Beagle-class destroyer

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Not to be confused with Beagle-class sloop. For other uses, see G-class destroyer (disambiguation).
HMS Scourge (1910) IWM SP 000524.jpg
HMS Scourge at Mudros, May 1916
Class overview
Name: Beagle-class (or G-class)
Builders:
Operators:  Royal Navy
Preceded by: Tribal class
Succeeded by: Acorn class
Built: 1909 – 1910
In commission: 1910 – 1921
Completed: 16
Lost: 3
Scrapped: 13
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 860–940 long tons (874–955 t)
Length: 275 ft (83.8 m)
Beam: 27 ft 6 in (8.38 m)
Draught: 8 ft 6 in (2.59 m)
Installed power: 12,500 hp (9,300 kW)
Propulsion: Coal-fired boilers, 2 or 3 shaft steam turbines
Speed: 27 knots (50.0 km/h; 31.1 mph)
Complement: 96
Armament: 1 × BL 4-inch (102 mm) L/40 Mark VIII guns, mounting P Mark V

3 × QF 12-pounder 12 cwt Mark I, mounting P Mark I

2 × single 21 in (533 mm) torpedo tubes

The Beagle class (officially redesignated as the G class in 1913) was a class of sixteen destroyers of the Royal Navy, all ordered under the 1908-1909 programme and launched in 1909 and 1910. The Beagles served during World War I, particularly during the Dardanelles Campaign of 1915.

Design[edit]

For the 1908–1909 shipbuilding programme, the British Admiralty decided to revert to a smaller, more affordable destroyer to follow-on from the large and fast Tribal-class (required to reach 33 knots (61 km/h; 38 mph)) and the experimental 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph) HMS Swift. The destroyers needed sufficient range to operate across the North Sea in the event of a confrontation with Germany, which rendered the Cricket-class coastal destroyers which had been built as a low-cost supplement to the expensive Tribals outdated, requiring larger numbers of a cheaper standard destroyer.[1][2] While the Tribals were oil fuelled, it was decided to return to the use of coal for the new destroyers, because of concerns over the availability of oil stocks in the event of a war and to reduce costs. They were the last British destroyers to be so fueled.[2][3][4]

The Beagles were not built to a standard design, with detailed design being left to the builders of individual ships in accordance with a loose specification.[5] They were between 263 feet 11 14 inches (80.45 m) and 275 feet (83.82 m) long between perpendiculars, with a beam of between 26 feet 10 inches (8.18 m) and 28 feet 1 inch (8.56 m), with an average draught of 8 feet 6 inches (2.59 m).[6] It was expected that the ships would displace 850 long tons (860 t) but the builder's designs came out heavier,[3] at about 945 long tons (960 t) normal and 1,100 long tons (1,120 t) full load.[6] Five Yarrow or White-Forster boilers fed direct-drive steam turbines driving three propeller shafts. The machinery was rated at 14,300 shaft horsepower (10,700 kW) to give a speed of 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph).[6][7] Three funnels were fitted.[8]

The Beagle-class was designed to carry a gun armament of five 12-pounder (76 mm) guns, with two mounted side by side on a raised platform on the ship's forecastle, two on the ship's beams, with the port gun mounted ahead of the starboard gun and one aft. While the ships were building, however, it was decided to replace the two forecastle guns by a single 4-inch (102 mm) gun,[a] giving a gun armament of one BL 4 inch naval gun Mk VIII and three QF 12-pounder 12 cwt guns)[b] Torpedo armament consisted of two 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes, with one between the ship's funnels and the aft gun, and one right aft at the stern of the ship. These torpedoes had a range of 1,000 yards (910 m) at 50 knots (93 km/h; 58 mph) or 12,000 yards (11,000 m) at 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph). Two spare torpedoes were carried.[10][11]

Wartime modifications included replacement of the aft torpedo tube by a 3-pounder (47 mm) anti-aircraft gun in some ships,[6] while depth charges were also fitted.[8]

Service[edit]

As the Beagles completed in 1910, they joined the 1st Destroyer Flotilla of the Royal Navy's Home Fleet.[2] but in 1913 they were sent to the Mediterranean,[12] where they formed the 5th Flotilla, remaining there on the outbreak of the First World War.[2] They were officially redesignated the G-class in October 1913 as part of a general re-designation of the Royal Navy's destroyers.[13] The Beagle-class spent most of the war in the Mediterranean, with several taking part in the Dardanelles Campaign. Late in 1917, the ships of the class were recalled to British waters, where three ships were lost to accidents, two by running aground and one to collision.[2]

Being coal-fired, they were obsolete by the end of the First World War and the surviving ships were all scrapped by the end of 1921.

Ships[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ This was as a result of tests 1906 against the destroyer Skate, which had shown that 12-pounder shells often exploded before they hit the target's engine room.[9]
  2. ^ "Cwt" is the abbreviation for hundredweight, 12cwt referring to the weight of the gun.
  3. ^ While Friedman and Conway's list the ship as having been renamed on 16 December 1912,[2][16] the ship remained listed under her original name in the March 1913 issue of The Navy List,[18] not being noted as having been renamed until the January 1914 edition.[19]
  1. ^ Friedman 2009, pp. 108, 114.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gardiner and Gray 1985, p. 74.
  3. ^ a b Friedman 2009, p. 118.
  4. ^ Manning 1961, p. 55.
  5. ^ Brown 2010, p. 68.
  6. ^ a b c d Gardiner and Gray 1985, p. 73.
  7. ^ Brown 2010, p. 69.
  8. ^ a b Friedman 2009, p. 116.
  9. ^ Friedman 2009, pp. 108–109.
  10. ^ Friedman 2009, pp. 116, 118.
  11. ^ Gardiner and Gray 1985, pp. 73–74.
  12. ^ Manning 1961, p. 26.
  13. ^ Gardiner and Gray 1985, pp. 18, 74.
  14. ^ a b c d e Friedman 2009, p. 305.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Dittmar and Colledge 1972, p. 60.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Friedman 2009, p. 306.
  17. ^ a b c d Dittmar and Colledge 1972, p. 61.
  18. ^ "338: Naultilus Torpedo Boat Destroyer". The Navy List: p. 348. March 1913. 
  19. ^ "221a: Grampus (late Nautilus) (Ch). Torpedo Boat Destroyer". The Navy List: p. 322. January 1914. 
  20. ^ Dittmar and Colledge 1972, pp. 60–61.
  21. ^ "Wrecks Off Co. Londonderry". Irish-Wrecks Online. 24 January 2005. Retrieved 14 June 2015. 
  22. ^ Moore 1990, p. 314.

See also[edit]

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