|City of Beaumont|
Location in the state of Texas
|• City Council||Mayor Becky Ames
W. L. Pate, Jr.
Audwin M. Samuel
Gethrel 'Get' Williams-Wright
|• City Manager||Kyle Hayes|
|• City||85.9 sq mi (222.6 km2)|
|• Land||85.0 sq mi (220.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.9 sq mi (2.4 km2)|
|Elevation||16 ft (5 m)|
|• Estimate (2015)||118,129|
|• Density||1,339.4/sq mi (517.1/km2)|
|• Urban||147,922 (222th U.S.)|
|• Metro||404,872 (130th U.S.)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP codes||77701–77710, 77713, 77720, 77725, 77726|
|GNIS feature ID||1330268|
|Waterways||Neches River, Pine Island Bayou|
Beaumont (// BOH-mont) is a city in and the county seat of Jefferson County, Texas in the United States, within the Beaumont–Port Arthur Metropolitan Statistical Area. Located in Southeast Texas on the Neches River about 90 mi (140 km) east of Houston, Beaumont city had a population of 118,296 at the time of the 2010 census, making it the twenty-fourth-most populous city in the state of Texas.
Beaumont was founded as a town in 1835 by Northerners. The early European-American settlement had an economy based on the development of lumber, farming, and port industries. In 1892, Joseph Eloi Broussard opened the first commercially successful rice mill in the state, stimulating development of rice farming in the area; he also started an irrigation company (since 1933 established as the Lower Neches Valley Authority) to support rice culture. Rice became an important commodity crop in Texas, and is now cultivated in 23 counties.
A big change occurred in 1901 with the Spindletop gusher, which demonstrated the potential of the huge oil field. With Spindletop, several energy companies developed in Beaumont, and some continue. The area rapidly developed as one of the major petro-chemical refining areas in the country. Along with Port Arthur and Orange, Beaumont forms the Golden Triangle, a major industrial area on the Texas Gulf Coast.
Beaumont is home of Lamar University, a national Carnegie Doctoral Research university with 14,966 students, including undergraduates and post graduates. Over the years, several corporations have been based in this city, including Gulf States Utilities which had its headquarters in Beaumont until its takeover by Entergy Corporation in 1993. GSU's Edison Plaza headquarters is still the tallest building in Beaumont (as of 2017).
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Culture
- 6 Sports
- 7 Government
- 8 Education
- 9 Media
- 10 Transportation
- 11 Notable people
- 12 Architecture
- 13 Sister cities
- 14 See also
- 15 References
- 16 Further reading
- 17 External links
In 1824 Noah and Nancy Tevis settled on the west bank of the Neches River and developed a farm. Soon after that, a small community grew up around the farm, which was named Tevis Bluff or Neches River Settlement. In 1835 the land of Tevis, together with the nearby community of Santa Anna (in total, 50 acres (20 ha)), was purchased by Northerners Henry Millard (1796?–1844) of New York, Joseph Pulsifer (1805–1861) of Massachusetts, and Thomas Byers Huling (1804–1865) of Pennsylvania . They began planning a town to be laid out on this land. Their partnership, J.P. Pulsifer and Company, controlled the first 50 acres (200,000 m2) upon which the town was founded. This town was named Beaumont, after Jefferson Beaumont, the brother-in-law of Henry Millard. They added more property for a total of 200 acres.
Beaumont became a town on 16 December 1838. Beaumont's first mayor was Alexander Calder. From the town's founding in 1835, business activities included real estate, transportation, and retail sales. Later, other businesses were formed, especially in railroad construction and operation, new building construction, lumber sales, and communications. The Port of Beaumont became a successful regional shipping center. Beaumont was a small center for cattle raisers and farmers in its early years. With an active riverport by the 1880s, it became an important lumber and rice-milling town. It exported rice as a commodity crop.
The Beaumont Rice Mill, founded in 1892 by Joseph Eloi Broussard, was the first commercially successful rice mill in Texas. In addition, Broussard founded a company to operate an irrigation system to support rice culture. (It became a public institution, the Lower Neches Irrigation Authority.) This helped stimulate the expansion of rice cultivation from 1500 acres in 1892 to 400,000 acres in 23 counties by his death in 1956. Beaumont's lumber boom, which reached its peak in the late 19th century, was stimulated by the rebuilding and expansion of the railroads in the state and region after the Civil War.
The rise of Beaumont's mill economy drew many new residents to the city, many of them immigrants. The first Jewish man in the city was from Louisiana, others migrated from the South, and were joined by immigrants. They worked as merchants and in a variety of jobs in the growing city and ranching area. In 1895 Jews formed their first congregation. By the early 20th century, the city was served by the Southern Pacific; Kansas City Southern, Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe; and Missouri Pacific railroad systems.
Oil was discovered at nearby Spindletop on 10 January 1901. Spindletop became the first major oil field and one of the largest in American history. With the discovery of oil at Spindletop, Beaumont's population more than tripled in two months from 9,000 in January 1901 to 30,000 in March 1901. Oil is, and has always been, a major export of the city, and a major contributor to the national GDP.
William Casper Tyrrell, nicknamed "Captain W.C.", was a leading businessman and oil tycoon in the city in the early 20th century, developing businesses during the Texas Oil Boom. An entrepreneur from Pennsylvania and Iowa, he arrived after the gusher at Spindletop, and invested in development of a commercial port in the city, and an irrigation system to support the local rice industry, as well as residential and retail development of suburban property. He was also a philanthropist. He purchased and donated First Baptist Church, whose congregation had moved to a new facility, to use as the city's first public library, now known as the Tyrrell Historical Library.
When the city became a major center for defense shipbuilding during World War II, tens of thousands of rural Texans migrated there for the new high-paying jobs. The Roosevelt administration ordered the defense industry to be integrated, and many Southern whites were working closely with blacks for the first time. Housing was scarce in the crowded city, and racial tensions increased. In June 1943 after workers at the Pennsylvania shipyard in Beaumont learned that a white woman had accused a black man of raping her, nearly 2,000 went to the jail where a suspect was being held, attracting more men along the way and reaching a total of 4,000. Ultimately the white mob rioted for three days, destroying major black neighborhoods and killing five persons. No one was prosecuted for the deaths. The riot in Beaumont was one of several in 1943 which centered in the defense industry, including Los Angeles, Detroit, Chicago and Mobile, Alabama as well as other cities across the country. The wartime social disruption was similar to war time riots which had occurred in other parts of the country during and following World War I.
In the postwar years, Beaumont's port continued in importance. Although Beaumont's city center is located 85 highway miles from the Houston city center and 60 air miles from city limit boundary to city limit boundary, the city is now considered part of the widespread Houston metropolitan area. As was typical with other cities, postwar highway construction led to the development of new suburbs and dispersal of population in search of new housing. There has been some renewal in Beaumont downtown and people have rediscovered the river.
In 1996, the Jefferson County courts, located in Beaumont, became the first court in the nation to implement electronic filing and service of court documents, eliminating the need for law firms to print and mail reams of documents.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 85.9 square miles (222 km2), of which 85.0 square miles (220 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (1.07%) is water.
Beaumont lies on Texas' coastal plain, about 30 miles (48 km) inland from the Gulf of Mexico, one hour drive east of Houston, and just south of the dense pine forests of East Texas. The city is bordered on the east by the Neches River and to the north by Pine Island Bayou. Before being settled, the area was crisscrossed by numerous small streams. Most of these streams have since been filled in or converted for drainage purposes. The island directly across from Riverfront Park is called Trinity Island. There are also three other islands in the Neches River around the downtown area/port: Harbor, Smith and Clark.
The city of Beaumont, Texas is within the humid subtropical climate zone. This city is located within the Piney Woods, which cover the eastern region of Texas, as well as adjacent Louisiana. This region of Texas receives the most rainfall in the state, with more than 48 inches (1,200 mm) annually. This is due to the warm gulf waters that carry humid air to the region, where it condenses and precipitates. The humidity of the region greatly amplifies the feeling of heat during the summer.
Hurricanes such as the Galveston Hurricane of 1900, and Hurricane Ike in 2008, also strike the region. Hurricane Ike was the largest and most damaging hurricane to hit Beaumont to date, striking 13 September 2008. Causing $32 billion in damage, it is the third-costliest hurricane in United States history. On 18 August 2009, a tornado hit the west end of Beaumont, and caused damage to several local businesses and cars. Injuries were minimal.
The winters are moderated by warm gulf currents. Wintry precipitation is unusual, but does occur. A recent snow event was 24 December 2004, the first such since 1989. However, more recently, Beaumont and the surrounding areas received a light snow on 11 December 2008, with up to 4 inches (100 mm) in the west end. Beaumont and the surrounding areas received a trace to half an inch of light snow on 4 December 2009. These are the earliest measurable snowfalls at the airport since the late 19th century. Although in unofficial records, Beaumont received as much as 30 inches (760 mm) of snow on 14 February and 15 during the blizzard of 1895 that impacted the gulf coast with unusual cold weather. Unofficially the temperature reported a drop to a low of 4 °F (−16 °C) after the storm. The area suffered a severe ice storm in January 1997.
The Beaumont-Port Arthur region has historically been cited as one of the most polluted urban areas in the United States due to various energy industries and chemical plants in the area. Even so, as of July, 2014, the Beaumont-Port Arthur region was not under any Environmental Protection Agency non-attainment restrictions; however, counties in the Greater Houston area, the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, and El Paso were. As of October, 2014, the Beaumont-Port Arthur area was not under any Texas Commission on Environmental Quality attainment compliance deadlines. Regardless, according to an article published in 2007 focusing on Beaumont's neighbor to the south, Port Arthur, pollution was believed to have caused some general area residents to become sick and has generated debates throughout the media.
|Climate data for Beaumont, Texas (1981–2010 normals)|
|Record high °F (°C)||86
|Average high °F (°C)||62.2
|Average low °F (°C)||42.5
|Record low °F (°C)||11
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||4.94
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||10.7||9.8||8.7||6.6||7.8||10.7||11.9||10.8||9.8||7.8||8.5||10.5||113.6|
|Source: NOAA The Weather Channel (records)|
As of the census of 2010, there were 118,296 people, 45,648 households, and 28,859 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,339.4 people per square mile (517.2/km²). There were 48,815 housing units at an average density of 574.2 per square mile (221.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 39.8% White, 47.3% African American, 0.0% Native American, 3.3% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 7.1% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.4% of the population.
There were 45,648 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.7% were married couples living together, 19.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the city, the population was spread out with 28.3% the age of 19 or under, 8.5% from 20 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34.4 years. For every 100 females there were 95 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $39,699, according to the American Community Survey (5 year), and the median income for a family was $49,766. The per capita income for the city was $23,137. About 17.6% of families and 22.1% of the population were below the poverty line.
According to the City's 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Conn's Appliances Inc||4,615|
|2||Beaumont Independent School District||2,536|
|5||Christus St. Elizabeth Hospital||1,574|
|6||Memorial Herman Baptist Hospital||1,517|
|7||City of Beaumont||1,355|
|10||Richard Design Services, Inc.||590|
A significant element of the region's economy is the Port of Beaumont, the nation's fourth-largest seaport by tonnage. The 842d Transportation Battalion, and the 596th Transportation Group are both stationed at the port in Beaumont.
In addition to companies doing business within the city limits, several large industrial facilities are located within the city's five-mile extraterritorial jurisdiction boundaries including the ExxonMobil Beaumont refinery and chemical plants, Goodyear Beaumont chemical plant, and DuPont chemical plant.
Jason's Deli has its headquarters in Beaumont. Conn's Appliances did have its headquarters in Beaumont; however, in mid-2012, Conn's moved its corporate headquarters to The Woodlands. Originally Sweet Leaf Tea Company had its headquarters in Beaumont. The headquarters moved to Austin in October 2003.
Businesses associated with Beaumont
- Bethlehem Steel/Trinity Industries Shipyard: dating from 1917 to 1994 under the names of Beaumont Shipbuilding and Drydock Company (1917-1922), Pennsylvania Shipyards (1922-1948), Bethlehem Steel Company (1948-1988), and Trinity Industries (1989-1994). Over eight hundred (800) vessels were built and repaired at the shipyard including barges, ships, and offshore drilling rigs including seventy-two (72) jack up offshore drilling rigs, the second-most offshore drilling rigs built in the United States, and seventy-one (71) Type C1 ships built for the U.S. Maritime Commission during World War II
- Conn's: Chain of appliance and electronic stores; now headquartered in The Woodlands 
- Dresser Industries: A Dresser-Ideco plant was a major employer for seventy-seven years. The plant, with around 350 employees, closed in 1985.
- Gulf Oil: Gulf Oil Company founded 1901, now Chevron
- Humble Oil: 50% of Humble Oil sold to Standard Oil of NJ to build its first refinery in Baytown. Merged and renamed Exxon 1972. Now ExxonMobil
- Jason's Deli: Fast casual chain with locations in 30 states; still HQed in Beaumont.
- Magnolia Petroleum Company: Startup began in Corsicana in 1898, but became a major company in Beaumont in 1901. Owned KFDM radio, now 560 KLVI, in the 1930s through the 1950s. Its refinery in Beaumont along with Texas Oil Co. & Gulf's in Port Arthur, Texas were 3 of the largest in the world. Magnolia later sold 45% ownership to Standard Oil of NY, Socony. Combined companies years later into Mobil now ExxonMobil
- Port of Beaumont: Young town of Beaumont grew quicker around this harbor about 1840 and would mark the spot that would become the port. Ranks consistently among the top five ports in the country for tonnage
- Sweet Leaf Tea: A ready-to-drink organic tea company started in Beaumont in 1998 by Clayton Christopher and David Smith, later moved to Austin, Texas.
- The Texas Oil Company: Founded in 1902 just west of Beaumont (Sour Lake, Texas) became Texaco;, now owned/part of Chevron formerly Standard Oil Company of California.
- The Texas Coffee Company: Home of Seaport Coffees and Texjoy Steak Seasoning among other products distributed regionally. The company was founded in 1921 by Charles J. Fertitta, Sr. In 1968, the Texas Coffee Company became the first company in the United States to begin packaging coffee in vacuum-packed foil bags.
Arts and theatre
Museums and buildings open for tours
- Art Museum of Southeast Texas (AMSET), with its Perlstein Plaza, dedicated in memory of pioneer real estate developer Hyman Asher Perlstein (1869–1947), who arrived in Beaumont in 1889 as a poor Jewish immigrant from Lithuania and eventually became one of the city's major builders. The museum stands on the site of the Perlstein building, which was the tallest structure between Houston and New Orleans when it was erected in 1907. Only one column still remains from the building. AMSET, formerly the Beaumont Art Museum, exhibits 19th–21st century American art with a collecting focus on Texas art and Folk Art and offers 10–14 educational programs in any given year. Admission is free, and is the only museum open seven days per week.
- Beaumont Children's Museum Started in 2008 and opened in 2012, the museum moved to a temporary location in 2015 to the Beaumont Civic Center
- The Art Studio, Inc. (TASI), a non-profit arts cooperative and art gallery space that rents subsidized space to visual artists. Also hosts poetry readings, music events, film screenings. Housed in a converted warehouse in the industrial district of Beaumont's downtown.
- Babe Didrikson Zaharias Museum. Museum dedicated to the life of the Beaumont native and accomplished athlete.
- The Beaumont Art League is the oldest non-profit art gallery in the area, operating for 70 years. The two gallery spaces (at the old Fairgrounds on Gulf Street) host art exhibitions and juried shows year-round, including the notable BAL National Exhibition (formerly the Tri-State Show), which attracts artists from across the country.
- The Chambers House, built in 1906, this home is open for tours. It is filled with period furniture, personal items, and artifacts used in the home.
- The Clifton Steamboat Museum opened its doors on 26 October 1995. The theme of the museum is "Heroes... Past, Present, and Future", honoring military and civilian heroes. The Clifton Steamboat Museum consists of a 24,000 square feet (2,200 m2), two-story museum. Exhibits bring to life the wars fought in Southeast Texas and Louisiana, as well as the Steamboat Era, World Wars I and II, Korea, and Vietnam. Upper art galleries of the museum feature original bronze sculptures; Native American artists, wildlife, and frontier paintings from famous artists. A special gallery in the museum is dedicated to the Boy Scouts of America. This gallery features many historical scouting artifacts, some dating before the 1960s. The tugboat, Hercules, 36 feet (11 m) high, 22 feet (6.7 m) wide, and 92 feet (28 m) long, is included on the museum tour. Tours available by appointment only.
- Dishman Art Museum is the university art museum of Lamar University. The museum features 19th and 20th century European and American Art, as well as Tribal Art from Africa and New Guinea.
- Edison Museum – about inventor Thomas Edison The museum features exhibits and artifacts about Thomas Edison and his innovations.
- Fire Museum of Texas – Home of one of world's largest fire hydrants. Antique fire trucks and equipment chronicle the history of firefighting in Texas. Educational programs stress the importance of fire safety.
- John Jay French House. This historic home is operated as a museum, to illustrate the life of a prosperous Texas pioneer family from 1845 to 1865. French, a tanner and merchant, built his home in 1845; it showcases period furnishings, clothing and pioneer household utensils. Outbuildings on the grounds include a blacksmith shop, tannery, privy and smokehouse.
- The McFaddin-Ward House, was built in 1905–06 in the Beaux-Arts Colonial style and is located in the Oaks Historic District. The structure and its furnishings reflect the prominent family who lived in the house for seventy-five years. This very large historic home has a substantial carriage house. The complex has a substantial permanent collection of antique furniture and household items. Educational programs focus on history and are geared toward children and adults.
- Red Lobster's historical marine museum
- Spindletop-Gladys City Boomtown Museum, this complex includes several reconstructed buildings reminiscent of the original Gladys City. The buildings contain artifacts from the period.
Other historic buildings
- Beaumont Commercial District is a collection of historic buildings in downtown, a national historic district registered with the NRHP.
- Crockett Street Entertainment District The entertainment district includes five vintage buildings dating from around the turn of the 20th century. Each of the buildings has been renovated and several have been re-purposed to restaurants and entertainment.
- Jack Brooks Federal Building, built in 1933 as a WPA project.
- Jefferson County Courthouse is an excellent example of Art Deco architecture.
- The Jefferson Theatre, built in 1927, is an historic theater that presents live musical and stage performances as well as limited revival screenings of classic films. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) and recognized also as a Recorded Texas Historic Landmark.
- Julie Rogers Theater was formerly Beaumont's city hall and civic auditorium. The building was renovated to serve as a theater for live performances.
- St. Anthony Cathedral Basilica
- Temple Emanuel (Beaumont, Texas) has a notable set of stained glass windows by Israeli artist Ze'ev Raban
- Tyrrell Historical Library, formerly First Baptist Church; the building is now used as an historical library. It has an extensive collection of genealogical records.
- Beaumont Civic Ballet Chartered in 1971, the ballet produces several performances each year, including The Nutcracker.
- Beaumont Community Players - Begun in 1925, the Beaumont Community Players have performed several plays and musicals each year except for the World War II period. The Community Players have had several homes over the years including Little Theatre at Fair Park and Jefferson Theatre. Performances are now at the Betty Greenburg Center for Performing Arts.
- Mary Morgan Moore Department of Music - Lamar University presents a variety of jazz, orchestral, opera, choir and chorus, brass, and concert band performances throughout the year.
- Symphony of Southeast Texas - Founded in 1953 as the Beaumont Symphony Orchestra, the symphony has been performing several performances each year since then. Several guest artists including Van Cliburn and Ferrante & Teicher have appeared with the symphony.
Tourism and recreation
- The Beaumont Botanical Gardens is located near the entrance to the 500 acre Tyrrell Park. On its 23.5 acre grounds, it includes over ten themed gardens, the 10,000 sq ft Warren Loose Conservatory and a large collection of bromeliads.
- Tyrrell Park and Cattail Marsh - Botanical Gardens and conservatory, Henry Homberg Municipal Golf Course, a 900-acre Cattail Marsh nature area, a 2.8 mile nature trail. restrooms, shelters, Babe Zaharias Drive Monument, baseball backstop, lighted basketball goals, benches, drinking fountains, 2.8-mile (4.5 km) nature trail, picnic tables
- Neches River Adventures Sponsored by the Big Thicket Association, two-hour eco-tours down the Neches River and bayous are provided from March to November each year. The tour departs from Riverfront Park in downtown Beaumont.
- Ford Park The park includes the Ford Arena with a 9,737 seating capacity, an 18,000 seat pavilion, twelve competition softball fields, and exhibit halls.
In downtown Beaumont
Downtown Beaumont is the center of Business, Government and night time entertainment in southeast Texas. Downtown features the Crockett Street Entertainment Complex with entertainment options from dancing, to live music to dining or a bar. In addition to the night time entertainment downtown also features a museum district with five distinct museums.
Other entertainment and recreation venues located downtown include the following.
- Beaumont Civic Center - The 6,500 seat civic center is located in downtown Beaumont.
- Event Centre - The Event Centre and plaza is located at 700 Crockett Street between the streets of Neches and MLK Pkwy. The Event Centre opened on July 7, 2012. Outdoor features include a twelve-acre Great Lawn for concerts and a walking path. A 3,800 sq ft canopy with stage overlooks the twelve acre Great Lawn. A 14,000 sq ft canopy overlooks a two-acre lake with a thirty-five foot fountain. A a 16,000 sq ft event hall is used for indoor events.
- Beautiful Mountain Skate Plaza - Located adjacent to the Event Centre at the corner of Magnolia Street and Laurel Avenue is the 10,000 sq ft skate park. The skate park grand opening was on August 17, 2013. The park includes ledges, rails, banks, bank-to-bank, quarter pipes, and stairs. The park also has an amphitheater for other events.
- Beaumont Country Club
- Tyrrell Park - Henry Homberg Golf Course
- Brentwood Country Club
- Bayou Din Golf Club
Within 30 minute drive
- Big Thicket National Preserve, located north of Beaumont, hiking, canoe paddling, and swimming are some of the available activities.
- McFaddin National Wildlife Refuge, located about 30 minutes away from Beaumont, the refuge provides nature trails as well as photography, fishing, and hunting activities.
- Sea Rim State Park, about 30 minutes from Beaumont adjacent to the McFaddin National Wildlife Refuge, Sea Rim State Park provides access to Gulf of Mexico beaches as well as hiking trails.
- Village Creek State Park is located just north of Beaumont. Numerous activities including canoe paddling are provided.
- Shangri La Botanical Gardens and Nature Center, located in Orange, about 20–25 minutes east of Beaumont, Shangri-La Gardens has sculptured gardens and natural settings, as well as boat tours.
- Stark Museum of Art, also located in Orange, provides several exhibits.
- Since 1907, Beaumont has been home of the South Texas State Fair and Rodeo, held at Ford Park during March. It is the second-largest fair in the state, attracting more than 500,000 visitors in 2009. The fair features a livestock show, a commercial exhibition, a carnival midway and numerous food choices. The Fair moved from the Fair Park Coliseum to Ford Park in 2004, a new, larger facility on the west end of Beaumont. The fair was previously held in the fall but was moved to spring after hurricanes Rita in 2005 and Ike in 2008 caused its cancellation twice within three years. YMBL Championship Rodeo is held at Ford Park during the South Texas State Fair. The rodeo is an annual event and is sanctioned by the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association. Admission to the rodeo is included in fair admission.
- The Gusher Marathon, organized in 2010 by the local nonprofit Sports Society for American Health, is the city's first annual marathon. The Gusher takes place in March and includes a 5K, half marathon and full marathon. The course begins at the Montagne Center of Lamar University and tours Downtown and Lamar before returning to the Montagne.
- The Beaumont Jazz & Blues Fest is a Jazz festival held in downtown Beaumont since 2005.
- The Boomtown Film and Music Festival is a film and music festival that began in 2008 to replace the Spindletop Film Festival.
- Dog Jam is a rock concert held annually at Ford Park.
- July 4 Celebration - Each year, a July 4 celebration is held in downtown Beaumont. The celebration includes live music in and around Riverfront Park, a concert by the Symphony of Southeast Texas in the Julie Rogers Theatre, followed by a fireworks display viewed from Riverfront Park.
- Lunch at the Lake Each Monday starting in March, the City of Beaumont provides live music and seating at the Event Centre in downtown Beaumont. Ten vendors feature a wide choice of food selections.
- Downtown Winter Parade - On the first Saturday of December, downtown hosts the Beaumont Downtown Winter Parade. The parade features floats that travel down Main, College and Pearl streets. In recent years the parade has also featured a lighted boat parade that travels down the Neches River; spectators can watch from Riverfront Park.
- Neches River Festival Parade - Part of the Neches River Festival held in April, this is a downtown parade. The festival has been held since 1948.
- The Oxford City F.C. Of Texas plays at Ford Arena, As a farm team of Oxford City F.C.
- The American Basketball Association's Southeast Texas Mavericks Nutty Jerry moved to Shreveport, La in 2013.
- The Texas Strikers, professional arena soccer team PASL, started playing at Ford Arena in 2012.
- The Beaumont Exporters were a minor league baseball team that played at Magnolia Ballpark and the Stuart Stadium from 1920–49 and 1953-55. (Both stadiums were demolished.)
- The Beaumont Golden Gators were a minor league baseball team that played at Vincent-Beck Stadium from 1983 to 1986.
- The Beaumont Bullfrogs were a minor league baseball team that played in Beaumont.
- The Texas Wildcatters were an ECHL Hockey team based in Beaumont from 2003 to 2008
- The Beaumont Drillers were an IPFL football team that played in Beaumont from 2003 to 2007
The sports teams of Lamar University compete in Division I NCAA athletics as the Lamar Cardinals. The athletics program is a full member of the Southland Conference. The Cardinals and Lady Cardinals compete in 17 varsity sports. The Cardinals Basketball team plays in the Montagne Center and Cardinals Baseball Team plays in Vincent-Beck Stadium.
The university brought back football in 2010. As part of the return, Provost Umphrey Stadium was completely renovated. The return was official when the Cardinals Football team played its first game in 21 years in the fall of 2010. The team currently competes in the Southland Conference as a member of the NCAA Division I Football Championship Subdivision (formerly Division I-AA).
According to the city's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's various funds had $219.0 million in revenues, $202.8 million in expenditures, $900.1 million in total assets, $586.8 million in total liabilities, and $202.2 million in cash and investments.
Beaumont is a council-manager form of government. Elections are held annually, with the Mayor and Council members each serving two-year terms. All powers of the City are vested in the Council, which enacts local legislation, adopts budgets, and determines policies. Council is also responsible for appointing the City Attorney, the City Clerk and Magistrates, and the City Manager. The city council is composed of two council members elected at-large, and four council members each elected from single-member districts, the four Wards of the city.
|Position||Name||Elected to Current Position||Areas Represented
|At Large Position 1||Gethrel 'Get' Williams-Wright||2007–present||Citywide|
|At Large Position 2||W.L. Pate, Jr.||2007–present||Citywide|
|Ward 1||Claude Guidroz||2015–present||North Beaumont|
|Ward 2||Mike Getz||2011–present||West Beaumont|
|Ward 3||Audwin M. Samuels||1984–1992, 1999–present||Central Beaumont|
|Ward 4||Robin Mouton||2015–present||South Beaumont|
The Texas Ninth Court of Appeals is located in the Jefferson County Courthouse in Beaumont. The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates the Beaumont District Parole Office in Beaumont. The Texas Department of Corrections operates three facilities of various custody types in unincorporated areas of Jefferson County, with a total capacity of about 7500 inmates.
Colleges and universities
Beaumont has one state university, Lamar University, which belongs to The Texas State University System. Lamar University was established in 1923 as South Park Junior College. The university is currently classified as a national university. It is also classified as a Doctoral Research University by the Carnegie Foundation. With over 100 degrees offered, the university's main academic offerings are in Business, Nursing, Teaching and Engineering. Lamar University's enrollment has grown tremendously in the first decade of the 21st century. This has prompted a building boom at the campus. The school's enrollment as of Fall, 2015 was above 14,966 students.
Lamar Institute of Technology
Lamar Institute of Technology, located directly adjacent to Lamar University, serves as the region's technical college for two-year degrees and certificates. Originally a part of Lamar University and its predecessors since 1923, Lamar Institute of Technology was chartered in 1949 when the Lamar College Bill was passed. The bill was sponsored in the Texas Legislature by State Representative Jack Brooks and Senator W.R. Cousins, Jr. of Beaumont. Lamar Institute of Technology became a separate entity in 1995. As of Fall, 2014, enrollment totaled 2,920 students.
Primary and secondary schools
Beaumont is served by the Beaumont Independent School District.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Beaumont runs three Catholic elementary schools in Beaumont, St. Anne Catholic School, St. Anthony Cathedral Catholic School, and Our Mother of Mercy Catholic School. Monsignor Kelly Catholic High School is the city's lone Catholic high school. Legacy Christian Academy, on Highway 105, enrolls PK-3 through 12th grade. All Saints Episcopal School, on Delaware St., enrolls Kindergarten through 8th grade.
The Beaumont Enterprise is the only daily newspaper serving Beaumont. Operating since 1880 The Enterprise is one of the oldest continually operated business in Beaumont. It is operated by the Hearst Corporation. Two weekly publications The Examiner and The Southeast Texas Record serve Beaumont and the area. The Examiner is primarily an investigative reporting paper. the Southeast Texas Record is a legal journal that covers Jefferson and Orange County courts.
- KBTV (FOX) 4.1 with BOUNCE on 4.2; RF channel 40
- KFDM (CBS)/DT 6.1 with (CW Network on 6.2) RF channel 25 / PSIP 6.x
KBTV is operated by the same owners of KFDM, Sinclair Broadcast Group.
- KBMT (ABC)/DT 12.1 with (NBC) at 720p on 12.2; RF channel 12 / PSIP 12.x with Cozi on 12.3 and MeTV on 12.4. Gannett owns KBMT.
- KEBQ-TV9 (Soul Of The South)
- KUMY-TV22 (Mexicanal) Setx Public Television Corp owns
- KITU-TV (TBN) 34.1 - 34.5; RF channel 33
- KUIL-LD/K36ID LMAed by KBMT/London from KVHP; RF channel 43/36 and PSIP 12.5/.6 with MyTV on 12.5 and MundoFOX on 12.6
- LUTV Lamar University's video service that provides C-SPAN-like coverage on local government proceedings, and original programming from students. It does not have an over the air channel and is available only on cable TV.
The region currently has no PBS station of its own; Houston's PBS on channel 8 and Lake Charles LPB on channel 20 do not reach the area. KUHT has a construction permit for a digital translator on RF 24, which would share KFDM's antenna on 25 but the University of Houston has had financial cutbacks and recently cancelled a translator application in Victoria. What outcome this will have on the Beaumont facility remains to be seen.
|Frequency||Call letters / licensed to (if not Beaumont)||Format||Owner||Notes|
|560||KLVI||News, Talk radio||Clear Channel|
|990||KZZB||Gospel "Gospel 990"||Martin Broadcasting|
|1150||KBPO (Port Neches)||Spanish-language Christian Radio||Christian Ministries of the Valley|
|1250||KDEI (Port Arthur)||Catholic radio||Radio Maria|
|1300||KSET (Lumberton)||Silent||Proctor-Williams, Inc.|
|1340||KOLE (Port Arthur)||Various||Birach Broadcasting|
|1450||KIKR||Sports "Sports Radio 1450/1510 AM"||Cumulus Broadcasting|
|1510||KBED (Nederland)||Sports "Sports Radio 1450/1510 AM"||Cumulus Broadcasting||Simulcast of KIKR only during daytime hours|
|88.1||KLBT||Contemporary Christian||The King's Musician Educational Foundation|
|88.5||KGHY||Southern Gospel "The Gospel Highway"||CCS Radio|
|89.7||KTXB||Christian radio "Family Radio"||Family Stations|
|90.5||KZFT (Fanette)||Christian radio||AFR|
|91.3||KVLU||Public Radio||Lamar University|
|92.5||KCOL (Groves)||Oldies "Cool 92.5"||Clear Channel|
|93.3 (Port Arthur)||KQBU||Regional Mexican "Que Buena 93.3"||Univision|
|94.1||KQXY||CHR "Q94"||Cumulus Broadcasting|
|95.1||KYKR||Country "Kicker 95.1"||Clear Channel|
|97.5||KFNC (Mont Belvieu)||Sports "ESPN 97.5"||Gow Media-Houston|
|98.5||KTJM (Port Arthur)||Regional Mexican "La Raza 98.5/103.3"||Liberman Broadcasting-Houston|
|99.9||KSHN (Liberty)||Full service "Shine All 9"||Trinity River Valley Broadcasting|
|100.7||KKHT (Lumberton)||Christian radio "100.7 The Word"||Salem Broadcasting|
|101.7||KAYD (Silsbee)||Country "KD101"||Cumulus Broadcasting|
|102.5||KTCX||Urban contemporary "Magic 102.5"||Cumulus Broadcasting|
|103.3||K277AG (Beaumont)||Hip-Pop and R&B "The Beat 103.3"||Clear Channel||Simulcast of KKMY-HD2|
|104.5 (Orange)||KKMY||Rhythmic CHR "104.5 Kiss FM"||Clear Channel|
|105.3||KXXF (Winnie)||Mostly rock but varied (with Walton and Johnson mornings||Excel Media|
|106.1||KIOC (Orange)||Rock "Big Dog 106"||Clear Channel|
|107.9||KQQK||Regional Mexican "107.9 El Norte"||Liberman Broadcasting-Houston|
Jack Brooks Regional Airport (BPT), located 9 miles (14 km) south of Beaumont's central business district, serves the region with regional jet flights nonstop to Dallas/Fort Worth Airport (DFW), Texas with this scheduled passenger service being operated by American Eagle on behalf of American Airlines. The Beaumont Municipal Airport (BMT) near the western city limit is available for general aviation travel.
The city operates the Beaumont Municipal Transit System, a citywide bus system called (BMT).
For a full list of people associated with Beaumont, Texas see: People from Beaumont, Texas
- Chip Ambres, minor league baseball player
- Kelly Asbury, film director, writer, illustrator and voice actor
- Melvin Baker, football player
- Jerry Ball, football player
- Vance Bedford, football coach
- Charlotte Beers, businesswoman and former Under Secretary of State
- James Brown, starting quarterback of the Texas Longhorns from 1994–97
- Ben Broussard, Major League Baseball first baseman
- Jay Bruce, Major League Baseball player
- Wayde Butler, football player
- James Byrd Jr., Murder victim. His death led to amendments to hate crime statutes.
- Tracy Byrd, country music artist. Grew up in Vidor
- Henry E. Chambers, Louisiana historian and educator; was a school principal in Beaumont from 1884 to 1885.
- Mark Chesnutt, country music artist; grew up in Nederland
- William Roy Cousins, Sr., state senator; between 1919 and 1935, he represented Beaumont for 2 of the 4 terms he served in the Texas State Senate.
- Wilfred Roy Cousins, Jr., served in the Texas House of Representative during the 49th Legislature and as a State Senator for the 50th & 51st Legislatures. He was instrumental in passing the Lamar College Bill and creating the Port Commission. He attended Beaumont High School, South Park Junior College, University of Texas and University of Texas Law School.
- Robert Crippen, astronaut
- Tiffany Derry, celebrity chef, Top Chef contestant and fan favorite winner
- Mel Farr, NFL player
- Miller Farr, NFL player
- Debra Jo Fondren, model and actress, lived in Beaumont
- Lew Ford, Major League Baseball player
- Herman Fontenot, NFL player
- Larry Graham, bass player for Sly and The Family Stone, who pioneered the "slapping" technique, founder and frontman of Graham Central Station
- Slade Ham, standup comedian and writer
- Detrick Hughes, poet, author
- Harry James, musician and bandleader
- Blind Willie Johnson, Baptist minister and seminal gospel/blues bottle-neck guitarist
- George Jones, country music artist; grew up in Vidor, Texas
- L.Q. Jones, actor, born in Beaumont
- Louie Kelcher, NFL player.
- Jerry LeVias, college and NFL football player, member of the College Football Hall of Fame.
- Bruce Lietzke, professional golfer
- Barbara Lynn, R&B music artist
- Bob Mann, political historian, columnist, head of the Department of Journalism at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge; born in Beaumont in 1958
- Masada, pro wrestler
- Christine Michael, Texas A&M running back
- Kevin Millar, Major League Baseball player
- Frank Middleton, retired NFL player
- Roger Mobley, child actor who was subsequently a police officer in Beaumont; since a resident of Little Rock, Arkansas
- Vamsi Mootha, Indian-American physician-scientist
- David Ozio, professional bowler who won 11 titles on the PBA Tour; now General Manager for the bowling division at Etonic Shoe Company
- Kendrick Perkins, NBA player
- Mark Petkovsek, retired Major League Baseball player
- Dade Phelan, Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives from District 21, effective January 2015, real estate developer born in Beaumont in 1975
- Bob Pollard, NFL player
- Kheeston Randall, football player
- Taylor Reed, football player
- J.P. Richardson, "The Big Bopper", DJ, rock & roll singer, killed with Buddy Holly and Ritchie Valens in plane crash in Iowa in 1959
- Allan Ritter, member of the Texas House of Representatives from Jefferson and Orange counties, born in Beaumont in 1954
- Frank Robinson, retired Major League Baseball Player and member of the Baseball Hall of Fame
- Kevin Russell, musician, born and raised in Beaumont
- Brian Sanches, Major League Baseball player; grew up in Nederland, TX
- Bubba Smith, actor and NFL football player
- Tom Tierney, noted paper doll artist, cartoonist, and painter
- Billy Tubbs, Basketball coach at Lamar University 1976-1980 & 2003-2006, Texas Christian University 1994-2002 and Oklahoma University 1980-1994, 1988 NCAA Final Four.
- Jason Tyner, Major League Baseball player
- Helen Vinson, film actress, who appeared in 40 films between 1932 and 1945.
- Clay Walker, country music artist; grew up in Vidor, Texas
- Ben Wells, defensive back for the Montreal Alouettes
- Edgar Winter, rock music artist, brother to Johnny Winter 
- Johnny Winter, blues and rock music artist, brother to Edgar Winter 
- Will Wynn, former mayor of Austin, Texas
- Mildred Ella ("Babe") Didrikson Zaharias, Olympic champion athlete and Hall of Fame pro golfer
- Gus Zernial, former Major League Baseball player
Beaumont has 8 buildings over 100 feet (30 m) tall, the tallest being the Edison Plaza, which is 254 feet (77 m) tall. The old Edson Hotel, built in 1928 is nearly the same height at 240 feet (73 m). One of the most prominent downtown buildings is the 15-story San Jacinto Building. Built in 1921, it sports one of the largest four faced clock towers in the nation, each dial being 17 feet (5.2 m) in diameter. In 1922 the 11-story Hotel Beaumont was built across the street from the San Jacinto. The Hotel Beaumont bears a resemblance to the old Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta. The second oil boom of 1925 brought more people and wealth to Beaumont, the same year the 12-story American National Bank Building (now Orleans Building), was erected, and in 1926 Forrest Goodhue built the 12-story Goodhue Building which included a penthouse. In 1928, the Edson Hotel was built. No other buildings were built until Century Tower in 1962 and in 1982 Edison Plaza was built. In 1994 the 12-story LaSalle Hotel, built in 1927, was demolished.
The Jefferson Theatre was built in 1927 by the Jefferson Amusement Company for $1 million and was Beaumont's showpiece for many years. In 1928 the City Hall and Auditorium was built. It is now the Julie Rogers Theater.
Beaumont's Jefferson County Courthouse is one of the tallest county courthouses in the state and is an excellent example of Art Deco architecture. Across the street from the Jack Brooks Federal Building is the Kyle Building, built in 1933. The storefront was recently restored and is considered to be one of the best examples of Zig-Zag architecture in Texas.
The Oaks Historic District has many restored historic homes.
- Beaumont's Sister City in Japan Beppu, Oita
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Beaumont, Texas.|
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- Beaumont, TX at City-Data.com
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- Oxford City F.C. Of Texas
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Beaumont (Texas)". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Beach, Chandler B., ed. (1914). "Beaumont, Texas". The New Student's Reference Work. Chicago: F. E. Compton and Co.