The monument to the dead, in Beaumont
|Intercommunality||Communauté de communes du Pays du Coquelicot|
|• Mayor (2001–2008)||Bernard Omiel|
|8.31 km2 (3.21 sq mi)|
|• Density||26/km2 (67/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||70–148 m (230–486 ft) |
(avg. 75 m or 246 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
During the First World War, Beaumont-Hamel was close to the front line, near many attacks, especially during the Battle of the Somme, one of the largest allied offensives of the war. By 1918 the village had been almost totally destroyed.
The banks of white chalk at Beaumont Hamel led to a sector of British trenches being nicknamed "White City". To the west of the village was Hawthorn Ridge Redoubt, one of the sites of the mines exploded on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. On 1 July 1916, the 29th Division assaulted the German front line in an attempt to capture the village as part of the Somme Offensive. Included in this Division was the Newfoundland Regiment. Newfoundland commemorates this event as Memorial Day on 1 July each year.
As there was heavy fighting in this area during the Great War, there are many cemeteries and monuments, among which:
- A number of British cemeteries (among which Beaumont-Hamel British Cemetery)
- Beaumont-Hamel Newfoundland Memorial. One of only two National Historic Sites of Canada outside Canada (the other being the Canadian National Vimy Memorial) and includes three British Cemeteries as well as the Scottish Monument.
- Hawthorn Ridge Crater
- "Populations légales 2017". INSEE. Retrieved 6 January 2020.
- Baker, John (June 5, 2014). "White City', located near Beaumont Hamel on the Somme, 1916. | British Army First World War". www.army.mod.uk. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
- Beaumont-Hamel British Cemetery on the CWGC website
- Beaumont-Hamel (Newfoundland) Memorial on the CWGC website
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Beaumont-Hamel.|