Beautifying Bird

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Beautifying Bird
Nay-naw-ong-gay-be, Na-naw-ong-ga-be, Ne-na-nang-eb, Nenaa'angebi
Nanongabe.jpg
Prairie Rice Lake Band, Lake Superior Chippewa leader
Succeeded by Wabashish
Personal details
Born 1794
Died 1855
Spouse(s) Niigi'o or Niguio
Children Sons "Wabashish" (John White), "Gishkitawag" (Joe White); Maggie White, ("Chingway"), "Poskin" (Mary Goose - Mrs. Andrew Tainter), "Minotagas", "Wabikwe", Aazhawigiizhigokwe (Mrs. Edward Dingley) and "Ashaweia" (Montanice (Montanis) Couvillion/Bracklin/Barker)

Chief Beautifying Bird or Dressing Bird (Nay-naw-ong-gay-be, Na-naw-ong-ga-be, or Ne-na-nang-eb (Nenaa'angebi in the Fiero orthography of Ojibwe), meaning "[Bird that] Fixes-up Its Wing-feathers"), (1794–1855) was a principal chief of the Prairie Rice Lake Band of the Lake Superior Chippewa, originally located near Rice Lake, Wisconsin. He served as the principal chief about the middle of the 19th century.

He was noted chiefly as an orator, and as the father of Ah-shah-way-gee-she-go-qua, known as the "Chippewa Princess." Nay-naw-ong-gay-be is described as having been of "less than medium height and size," and as having "intelligent features."

Family[edit]

Chief Nenaa'angebi was of the Nibiinaabe-doodem (Merman Clan), according to the Wisconsin Historical Society and the Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians. He was a twin son of Chief Ozaawindib, sometimes recorded as being of the Lac Courte Oreilles Band. Ozaawindib gave away the twin brother of Nenaa'angebi to the community of the Snake River sub-band of the Biitan-akiing-enabijig ("Border-sitters"), an Ojibwa-Dakota group, in order to make peace with them and to provide them with a hereditary chief. That son became known as Chief Shagobay/Shák'pí.

Chief Nenaa'angebi's wife was Niigi'o (recorded as "Niguio"). They also had sons Wabashish, or John White; and "Gishkitawag", aka Joe White; and daughters Chingway, or Maggie White; Poskin (Mary Goose - Mrs. Andrew Tainter); Minotagas; Wabikwe; Aazhawigiizhigokwe (Mrs. Edward Dingley); and Ashaweia (Montanice (Montanis) Couvillion/Bracklin/Barker).

Life[edit]

Chief Nenaa'angebi was a treaty signatory to the 1842 and 1854 Treaties of La Pointe. His Band was consolidated with Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians after the 1854 Treaty of La Pointe and assigned land to a common reservation. Before he could see the promises of the 1854 Treaty fulfilled, he died in 1855.

Chief Nenaa'angebi was buried near the high hill at Prairie Farm. The Wisconsin Historical Society installed a historic marker nearby to memorialize this site. The Society also honored him with a portrait of Chief Nenaa'angebi in its library in Madison, Wisconsin, according to a 1933 letter from the Society to his grandson, Thomas Jefferson Bracklin.

Legacy[edit]

"Wabashish", the eldest son, succeeded his father as Chief of the Prairie Rice Lake community of the Lac Courte Oreilles Band. However, shortly afterward, Shák'pí lead an ambush on the band. Chief Nenaa'angebi’s wife Niigi'o was seriously injured in this raid, and later died. Niigi'o was buried near the west bank of the Red Cedar River on the north end of Rice Lake, Wisconsin. Wisconsin Highway 48 was constructed a few feet away from the site. In defending her village during the ambush, Aazhawigiizhigokwe killed Shák'pí’s son, her own cousin.

Quotation[edit]

— Nay-naw-ong-gay-be, late summer of 1855, in reference to Treaty of La Pointe

References[edit]

  • Morse, Richard E. "The Chippewas of Lake Superior" in Wisconsin Historical Society Collections, v. III, pp. 338-344