Bears in Anchorage, Alaska

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Bear print in the driveway of a home in Anchorage, Alaska

There are many grizzly and black bears in Anchorage, Alaska.

Bear population[edit]

There are between 200 and 300 black bears living in the city, according to a rough estimate given by State of Alaska wildlife biologist Rick Sinnott.[1] DNA studies based on collected hair samples have shown that the city is also home to at least 36 grizzly bears.[1] (That figure, however, is likely an underestimate: hair was collected from only seven of eleven grizzly bears that had been radio-collared in a separate study.[1]) Anecdotal accounts suggest that bear sightings are increasing in frequency, but biologists are skeptical that this increase in observations is indicative of a population increase.[1]

Spawning salmon in Campbell Creek attract many bears to the city from the Chugach Mountains.[1]

Human–bear encounters and management issues[edit]

Main article: Bear danger

Though bear populations may not be increasing, human–bear encounters are on the rise.[1] As Anchorage's population has increased and urbanization has removed forest, bears have become easier to spot.[1]

In the late 1990s, Anchorage residents responding to a survey indicated that they wanted more animals, including bears, in the city.[1] It is unclear whether attitudes have remained the same, with some people growing uncomfortable with increasing bear encounters.[1]

Recent laws have made it illegal to put out garbage before the morning of trash day,[citation needed] and the Alaska Department of Fish and Game has lobbied the city to enforce the law by ticketing.[1] The ADFG has also undertaken a bear education campaign, including sending employees door to door to discourage Anchorage residents from leaving food and garbage out.[1]

In 1995, two runners were killed by a bear just south of the city on the McHugh Creek trail.[2] Two maulings in July and August 2008 were the first maulings in the city proper in modern times.[2]

See also[edit]

  • John Pezzenti, wildlife photographer noted for his shots of bears in Alaska

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Medred, Craig (6 July 2008). "Bears among us: Too close for comfort?". Anchorage Daily News. Archived from the original on 4 October 2012. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Medred, Craig (1 July 2008). "Trail closed; attack sparks debates". Anchorage Daily News. Archived from the original on 4 October 2012. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 

Further reading[edit]