Beawar

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Beawar
Beawar is located in Rajasthan
Beawar
Beawar
Location in Rajasthan, India
Beawar is located in India
Beawar
Beawar
Beawar (India)
Coordinates: 26°06′N 74°19′E / 26.1°N 74.32°E / 26.1; 74.32Coordinates: 26°06′N 74°19′E / 26.1°N 74.32°E / 26.1; 74.32
Country India
StateRajasthan
DistrictAjmer
Founded byCharles George Dixon
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • Municipality ChairmanNaresh kanojiya
Elevation
439 m (1,440 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • City342,935
 • Urban
151,152 (44.1%)
 • Rural
191,783 (55.9%)
 • Literacy
64.2%
 • Sex ratio
970 female per 1,000 male
Languages
 • SpokenHindi, Marwadi
 • OfficialHindi, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
305901
Area code(s)01462
Vehicle registrationRJ-36
Websitewww.beawar.com

Beawar (pronounced [bəˈjaːʋər]) is a city in Ajmer district of Rajasthan, India. Beawar was the financial capital of Merwara state of Rajputana. As of 2011, the population of Beawar is 342,935. It is located 184 kilometres (114 mi) southwest of the state capital Jaipur, amidst Aravali hills. The city used to be a major center for trade, especially in raw cotton, and used to have cotton presses and the Krishna cotton mills. Currently, major industries include mineral-based units, machine-based units, machine tools and accessories, pre-stressed concrete pipes, plastic products, textiles, wooden furniture and asbestos cement pipes. Beawar is the largest producer of cement in northern India and home to Shree Cement.[1] It is situated in a mineral-rich region having reserves of feldspar, quartz, asbestos, soapstone, magnesite, calcite, limestone, mica, emerald, granite, and masonry stone. Reserves of barytes, fluorite, wollastonite and vermiculite have also been found.[citation needed] Nearest airports are Jodhpur (145 km) and Jaipur (190 km). It is also connected by RSRTC operated buses to all parts of Rajasthan, and neighboring Delhi NCR, Ahmedabad (Gujarat), Gwalior (Madhya Pradesh). It also has railway connectivity with Delhi, Mumbai, Ahmadabad, Bangalore (bi-weekly), Haridwar, Dehradun (weekly), Bareilly and Kolkata.

History[edit]

Beawar was founded by Colonel George Dickson (1795-1857) in 1836. Beawar was part of India and the administrative headquarters of the Merwara district. Since the ancient days, the region where Beawar lies is known as Magra-Merwaran, and it was named after a local village called "Beawar Khas" by the Rajasthani. This region was ruled by fierce tribes[note 1][citation needed] such as the Chauhan Rajput (descendants of Prithviraj Chauhan). The British tried to subdue them but were unsuccessful because the people were scattered across many small villages.[citation needed] Moreover, the Chauhan ruled through Shyamgarh Fort and were excellent in conducting war. The Battle of Shyamgarh was fought between the Chauhan Rajputs and the British.[when?] The British won and Chauhans abandoned the fort of Shyamgarh, but employed guerrilla tactics causing great loss to the British.[citation needed] Consequently, the British founded a military cantonment with fortified walls for protection and engaged in further military missions. Another factor in building the cantonment here was Beawar's location at the strategic tri-junction of the royal states of Jaipur, Jodhpur, and Udaipur and near to the royal state of Ajmer. Beawar the name of the city comes from the name "Be Aware" which was originally a sign given to the city by a British Emperor.[citation needed] Chauhan Rajput, the great warriors known for their courage, were a major problem to the British Empire, so they decided to form a cantonment and hence Beawar as Nayashahar came into existence.[clarification needed]

Beawar is the birthplace of classical mathematician Duncan Sommerville.[2]

Beawar city[edit]

Desert Circle Beawar

Inner city[edit]

The inner city of Beawar is the old historical city, also known as the "Walled City" (Parkota). There are five famous gates of the city known as Ajmeri Gate, Mewari Gate, Chang Gate, Nehru Gate and Surajpole Gate. The area within these gates is the main market of Beawar.

Outer city[edit]

The outer area of Beawar is a developing area. Residential expansion is taking place on Ajmer road, Sendra Road and Delwara road, specially Raas Babra Road.[when?] An Army Cantonment is being established near Roopnagar which covers a vast area and have future prospects of business trade and development there. New shopping complexes and hotels are also being built.[when?] The outer city is home to all transport hubs such as central bus station, railway station, and private tour operators. The city also has a church, some degree-granting colleges, a shopping complex, and cinema halls (Jaimandir and City Cinema - a newly built multiplex).

Hotels[edit]

Most of the hotels are centered on the bus stand and railway station. It is important to note that as traveling patterns change, new hotels are coming up on the roads leading into town.

Education[edit]

Beawar has numerous schools and colleges spread throughout the city.

Colleges[edit]

  • Sanatan Dharm Government College
  • Satyam Institute of Technology
  • Vardhaman girls college
  • D. A. V. Girls college
  • S.M.S. B.Sc. Nursing College

RBSE-affiliated schools[edit]

  • Adarsh Vidhya Mandir, Beawar
  • Aaryabhatta Academy
  • Adarsh Vidhya Mandir sec. school
  • Deeksha Baal Vidyapeeth Nursery & Secondary School, Balar Road, Beawar
  • Giriraj senior secondary school Beawar
  • Giriraj Senior Secondary school Ajmer Road beawar
  • Godawari Girls senior sec. school
  • Government Sanatan Dharma senior secondary school, Beawar
  • Govt Patel senior secondary school, Beawar
  • Govt Gurukul senior secondary school, Beawar
  • Jain Gurukul senior sec. school
  • Mohammed Ali Memorial senior sec. school
  • Noondri Mendratan sec. school
  • St. Xavier's secondary school
  • Salamat memorial school, Alinagar, Nundri Mendratan.
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel senior sec. school
  • Shree Chimman Singh Lodha senior sec. school
  • Shri Shanti Jain senior sec. school (Closed)
  • Smt. Kanchan Devi Jain senior sec. school
  • Jai Goldy English upper primary school
  • Galaxy English senior sec. school

CBSE-affiliated schools[edit]

  • Mangal Newton School, Beawar
  • Army Public School Beawar (project to be sanction by station headquarter Ajmer)
  • Bhanwarlal Gothi Public Sr. Sec. English Medium School (B.L.Gothi)
  • Central Academy Shree Cement
  • Guru Siddharth International School
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya
  • Mangal Newton Sr. Sec. School
  • St Paul's Sr. Sec. School
  • Bangur Public School, Bangur City
  • Shree Central Academy Sr. Sec. School, Bangur Nagar
  • GDA School

Culture[edit]

Effigy used for Ravan dahan in 2012

Veer Tejaji maharaj Beawar Fair is one of the major fairs of the town. Locals of Beawar gather to celebrate Baadshah, which means "King". The Baadshah travels across the town to reach the Mayor's office, spraying colour all over the town in celebration of Holi, the festival of colours. It is celebrated in memory of the one-day king "Agarwal".

"Baadshah" is decorated in traditional style and travels up to the magistrate office, where it plays and gives its resolutions for the public. In front of it, another person, Birbal, dances in his special style. On the day of "Baadshah", there are performances by local people in "Teliwara" as well as near the Suraj Pol gate.

Annually, the city also celebrates Dushera by burning an effigy of Ravana on the eve of Dushera.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 India census, Beawar had a population of 342,935. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Beawar has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with 60% of the males and 40% of females literate. Around 15% of the population was under 6 years of age.

Economy[edit]

Beawar is a hub of small scale industry (generating revenue in crores).[citation needed] Beawar is larger than many present district headquarters of Rajasthan.[citation needed] There has been demand for creating a Beawar district over the last two decades.[citation needed] Majority of employment is provided by RIICO.[citation needed]

Geography and climate[edit]

Beawar is located at 26°06′N 74°19′E / 26.1°N 74.32°E / 26.1; 74.32. It has an average elevation of 439 metres439 metres (1,440 ft).

Map of Beawar's old urban area


Climate data for Beawar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25
(77)
28
(82)
34
(93)
38
(100)
41
(106)
40
(104)
36
(97)
34
(93)
36
(97)
36
(97)
31
(88)
27
(81)
34
(93)
Average low °C (°F) 8
(46)
12
(54)
18
(64)
23
(73)
27
(81)
29
(84)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
20
(68)
15
(59)
9
(48)
20
(68)
Average precipitation cm (inches) 0.35
(0.14)
0.27
(0.11)
0.32
(0.13)
0.35
(0.14)
0.6
(0.2)
3.26
(1.28)
8.89
(3.50)
6.44
(2.54)
3.42
(1.35)
0.45
(0.18)
0.07
(0.03)
0.06
(0.02)
24.48
(9.62)
Source: Foreca

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Religious landmarks[edit]

  • Shoolbread Memorial C. N. I. Church of Beawar Rajasthan. It is the First Church of Rajasthan at Beawar.
  • Mata ji ki dungri
  • Ekta Circle (Bharat Mata Circle) {between Ajmeri gate to Mewari gate}
  • Goverdhan Nath Temple (Shree nath ji Mandir)
  • Neelkanth Mahadev
  • Ramdev jj ka mandir Lulwa khas
  • Oldest Vishnu temple (Shri Rang ji ) Sendra road
  • Aashapura Mata ka Mandir
  • Shri Sayan Mata ka Mandir (Shyam Garh)
  • Ramdev Ji ka Mandir Lulwa Khas
  • Sankat Mochan Hanumaan Mandir (Shree Cement)
  • Dadi Dham at Ajmer Road (temple of Shri Rani Sati Dadi, a replica of the popular one located in Jhunjhnu, Rajasthan)
  • Shri SumatiNath Jain Temple
  • Jain Dadawari
  • subhash garden (company bag)
  • shri Shantinath Jain Mandir, Pali Bazar, Beawar
  • Mahadeo ji ki Chatri (Mahadeo Temple) {between Ajmeri gate and Mewari gate}
  • Narsing Mandir
  • Makardhwaj Balaji Dham, Balad Road, Nath, Nagar, Beawar

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rajput people used to refer to them as tribes rather than castes.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Shree Cement Ltd - Company History".
  2. ^ "Obituary" (PDF). Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Vol. 95, pp. 330–331. Retrieved 13 April 2020.