Bear Valley Strip Mine
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The Bear Valley Strip Mine is an abandoned coal strip mine located in Coal Township, Northumberland County, to the southwest of the town of Shamokin, Pennsylvania. It lies in the Western Middle Field of the Anthracite belt in the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians, where the Pennsylvanian Llewellyn Formation is exposed. The property is owned by the Reading Anthracite Company. 
The coal and other overlying rock has been removed by mining down to a resistant sandstone bed, revealing the three-dimensional structures of folding and faulting caused by the Alleghany Orogeny. Students of geology have visited the location for decades due to the quality of exposures.
The central anticline in the valley is often called the "Whaleback".
The sequence of structural deformation is outlined as follows:
|I||Joint formation in coal|
|II||Joint formation with quartz fiber fillings in sandstone and ironstone|
|III||Pressure solution and primary crenulation cleavage|
|IV||Conjugate wrench and wedge faults form|
|VI||Extensional jointing and faulting|
Concretions in the south wall
Slickensides on a fault plane, south wall. Lens cap 5.8 cm wide.
Stigmaria root fossils
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