Beatriz Peniche Barrera
Beatriz Peniche Barrera (aka: Beatriz Peniche de Ponce, 1893–1976) was a writer, teacher and Mexican feminist. She was a leader of the Socialist Party of the Southeast and one of the first three women elected to a legislative body in Mexico. She collaborated with writers and poets from Mexico and Cuba publishing numerous works.
Beatriz Peniche Barrera was born on 7 November 1893 in Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico. She was the daughter of Primitivo Peniche Peniche and Aurora Barrera Zapata. From an early age she showed sensitivity and was given piano and mandolin lessons. She had a particular love for poetry and was enrolled in the Instituto Literario de Niñas (ILN) (Literary Institute for Girls) under the tutelage of Rita Cetina Gutiérrez. Peniche graduated as a teacher in 1913 and went to work as an elementary teacher for girls at the school of Fidelia Cámara.
Shortly after the 1915 arrival of Governor Salvador Alvarado into Yucatán, Peniche was named as the Director of the Manuel Cepeda Library. She participated in the First Feminist Congress of Mexico which occurred in 1916 in Mérida under Alvarado' direction.
In 1922, she helped found the Feminist League of Yucatán, as part of the Socialist Party of the Southeast with Elvia Carrillo Puerto, Raquel Dzib Cicero, Rosa Torre González, Adolfina Valencia and Consuelo Zavala. With the collaboration of Governor Felipe Carrillo Puerto in 1923, Peniche organized the Congress of Journalists meeting held in Mérida that year.
On November 18, 1923, three candidates who were members of the Liga Rita Cetina Gutierrez (League of Rita Cetina Gutiérrez) were elected to the local legislature as candidates of the Socialist Party of the Southeast. Peniche was elected for the second district of the City of Mérida, Elvia Carrillo Puerto elected by the District of Izamal, and Raquel Dzib Cicero by the third district of Mérida. Their triumph at the polls was short-lived, as the women were forced out when governor Carrillo Puerto was assassinated in 1924.
Peniche was invited by a group of writers to come and collaborate in Cuba. Arriving on 6 April 1925, she remained for about a year. Thereafter, she made regular trips to Cuba and sometimes stayed as long as six months at a time. Her collaborations from this period in Havana appeared in the journals Diario de la Marina (Journal of the Sea) and Mujeres y Bohemia (Women and Bohemia). As part of a Yucatecan state project to open new media markets, Peniche helped create the Diario del Sureste (Journal of the Southeast) in 1931 and at the beginning of the next decade, around 1943, she and other local writers founded a literary society called Juana de Asbaje. Throughout her life, Peniche published poems and articles in her own name and under the pseudonyms "Miosotis" and "Betty". She published a regular column, called Prismas (Prisms), which appeared in many publications throughout the region.
- Lámpara Encendida (1970)
- Beatriz Peniche de Ponce: poesías (1996)
- Poesías (La huella del viento) (1996)
- Tenorio Zavala, Gertrudis; Reyes Ramírez, Rubén (2005). Los vuelos de la rosa : mujeres en la poesía de Yucatán : antología. [Mérida, Yucatán]: Instituto de Cultura de Yucatán, Universidad Tecnológica Metropolitana. p. 103. ISBN 978-9-687-87143-1. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- Ramírez, Rubén Reyes (1996). Poesías completas (in Spanish). Mérida, Yuc., México: Eds. de la Univ. Autónoma de Yucatán. pp. 17–27. ISBN 968-6843-99-X. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- Machuca, Graciela (19 November 2013). "Mujeres precursoras revolucionarias. Rita Cetina: Y la discriminación feminista" (in Spanish). Quintana Roo, Mexico: Noticaribe. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- "El voto femenino, resultado de movimientos a favor de equidad" (in Spanish). Mexico City: Cimac Noticias. 15 October 2004. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- Peniche Rivero, Piedad. "Efemérides del Triunfo de la Lucha por el Sufragio Femenino" (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Del Archivo General de Yucatán. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 22 March 2015.
- Moreno Bolio, Delio (1981). Santa Lucía y sus vecinos de hace medio siglo (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Ayuntamiento de Mérida. p. 88.
- Cervantes Pérez, Erika (6 May 2012). "Beatriz Peniche de Ponce" (in Spanish). Cimac Noticias. Retrieved 22 March 2015.