Types of beam dumps
Beam blocks are simple optical elements that absorb a beam of light using a material with strong absorption and low reflectance. Materials commonly used for beam blocks include certain types of acrylic paint, carbon nanotubes, anodized aluminum, and nickel-phosphate coatings.
Beam traps are used when it is important that there is no reflectance. Beam traps can incorporate materials used for beam blocks in their design to further reduce the possibility of reflectance.
Charged-particle beam dumps
The purpose of a charged-particle beam dump is to safely absorb a beam of charged particles such as electrons, protons, nuclei, or ions. This is necessary when, for example, a circular particle accelerator has to be shut down. Dealing with the heat deposited can be an issue, since the energies of the beams to be absorbed can run into the megajoules.
An example of a charged-particle beam dump is the one used by CERN for the Super Proton Synchrotron. Currently, the SPS uses a beam dump that consists of graphite, molybdenum, and tungsten surrounded by concrete, marble, and cast-iron shielding.
- Paschotta, Dr Rüdiger. "Beam Dumps". www.rp-photonics.com. Retrieved 2020-05-17.
- Paschotta, Dr Rüdiger. "Black Coatings". www.rp-photonics.com. Retrieved 2020-05-17.
- Yurkewicz, Katie. "Protecting the LHC from itself". symmetry magazine. Retrieved 2020-05-17.
- "LS2 Report: New SPS beam dump takes shape". CERN. Retrieved 2020-05-17.