Beaufour-Druval

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Beaufour-Druval
The Church of Notre-Dame-de-Druval
The Church of Notre-Dame-de-Druval
Beaufour-Druval is located in France
Beaufour-Druval
Beaufour-Druval
Coordinates: 49°12′52″N 0°01′36″E / 49.2144°N 0.0267°E / 49.2144; 0.0267Coordinates: 49°12′52″N 0°01′36″E / 49.2144°N 0.0267°E / 49.2144; 0.0267
Country France
Region Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Lisieux
Canton Cambremer
Intercommunality Cambremer
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Jean-Pierre Mercher
Area1 11.34 km2 (4.38 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 425
 • Density 37/km2 (97/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 14231 / 14340
Elevation 30–151 m (98–495 ft)
(avg. 130 m or 430 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Beaufour-Druval is a French commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region of north-western France.[1]

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Beaufourquais-Druvalais or Beaufourquaises-Druvalaises.[2]

Geography[edit]

Beaufour-Druval is located some 25 km east by north-east of Caen and 12 km south-east of Cabourg. Access to the commune is by the D287 road from Angerville in the north-west, the D276 from Cresseveuille in the north which continues south-east to Auvillars, and the D146 from Beuvron-en-Auge in the south-west which continues to join the D45 in the north-east. The D85 from Saint-Léger-Dubosq in the west to Rumesnil in the south forms part of the south-western border of the commune. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Saint-Aubin-Lebizay and La Ruelle. The commune is entirely farmland.[3][4]

The Ruisseau de Druval forms the south-eastern border of the commune as it flows south-west to join the Doigt west of Rumesnil. Several unnamed tributaries rise in the commune and flow south-east to join the Ruisseau de Druval.[3][4]

Mapping[edit]

A list of online mapping systems can be displayed by clicking on the coordinates (latitude and longitude) in the top right hand corner of this article.

Neighbouring communes and villages[edit]

[3]

Toponymy[edit]

Beaufour was attested in its Romanesque form Belfou in 1040 and 1066 then badly Latinized to Bellafagus in 1195.[5]

The name has no relationship with "un four" as shown in the old forms but comes from the beech tree, which was formerly called fou in the west.

Druval comes from Drudo plus the Latin suffix vallem.[6]

Beaufour appears as Beaufou on the 1750 Cassini Map[7] and the same on the 1790 version.[8]

Druval appears as Druval on the 1750 Cassini Map[7] and the same on the 1790 version.[8]

History[edit]

The commune was created in 1972 from the merger of Beaufour, Druval, and Saint-Aubin-Lebizay.[9]

The commune is probably the birthplace of William de Beaufeu, Bishop of Thetford from 1086 to 1091. It is also the probable birthplace of Richard de Beaufou, bishop of Avranches from 1134 to 1142 who is probably related to William de Beaufou.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[10]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2008 Gérard Desvoye
2008 2020 Jean-Pierre Mercher

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2012 the commune had 425 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
350 176 243 252 211 230 213 181 163
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
163 149 152 137 130 148 134 140 149
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
155 125 129 118 125 106 114 116 96
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2007 2012 -
131 105 239 293 323 362 424 425 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Beaufour-Druval

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Chateau (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Notre-Dame-de-Druval (13th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[12] It contains a large number of items that are registered as historical objects. For a complete list including links to descriptions (in French and photos click here.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually and the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Beaufour-Druval on Lion1906
  2. ^ Inhabitants of Calvados (French)
  3. ^ a b c Beaufour-Druval on Google Maps
  4. ^ a b Beaufour-Druval on the Géoportail from National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
  5. ^ Ernest Nègre, General Toponymy of France, Librairie Droz, 1990, Vol II, 676 pages, p. 1236, ISBN 978-2-6000-0133-5 (French).
  6. ^ Ernest Nègre, General Toponymy of France, Librairie Droz, 1990, Vol II, 676 pages, p. 920, ISBN 978-2-6000-0133-5 (French).
  7. ^ a b Beaufou and Druval on the 1750 Cassini Map
  8. ^ a b Beaufou and Druval on the 1790 Cassini Map
  9. ^ Ldh/EHESS/Cassini database (French)
  10. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027386 Chateau (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00111070 Church of Druval (French)