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Beaucarnea pliabilis5.jpg
Beaucarnea pliabilis
CITES Appendix II (CITES)[2]
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Nolinoideae
Genus: Beaucarnea
  • Calibanus Rose

Beaucarnea is a genus of flowering plants native to Mexico and Central America.[1] In the APG III classification system, it is placed in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Nolinoideae (formerly the family Ruscaceae[3]). Beaucarnea is sometimes treated as a synonym of the genus Nolina, with the species being then transferred to that genus. However, recent research shows that Beaucarnea should be treated as an independent genus.[4]

The species are small tropical xerophytic trees growing to 6–10 m tall, with a trunk 20–40 cm diameter with a flared base; young plants are single-stemmed, branching only after flowering. The leaves are evergreen, linear, strap-shaped, 0.5-1.8 m long and 1.5–2 cm broad, leathery in texture, with a finely serrated margin. The flowers are produced only on old trees, forming on large panicles 75–110 cm long, the individual flowers numerous but very small (1.5 mm diameter), greenish-white, with six tepals.


Plants of the World Online accepts the following species:[1]

Image Scientific name Distribution
Beaucarnea compacta L.Hern. & Zamudio Guanajuato
Beaucarnea glassiana (L.Hern. & Zamudio) V.Rojas-Piña Guanajuato
Beaucarnea goldmanii.JPG Beaucarnea goldmanii Rose Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador
Beaucarnea gracilis Puebla.jpg Beaucarnea gracilis Lem. Puebla, Oaxaca
Beaucarnea guatemalensis - Marie Selby Botanical Gardens - Sarasota, Florida - DSC01325.jpg Beaucarnea guatemalensis Rose Guatemala, Nicaragua
Beaucarnea hiriartiae 1c.JPG Beaucarnea hiriartiae L.Hern. Guerrero
Calibanus hookeri 2020-02-08 6949.jpg Beaucarnea hookeri (Lem.) Baker San Luis Potosí, Hidalgo
Beaucarnea olsonii V. Rojas & L.O. Alvarado[5] Puebla, Oaxaca
Beaucarnea pliabilis.jpg Beaucarnea pliabilis (Baker) Rose Campeche, Quintana Roo, Yucatán, Guatemala, Belize
Beaucarnea purpusii Rose Puebla, Oaxaca
Beaucarnea recurvata - Val Rahmeh - DSC04417.JPG Beaucarnea recurvata (K.Koch & Fintelm.) Lem. Oaxaca, Puebla, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas, Veracruz
Beaucarnea sanctomariana L.Hern. Oaxaca
Beaucarnea stricta 1.jpg Beaucarnea stricta (K.Koch & Fintelm.) Lem. Oaxaca


  1. ^ a b c d "Beaucarnea". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 4 January 2022.
  2. ^ "Appendices | CITES". Retrieved 2022-01-14.
  3. ^ Chase, M.W.; Reveal, J.L. & Fay, M.F. (2009), "A subfamilial classification for the expanded asparagalean families Amaryllidaceae, Asparagaceae and Xanthorrhoeaceae", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 161 (2): 132–136, doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00999.x
  4. ^ Rojas-Piña, Vanessa; Olson, Mark E.; Alvarado-Cárdenas, Leonardo O.; Eguiarte, Luis E. (2014-12-22). "Molecular phylogenetics and morphology of Beaucarnea (Ruscaceae) as distinct from Nolina, and the submersion of Calibanus into Beaucarnea". Taxon. 63 (6): 1193–1211. doi:10.12705/636.31.
  5. ^ ROJAS-PIÑA, VANESSA; ALVARADO-CÁRDENAS, LEONARDO O. (2016-11-25). "Beaucarnea olsonii (Ruscaceae), a new species of ponytail palm from southwestern Puebla, Mexico". Phytotaxa. 286 (1): 13. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.286.1.2. ISSN 1179-3163.