Beauly

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Beauly
Beauly is located in Inverness area
Beauly
Beauly
Location within the Inverness area
Population1,365 [4] (2011 census)
OS grid referenceNH525465
Community council
Council area
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBeauly
Postcode districtIV4
Dialling code01463
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
57°29′05″N 4°27′43″W / 57.484662°N 4.462035°W / 57.484662; -4.462035Coordinates: 57°29′05″N 4°27′43″W / 57.484662°N 4.462035°W / 57.484662; -4.462035

Beauly (/ˈbjuːli/ (About this soundlisten) BEW-lee; from French beau lieu, meaning 'beautiful place'; Scottish Gaelic: A' Mhanachainn) is a town in the Kilmorack Parish of the Scottish County of Inverness, on the River Beauly, 10 miles (16 km) west of Inverness by the Far North railway line.

The land around Beauly is fertile - historically corn was grown extensively [6] and more recently fruit has successfully been farmed.[7] The town historically traded in coal, timber, lime, grain and fish.[8]

History[edit]

Arms of the Community Council

Early years[edit]

Beauly is the site of the Beauly Priory, or the Priory Church of the Blessed Virgin and John the Baptist, founded in 1230 by John Byset of the Aird, for Valliscaulian monks. Following the Reformation, the buildings (except for the church, which is now a ruin) passed into the possession of Lord Lovat.

Local tradition has it that Mary, Queen of Scots once visited Beauly and had exclaimed: "Ç'est un beau lieu", whereby came the name Beauly. Queen Mary, in 1563, hunted and took her summer journeys in the west and south-west of Scotland; but her brother James, the new Earl of Moray, came north to Inverness late in the autumn, with his two brothers, to hold courts and consolidate his power, and there first put into execution the new Act against witchcraft, sorcery, and necromancy, by burning two old women as witches. It was probably in 1564 that Queen Mary paid that visit to Beauly Priory, the memory of which is preserved in local tradition. She left Edinburgh on 22nd and Perth on 31 July, and proceeded to Athole to the hunting; she then passed the Mounth into Badenoch, and thence to Inverness, and from Inverness to the Chanonry of Ross. Mr Chalmers suggests, with considerable probability, that her object was to inquire into the nature and value of the earldom of Ross, which she meant to settle upon Darnley, whom she had determined to marry, and she would naturally go to Dingwall, which was the head of the earldom, the castle of Dingwall being its manor-place. Going to Dingwall from Inverness, she must have passed by Beauly; and it was therefore, probably, on a bright morning in August 1564 that she opened the window at the prior’s house, and looking out on the gardens, eulogised the beauty of the spot and the appropriateness of its name.[9]

Beauly is also the site of Lovat Castle, which once belonged to the Bissets, but was presented by James VI, to Hugh Fraser, 5th Lord Lovat and later demolished.[8]

The population of Beauly was 855 in 1901.[8]

Recent history[edit]

In 1994 Simon Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat sold Beaufort castle to Ann Gloag (director of the Stagecoach Group) to pay off debts.[10]

In 2002, the Beauly railway station, built in 1862 and closed in 1960, was renovated and reopened.

In January 2010, the Scottish government approved controversial plans for a power line upgrade that will begin in Beauly and end in Denny, Falkirk.[11] The new power line, part of a plan to carry electricity generated by wind farms on the Western Isles, was called "the most significant grid infrastructure project in a generation" by Jim Mather MSP.[11] The 220-kilometre (140 mi) line will consist of a network of 600 pylons, ranging in height from 42 to 65 metres (138 to 213 ft).[11] The first part of the transmission circuit (Beauly to Fort Augustus) was switched on in July 2013.[12]

The population of Beauly was 1,126 in 1991, 1,283 in 2001 and 1,365 in 2011 [13]

Governance[edit]

Beauly is in the Aird and Loch Ness Ward of the Highland Council.[14][15]

Attractions[edit]

Beaufort Castle[edit]

3 miles (5 km) south of Beauly is Beaufort Castle, the chief seat of the Lovats, a modern mansion in the Scottish baronial style. It occupies the site of a fortress erected in the time of Alexander II, which was besieged in 1303 by Edward I. This was replaced by several castles in succession. One of these, Castle Dounie, was attacked and burned by the forces of Oliver Cromwell in 1650 and razed again by the royal army of Prince William, Duke of Cumberland in 1746 during the Jacobite Rising. Simon Fraser, 11th Lord Lovat witnessed this latter conflagration of his castle from a neighbouring hill (he then fled and took refuge in the Highlands before his capture on Loch Morar).[8]

Beauly Priory[edit]

The extensive ruins of the abbey church of Beauly Priory with funerary monuments (notably including those of the Mackenzie family) are managed by Historic Scotland.[16]

Churches[edit]

St Mary's Church, Beauly viewed from the cemetery on the north side.
St Mary's RC Church, Beauly.

The large red sandstone church on the north boundary of the village was designed by the Victorian architect Joseph Aloysius Hansom and funded by Thomas, 12th Lord Fraser of Lovat. The Nave, Chancel, north Aisle and adjoining house were built as a unit. It opened for worship on Sunday 13 November 1864. It was named St Mary's and was the first proper Catholic chapel built in Beauly.[17][18]

To the south-east of Beauly is the Church of Kirkhill, Highland containing the vault of the Lovats as well as a number of septs of the Mackenzies, including Seaforth and Mackenzies of Gairloch.

Sport[edit]

The town is known for the Beauly Shinty Club, its shinty team, who have won the Camanachd Cup three times and have been World Champions once.[citation needed]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

  1. ^ Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba ~ Gaelic Place-Names of Scotland
  2. ^ Eagle, Andy. "The Online Scots Dictionary". Scots Online. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
  3. ^ List of railway station names in English, Scots and Gaelic Archived 22 January 2013 at the Wayback Machine - NewsNetScotland
  4. ^ "Comparative Population Profile: Beauly Locality". Scotland's Census Results Online. 16 August 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  5. ^ http://www.beaulycc.org/
  6. ^ "A plan of that part of the annexed estate of Lovat lying in the parish of Kilmorack" (PDF). National Archive of Scotland. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
  7. ^ "Struan Lodge - Beauly". Retrieved 18 April 2015.
  8. ^ a b c d  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Beauly". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 588.
  9. ^ Batten, Edmund Chisholm (1877). The Charters of the Priory of Beauly. p. 251, 252.
  10. ^ Ross, David (29 August 1995). "Bus company chief buys Lovat castle". Herald Scotland. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
  11. ^ a b c Power line upgrade given go-ahead, a 6 January 2010 article from BBC News
  12. ^ "First section of Beauly to Denny power line switched on". BBC. 25 July 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2015.
  13. ^ "Population of Beauly". Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  14. ^ "Aird and Loch Ness Ward". Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  15. ^ "Ward 13 Local Councillors". Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  16. ^ "The Abbey Church of Beauly Priory". Historic Scotland. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  17. ^ Churches to Visit in Scotland. NMS Publ. Ltd. p. 222.
  18. ^ Blundell, Dom Odo (May 1909). Catholic Highlands of Scotland. Sands & Co. p. 210.
  19. ^ http://www.thepeerage.com/p36921.htm

External links[edit]