Beauchamp Roding

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Beauchamp Roding
Beauchamp Roding, Essex - geograph.org.uk - 78825.jpg
Beauchamp Roding
Beauchamp Roding is located in Essex
Beauchamp Roding
Beauchamp Roding
Location within Essex
OS grid referenceTL5810
Civil parish
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townOngar
Postcode districtCM5
PoliceEssex
FireEssex
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
List of places
UK
England
Essex
51°46′01″N 0°17′17″E / 51.767°N 0.288°E / 51.767; 0.288Coordinates: 51°46′01″N 0°17′17″E / 51.767°N 0.288°E / 51.767; 0.288

Beauchamp Roding (pronounced Beecham) is a village in the civil parish of Abbess, Beauchamp and Berners Roding, and in the Epping Forest District of Essex, England. The village is included in the eight hamlets and villages called The Rodings. Beauchamp Roding is 8 miles (13 km) west from the county town of Chelmsford.

History[edit]

According to A Dictionary of British Place Names, Roding derives from "Rodinges" as is listed in the Domesday Book, with the later variation 'Royenges Beauchamp' recorded in 1238. The 'Beauchamp' refers to the manorial possession by a family called 'de Beauchamp' held under the ownership of the Abbess of Barking.[1]

In the Domesday account Beauchamp Roding is listed as in the Hundred of Ongar. It held 15 households, two villagers, 13 smallholders, 50 acres (0.2 km2) of meadow and 200 pigs. Before the Conquest, lordship was held by Edsi and Leofwin; after given to Aubrey de Vere, with Count Alan of Brittany as Tenant-in-chief to William the Conqueror.[2]

Chapman and Andre map 1777 showing Roding Beauchamp (Beauchamp Roding)

Other traditional names for the village and manor included 'Beauchamp Roothing' and 'Roding Beauchamp'. It was in the Hundred of Ongar. In 1882 it was also in the Ongar Unionpoor relief provision set up under the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 —and part of the Rural Deanery of Ongar. The registers of the church of St Botolph date to 1688. The church, which was restored in 1867, had attached an 1882 living of a rectory with residence for the priest. There was also a parish school. The area in and around the village had one principal landowner. The hamlet of Birds Green in the parish to the south of the village was partly in the parish of Willingale Doe. Crops grown at the time were chiefly wheat, barley and beans, on a heavy soil with a clay subsoil. There was a land area of 1,311 acres (5.3 km2) supporting an 1881 population of 231. Occupations included a beer retailer, a farm bailiff, five farmers, one of whom was a hay dealer and the licensee of the Swan Inn public house, and another farming at Butt Hatch. Also at Butt Hatch was a shopkeeper.[3]

Since 1946, Beauchamp Roding has been part of the Abbess, Beauchamp and Berners Roding civil parish.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mills, Anthony David (2003); A Dictionary of British Place Names, Oxford University Press, revised edition (2011), p.392. ISBN 019960908X
  2. ^ "Beauchamp Roding", Open Domesday, University of Hull. Retrieved 9 February 2018
  3. ^ Kelly's Directory of Essex 1882 pp.245-247
  4. ^ "Abbess, Beauchamp and Berners Roding", Abbess, Beauchamp and Berners Roding Parish Council. Retrieved 10 February 2018

External links[edit]