle Bay has a history of caring for stolen children. In 1884, the first priest arrived to serve the Catholics in the Kimberley, and to try to convert the Aboriginal people. Bishop Matthew Gibney founded the Beagle Bay mission, developed in the land of the Nyul Nyul people; this became a site for the Aboriginal people in 1890. The first Catholic school was established by the Trappist Fathers at Beagle Bay in 1892. In 1895, the Trappist monks of Sept-Fons in France extended their missionary work from Beagle Bay to Broome. In 1901, Pallottine fathers from Germany took over the Beagle Bay Mission with two priests and four brothers. In 1907, the St John of God Sisters began to run a mission school at Beagle Bay and in 1918 the famous church was opened. It features a pearl shell altar which is now a tourist attraction. The Beagle Bay Mission subsequently became home to Indigenous people from across the Kimberley and further afield. Lawman and artist Butcher Joe Nangan lived and worked at the mission from around 1920 to the 1960s.
In her autobiography, Last Truck Out, Betty Lockyer recalls the Beagle Bay mission in the 1940s as a "Garden of Eden", in which "The men had their jobs to do, each going to their own workplace, whether it was the bakery, gardens or checking the windmills. The women stayed at home to look after the babies and little ones ... There was no such thing as idle hands."
Author and ethnographer Daisy Bates began her life's work at Beagle Bay Mission in the early 1900s. Her accounts were among the first attempts at a serious study of Aboriginal Australian culture. Her Native Tribes of Western Australia is a detailed collection about Aboriginal people of Western Australia, and she did extensive work on Aboriginal languages. Her questionnaires, which were recorded on about 4,000 pages of typescripts, created a vast collection of over 23,000 pages of wordlists of Australian Aboriginal languages, which are now digitised.
Beagle Bay Community has a school, Sacred Heart School, which caters for students from ages K-10. The school was established in 1892 by the Trappist Monks.
Electricity is generated and supplied locally by Horizon Power and comprises the Australian standard three phase 415/240 volts system 24 hours a day. There are frequent power surges and interruptions.
There are two bores which pump into the ground tank. A transfer pump station then pumps the water into the high level tank.
The community has a functioning cemetery. As per Aboriginal custom it is insensitive to mention the name of deceased persons. The Shire of Broome Health Regulations stipulate that bodies must be buried at least six feet below ground level; however, this cannot be achieved at the Beagle Bay cemetery because the ground water level is too high.
There is a sewer system in place in the community which comprises three pump stations and treatment ponds on the eastern outskirts of the community.
Bush walking, some fishing and camping are the dominant pursuits for tourists visiting. Visitors are required to apply for a permit prior to entering the Community.
There is one store in town owned and operated by Outback Stores on behalf of the local Community. All items are very expensive compared to major centres. There is also a locally owned and operated bakery/takeaway. Mechanical repairs may be effected at the mechanical workshop.
The community is managed through its incorporated body, Billard Aboriginal Corporation, incorporated under the Aboriginal Councils and Associations Act 1976 on 19 April 1996.
Beagle Bay Layout Plan No. 1 has been prepared in accordance with State Planning Policy 3.2 (Aboriginal Settlements). Layout Plan No. 1 was endorsed by the community on 15 November 2012 and the Western Australian Planning Commission on 28 May 2013. The Layout Plan map-set and background report can be viewed at Planning Western Australia official site.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Beagle Bay (L)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
- "Aboriginal Communities - Kimberley Region Map 2 of 2" (PDF). Department of Planning, Lands and Heritage. Government of Western Australia. January 2019. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
- Meacham, Steve (7 July 2017). "Beagle Bay, Mother of Pearl Church: A piece of Germany, in the heart of the Kimberley". Traveller. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
- History of Sacred Heart School Archived 29 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- B. Lockyer, Last Truck Out (Magabala Books, 2009), p. 51.
- "Digital Daisy Bates". Digital Daisy Bates. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
- "Beagle Bay Layout Plan No.1". Perth, Western Australia: Western Australian Planning Commission. 6 October 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
- "Layout plans". Department of Planning, Lands and Heritage. 20 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
- "Beagle Bay (1890-2000)". German missionaries in Australia. Griffith University. "Also known as: Nôtre Dame du Sacré Coeur (1890-1901), Sacred Heart Mission, Herz Jesu Mission." Gives quite a detailed history.