Beulah Elizabeth Richardson
July 12, 1920
Vicksburg, Mississippi, U.S.
|Died||September 14, 2000 (aged 80)|
Vicksburg, Mississippi, U.S.
|Alma mater||Dillard University|
|Notable work||Guess Who's Coming to Dinner|
Roots: The Next Generations
|Spouse||Hugh Harrell Jr. (divorced)|
Beulah Elizabeth Richardson (July 12, 1920 – September 14, 2000), known professionally as Beah Richards and Bea Richards, was an American actress of stage, screen, and television. She was also a poet, playwright, author and activist.
Richards was nominated for an Oscar and a Golden Globe for her supporting role in the film Guess Who's Coming to Dinner in 1968, as well as winning two Primetime Emmy Awards for her guest roles in the television series Frank's Place in 1988 and The Practice in 2000. She also received a Tony Award nomination for her performance in the 1965 production of The Amen Corner.
Early life and education
Beulah Elizabeth Richardson was born in Vicksburg, Mississippi; her mother was a seamstress, and her father was a Baptist minister. In 1948, she graduated from Dillard University in New Orleans, and two years later moved to New York City.
Her career began in 1955 when she portrayed an 84-year-old-grandmother in the off-Broadway show Take a Giant Step. She often played the role of a mother or grandmother, and continued acting her entire life. She appeared in the original Broadway productions of Purlie Victorious, The Miracle Worker, and A Raisin in the Sun.
As a writer, she wrote the verse performance piece A Black Woman Speaks, a collection of 14 poems, in which she points out that white women played an important role in oppressing women of color. The play's first performance was in 1950 for the organization Women for Peace, a white women's organization in Chicago. Her first play was written in 1951 titled One Is a Crowd about a black singer who seeks revenge on a white man who destroyed her family. It was not produced until decades later.
From the 1930s to the late 1950s, Richards was a member and organizer with the Communist Party USA in Los Angeles after befriending artist Paul Robeson. She is among the Black women who "actively participated in movements affiliated with the CPUSA" between 1917's Bolshevik Revolution and Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev's 1956 revelations. She was later a sponsor of the National United Committee to Free Angela Davis.
Notable movie appearances include The Amen Corner (1965), Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1967), Hurry Sundown, The Great White Hope, Beloved and In the Heat of the Night. She appeared in Roots: The Next Generations as Cynthia Murray Palmer, the grandmother of Alex Haley.
She made numerous guest television appearances, including roles on Beauty and the Beast, The Bill Cosby Show, 227, Sanford and Son, Benson, Designing Women, The Facts of Life, The Practice, Murder, She Wrote, The Big Valley and ER (as Dr. Peter Benton's mother.) She was the winner of two Emmy Awards, one in 1988 for her appearance on the series Frank's Place and another in 2000 for her appearance on The Practice.
Recognition and awards
Death and legacy
In the last year of her life, Richards was the subject of a documentary created by actress Lisa Gay Hamilton. The documentary Beah: A Black Woman Speaks was created from over 70 hours of their conversations. The film won the Grand Jury Prize at the AFI Film Festival.
|1958||The Mugger||Grecco Maid|
|1959||Take a Giant Step||May Scott|
|1962||The Miracle Worker||Viney the Maid||Uncredited|
|1963||Gone Are the Days!||Idella Landy|
|1967||Hurry Sundown||Rose Scott|
|1967||In the Heat of the Night||Mama Caleba|
|1967||Guess Who's Coming to Dinner||Mrs. Prentice||Nominated — Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress|
Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
|1970||The Great White Hope||Mama Tiny||NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture|
|1972||The Biscuit Eater||Charity Tomlin|
|1973||A Dream For Christmas||Grandma Bessie|
|1987||Big Shots||Miss Hanks|
|1989||Homer and Eddie||Linda Cervi|
|1989||Drugstore Cowboy||Drug Counselor|
|1998||Beloved||Baby Suggs||Nominated — NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture|
"There are a lot of movies out there that I would hate to be paid to do, some real demeaning, real woman-denigrating stuff. It is up to women to change their roles. They are going to have to write the stuff and do it. And they will."
– Beah Richards
- Brian Baxter (25 October 2000). "Obituary: Beah Richards". the Guardian. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
- DeFrantz, Thomas (1998). "To make black bodies strange: Social critique in concert dance of the Black Arts Movement" (PDF). Theatrical Interventions. p. 90.
- Barlow, Judith E. (2001). Plays by American Woman: 1930-1960. New York: Applause Theatre Book Publishers. p. xvii. ISBN 1-55783-164-5.
- Sojourning for Freedom: Black Women, American Communism, and the Making of Black Left Feminism, McDuffie, Erik S. "Throughout the Party, they advanced Black liberation, women's rights, decolonization, economic justice, peace, and international solidarity. The key figures in this story ... are Audley "Queen Mother" Moore, Louise Thompson Patterson, Thyra Edwards, Bonita Williams, Williana Burroughs, Claudia Jones, Esther Cooper Jackson, Beaulah Richardson (Beah Richards), Grace P. Campbell, Charlene Mitchell, and Sallye Bell Davis."
- Beah Richards at IMDb
- Coleman, Stanley R. (2003). Dashiki Project Theatre: black identity and beyond (PDF) (PhD). Louisiana State University – via LSU Doctoral Dissertations.
- "Academy Awards Best Supporting Actress". Filmsite. Retrieved 1 September 2022.
- The Broadway League. "Beah Richards - IBDB: The official source for Broadway Information". Retrieved 27 December 2014.
- "Beah Richards, 80, Actress in Stalwart Roles". The New York Times. 16 September 2000. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
- "Beah Richards; Oscar Nominee for 'Guess Who's Coming to Dinner'". Los Angeles Times. 16 September 2000. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
- Koehler, Robert (18 November 2003). "Beah: A Black Woman Speaks". Variety. Retrieved 4 May 2020.
- Radicalism at the Crossroads: African American Women Activists in the Cold War (2011) by Dayo Gore