Beauty and the Beast (Disney song)
|"Beauty and the Beast"|
|Single by Celine Dion and Peabo Bryson|
|from the album Beauty and the Beast: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack and Celine Dion|
|Format||CD single, cassette single, vinyl single|
Right Track Recording
(New York City, NY)
The Plant Recording Studios
"Beauty and the Beast" is a song written by lyricist Howard Ashman and composer Alan Menken for Walt Disney Pictures’ 30th animated feature film Beauty and the Beast (1991). The film's theme song, the Broadway and rock-inspired ballad was originally recorded by English actress Angela Lansbury as the voice of the character Mrs. Potts, and essentially conveys the relationship between main characters Belle and the Beast. The song was later recorded as a pop duet by Canadian singer Celine Dion and American singer Peabo Bryson, and released as the only single from the film's soundtrack album on November 16, 1991.
Despite her experience in film, theatre and music, Lansbury was initially hesitant to record "Beauty and the Beast" because she felt that it did not suit her singing voice well, but ultimately recorded it in one take. To further promote the film, Disney decided to release "Beauty and the Beast" as a single, and first recruited solely Dion to record a pop version of it. However, fearing that the relatively unknown Canadian singer would not draw a large enough audience in the United States, the studio subsequently hired Bryson to serve as her duet partner. Dion was also hesitant to sing the song at first because she had just recently been fired from recording the theme of An American Tail: Fievel Goes West. First heard during the film's end credits, the single was produced by Walter Afanasieff and additionally included on Dion's second English-language studio album. A music video, directed by Dominic Orlando, was also released.
Both the original and commercial versions of the song were successful. While Lansbury's performance was lauded by film critics and garnered both a Golden Globe and an Academy Award for Best Original Song, as well as a Grammy Award for Best Song Written for Visual Media, the Dion-Bryson version, which was awarded a Grammy Award for Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals while garnering a mixed reception, became an international success on the pop and adult contemporary charts, as well as one of Dion’s earliest hits in the United States when it peaked at number 9 on the Billboard Hot 100. In addition to allowing Disney songs to return to the pop charts after a thirty-year absence, the success of "Beauty and the Beast" also established Dion as a bankable recording artist during the 1990s.
Beauty and the Beast was one of the first animated films to use computer-generated imagery, which is featured prominently throughout the film's "ballroom sequence," during which Belle and the Beast dance to the film's title song. The scene has been extolled for both its visual appearance and innovative use of computer animation, which ultimately paved the way for the successful computer-animated films of Pixar Animation Studios, specifically Toy Story (1995). Considered to be one of Disney's best songs, "Beauty and the Beast" has since been covered by several artists, among them music group Jump 5, actress Paige O'Hara – who famously voices Belle in the film – singer Harry Belafonte, and singer Jordin Sparks. In 2004, the American Film Institute recognized "Beauty and the Beast" as one of the greatest songs in film history, ranking it at number 62.
- 1 Writing and recording
- 2 Context and "ballroom sequence"
- 3 Music and lyrics
- 4 Reception
- 5 Chart performance
- 6 Music video
- 7 Live performances
- 8 Covers and usage in media
- 9 Impact and legacy
- 10 Formats and track listings
- 11 Charts and certifications
- 12 See also
- 13 References
Writing and recording
"Beauty and the Beast" was written by lyricist Howard Ashman and composer Alan Menken in 1990. The songwriters had envisioned the song as "the height of simplicity," and specifically drew influence from Broadway music. Due to Ashman's failing health, pre-production of Beauty and the Beast was relocated to a hotel in Fishkill, New York near Ashman's residence to accommodate the lyricist; the majority of the film's music was written out of the hotel's conference room. Out of all the songs he has written throughout his career, Menken believes that he spent the most time composing "Beauty and the Beast". The song was first recorded by English actress Angela Lansbury, who provides the voice of the character Mrs. Potts, a teapot. Although a seasoned film and theatre performer who had previously done her own singing for Disney in the film Bedknobs and Broomsticks (1971), Lansbury, who was accustomed to performing more uptempo songs, was hesitant to record "Beauty and the Beast" because she was unfamiliar with the style in which it was written, which she considered rock music. Although she thought the song was "lovely," Lansbury also felt that her aging singing voice was not particularly strong enough to record "Beauty and the Beast", specifically expressing concern about sustaining its longer notes. Questioning the songwriters' choice in her, Lansbury suggested that they recruit someone else, to which they responded that she simply "sing the song the way [she] envisioned it."
On October 6, 1990, "Beauty and the Beast" was recorded in a studio in New York with a live orchestra because the songwriters preferred to record everyone together as opposed to having the singers and musicians record separately. However, on the day of Lansbury's recording session, the actress' flight was delayed due to a bomb threat, forcing an emergency landing in Las Vegas. Unaware of her whereabouts, the filmmakers had considered rescheduling the session until Lansbury finally telephoned the studio upon arriving safely in New York, reassuring them that she was on her way. At the behest of one of the directors, Lansbury recorded a demo of the song for them to use as back up in the event that no one else was available to sing it on her behalf, or no character other than Mrs. Potts was deemed suitable. Ultimately, Lansbury's version, which was recorded in one take, wound up being the one used included in the final film. Producer Don Hahn recalled that the actress simply "sang 'Beauty and the Beast' from beginning to end and just nailed it. We picked up a couple of lines here and there, but essentially that one take is what we used for the movie." Lansbury's performance moved everyone in the studio to tears; the actress explained that recording the song ultimately helped her gain perspective on the significance of Mrs. Potts' role in the film overall.
Ashman and Menken had intentionally written the song so that it could potentially "have a life outside" of Beauty and the Beast. "Beauty and the Beast" marked the first time that a Disney song would be arranged into a pop version of itself and played over its end credits. Menken referred to this feat as a "turning point" in his musical career because it was the first time that one of his songs was professionally re-arranged for such a purpose. Producer Walter Afanasieff was hired to produce the pop version of the track, while Robbie Buchanan arranged it. Afanasieff studied the unfinished version of the film inspiration; Menken explained that Afanasieff "molded it into something very different than I ever intended," appreciating the fact that the producer "made it his own." To the filmmakers' surprise, Beauty and the Beast received three separate Academy Award nominations for Best Original Song. Concerned that this would ultimately divide votes and result in a draw, Disney decided to promote the film's title song as opposed to its fellow nominees "Belle" and "Be Our Guest" by releasing "Beauty and the Beast" as a single. Because the studio was unable afford a "big singer" at the time, Disney recruited Canadian singer Celine Dion. Although Dion had amassed success throughout Canada, she was relatively unknown to the American audience at the time, thus the studio feared that she would fail to make much of an impact in the United States on her own and subsequently hired American singer Peabo Bryson, who was a more prominent artist at the time, to record the song alongside her as a duet.
Disney contacted Dion's manager René Angélil about having her record "Beauty and the Beast" while the singer was on tour England. Having enjoyed Dion's previous recordings, Menken personally wrote her a letter of approval. At first Dion was hesitant to commit due to prior unsuccessful experiences within the film industry; she had just recently been fired from the opportunity to sing "Dreams to Dream" from the animated film An American Tail: Fievel Goes West (1991) in favor of American singer Linda Ronstadt, the latter of whom had previously duetted with James Ingram on the the Grammy-winning theme to An American Tail (1986) entitled "Somewhere Out There". Ronstadt was producer Steven Spielberg's first choice, and only signed on to record "Dreams to Dream" after first hearing Dion sing it. Devastated after being abruptly removed from the project, it took some steady coaxing from Angélil to finally convince his client to record "Beauty and the Beast", by which she was eventually moved enough to perform after listening to Lansbury's performance. Born and raised in the French-speaking Canadian province of Quebec, Dion had just barely begun to learn English at the time. Meanwhile, Bryson became involved with the song via Walt Disney Records Senior Vice President Jay Landers, who was friends with Walt Disney Pictures President of Music Chris Montan. The Dion-Bryson version of "Beauty and the Beast" was released on November 16, 1991 as the only single from the film's soundtrack, on which it appears alongside Lansbury's original.
Context and "ballroom sequence"
The scene in Beauty and the Beast during which the song is heard, according to Mrs. Potts stage actress Beth Fowler, is "[Belle and the Beast are] dancing for the first time and I'm there with Chip in the cart and he doesn't understand what love is all about and I'm trying to tell him"; at the conclusion she sends Chip off to bed while the couple pursue their relationship on the balcony. It is believed to be the film's most romantic because it is "the moment in the film when Belle and the Beast establish their love for one another." Set in the ballroom of the Beast's castle, "Beauty and the Beast" is performed by Mrs. Potts, an enchanted teapot, midway through the film, referring to Belle and the Beast's love story as "a tale as old as time." Bill Gibron of PopMatters wrote that Mrs. Potts' "fragile voice ... sets the tone" as "our earnest heroine, Belle, begins to fall for her capture, the domineering and horrific Beast." Writing that the "Beast dresses his best to impress" Belle, Femalefirst believes that the song "represents the moment Beast decides he wants to tell Belle he is in love with her." According to Chris Lucas of Moviepilot, Mrs. Potts narrates "their hesitation and surprise at falling in love unexpectedly" while "Belle and Beast dance around the ballroom staring rapturously into each others eyes." The Chicago Tribune's Dave Kehr identified it as the scene in which they "first fall in love as they dance," while Entertainment Weekly 's Lisa Schwarzbaum referred to the scene as the "romantic ballroom centerpiece that brings Beauty and her Beast together." Writing for The Globe and Mail, Jennie Punter reviewed it as the scene in which "romance finally blossoms." Ellison Estefan of Estefan Films believes that "Beauty and the Beast" "adds another dimension to the characters as they continue to fall deeply in love with each other." Analyzing the significance of the scene, Steven D. Greydanus of Decent Films Guide observed, "The difficulty with which Belle and the Beast hesitantly slowly open up to one another ... does credit both to the emotional depths of the fairy tale and the strange mystery and magic of courtship." Explaining the song's purpose, director Kirk Wise described the scene as "the culmination of their relationship," while producer Don Han pegged it as "the bonding moment of the film when the two main characters finally get together." Considered "An early example" of "a pronounced use of height and of vertical movement in sets and settings, in virtual camera movement ... and in the actions of characters" by author Sheldon Hall of Epics, Spectacles and Blockbusters: A Hollywood History, Beauty and the Beast was one of the first feature-length animated films to employ computer-generated imagery, which is explored prominently throughout the film's "elaborate" ballroom sequence. According to Wise, the scene had long been envisioned as having "more of a live action feel" to it than the rest of the film, an idea that originated from story artists Brenda Chapman and Roger Allers, who were the first to suggest that a portion of the ballroom be built using computers. Light Science: Physics and the Visual Arts author Thomas D. Rossing believes that the filmmakers wanted to achieve "a moving perspective that would follow the dancers around the room, giving visual expression to the soaring emotions of the scene." CGI supervisor Jim Hillin was then personally hired by Hahn to design and oversee the graphics of the scene. However, because the computer-animated medium was so primitive and unfamiliar at the time, at one point the filmmakers had deliberated having Belle and the Beast simply dance in complete darkness except for a single spotlight had the project been unsuccessful. The filmmakers jokingly referred to this alternative plan as the "Ice Capades" version.
First rendered as a simple cube, the ballroom was "designed as a production set on a computer, becoming the first computer-generated color background that was both animated and fully dimensional." Unlike Disney's previous CGI experiments, Beauty and the Beast's ballroom was much more detailed and required animators to work "exclusively within a computer environment to digitally compose, animate and color the scene." According to Hillin, the use of computers allowed for theatrical lighting and "sweeping" perspectives, which ultimately introduced live-action techniques to animation. To make the scene a "special moment" for the characters, a "virtual camera" allowed the animators to create the illusion of tracking, panning and zooming that "establish[es] the mood and helps us to experience what the characters themselves are feeling." The camera first follows Belle and the Beast as they enter the ballroom before panning around the ballroom and finally refocusing on the characters. In his book Basics Animation 02: Digital Animation, author Andrew Chong wrote that "The sweeping camera move with a constantly shifting perspective during the ballroom sequence was a composition of traditionally drawn elements for the characters with digitally animated scenery." Several computer animators, layout artists, art directors and background artists combined their efforts to achieve the scene's end results; the ballroom's dimensions read, "72-foot ceilings, a length of 184 feet from door to door, and a width of 126 feet. There are 28 wall window sections around the room and a dome that is 86 feet by 61 feet," while "The mural in the dome was hand painted and then texture-mapped into the background with the help of a computer." Each element was carefully constructed individually. Timothy Wegner described the finished ballroom in his book Image Lab as "huge and elegant" in which "the walls are decorated with elaborate moldings, Corinthian columns, and hundreds of candles." Architectural designer Mehruss Jon Ahi and filmmaker Armen Karaoghlanian created a floorplan of the ballroom, which was published in the Daily Mail.
Writing for Combustible Celluloid, Jeffrey M. Anderson believes that "The animators understood that the new technology couldn't be used to represent organic beings, so they simply used it for backgrounds; i.e. the swirling, spinning ballroom during the 'Beauty and the Beast' dance number." Early on, Belle and the Beast were crudely represented by computer-animated "stand-ins" to choreograph their dance, described by Wise as "these box and egg sort of things," while the ballroom was little more than a "chicken wire" frame at the time. Andrew Osmond, author of 100 Animated Feature Films, described this crude version of the characters as "wire frames moving in staccato." Because Belle and the Beast are so "interconnected" during the scene, both characters were animated solely by Belle's supervising animator James Baxter; the Beast's supervising animator Glen Keane eventually traced over Baxter's work. Baxter first prepared himself by studying ballet dancers and taking lessons. At one point, both he and Keane plotted out their respective characters' routine themselves under the instruction of a dance coach. Throughout the scene and the entire film, Belle moves with a ballerina's turnout. Created by Pixar, a software named CAPS – Computer Animation Production System – allowed the animators to paint Belle and the Beast using computers as opposed to the more conventional method of painting characters by hand. According to Chong, CAPS "replaced many of the traditional roles. Rather than physical trace and paint, pencil animation on paper was scanned so that the lines could be 'inked' digitally. Color was then applied to the file rather than painted on a cel." Adhering to the room's blue and gold color palette, "Belle’s gold dress compliments the Beast’s gold trim on his attire and gold is also the primary color of the ballroom itself" while "The Beast wears royal blue, which match his eyes, the evening sky, the curtains that drape the columns in the ballroom, and even the tiles on the floor, which are integrated with gold," as observed by Interiors. Meanwhile, Julia Alexander of Movie Mezzanine wrote that "The elegance of their costumes against the background of a golden hall and a star filled sky adds to the whimsical romanticism of the movie." The entire sequence took several months to complete, much of which was spent syncing the traditionally animated couple with their computer-animated environment, which otherwise would have been virtually impossible had the filmmakers chosen a more traditional route. The Los Angeles Times film critic Charles Solomon observed that Belle is "liveliest and prettiest" when the character "waltzes with Beast in his marble ballroom." Armen Karaoghlanian of Interiors summarized the scene and cinematography in detail:
In their dance together, Belle familiarizes the Beast with the waltz and as soon he feels comfortable, he gracefully moves her across the floor. In this instance, Belle and the Beast move toward the camera, as we pan up and into the 3D chandelier. In the next shot, the camera slowly drops from the ceiling as we once again move alongside the 3D chandelier. This adds depth to the scene, as the chandelier is placed at the forefront of the image and Belle and the Beast are in the distance. This shot continues as we move down below and gracefully move around them. The Beast then sways Belle around and near the camera, once again providing us with an illusion that a camera is following these characters around in an actual ballroom. In a wide shot of Belle and the Beast dancing, the camera begins dollying back as Mrs. Potts and Chip appear in the frame. These beautiful compositions and camera movements show us how space functions within an animated feature film.—Armen Karaoghlanian of Interiors
Describing the scene as "an early experiment in computer animation," Josh Larsen of Larsen on Film observed that the ballroom sequence features "the camera swooping in and around to provide an expansive sense of space that 3-D still isn’t able to capture." In her book The Beautiful Ache, author Leigh McLeroy wrote that the scene represents "one of those strange moments where love creeps in against all odds and insists on staying put." Audiences tend to remember the ballroom sequence as "the one in which Belle and the Beast share a romantic dance as the camera files and spins around them." In Moviepilot's Chris Lucas' opinion, "The ballroom scene remains the one that truly symbolizes their adoration for each other."
Music and lyrics
According to the song's official sheet music published at Musicnotes.com by Walt Disney Music Publishing, the original film version of "Beauty and the Beast" performed by Angela Lansbury, which the website describes as a "Lyrically, moderately slow ballad" with Broadway influences, was written in the key of G-flat major at a tempo of 84 beats per minute, spanning two minutes and forty-six seconds in length. An "eloquent simpl[e]" rock-influenced pop song with a "calm," "sweet" and "lilting" melody, Stephen Whitty of NJ.com pegged "Beauty and the Beast" as a "Broadway ballad." Roger Ebert described the song's melody as "haunting," while Entertainment Weekly 's Lisa Schwarzbaum referred to it as a "lullaby" – "soulful and moving in a way that defies all cynicism." The Disney Song Encyclopedia author Thomas S. Hischak described Menken's melody as "flowing." BuzzFeed's Aylin Zafar received the song as "Tender and warm." Writing for the Chicago Tribune, Gene Siskel described Lansbury's voice, which spans two octaves from B♭3 to E♭5 on the recording, as "richly textured," performed in a "calm, motherly" tone. On the song's instrumentation, which was provided by a live orchestra, Spin writer Andrew Unterberger wrote that "Beauty and the Beast" features "big chord changes and with no shortage off (sic) woodwinds." While describing the song as "a lullaby crooned by a loving grandmother," GamesRadar similarly observed that "Beauty and the Beast" features a key change during which "the music swells, and then the orchestra subsides to leave just trembling violins." Describing the ballad as "soaring," TV Guide compared "Beauty and the Beast" to "Shall We Dance" from the musical The King and I.
29 lines long, "Beauty and the Beast" is a love song about "about going from friends to something more." The film's theme song, its lyrics essentially "capture the essence of the film" by describing the relationship between the film's two main characters Belle and the Beast, and specifically addresses ways in which the two have managed to change each other for the better. According to Jake Cole of Not Just Movies, the first stanza begins "in earnest, and the subtlety of it has the ironic effect of being overpowering." Beginning with Lansbury singing the lyrics "Tale as old as time, true as it can be," JoBlo.com wrote that the song "offers a sure sign of romance between the Beauty and her Beast." R.L. Shaffer of IGN identified "Beauty and the Beast" as a "tear-jerking poetic ballad." Meanwhile, Songfacts believes that "The message of the song is that a couple can be 'as old as time' no matter how different they are." According to Chris Lucas of Moviepilot, Ashman's lyrics describe the couple's "hesitation and surprise at falling in love unexpectedly," while author Thomas S. Hischak wrote in The Disney Song Encyclopedia that the song's "simple but affecting" lyrics are "about how two tentative hearts are united in love." Featuring the lyrics "Barely even friends, then somebody bends, unexpectedly," Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune believes that the song "makes the case for all lovers to look past their partners' faults and into their hearts," while Cole believes that "Ashman goes for the truth ... we don't know we're in love until we spend time with someone and unforced adjustments make the pieces fall into place." The Emperor's Old Groove: Decolonizing Disney's Magic Kingdom author Brenda Ayres cited the song as an "[indicator] that a reciprocal power relationship has developed between Belle and the Beast...confirm[ing] 'his transformation, her legitimacy, and their powerful unity." According to the lyricist's official website, "Beauty and the Beast" summarizes the way in which "Belle tames the beast and finds the happy ending she has dreamed about." The Meanings of "Beauty and the Beast": A Handbook author Jerry Griswold believes that the song's opening lyrics "tale as old as time" allude to the fact that Belle's story is an ancient, timeless one "deliberately situated within the context of other traditional tales;" hers is simply "the newest incarnation" of it. According to Griswold, the song essentially suggests that the fairy tale continues to be constantly "told and retold."
Transposed to the higher key of F major at a "moderately slow" tempo of 72 beats per minute, the Dion-Bryson version of "Beauty and the Beast" is, according to Filmtracks.com, a "conservatively-rendered pop song." According to Molly Lambert of Grantland, the track is "a sweeping downtempo ... ballad" that evokes the "early ’90s gossamer high-tech style." According to the Chicago Tribune's Brad Webber, Dion and Bryson's vocals are "resonant and multiflavored." The song's "jazzy" instrumentation relies on heavy drums that contrast with the rest of the soundtrack. In this arrangement, the lyrics "Tale as old as time" are preceded by Dion singing "Ooh." Longer than the original, the pop version lasts four minutes and three seconds.
The original film version of "Beauty and the Beast" performed by Lansbury has garnered widespread acclaim from both film and music critics alike. Janet Maslin of The New York Times praised "Beauty and the Beast", describing it as "a glorious ballad" while dubbing it Ashman and Menken's "biggest triumph." Beliefnet called the song "stirring," while Hal Hinson of The Washington Post considers it to be among the film's best. Roger Moore of the Chicago Tribune referred to "Beauty and the Beast" as a song that "can move you to tears," while James Berardinelli of ReelViews called it "memorable." Anthony Quinn of The Independent highlighted "Beauty and the Beast" as the film's best song. Quinn went on to praise Lansbury's performance, describing it as "magnificently sung," while the Deseret News ' Chris Hicks called the song "beautiful." Simon Brew of Den of Geek specifically praised the lyrics "bittersweet and strange, finding you can change," while describing the song as "superb." Lansbury's vocals have also been singled out for praise. Slant Magazine 's Jaime N. Christley wrote that Lansbury "delivers the film's title tune, gooey treacle that it is, like nobody's business." Describing the song as "beautiful," the Chicago Tribune 's Gene Siskel wrote that "Beauty and the Beast" is "performed poignantly by the richly textured voice of Angela Lansbury." Similarly, PopMatters' Bill Gibron penned, "the moment Angela Lansbury’s trite teapot steps up to sing the title song, all dry eye bets are off." The New York Post 's Lou Lumenick wrote that "Beauty and the Beast" was "unforgettably delivered by Angela Lansbury." Aylin Zafar of BuzzFeed believes that Lansbury's version is superior to the single, penning, "Though the commercial pop version of 'Beauty and the Beast,' sung by Celine Dion and Peabo Bryson, is great, the film version — performed by Angela Lansbury as Mrs. Potts — is even better. Tender and warm ... it tugs at all the right heartstrings to get your eyes a little misty." Entertainment Weekly's Darren Franich preferred "Be Our Guest" and "Belle" to "Beauty and the Beast".
|“||By far the songwriters' biggest triumph is the title song, which becomes even more impressive in view of the not-very-promising assignment to create a 'Beauty and the Beast theme song. But the result is a glorious ballad, one that is performed in two versions, as both a top-40 style duet heard over the closing credits and a sweet, lilting solo sung by Ms. Lansbury during the film's most meltingly lovely scene. For the latter, which also shows off the film's dynamic use of computer-generated animation, the viewer would be well advised to bring a hanky.||”|
Critical reception towards the Dion-Bryson single has been mixed. Filmtracks.com wrote that Dion's performance "made many fans wish that she had been given it as a solo." Arion Berger of Entertainment Weekly praised Dion's vocals, describing "Beauty and the Beast" as "a perfect showcase for what she's best at." Describing the duet as "extremely effective," Sputnikmusic's Irving Tan extolled their rendition, writing, "As the entirety of the film's poignancy is hinged on the chemistry between Bryson and Dion, having the pair pull their assignment off beautifully is ultimately a fantastic conclusion to events." Jeff Benjamin of Fuse described the song as "a fantastic duet." On the contrary, the Chicago Tribune's Brad Webber disliked the song, panning it as a "sickly sweet, by-the-book ... standard" that "belie[s] [Dion's] talent" by exhibiting "forcefully resonant and multiflavored vocals." Critics tended to prefer Lansbury's rendition; while lauding the film version, Spin 's Andrew Unterberger panned the single as "unbearably cloying." Similarly, Kristian Lin of Fort Worth Weekly panned the pop version while praising Lansbury's performance, advising audience members to "Clear out of the theater before Celine Dion and Peabo Bryson butcher the title song over the end credits," while Consequence of Sound's Dan Caffrey felt that "It’s a shame that the most globally known version of 'Beauty and the Beast' is the one sang by Celine Dion and Peabo Bryson as opposed to the one sung by" Lansbury. The Star's Michael Cheang dismissed the single as "over-wrought," writing that Lansbury's "rendition blows" it "out of the castle."
The "ballroom sequence" during which Belle and the Beast dance to "Beauty and the Beast" has been widely acclaimed for its use of CGI, with Lisa Schwarzbaum of Entertainment Weekly dubbing it the film's "centerpiece." Writing for The Seattle Times, Candice Russel cited the scene as an "irresistible highlight," while The Globe and Mail 's Jennie Punter described it as "glorious." David Parkinson of Radio Times wrote that the film's use of computer animation is "seen to best advantage during the ballroom ... sequences." The Chicago Tribune's Dave Kehr praised both layout artist Lisa Keene and computer animator Jim Hillin's work on the sequence, writing, "The single most impressive setting in the film ... yields dazzlingly deep and precise perspectives." When the film was re-released in 3D in January 2012, Annlee Ellingson of Paste appreciated the scene's treatment, calling it "positively vertiginous." Mike Scott of The Times-Picayune extolled it as a "gorgeous, and memorable" scene that "still stands out as one of the film's more dazzling." Also receptive, Joanna Berry of The National wrote that "the ballroom sequence now seems to sparkle even more." At the time many non-Disney animators were "stunned" and "marveled" at the studio "pushing the envelope", however in truth some animators at Disney considered the scene "a miserable failure" as "in one swoop, it took the audience out of the moment and showed off the technology". This hybrid of 2D and 3D would later come to be known as "tradigital animation" by DreamWorks executive Jeffrey Katzenberg, however as opposed to later films like Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron (2002), in this case "the 3-D ballroom sequence in Beauty and the Beast sticks out from the rest of the movie." Nevertheless, he has deemed the ballroom sequence as Beauty and the Beast's "wowie moment"; the part of the film where "you see what's on the screen and go, `Wow-IEE'". While Boxoffice 's Todd Gilchrist's response towards the film's 3D transformation was mixed, the critic admitted that "the times when the animators use computer animation to render the backgrounds" such as during "the dance sequence between Belle and Beast ... are effective, immersive and maybe even memorable." On the contrary, Chris Hicks of the Deseret News felt that "Today, the ballroom sequence no longer feels fresh and new after so many recent computer-animated 3-D efforts, but that doesn't diminish the power of its gorgeous design." Although James Berardinelli of ReelViews had originally reviewed the sequence as "the best scene in the movie" because the camera is "frequently on the move, soaring and zooming as it circles characters and imitates tracking shots," he felt that the 3D conversion "diminishes the romance and emotion of the ballroom dance."
Awards and recognition
"Beauty and the Beast" has won several awards. The song won the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song at the 49th Golden Globe Awards in January 1992. The following March, "Beauty and the Beast" won the Academy Award for Best Original Song at the 64th Academy Awards. The award was posthumous in Ashman's case, who died of AIDS on March 14, 1991, eight months before the film's release. Menken acknowledged Ashman in his acceptance speech, thanking Lansbury, Dion, Bryson, and Afanasieff for their musical contributions. Representing Ashman was his long-time domestic partner, William "Bill" Lauch, who accepted the award. The following year, "Beauty and the Beast" garnered two wins out of eight nominations at the 35th Grammy Awards, one for Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or Television, the other for Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group With Vocals. Additionally, the song was nominated for Record of the Year and Song of the Year, but lost both to Eric Clapton's "Tears in Heaven". An instrumental version arranged and conducted by Richard S. Kaufman won the 1993 Grammy for Best Pop Instrumental Performance. This rendition was performed by the Nurenberg Symphony Orchestra for the album Symphonic Hollywood, under the record company Varese Sarabande. The James Galway instrumental movie version performed by The Galway Pops Orchestra and featured on the album Galway at the Movies was nominated in 1994 for the Best Pop Instrumental Performance Grammy. In Canada, "Beauty and the Beast" won a Juno Award for Single of the Year, beating Dion's own "If You Asked Me To". In 1993, "Beauty and the Beast" also won an ASCAP Film and Television Music Award and ASCAP Pop Award for most performed song in the United States.
The American Film Institute ranked "Beauty and the Beast" 62nd on the organization's list of the 100 greatest songs in film history. "Beauty and the Beast" is the third of only four songs from animated Disney films to have been included on the list. When BuzzFeed organized "The Definitive Ranking Of The 102 Best Animated Disney Songs" list, "Beauty and the Beast" was placed at number four, while the same website ranked the ballad Disney's fifth greatest love song. Similarly, "Beauty and the Beast" is the fourth greatest Disney song according to M. "Beauty and the Beast" finished 14th on GamesRadar's "30 best Disney songs in history" ranking. On the website's list of the "Top 25 Disney Songs", IGN ranked "Beauty and the Beast" 22nd. While Broadway.com ranked the song the second greatest Academy Award-winning Disney song, Spin placed "Beauty and the Beast" at number 30 on the magazine's ranking of "Every Oscar Winner for Best Original Song". On her list of the "11 Highest-Charting Songs From Disney Movies", author Nicole James of Fuse wrote that the Dion-Bryson version "cracked the Top 10, going to No. 9 on the charts (but No. 1 in our hearts)." The same website included the pop version on its "Top 20 Disney Songs by Pop Stars" list. Awarding the Dion-Bryson version an 'A' grade, Grantland ranked the song second in its article "Counting Down the Top 10 in … KIDS MUSIC!".
Total Film ranked the scene ninth on its list of the "50 Greatest Disney Movie Moments". In Den of Geek's article "Top 12 most memorable dance scenes in films", the ballroom sequence was ranked fifth. GamesRadar also included the scene on the website's "50 Greatest Movie Dance Sequences", with author Kim Sheehan lauding it as "more moving and romantic than most live-action dances." Oh No They Didn't ranked the song 2nd in its The Top 25 Disney Songs of All Time article, writing of its "vintage feel...brimming with life and originality", the "surprising effectiveness" of Lansbury's performance, and the "captivating on-screen animation". The song was listed 8th is Metro's article Ranked – the top 20 Disney songs ever, with writer Duncan Lindsay commenting "...this dance sequence with Angela Lansbury’s gorgeous tones was one of Disney’s most romantic. What a song."
"Beauty and the Beast" performed considerably well on charts around the world. The song became Dion's second single to land within the top-10 of the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at number nine. The song peaked at number three on the Billboard Hot Adult Contemporary chart. In Canada, "Beauty and the Beast" peaked at number two. Outside of North America, the song peaked within the top ten in New Zealand and the United Kingdom, while peaking within the top twenty in Australia, Netherlands and Ireland. The song sold over a million copies worldwide.
Directed by Dominic Orlando, and follows a simple format. It begins with a closeup of Dion performing the song's opening lines "Tale as old as time/True as it can be" in a large room that resembles a recording studio. Bryson soon enters the room to join Dion, completing song's first verse. Closeups and wideshots of the two singers are infused with scenes from the movie, which are simultaneously being played overhead on a large screen. A large orchestra surrounds Bryson and Dion as they perform their respective roles, alternating between verse and chorus, melody and harmony, until the song ends and the music video fades out. The video was included in the Platinum Edition and in the Diamond Edition of the film of the same name.
At the 1992 Oscars, Angela Lansbury, Celine Dion, and Peabo Bryson sang a composite of both versions from the film, backed by dancers dressed as Belle and the Beast. Celine and Peabo also duetted at the Grammys, World Music Awards, AMA's, the Wogan show, The Tonight Show, and Top of the Pops later that year. The duo reunited in 1996 to perform the song for the television special Oprah in Disneyland. Each of the 3 respective artists have performed the song in concerts later in their careers, outside the context of Disney's Beauty and the Beast. For example, Lansbury sang it at the 2002 Christmas concert with Mormon Tabernacle Choir. Similarly, Dion and Bryson duetted at the JT Super Producers 94 tribute concert to David Foster, and as part of Dion's 1994-5 The Colour of My Love Tour, though they have also often sung with different duet partners. Dion has sung with Tommy Körberg, Brian McKnight, Terry Bradford, Maurice Davis, Barnev Valsaint, and Rene Froger among others; Peabo has sung with Coko and Regine Velasquez.
Paige O'Hara performed the song during original promotion of the film and the 2009 NFFC, and as part of a Beauty and the Beast medley the 2011 D23 Expo She also released a cover on her album Dream With Me. Jodie Benson performed it as part of a medley at Tow It is Elsa voice actor Idina Menzel's favourite Disney song because when she was a wedding singer, it was a common request and it sparked her desire to be in a Disney film.
Covers and usage in media
In 1993, jazz singer Chris Connor covered "Beauty and the Beast" for her album My Funny Valentine. In 1998, actress Paige O'Hara, who voices Belle in the film, recorded a version of "Beauty and the Beast" for her album Dream with Me. This marked the first time O'Hara had ever recorded the song, although she has covered it live several times. Billboard reviewed O'Hara's performance positively, writing that the actress provides each song with "the right youthful and gentle touch." In 2000, singer Kenny Loggins covered the song on his children's music album More Songs from Pooh Corner. In 2002, music group Jump5 covered "Beauty and the Beast" for the Walt Disney Records compilation album Disneymania; a music video was released later that year and included as a bonus feature on the film's Platinum Edition DVD re-release, Beauty and the Beast: Special Edition. Belonging to a segment known as "Chip’s Fun and Games - For the Young at Heart", the music video features the group performing their "bouncy" teen pop rendition of the song interpolated with scenes from the film. Lauren Duca of The Huffington Post described the group's uptempo cover as "ridiculously '90s pop." Meanwhile, pop duo H & Claire released a cover of the song in a double-A single with All Out of Love to coincide with the 2002 re-release of the film. UKMix said "unfortunately it doesn't compare to the classic" while The Guardian called it "boring".
Diamond Rio covered the song on The Best of Country Sing the Best of Disney (1996). In addition, the song was covered by Italian Eurobeat singer Domino on Eurobeat Disney (2010), by New Zealand operatic pop group Sole Mio on We Love Disney (2014), and by Disney pop artists on the album Radio Disney's Pop Dreamers (2002). To support the film's Diamond Edition DVD/Blu-ray re-release, in 2010 American singer Jordin Sparks recorded an R&B version of "Beauty and the Beast", which was released on iTunes in September. A music video directed by Philip Andelman was included on the re-release as a bonus feature, part of the disc's "Music and More" segment. The video depicts Sparks performing "Beauty and the Beast" in a castle. In 2011, Sparks performed her rendition of the song live at the 30th anniversary of the televised Independence Day concert "A Capitol Fourth". The cover is believed to have initiated the singer's gradual transition from music to film. In 2014, actors Clare Bowen and Sam Palladio covered "Beauty and the Beast" for the television special Backstage with Disney on Broadway: Celebrating 20 Years, which documents the creation of eight of Disney's Broadway musicals. Both known for their roles on the television musical drama Nashville, Bowen, a fan of the film, arranged the cover herself to satisfy the documentary's producers, who "were looking for performers who could offer unexpected interpretations of the [musicals'] familiar tunes." Hilary Lewis of The Hollywood Reporter observed that Bowen and Palladio's rendition "is more stripped down" than the stage, Lansbury and Dion-Bryson versions.
The song appears in the Broadway musical adaptation of the film, which premiered in 1994. Originally covered live by American actress Beth Fowler as Mrs. Potts, "Beauty and the Beast" was included on the Original Broadway Cast Recording of the musical, again performed by Fowler. While critical reception towards the musical ranged from negative to mixed, John Simon of New York commended Fowler for "manag[ing] to heat up and brighten [her] material."
The film and Dion-Bryson versions have been placed onto the various compilation albums including: The Music of Disney: A Legacy in Song, Disney's Superstar Hits, Ultimate Disney Princess, Classic Disney: 60 Years of Musical Magic, Now That's What I Call Disney, The Best Disney Album in the World ...Ever!, and Super Hits. It has been included in the Disney Theatrical show On The Record as part of a mash-up with Something There. It was placed into Disney Magic, Disney's Fantillusion and Light Magic. Garou & Camille Lou, and Charles Aznavour & Liane Foly,
In the realm of talent television shows, the song have been covered on The Voice Australia by contestants Sabrina and Lionel and on The Voice China by Xu Haixing and Xu Bin. The work tape and demo were featured in The Music Behind the Magic, the Jump5 version was placed onto The Very Best of Jump5, and the Jordin Sparks version was put onto the 2002 re-release of Beauty and the Beast soundtrack.
In 1998, a version of the song, called "Beauty and the Bees", was made for the 3D movie It's Tough to be a Bug!'s queue at Disney's Animal Kingdom and Disney California Adventure Park. The song, written by Bruce Broughton and George Wilkins, was released on the album The Legacy Collection: Disneyland.
Impact and legacy
The popularity of "Beauty and the Beast" is believed to have been partially responsible for the overall success of the film. Andrew Unterberger of Spin believes that the song "set the template for the quivering love theme in ’90s Disney movies," while Disney.com ranks it among "The Most Romantic Disney Songs". "Beauty and the Beast" was the first song from a Disney film to undergo a complete pop transformation for commercial purposes. After the success of Disney's The Little Mermaid revived the Disney musical in 1989, Gary Trust of Billboard determined that "Once Beauty and the Beast followed in 1991, with Celine Dion and Peabo Bryson taking its theme into the Billboard Hot 100's top 10, Disney was dominating charts like never before." Notably, the single ended a thirty year-long absence of Disney chart hits between the 1960s and 1990s, and inspired several hit singles to follow since then; popular recording artists such as Elton John, Vanessa Williams, Michael Bolton, Christina Aguilera, and Phil Collins each experienced varying degrees of success with pop renditions of Disney songs throughout the decade. Writing for Sputnikmusic, Irving Tan wrote that "Although the number's 1992 Academy Award for Best Original Song is something of an old chestnut at this point, it still bears some worth repeating - mainly as it is very likely the most famous of all the feature theme songs ever commissioned by Walt Disney Studios." Roger Moore of The Chicago Tribune said that "it has always seemed as if the glorious and poignant title song was [Ashman's] farewell to love and life and imagination".
Bill Gibron of PopMatters believes that the song "proved that the pen and ink designs that drove the company for nearly 80 years could transcend the genre and turn into something seminal ... something special ... something sensational." The ballroom sequence in particular is held in high regard as "the much-touted achievement of early '90s Disney." Famous for its "seamless combination of volumetric depth ... and gracefully waltzing animated characters," the song's ballroom sequence is now regarded by film critics as a classic, iconic moment in animation history. Gaye Birch of Den of Geek described the scene as "a landmark ... for Disney" beause "The sweeping camera and changing perspectives, accomplished through CGI, were visually impressive in a way we hadn't experienced in a Disney movie before then and make it a very memorable sequence for animation." According to IGN, the sequence remains Beauty and the Beast's "most recognizable scene," while Rick DeMott of Animation World Network referred to it as "groundbreaking." Huw Evans of Bournemouth University argued that the scene is "quite possibly the best piece of animation done on any feature film" and "arguably the best use of mixed animation methods in any Disney feature animation." Film4 believes that the scene "introduced audiences to the potential of computer animation." On the sequence's pioneering use of CGI, Annie Ellingson of Paste wrote that Beauty and the Beast was "innovative at the time for compositing hand-drawn characters on a computer-generated backdrop to enable dramatic sweeping camera moves." Similarly, Empire 's Helen O'Hara believes that the scene "paved the way for the new digital style of animation." Mike Scott of The Times-Picayune holds it responsible for the success of the computer-animated films of Pixar Animation Studios. Scott elaborated, "when 'Beauty & the Beast' was first released in 1991, Pixar Animation Studios was still just a small-potatoes, mostly experimental upstart," continuing, "the warm reaction to that single scene would serve as a major springboard for the computer-animation industry -- and a major blow to hand-drawn animation." Scott concluded, "Just eight (sic) years later, Pixar introduced a historic film of its own, the computer-animated, feature-length Toy Story. Game changed, just like that." In his 1995 review of Toy Story, film critic Roger Ebert encouraged audiences to revisit Beauty and the Beast's ballroom sequence to better understand the latter film's technological achievements. Moving Innovation: A History of Computer Animation author Tom Sito wrote that it "made many skeptics in Hollywood begin to look at CG seriously," inspiring studio executives, who were originally "hostile to the idea of computers," to further pursue the new art form. Additionally, the scene is also held in high regard as a dance sequence. The Houston Press' Adam Castaneda extolled it as "one of the finest dance sequences in the history of film," while ASIFA-Hollywood pegged it as "game-changing" in its "use of movement in contemporary animation."
The album Beauty and the Beast: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack remains best remembered for spawning the Dion-Bryson single. Prior to the release of "Beauty and the Beast", Dion's fame had been mostly limited to her native Canada. The song is believed to have introduced Dion to the United States market, ultimately establishing the singer as an international recording artist during the 1990s. Before recording "Beauty and the Beast", Dion had been involved with the animated film An American Tail: Fievel Goes West and was slated to record its theme song "Dreams to Dream", from which she was eventually fired in favor of singer Linda Ronstadt. Both released the same year, the success of Dion's "Beauty and the Beast" ultimately wound up eclipsing the success of Ronstadt's song. Writing for Entertainment Weekly, Darren Franich observed that "Dion was very young and had basically just learned English" at the time, joking, "hiring her to sing 'Beauty and the Beast' in 1991 is the equivalent of investing heavy in Google in, well, 1991." Biography.com refers to "Beauty and the Beast" as Dion's "real breakthrough into pop music stardom." According to Lifetime, the song "cemented her international success," while People wrote that the singer went "global with her 1992 duet with Peabo Bryson." The commercial performance of "Beauty and the Beast" ultimately earned Dion a $10 million five-album recording contract with Sony Music International; "Beauty and the Beast" was subsequently included on Dion's 1992 self-titled album. American musician Prince was so moved by Dion's performance on "Beauty and the Beast" that he wrote a song for her to include on the album, entitled "With This Tear". Only her second English album, Celine Dion went on to become the singer's first gold album, having sold over 12 million copies internationally. According to Filmtracks.com, "Beauty and the Beast" offered "a glimpse at a forthcoming mega-movie song presence for Celine Dion," who has since gone on to record the theme songs of several blockbuster films, notably "When I Fall in Love" from Sleepless in Seattle (1993), "Because You Loved Me" from Up Close & Personal (1996) and, most famously, "My Heart Will Go On" from Titanic (1997). "Beauty and the Beast" has since been included on several of Dion's greatest hits albums. The singer has since returned to Disney as a special guest to host segments on certain Beauty and the Beast re-releases.
In 2005, actress, singer and Disney Legend Julie Andrews included Lansbury's rendition of "Beauty and the Beast" on her album Julie Andrews Selects Her Favorite Disney Songs, although she does not cover the song herself; the album is simply a compilation of Andrews' favourite Disney songs. Celine Dion has noted the cultural impact of her performance by citing "cute" situations where "little kids who didn't know my name would say 'good bye Beauty and the Beast'". Similarly Angela Lansbury, who had previous played many "despicable" characters throughout her Broadway career, noted that in the aftermath of her film role as Mrs Potts, children no longer hid behind their parents in fear when around her, and instead treated her like a heroine. Meanwhile, producer Walter Afanasieff would go on to produce several singles for Disney soundtracks, including "A Whole New World" from Aladdin (1992) and "Go the Distance" from Hercules (1997). The song "launched Peabo Bryson into mainstream status"; notably he returned Disney to sing the theme song for their next animated film Aladdin ("A Whole New World") with Regina Belle, and Beauty and the Beast's 1997 sequel The Enchanted Christmas ("As Long as There's Christmas") with Roberta Flack. In 2004, Bryson was forced by the International Revenue Service (IRS) to auction off several of his possessions in order to help pay the singer's $1.2 million tax dept, among the items his two sole Grammy Awards for "Beauty and the Beast" and "A Whole New World". While "A Whole New World"'s Grammy was purchased by a family friend and gifted back to the singer, Bryson's trophy for "Beauty and the Beast" was ultimately sold to a stranger for $15, 500.
The song So Close from the 2007 Disney film Enchanted was "deliberately meant to evoke" Beauty and the Beast; director Kevin Lima planned to recreate the famous camera movement live. This led to the writers adding a dance break into the movie. The New York Times wrote that the melody of The Swan Princess' "Far Longer Than Forever" (1994) "echoes the first five notes of 'Beauty and the Beast'". 
The pilot episode of the animated TV series The Critic featured a minute-long "musical lampoon" of the Beauty and the Beast ballroom sequence and song entitled "Beauty and King Dork", written and composed by The Simpsons writer Jeff Martin. In the context of the episode, the unappealing protagonist Jay Sherman falls in love with a beautiful actress named Valerie, and this song is performed as they dance in his apartment where they are serenaded by a sentient vacuum cleaner and singing toilet. AnimatedViews deemed it "a spot-on rendition" due to its use of singing furniture and "lavish" CGI-animated backgrounds. Hollywood.com listed it in its article The Best Parodies of Disney Songs from Cartoons, writing " It’s a quick one, but the inclusion of singing dust busters, a Mork and Mindy reference, and Jay Sherman’s attempts to cover up the embarrassing lyrics make for one of the best gags on the list." It was TelevisionWithoutPity's "favorite musical number" from the series. Slant Magazine saw it as a "gut-busting parody". CantStopTheMovies said the "nice scene" was "a bit crass" due to the singing toilet, yet had mostly "pretty great" lyrics.
In a duet with Jimmy Fallon, American singer Ariana Grande impersonated Dion while performing "Beauty and the Beast" live on the comedian's late-night talk show in 2015. M Magazine deemed it "amazing", while 2DayFM said "the singing is so good it gave me goosebumps". SugarScape deemed it "pretty hilarious and surprisingly pretty much spot on". Billboard said the duo "put their own spin" on the song, and that she "nailed her Celine impression". NineMSN called it a "pitch-perfect rendition", while Access Hollywood said she belted out the song like a diva.
The ballroom sequence was parodied in an episode of Family Guy.
Formats and track listings
- 3", 7", 12", cassette, CD single (World)
- "Beauty and the Beast" – 3:57
- "The Beast Lets Belle Go" (Instrumental) – 2:19
- CD maxi single (Canada)
- "Beauty and the Beast" – 3:57
- "The Beast Lets Belle Go" (Instrumental) – 2:19
- "Des mots qui sonnent" – 3:56
- "Délivre-moi" (Live) – 4:19
- Promotional CD single (US)
- "Beauty and the Beast" (Radio Edit) – 3:30
Charts and certifications
Certifications and sales
- "Bomb Threat Forces Jet to Land in Las Vegas". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. October 6, 1990. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
- Greenberger, Robert (October 2, 2010). "Alan Menken Revisits ‘Beauty & The Beast’". ComicMix. Retrieved April 24, 2015.
- Tan, Corrie (March 24, 2015). "Alan Menken: Q&A with the music maestro behind Disney's Beauty And The Beast". The Straight Times. Singapore Press Holdings Ltd. Retrieved May 24, 2015.
- Young, John (February 22, 2012). "Oscars 1992: Producer Don Hahn on how 'Beauty and the Beast' changed animation". Entertainment Weekly. Entertainment Weekly Inc. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- Hischak, Thomas S. (2011). Disney Voice Actors: A Biographical Dictionary. United States: McFarland. pp. 121–122. ISBN 9780786486946.
- Brent, Dodge (2010). From Screen to Theme: A Guide to Disney Animated Film References Found Throughout the Walt Disney World(r) Resort. United States: Dog Ear Publishing. p. 139. ISBN 9781608444083.
- Gostin, Nicki (January 11, 2012). "Angela Lansbury Revisits Disney Classic 'Beauty And The Beast'". The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, Inc. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
- "Toledo Blade". Toledo Blade. November 29, 1991. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
- Flinner, Amanda (June 27, 2014). "Part of Their World: The Stories and Songs of 13 Disney Princesses". Songfacts. Songfacts, LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
- Sands, Jez (October 25, 2010). "Beauty And The Beast: Paige O’Hara Interview". On the Box. OntheBox.com. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
- "Top 25 Disney Songs". IGN. August 9, 2013. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
- Hill, Jim (September 1, 2010). ""Tale as Old as Time" may make you fall in love with Disney's "Beauty and the Beast" all over again". Jim Hill Media. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
- Solomon, Charles (2010). Tale as Old as Time: The Art and Making of Beauty and the Beast. United States: Disney Editions. ISBN 978-1423124818.
- Galindo, Brian (July 15, 2013). "30 Things You Might Not Know About "Beauty And The Beast"". BuzzFeed. BuzzFeed Inc. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
- "10 Beauty and the Beast Facts We Bet You Don’t Know". The List Love. The List Love. October 28, 2014. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
- Conradt, Stacy. "15 Things You Might Not Know About 'Beauty and the Beast'". Mental Floss. Mental Floss, Inc. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
- Champion, Lindsay (March 1, 2014). "From 'A Whole New World' to 'Zip-a-Dee-Doo-Dah': We Rank Every Oscar-Winning Disney Song!". Broadway.com. BROADWAY.COM. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
- "Beauty & Beast". The Toledo Blade. November 29, 1991. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
- "Beauty and the Beast Facts". Magical Kingdoms. Magical Kingdoms. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
- "Stephen Schwartz and Alan Menken Interview – ENCHANTED". Collider.
- "A Voice and a Dream". google.com.au.
- Lammers, Tim (October 5, 2010). "Menken Still Enchanted By Beauty Of 'Beast'". Internet Broadcasting. Internet Broadcasting. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- Beaunoyer, Jean (2004). René Angelil: The Making of Céline Dion: The Unauthorized Biography. United States: Dundurn. pp. 254–259. ISBN 9781459714779.
- Glatzer, Jenna (2005). Celine Dion: For Keeps. United States: Andrews McMeel Publishing. pp. 58–60. ISBN 9780740755590.
- Franich, Darren (January 16, 2014). "The 10 most high-powered Oscar races of the last 25 years". Entertainment Weekly. Entertainment Weekly Inc. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
- Kawashima, Dale. "Top A&R Exec Jay Landers Has Great Success With Barbra Streisand, Josh Groban and Hilary Duff". Songwriter Universe. SongwriterUniverse.com. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
- "Beauty and the Beast (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) – Various Artists". iTunes. Apple Inc. Retrieved May 29, 2015.
- Beth Fowler -- Beauty and the Beast. YouTube. 17 April 2012.
- Ahi, Mehruss Jon; Karaoghlanian, Armen (2012). "Beauty and the Beast (1991) Director: Gary Trousdale and Kirk Wise (Scene: 01:03:07 - 01:05:40)". Interiors. Interiors. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- Galle, Deborah (December 11, 1994). "The Belle of the ice". The Beaver County Times (The Times/Beaver Newspaper, Inc). Retrieved June 22, 2015.
- Gibron, Bill (October 5, 2010). "How 'Beauty and the Beast' Changed Oscar's Best Picture Race Forever". PopMatters. PopMatters Media, Inc. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
- "Greatest Disney Movie Songs". Femalefirst. FemaleFirst Ltd. May 1, 2012. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
- Lucas, Chris (February 11, 2015). "Ten Romantic Disney Moments (Frozen not included)". Moviepilot. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Kehr, Dave (November 22, 1991). "Tame `Beast` – Disney Film Falls Short Of The Classics". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Schwarzbaum, Lisa (January 12, 2012). "Beauty and the Beast 3D (2012)". Entertainment Weekly. Entertainment Weekly Inc. Retrieved March 23, 2013.
- Jennie, Punter (January 13, 2012). "Beauty and the Beast 3D: Disney classic gets added pop". The Globe and Mail. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Ellison, Estefan (1991). "Beauty and the Beast". Estefan Films. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- Greydanus, Stephen D (1991). "Beauty and the Beast (1991)". Decent Films Guide. Steven D. Greydanus. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Anthony, Ross (March 17, 2004). "Interview with Beauty & the Beast Director – Kirk Wise". Ross Anthony. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- Tracy, Joe (2001). "An Inside Look at the Original Beauty and the Beast". Digital Media FX. Digital Media FX. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- Hall, Sheldon (2010). Epics, Spectacles, and Blockbusters: A Hollywood History. United States: Wayne State University Press. p. 255. ISBN 9780814330081.
- Geraghty, Lincoln (2011). Directory of World Cinema: American Hollywood. United States: Intellect Books. p. 232. ISBN 9781841504155.
- Sickels, Robert (2011). American Film in the Digital Age. United States: ABC-CLIO. p. 95. ISBN 9780275998622.
- "7 Big Screen Moments That Are Still A Feast For The Eyes". CinemaBlend. Cinema Blend LLC. January 13, 2012. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- Fine, Marshall (January 11, 2012). "‘Beauty and the Beast 3D’: Classic that already has dimension". Hollywood & Fine. hollywoodandfine.com. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Anthony, Ross (February 2002). "Interview: 'Beauty and the Beast' Director Kirk Wise". Big Movie Zone. Big Movie Zone. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
- Rossing, Thomas D; Chiaverina, Christopher J (1999). Light Science: Physics and the Visual Arts. Germany: Springer Science & Business Media. p. 258. ISBN 9780387988276.
- Rocio, Maegan (November 27, 2012). "Alum dispels popular myth". The Baylor Lariat. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
- Greenlee, Graham (2002). "Beauty and the Beast". The Digital Bits. The Digital Bits, Inc. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- "Advanced RenderMan". google.com.au.
- Robb, Brian J (2014). A Brief History of Walt Disney. United States: Little, Brown Book Group. ISBN 9781472110725.
- Pallant, Chris (2011). Demystifying Disney: A History of Disney Feature Animation. United States: Bloomsbury Publishing USA. p. 98. ISBN 9781441150462.
- Course Notes: Siggraph 1995, 22nd International Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques, Los Angeles Convention Center, Los Angeles, California, USA, Conference, 6-11 August 1995, Exhibition, 8-10 August 1995, Volume 4. United States: Association for Computing Machinery. 1995. p. 127.
- O'Hailey, Tina (2014). Hybrid Animation: Integrating 2D and 3D Assets. United States: CRC Press. ISBN 9781317965022.
- Chong, Andrew; McNamara, Andrew (2008). Basics Animation 02: Digital Animation. United Kingdom: AVA Publishing. pp. 84–87. ISBN 9782940373567.
- "BEAUTY AND THE BEAST 3D". CinemaReview.com. 2. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- Wegner, Timothy (1992). Image Lab. United States: Waite Group Press. p. 10. ISBN 9781878739117.
- "Step-by-step cinema! Designers draft floor plans of the most famous scenes in Hollywood history". Daily Mail. Associated Newspapers Ltd. October 8, 2012. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
- Anderson, Jeffrey M (1991). "Beauty and the Beast (1991)". Combustible Celluloid. Jeffrey M. Anderson. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- Osmond, Andrew (2010). 100 Animated Feature Films. United Kingdom: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 43. ISBN 9781844575633.
- Ferguson, Sean (October 7, 2010). "A Talk with Beauty and the Beast’s Glen Keane". Why so Blue?. WhySoBlu.com. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Churchill, Alexandra. "50 Epic Things You Didn't Know About Disney Princesses". YourTango. Tango Media Corporation. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
- Alter, Ethan (2014). Film Firsts: The 25 Movies That Created Contemporary American Cinema. United States: ABC-CLIO. p. 121. ISBN 9781440801884.
- Alexander, Julia (February 9, 2015). "Shall We Dance?: The Best Musical Sequences on Film". Movie Mezzanine. Movie Mezzanine. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
- Sito, Tom (2013). Moving Innovation: A History of Computer Animation. United States: MIT Press. p. 232. ISBN 9780262019095.
- "The Most Important Movies of All Time: Beauty and the Beast". IGN. Ziff Davis, LLC. August 9, 2013. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- Solomon, Charles (December 31, 2001). "But It Was Big Enough Already". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- Josh, Larsen (1991). "Beauty and the Beast". Larsen on Film. J. Larsen. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
- McLeroy, Leigh (2010). The Beautiful Ache. United States: Lucid Books. ISBN 9781935909002.
- Matthew Thomas, Cook (2007). A 3-dimensional Modeling System Inspired by the Cognitive Process of Sketching. United States: ProQuest. p. 139. ISBN 9780549144847.
- "Beauty and the Beast – By Angela Lansbury - Digital Sheet Music". Musicnotes.com. Walt Disney Music Publishing. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- Dequina, Michael (January 1, 2002). "Beauty and the Beast Large Format Special Edition (G)". The Movie Report. Michael Dequina.
- Hanlon, John P (January 13, 2012). "'Beauty and the Beast 3D' Review: Just as Glorious in Three Dimensions". Breitbart News Network. Breitbart. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Canavese, Peter (1991). "Beauty and the Beast (1991)". Groucho Reviews. Peter Canavese. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Whitty, Stephen (January 13, 2012). "Back to 'The Beast': Disney tinkers with an old favorite". NJ.com. New Jersey On-Line LLC. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Ebert, Roger (November 22, 1991). "Beauty And The Beast". Roger Ebert. Ebert Digital LLC. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- Hischak, Thomas S; Robinson, Mark A (2009). The Disney Song Encyclopedia. United States: Scarecrow Press. p. 15. ISBN 9780810869387.
- Zafar, Aylin (April 21, 2014). "The Definitive Ranking Of The 102 Best Animated Disney Songs". BuzzFeed. BuzzFeed Inc. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
- Siskel, Gene (November 22, 1991). "`Beauty And The Beast` Has A Song In Its Heart". Chicago Tribune. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Cheang, Michael (June 12, 2014). "'The Lion King' turns 20: Celebrating Disney's greatest musical moments". The Star. Star Media Group Berhad. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
- Unterberger, Andrew (February 19, 2015). "Every Oscar Winner for Best Original Song, Ranked". Spin. SpinMedia. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- "30 best Disney songs in history". GamesRadar. Future US, Inc. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
- "Beauty And The Beast". TV Guide. CBS Interactive Inc. 1991. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- Cole, Jake (October 10, 2010). "Not Just Movies". Not Just Movies. Jake Cole. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
- Block, Tara (June 18, 2015). "Feel the Love Tonight With This Romantic Disney Playlist". PopSugar. POPSUGAR, Inc. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
- "Fall in Love with 30 Disney Love Songs". Musicnotes.com Blog. Musicnotes, Inc. February 12, 2010. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
- Smith, Damon (March 5, 2012). "FILM REVIEW: Beauty and the Beast". Chichester Observer. Johnston Publishing Ltd. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- Williams, Christa. ""Beauty and the Beast" is DA BOMB!". Debbie Twyman and Craig Whitney. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- "Review: Beauty and the Beast 3D". JoBlo. JoBlo Media Inc. January 13, 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- Shaffer, R. L (October 18, 2010). "Beauty and the Beast: Three-Disc Diamond Edition Blu-ray Review". IGN. Ziff Davis, LLC. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- "Beauty and the Beast by Celine Dion". Songfacts. Songfacts, LLC. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
- Osmanski, Stephanie. "M's Ultimate List: Top 20 Disney Songs of All Time". M. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
- Ayres, Brenda (2003). The Emperor's Old Groove: Decolonizing Disney's Magic Kingdom. United States: P. Lang. p. 86. ISBN 9780820463636.
- "Beauty and the Beast". Howard Ashman. Shoptalk Ltd. Retrieved May 24, 2015.
- Griswold, Jerry (2004). The Meanings of "Beauty and the Beast": A Handbook. Canada: Broadview Press. p. 252. ISBN 9781551115634.
- "Beauty and the Beast – By Celine Dion - Digital Sheet Music". Musicnotes.com. Walt Disney Music Publishing. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- "Beauty and the Beast". Filmtracks.com. Filmtracks Publications. Retrieved October 14, 2014.
- Lambert, Molly (February 19, 2013). "Counting Down the Top 10 in … KIDS MUSIC!". Grantland. ESPN Internet Ventures. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
- Webber, Brian (February 17, 1994). "Celine Dion The Colour of My Love (Epic) (STAR)". Chicago Tribune. The Chicago Tribune. Retrieved July 11, 2013.
- Covel, Casey (January 12, 2015). "Review: Beauty and the Beast Official Soundtrack". Geeks Under Grace. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- Hobart, Tavia (1991). "Disney/Alan Menken – Beauty and the Beast". AllMusic. All Media Network, LLC. Retrieved May 29, 2015.
- Maslin, Janet (November 13, 1991). "Beauty and the Beast (1991)". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
- "Beauty and the Beast". Beliefnet. Beliefnet, Inc. 2012. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Hinson, Hal (November 22, 1991). "‘Beauty and the Beast’". The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- Moore, Roger (January 12, 2012). "'Beauty and the Beast is a real beaut". Chicago Tribune. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
- Berardinelli, James. "Beauty and the Beast (United States, 1991)". ReelViews. James Berardinelli. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- Quinn, Anthony (May 4, 2012). "The Independent". Beauty and the Beast 3D (U). Retrieved September 14, 2012.
- Hicks, Chris (December 28, 2001). "Film review: Beauty and the Beast". Deseret News. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- Brew, Simon (November 4, 2010). "Looking back at Disney’s Beauty And The Beast". Den of Geek. Dennis Publishing Limited. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- Christley, Jamie N (January 11, 2012). "Beauty and the Beast 3D". Slant Magazine. Slant Magazine. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Gibron, Bill (September 27, 2011). "The 10 Greatest Disney Animated Films of All Time". PopMatters. PopMatters.com. Retrieved May 19, 2013.
- Lumenick, Lou (December 31, 2001). "A REAL ‘BEAUTY’". New York Post. NYP Holdings, Inc. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- Berger, Arion (April 17, 1992). "Celine Dion (1992)". Entertainment Weekly. Entertainment Weekly Inc. Retrieved November 21, 2012.
- Tan, Irving (April 10, 2011). "Soundtrack (Disney) – Beauty and the Beast". Sputnikmusic. Sputnikmusic.com. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- Benjamin, Jeff (February 8, 2013). "Top 20 Disney Songs by Pop Stars – Celine Dion and Peabo Bryson's "Beauty and the Beast" from 'Beauty and the Beast'". Fuse. FUSE NETWORKS LLC. Retrieved May 29, 2015.
- Lin, Kristian (February 1, 2012). "Film Shorts". Fort Worth Weekly. Fort Worth Weekly. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
- Caffrey, Dan (September 30, 2010). "Break Yo’ TV: "The NeverEnding Story"". Consequence of Sound. Consequence of Sound. Retrieved June 26, 2015.
- Wells, Paul (2002). Animation: Genre and Authorship. United States: Wallflower Press. p. 132. ISBN 9781903364208.
- Earnshaw, Helen (September 29, 2011). "Best of Disney: Beauty And The Beast". FemaleFirst. FemaleFirst Ltd. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
- Russel, Candice (November 22, 1991). "Timeless Tale Taps Deep Emotions". The Seattle Times. SunSentinel. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Parkinson, David (2012). "Beauty and the Beast". Radio Times. Immediate Media Company Limited. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Ellingson, Annie (January 12, 2012). "Beauty and the Beast 3D". Paste. Paste Media Group. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Scott, Mike (January 13, 2012). "'Beauty and the Beast 3-D' review: Disney's 'tale as old as time' showing its age". Nola.com. NOLA Media Group. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Berry, Joanna (February 16, 2012). "Beauty and the Beast - 3D: a work of art and still a joyous musical". The National. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- "Hybrid Animation". google.com.au.
- "USATODAY.com - The 'Spirit' of 'tradigital' animation". usatoday.com.
- "The `Spirit' Of Jeffrey Katzenberg". tribunedigital-orlandosentinel.
- Gilchrist, Todd (January 12, 2012). "Beauty and the Beast 3D". Boxoffice. BoxOffice® Media, LLC. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Hicks, Chris (October 7, 2010). "DVD review: Remastered 'Beast' is a beauty". Deseret News. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
- "HFFPA – Awards Search". Golden Globe Awards. Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
- "64th Academy Award Winners | Oscar Legacy". The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
- Sporkin, Elizabeth (December 16, 1991). "Sadness at the Heart of a Hit". People. Time Inc. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- Blau, Eleanor (March 15, 1991). "Howard Ashman Is Dead at 40; Writer of 'Little Shop of Horrors'". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- Corliss, Richard (January 12, 2012). "Beauty and the Beast in 3-D: Still an Enchantment". Time. Time Inc. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- Cromelin, Richard; Dennis Hunt (January 8, 1993). "Clapton Plugs Into Grammy Glory : Nominees: The British guitarist's acoustic 'Unplugged' yields nine nominations. 'Beauty and the Beast' follows with eight.". The Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- "Past Winners Search | GRAMMY.com". Grammy.com. The Recording Academy. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
- McEachran, Leigh (January 9, 2012). "Will Celine Dion be even more popular in 2012?". Leigh McEachran. North Stars, Yahoo! Canada Co. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- "Celine Dion". Sony Music Entertainment. Sony Music. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
- Rule, Sheila (January 8, 1993). "Clapton Is Nominated For 9 Grammy Awards". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- Wilker, Deborah (February 25, 1993). "Clapton Rocks `N` Rolls To Fistful Of Grammys `beauty And The Beast` Waltzes To 5 Trophies". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
- "Billboard". google.com.au.
- Rodney Batdorf. "Galway at the Movies - James Galway - Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards - AllMusic". AllMusic.
- "Yearly Summary | The JUNO Award". Juno Awards. The Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
- "ASCAP Film and Television Music Awards: 1993". IMDb. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
- "Warren, 'Best' tapped tops at ASCAP gala". Variety Media, LLC. 25 May 1993. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
- Esterbrook, John (June 23, 2004). "The 100 Best Movie Songs". CBS News. CBS Interactive Inc. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
- "100 Greatest Songs in American Movies 100 YEARS...100 SONGS by American Film Institute (AFI)". Filmsite.org. American Movie Classics Company LLC. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
- Newman, Heather (February 5, 2014). "The Definitive Ranking Of Disney Love Songs". BuzzFeed. BuzzFeed, Inc. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
- James, Nicole (April 23, 2014). "11 Highest-Charting Songs From Disney Movies". Fuse. FUSE NETWORKS LLC. Retrieved May 29, 2015.
- Winning, Josh (December 1, 2011). "50 Greatest Disney Movie Moments". Total Film. Future Publishing Limited. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
- Birch, Gaye (June 8, 2010). "Top 12 most memorable dance scenes in films". Den of Geek. Dennis Publishing Limited. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
- Sheehan, Kim (August 3, 2012). "50 Greatest Movie Dance Sequences". GamesRadar. Future US, Inc. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
- ohnotheydidnt. "Oh No They Didn't! - The Top 25 Disney Songs of All Time". livejournal.com.
- "Top 20 Disney songs ever from Aladdin to Toy Story - Metro News". Metro.
- "Hits of the World" (PDF). Billboard. 28 March 1992. p. 38. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
- Jasen, David A (2013). A Century of American Popular Music. United Kingdom: Routledge. p. 19. ISBN 9781135352646.
- Glatzer, Jenna (2005). Céline Dion: For Keeps. Andrews McMeel Publishing. ISBN 0-7407-5559-5.
- Beauty And The Beast @ Oscars 1992. YouTube. 3 July 2009.
- Celine Dion & Peabo Bryson - Beauty and the Beast (Grammy Awa.rm. YouTube. 8 September 2010.
- Celine Dion & Peabo Bryson, "Beauty And The Beast" (Live At The World Music Awards 1992). YouTube. 11 September 2010.
- Celine Dion & Peabo Bryson - Beauty and The Beast (LIVE! 1992). YouTube. 6 November 2009.
- "Passion Celine Dion the Book". google.com.au.
- Celine Dion & Peabo Bryson - Beauty & The Beast (Wogan show 19/3/15). YouTube. 20 March 2015.
- Céline Dion & Peabo Bryson - Beauty and The Beast ( The Tonight Show ). YouTube. 12 August 2012.
- Céline Dion and Peabo Bryson - Beauty and the Beast (Live, Top of the Pops 2). YouTube. 3 June 2013.
- Celine Dion - Beauty and The Beast (Duet with Peabo Bryson - Oprah in Disneyland 1996). YouTube. 29 May 2011.
- Beauty and the Beast: Angela Lansbury. YouTube. 7 December 2006.
- Celine Dion & Peabo Bryson ( Beauty And The Beast / Japan 1994 ). YouTube. 7 October 2014.
- Celine Dion Beauty And The Beast Live Colour Of My Love DVD. YouTube. 30 January 2009.
- Celine Dion - Beauty And The Beast (Duet with Tommy Körberg). YouTube. 15 January 2012.
- BRIAN MCKNIGHT FT CELINE DION la belle et la bête beauty and the beast. YouTube. 11 November 2009.
- Beauty and the Beast - Celine Dion Live in Memphis. YouTube. 6 May 2007.
- Celine Dion & Maurice Davis - Beauty And The Beast (Live For Our Children) 1992. YouTube. 10 December 2014.
- Celine Dion & Barnev Valsaint - Beauty & the Beast Live Caesars Palace 27/02/13. YouTube. 22 March 2013.
- Celine Dion and Rene Froger " Beauty And The Beast ". YouTube. 23 February 2012.
- Beauty & The Beast - COKO & Peabo Bryson. YouTube. 6 March 2008.
- Beauty And The Beast - Regine Velasquez and Peabo Bryson. YouTube. 10 February 2014.
- Beauty And The Beast Paige O'hara Disney. YouTube. 23 August 2009.
- Paige O'Hara singings "Beauty and the Beast", NFFC July 2009. YouTube. 27 July 2009.
- Paige O'Hara (voice of Belle) performs songs from Beauty and the Beast at the 2011 D23 Expo. YouTube. 20 August 2011.
- Paige O'Hara - Beauty And The Beast. YouTube. 20 January 2015.
- Jodi Benson performs songs from Beauty and the Beast at Tow. YouTube. 1 June 2013.
- Best Disney Song Ever: Kristen Bell & Frozen Cast reveal their favourite. YouTube. 4 December 2013.
- Friedwald, Will (2010). A Biographical Guide to the Great Jazz and Pop Singers. United States: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. p. 115. ISBN 9780307379894.
- "Dream with Me – Paige O'Hara". AllMusic. All Media Network, LLC. 1998. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- "1999 Children’s Music Reviews". KidzMusic. KidzMusic.com. February 1999. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
- Schorr, Melissa (November 24, 1998). "Paige O’Hara says ‘Dream With Me’". Las Vegas Sun. Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- Verna, Paul (January 16, 1999). "Reviews & Previews". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc). p. 18. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
- Heather Phares. "More Songs from Pooh Corner - Kenny Loggins - Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards - AllMusic". AllMusic.
- "Disneymania – Disney". AllMusic. All Media Network, LLC. 2002. Retrieved June 16, 2015.
- "Beauty and the Beast: Platinum Edition". IGN. March 1, 2002. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- Cedeno, Kelvin (October 23, 2002). "Beauty and the Beast: Platinum Edition DVD Review". DVDizzy.com. DVDizzy.com. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- Jacobson, Colin (2001). "Beauty and the Beast (1991)". DVD Movie Guide. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- Duca, Lauren (November 13, 2013). "10 Covers Of 'Beauty And The Beast' Classic 'Tale As Old As Time'". The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, Inc. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
- "UKMIX - Reviews - H & Claire - All Out Of Love / Beauty And The Beast". ukmix.org.
- Betty Clarke. "CD: H and Claire, Another You, Another Me". the Guardian.
- Thom Owens. "The Best of Country Sing the Best of Disney - Disney - Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards - AllMusic". AllMusic.
- Sol3 Mio : We Love Disney - Behind the Scenes. YouTube. 27 November 2014.
- Radio Disney Pop Dreamers - Beauty and the Beast. YouTube. 13 February 2010.
- Wallace, Aaron (October 1, 2010). "Beauty and the Beast: Diamond Edition Blu-ray & DVD Review". DVDizzy.com. DVDizzy.com.
- Peter, Thomas (September 14, 2010). "Jordin Sparks Talks Times Square Billboards; Releases "Beauty and the Beast" Cover, Too". Playbill. Playbill, Inc. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- "Jordin Sparks Does 'Beauty & The Beast'". Hollywire. Hollywire. 2010. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
- "Disney’s "Beauty And The Beast" Diamond Edition Review And Giveaway". Disney Dreaming. DisneyDreaming.com. October 5, 2010. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- Gioia, Michael (July 5, 2011). "Performance Highlights from "A Capitol Fourth" Featuring Matthew Morrison, Kelli O'Hara, Jordin Sparks (Video)". Playbill. Playbill, Inc. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
- Frederick, Brittany (August 15, 2014). "'American Idol' star Jordin Sparks making moves in music and film". AXS. AXS. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
- Lewis, Hilary (June 19, 2015). "Watch 'Nashville' Stars Clare Bowen and Sam Palladio Sing "Beauty and the Beast"". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
- Paulson, Dave (November 29, 2014). "Clare Bowen, Sam Palladio sing Disney tune for TV". The Tennessean. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
- Betts, Stephen L (December 16, 2014). "'Nashville' Stars Sam Palladio and Clare Bowen Do Broadway in ABC Special". Rolling Stone. Rolling Stone. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
- Robinson, Mark A (2014). World of Musicals, The: An Encyclopedia of Stage, Screen, and Song. June 21, 2015: ABC-CLIO. p. 65. ISBN 9781440800979.
- "Beauty and the Beast: Opening Night Cast". Playbill Vault. Playbill, Inc. Retrieved June 21, 2015.
- Fawthrop, Peter (1994). "Beauty and the Beast [Original Broadway Cast Recording] – Original Broadway Cast". AllMusic. All Media Network, LLC. Retrieved June 21, 2015.
- "Various Artists – Beauty and the Beast: The Broadway Musical". AllMusic. All Media Network, LLC. 1997. Retrieved June 21, 2015.
- Simon, John (March 2, 1994). "Hairy Fairy Tale". New York (New York Media, LLC). p. 72. Retrieved June 21, 2015.
- Stephen Thomas Erlewine. "The Music of Disney: A Legacy in Song - Disney - Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards - AllMusic". AllMusic.
- "Manila Standard - Google News Archive Search". google.com.
- Garou & Camille Lou ~ La belle et la Bête. YouTube. 2 January 2015.
- CHARLES AZNAVOUR - LA BELLE ET LA BETE (DUO "LIANE FOLY"). YouTube. 26 January 2012.
- "The Voice recap: stolen roses, wobblies and why is Katy Perry here?". The Sydney Morning Herald.
- Xu Haixing VS Xu Bin "Beauty and the beast" - The Voice of China PK Audition. YouTube. 19 November 2012.
- Walsh, Joe (2011). "Film Review: 'Beauty and the Beast 3D'". CineVue. CineVue. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- "The Most Romantic Disney Songs". Official Disney Blogs. Disney. 2014. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
- Brad, Kane (November 20, 2013). "Frozen Breaks the Ice: The Decline, Fall, and Rebirth of the Disney Musical". Tor.com. Macmillan. Retrieved May 29, 2015.
- Trust, Gary (January 28, 2014). "Ask Billboard: Disney's Biggest Billboard Hits". Billboard. Billboard. Retrieved May 29, 2015.
- "Disney movie masterpiece Beauty and the Beast returns in 3-D; three stars". tribunedigital-chicagotribune.
- Virtel, Louis (October 5, 2011). "10 Great Disney Images Worth Paying to See in 3-D". Movieline. PMC. Retrieved June 27, 2015.
- LaMarre, Thomas (2009). The Anime Machine: A Media Theory of Animation. United States: U of Minnesota Press. p. 73. ISBN 9780816651542.
- Payne, Lauren (January 19, 2012). "Beauty’s reissue indicates artistic, technical stagnation". Technique. Georgia Tech Board of Student Publications. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
- Goldwasser, Dan (October 12, 2010). "Beauty and the Beast Special Edition". SoundtrackNet. Autotelics, LLC. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
- DeMott, Rick (December 21, 2001). "Beauty and the Beast: Disney's Big Hit Gets Bigger". Animation World Network. AWN, Inc. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- Evans, Huw (2006). "Innovations Project Report" (PDF). Bournemouth University. Bournemouth University. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
- "Beauty and the Beast". Film4. 1991. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- O'Hara, Helen (1991). "Beauty And The Beast – Disney at its finest". Empire. Bauer Consumer Media Ltd. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Scott may have confused Toy Story (1995) with Toy Story 2 (1999), the latter of which was released eight years after Beauty and the Beast.
- Ebert, Roger (2009). Roger Ebert's Four Star Reviews--1967-2007. United States: Andrews McMeel Publishing. pp. 783–784. ISBN 9780740792175.
- Kanfer, Stefan (2000). Serious Business: The Art and Commerce of Animation in America from Betty Boop to Toy Story. United States: Da Capo Press. p. 228. ISBN 9780306809187.
- Castaneda, Adam (April 21, 2014). "The Houston Symphony Goes to the Ball". Houston Press. Houston Press, LP. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
- Derks, David (April 28, 2015). "14th Annual Dance Media Film Festival". ASIFA-Hollywood. ASIFA-Hollywood. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
- Green, Brad (2001). "BEAUTY AND THE BEAST: SOUNDTRACK". Urban Cinefile. Urban Cinefile. Retrieved May 29, 2015.
- "Celine Dion". Infoplease. Sandbox Networks, Inc. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- "Celine Dion Biography". Billboard. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
- "Celine Dion Biography". Biography.com. A&E Television Networks, LLC. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
- "CELINE DION". Lifetime. AETN UK. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
- "Céline Dion Biography". People. Time Inc. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (1992). "Celine Dion". AllMusic. All Media Network, LLC. Retrieved May 20, 2015.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (2008). "Celine Dion – My Love: Essential Collection". My Love: Essential Collection. All Media Network, LLC. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (1999). "Celine Dion – All the Way: A Decade of Song". AllMusic. All Media Network, LLC. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- Figueiredo, Rodney (October 5, 2002). "Beauty And The Beast: Platinum Edition". Animated Views. Animated Views. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
- Phares, Heather (2005). "Julie Andrews – Julie Andrews Selects Her Favorite Disney Songs". AllMusic. All Media Network, LLC. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
- Horiuchi, David (2005). "Julie Andrews Selects Her Favorite Disney Songs". Amazon.ca. Amazon.com, Inc. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
- "Star-News - Google News Archive Search". google.com.
- Angela Lansbury On Playing Mrs. Potts In BEAUTY AND THE BEAST. YouTube. 30 April 2009.
- "Walter Afanasieff". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc). December 12, 1998. p. 12. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
- "Billboard". google.com.au.
- "Radio Swiss Classic - Musicians". radioswissclassic.ch.
- Grace, Francie (December 5, 2003). "IRS Will Auction Peabo's Grammys". CBS News. CBS Interactive Inc. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
- "Peabo Bryson's Grammys, Other Possessions, Auctioned To Pay $1.2 Million Tax Debt". Jet (Johnson Publishing Company). January 12, 2004. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
- "Defying Gravity". google.com.au.
- "The New York Times Film Reviews 1993-1994". google.com.au.
- "The Deseret News - Google News Archive Search". google.com.
- Tony Scott. "The Critic". Variety.
- "SPIN". google.com.au.
- "The Critic: The Complete Series • Animated Views". animatedviews.com.
- Michael Arbeiter. "The Best Parodies of Disney Songs from Cartoons". Hollywood.com.
- Keith Uhlich (3 February 2004). "The Critic: The Complete Series - DVD Review - Slant Magazine". Slant Magazine.
- "<link rel="SHORTCUT ICON" type='image/x-icon' href="http://www.cantstopthemovies.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/favicon3.png" /> <title>The Critic - "The Pilot" - Can't Stop the Movies". Can't Stop the Movies.
- Heller, Corrine (March 21, 2015). "Ariana Grande Does Céline Dion Impression, Sings "Beauty and the Beast" With Jimmy Fallon—Watch!". E!. E! Entertainment Television, LLC. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- "Ariana Grande Covers 'Tale As Old As Time' From 'Beauty & The Beast'". M Magazine. 29 March 2015.
- Rhiannon Keyte (21 March 2015). "Ariana Grande’s Celine Dion Impression Will Blow Your Mind!". 2DayFM.
- "Ariana Grande impersonated Celine Dion's 'Beauty and the Beast' on The Tonight Show with Jimmy Fallon". Sugarscape.
- "Ariana Grande". Billboard.
- "Ariana Grande's killer impression of Celine Dion". ninemsn.com.au.
- "Ariana Grande Impersonates Celine Dion". Access Hollywood. 21 March 2015.
- "Tale As Old As Time". enchanted-rose.org.
- "Céline Dion and Peabo Bryson - Beauty and the Beast (Song)". Hung Medien. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- "Céline Dion and Peabo Bryson - Beauty and the Beast" (in Dutch). Ultratop & Hung Medien. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- Nanda Lwin (1999). Top 40 Hits: The Essential Chart Guide. Music Data Canada. ISBN 1-896594-13-1.
- "Top RPM Singles: Issue 2048." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
- "Top RPM Adult Contemporary: Issue 2037." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
- "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Beauty and the Beast". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved 4 September 2014.
- セリーヌ・ディオンのシングル売り上げランキング (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 29, 1992" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40 Retrieved 4 September 2014.
- "Single Top 100". Hung Medien. Retrieved 26 September 2014.
- "Céline Dion and Peabo Bryson - Beauty and the Beast (Song)". Hung Medien. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- "Celine Dion: Artist Chart History" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved 4 September 2014.
- "Celine Dion Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot 100 for Celine Dion. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- "Celine Dion Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Adult Contemporary for Celine Dion. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- "The RPM Top 100 Adult Contemporary Tracks of 1992". RPM. 19 December 1992. Retrieved 6 September 2014.
- "Jaarlijsten 1992" (in Dutch). Stichting Nederlandse Top 40. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
- "Top Selling Singles of 1992". RIANZ. Retrieved 7 May 2015.
- "The Year in Music: 1992" (PDF). Billboard. 26 December 1992. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
- "ビューティ・アンド・ザ・ビースト～美女と野獣 92.4.8 (SME)" (PDF) (in Japanese). RIAJ. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
- "American single certifications – Celine Dion – Beauty and the Beast". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH
- "Ask Billboard: Does Lionel Richie Make Billboard Chart History?". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. 8 April 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2014.