Siert Bruins

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Beast of Appingedam)
Jump to: navigation, search
Bruins in 1979

Siert Bruins (Weite, the Netherlands, 2 March 1921 – 28 September 2015), also known as Siegfried Bruns and nicknamed the Beast of Appingedam, was a Dutch member of the SS and SD during World War II.

Biography[edit]

Bruins grew up in Stobben. He had 3 brothers.[1] Together with his father Harm and his brother Derk-Elsko he became a member of the Dutch political party NSB.[2]

During the war both Bruins brothers joined the Waffen SS and fought at the eastern front,[2] where Derk-Elsko received the Knights' Cross.[1] When Siert became wounded he returned to the Netherlands and became member of the German Sicherheitsdienst. He was active around Delfzijl hunting members of the resistance.[3] During the last days of WW II Bruins fled to Germany,[4] where he could escape from the Dutch jurisdiction because he was granted the German nationality as a former nazi-soldier[2] on basis of a 1943 law.[2]

In Germany he lived in the village of Breckerfeld, where he was discovered by Simon Wiesenthal. He changed his name to Bruns and operated a farm in horticulture. It appears he has visited his mother in Assen in the trunk of a car several times.[1] The wife and two sons of Bruins were during the trial in 1978 not aware of his crimes.[5]

Also Derk-Elsko Bruins lived in Germany after the war, where he died on 5 February 1986 in Gerolstein,[1]

Prosecutions and convictions[edit]

He was sentenced to death in absentia by a Dutch court in 1949 for his murder of Dutch farmer and resistance member Aldert Klaas Dijkema.[6] Germany refused to render him to the Netherlands.[7] The death sentence was later revised into a lifelong sentence.[3]

In 1978, Bruins was tracked to the German town of Altenbreckerfeld by Simon Wiesenthal. He was arrested and placed on trial in Germany, where he was found guilty for the murder of two Jewish brothers, Meijer en Lazarus (Laas) Sleutelberg,[7] in Farmsum,[1] in the north of the Netherlands;[4] he served five years in prison.[6][7] The bodies of the brothers have never been found, because Bruins refused to talk.[7]

In 2003, the Dutch minister Donner tried to convince the German authorities to send Bruins to the Netherlands, but without success.[8]

Dutch journalist Gideon Levy told the German authorities about other crimes of Bruins.[9] In October 2013 he was placed on trial in Hagen, Germany.[10] Though Bruins admitted to being present when Dijkema was executed in the night of 21 September 1944 in Appingedam,[3] near a bronze factory, he claimed that the shot was fired by his SS superior, Oberscharführer[1] August Neuhäuser.[7] Neuhäuser was convicted for the murder in The Netherlands. He died in 1985.[1]

In January 2014, presiding judge Heike Hartmann-Garschagen ruled that there were too many gaps in the evidence and dropped the case against Bruins. Bruins could not be convicted for murder,[11] because no witnesses could be called, "the exact circumstances of the crime can no longer be established," she said.[12] An alternative conviction, for manslaughter, was not possible due to statute of limitations. In the Dutch conviction from 1949 it is stated that according to a confession of Neuhäuser, both men, Bruins and Neuhäuser have shot Dijkema in the back, each with 4 bullets.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Siert en Derk-Elsko Bruins - Verzet en verraad - Drenthe in de oorlog". Drenthe in de oorlog. Retrieved 2015-10-19. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Jacht geopend op Beul van Appingedam" (PDF). Dagblad van het Noorden. 28 April 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Profiel Siert Bruins: 'Het beest van Appingedam'". NU (in Dutch). Retrieved 2015-10-19. 
  4. ^ a b "Oorlogsmisdadiger Siert Bruins (94) overleden". NU (in Dutch). Retrieved 2015-10-19. 
  5. ^ "Gevonden op Delpher - De Telegraaf". Retrieved 2015-10-19. 
  6. ^ a b Paul Kirby (31 October 2013). "On the trail of SS accused Siert Bruins". BBC News. Retrieved 31 October 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e "SS'er Siert Bruins zwijgt voor altijd". Dagblad van het Noorden. Retrieved 2015-10-19. 
  8. ^ "Oorlogsmisdadiger Siert Bruins (94) overleden". Historiek.net (in Dutch). Retrieved 2015-10-19. 
  9. ^ "Cookies op AD.nl". www.ad.nl. Retrieved 2015-10-19. 
  10. ^ Diehl, Jörg (2 September 2013). "Nazi Murder Trial: Former SS Officer Faces Charges in Germany". Spiegel online. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  11. ^ "Oud-SS'er Siert Bruins (94) overleden". De Volkskrant. 13 October 2015. Retrieved 19 October 2015. 
  12. ^ David Sutula (31 October 2013). "Nazi murder trial: Judge drops case against Siert Bruins". BBC News. Retrieved 22 January 2015.