Bebeto

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Bebeto
Bebeto cropped.jpg
Bebeto in 2010
Personal information
Full name José Roberto Gama de Oliveira
Date of birth (1964-02-16) 16 February 1964 (age 55)
Place of birth Salvador, Brazil
Height 1.78 m (5 ft 10 in)
Playing position Forward
Youth career
1981–1983 Vitória
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1983 Vitória (7)
1983–1989 Flamengo 80 (34)
1989–1992 Vasco da Gama 53 (28)
1992–1996 Deportivo La Coruña 131 (86)
1996 Flamengo 15 (7)
1997 Sevilla 5 (0)
1997 Vitória 8 (8)
1997 Cruzeiro 0 (0)
1998–1999 Botafogo 17 (9)
1999 Toros Neza 8 (2)
2000 Kashima Antlers 8 (1)
2000 Vitória 3 (0)
2001–2002 Vasco da Gama 8 (2)
2002 Al-Ittihad 5 (1)
Total 341 (178)
National team
1985–1998 Brazil 75 (39)
Teams managed
2009–2010 América
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only

José Roberto Gama de Oliveira (born 16 February 1964), known as Bebeto, is a Brazilian former professional football player who played as a striker. He entered politics in the 2010 Brazilian General Elections and was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Rio de Janeiro representing the Democratic Labour Party.

With 39 goals in 75 appearances for Brazil, Bebeto is the sixth highest goalscorer for his national team. He was the top scorer for Brazil at the 1989 Copa América when they won the tournament. At the 1994 FIFA World Cup, he formed a formidable strike partnership with Romário to lead Brazil to a record fourth World Cup title. He also generated headlines at the tournament for his goal celebration where he began rocking an imaginary baby after scoring against the Netherlands; his wife had given birth to their third child just days before.[1] He was also a member of the Brazilian team that won the 1997 FIFA Confederations Cup, while he won Olympic silver and bronze medals with Brazil at the 1988 and 1996 Summer Olympic Games respectively. In 1989, Bebeto was named South American Footballer of the Year.

In January 2013 and August 2014, Bebeto was named as one of the six Ambassadors of the 2014 FIFA World Cup and Rio 2016 in Brazil, others being Ronaldo, Amarildo, Marta, Carlos Alberto Torres, Mário Zagallo. His son, Mattheus, is a professional footballer.[2]

Early career[edit]

Bebeto in 2009

Bebeto, who was born in Salvador, Brazil, started his career in 1983 with Vitória.

Club career[edit]

He played for Flamengo, Vasco da Gama, Cruzeiro and Botafogo in Brazil, Deportivo La Coruña and Sevilla in Spain, Toros Neza in Mexico, Kashima Antlers in Japan, and Al Ittihad in Saudi Arabia, finally retiring in 2002.

Deportivo La Coruña[edit]

Bebeto spent four years in Spain at Deportivo La Coruña, scoring an impressive 86 goals in 131 games. Bebeto became the top scorer in La Liga in his first season at Deportivo, scoring 29 goals in the 1992–93 season. In the next season, 1993–94 season, Deportivo had the chance to win their first ever La Liga title by beating Valencia in the last match of the season. In a very evenly matched contest Deportivo had a golden opportunity to seal the victory and thus the league title. They were given a penalty kick just minutes from the end. The official penalty taker all season had been Bebeto (after Donato, who wasn't in the field), who this time, refused to take the penalty. Eventually, Miroslav Đukić took the penalty and failed (0-0), effectively handing Barcelona the title.

Later career[edit]

In 1996 Bebeto returned to play for native club Flamengo, but after just 15 games, Bebeto returned to Spain to play for Sevilla, for whom he never scored. In 1997, Bebeto joined Cruzeiro for just one match, the 1997 Intercontinental Cup final against Borussia Dortmund. Despite his presence, the Belo Horizonte side lost the match 2–0. Bebeto returned to goalscoring form at native clubs Vitória in late 1997 and Botafogo in early 1998, which saw him being picked for Brazil's World Cup defence in 1998.

In 2001, he was rejected by Scottish side St Mirren, who were willing to pay his wages but had reservations about his fitness.[3] On 5 September 2002, he joined his final club at the age of 38, Al-Ittihad of Saudi Arabia, after pledging to join Vasco da Gama on 28 August.[4]

International career[edit]

For Brazil, Bebeto scored 39 goals in 75 caps after making his debut in 1985. He played in three World Cups: 1990, 1994, and 1998. In 1994, he was one of the best players of the tournament, scoring three goals for the eventual champions, and then repeated the feat four years later as Brazil finished second.

During the 1994 World Cup, Bebeto formed a formidable partnership with Romário, after they succeeded in putting their personal differences aside. Bebeto and Romário were fierce rivals in the Spanish League. Bebeto led the Spanish first division with 29 goals in 1992–93 and Romário led it with 30 goals in 1993–94. It was Romário who gave Bebeto the nickname Chorao, or Crybaby, for his habit of pouting to referees. It was also Romário who called a news conference before the World Cup to announce that he would not sit next to Bebeto on the team's flight to the United States.[5][6] Today, however, Bebeto and Romario are friends, with Bebeto claiming that they talk often. In an interview in 2018, Bebeto praised his partnership with Romario: "I played with Romario only in the national team. We played only one game together at Flamengo before he left for Europe. Do you know that Brazil have never lost a game when Bebeto and Romario played together? Not a single game! Besides, every time we played together at least one of us scored."[7]

Bebeto became a household name for his goal celebration in the 1994 World Cup in the United States. His wife had delivered their third child just days before a quarter-final match against the Netherlands in the scorching heat of Dallas. After scoring, Bebeto ran to the sideline, brought his arms together and began rocking an imaginary baby.[1] Teammates Romário and Mazinho quickly joined in.[1] That child, a boy who was named Mattheus, started his football career with the youth side of Brazilian club Flamengo.[8]

He won a Silver medal for Brazil in the 1988 Summer Olympics. He was later chosen to be an over-23 player at the 1996 Summer Olympics, scoring a hat-trick in the Bronze medal match against Portugal.

On 8 December 2012 a friendly match was played by Brazil Masters vs IFA All Stars at Salt Lake Stadium, Kolkata, India. Bebeto scored a goal for Brazil Masters as they defeated All Stars by 3–1.[9]

Style of play[edit]

One of Brazil's greatest strikers, Bebeto was a prolific goalscorer and an excellent finisher, who was known for his consistency and determination throughout his career, although he was also injury-prone and was criticised for his character. Despite not being imposing physically due to his lack of height and slender physique, he was a fast and opportunistic player, who used his agility, offensive movement, and intelligence to lose his markers in tight spaces. Due to his vision, outstanding technical skills, close control on the ball, and his ability to play off other strikers and provide them with assists, he was often employed as a playmaking attacking midfielder or as a supporting striker early on in his career, drawing influence from Zico's playing style. He was later deployed as a striker or as a centre-forward, however, where he excelled, due to his eye for goal, and remained in this position for the rest of his career.[10][11][12]

Coaching career[edit]

Bebeto was hired on 16 December 2009 as the América Football Club's head coach. After an average performance at the Taça Guanabara, he was sacked on 13 February 2010. He had a record of three wins, one draw and four losses.

Media[edit]

Bebeto features in EA Sports' FIFA video game series; he was on the cover of certain editions of FIFA 97.[13]

Career statistics[edit]

Mural of Bebeto in Riazor, stadium of Deportivo La Coruña.

Club[edit]

[14]

Season Club League League
Apps Goals
1983 Flamengo Série A 2 0
1984 11 5
1985 22 9
1986 17 5
1987 14 6
1988 14 9
1989 Vasco da Gama Série A 12 6
1990 8 1
1991 8 3
1992 25 18
1992–93 Deportivo La Coruña La Liga 37 29
1993–94 34 16
1994–95 26 16
1995–96 34 25
1996 Flamengo Série A 15 7
1996–97 Sevilla La Liga 5 0
1997 Vitória Série A 8 8
1998 Botafogo Série A 17 9
1999 -
1998–99 Toros Neza Primera División 8 2
2000 Kashima Antlers J1 League 8 1
2000 Vitória Série A 3 0
2001 Vasco da Gama Série A 8 2
2002 -
2002–03 Al-Ittihad Premier League 5 1
Total Brazil 184 88
Spain 136 86
Mexico 8 2
Japan 8 1
Saudi Arabia 5 1
Career total 341 178

International[edit]

[15]

Brazil national team
Year Apps Goals
1985 6 0
1986 -
1987 -
1988 -
1989 18 10
1990 3 0
1991 5 0
1992 8 7
1993 9 7
1994 11 8
1995 2 2
1996 1 1
1997 3 1
1998 9 3
Total 75 39

International goals[edit]

Scores and results list Brazil's goal tally first.
# Date Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
1. 10 May 1989 Fortaleza, Brazil  Peru 4–1 Win Friendly
2. 8 June 1989 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  Portugal 4–0 Win Friendly
3. 1 July 1989 Salvador, Brazil  Venezuela 3–1 Win 1989 Copa América
4. 9 July 1989 Recife, Brazil  Paraguay 2–0 Win 1989 Copa América
5. 9 July 1989 Recife, Brazil Paraguay Paraguay 2–0 Win 1989 Copa América
6. 12 July 1989 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  Argentina 2–0 Win 1989 Copa América
7. 14 July 1989 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Paraguay Paraguay 3–0 Win 1989 Copa América
8. 14 July 1989 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Paraguay Paraguay 3–0 Win 1989 Copa América
9. 30 July 1989 Caracas, Venezuela  Venezuela 4–0 Win 1990 FIFA World Cup qualification
10. 30 July 1989 Caracas, Venezuela Venezuela Venezuela 4–0 Win 1990 FIFA World Cup qualification
11. 15 April 1992 Cuiabá, Brazil  Finland 3–1 Win Friendly
12. 15 April 1992 Cuiabá, Brazil Finland Finland 3–1 Win Friendly
13. 17 May 1992 London, England  England 1–1 Draw Friendly
14. 31 July 1992 Los Angeles, United States  Mexico 5–0 Win 1992 Friendly Cup
15. 31 July 1992 Los Angeles, United States Mexico Mexico 5–0 Win 1992 Friendly Cup
16. 2 August 1992 Los Angeles, United States  United States 1–0 Win 1992 Friendly Cup
17. 16 December 1992 Porto Alegre, Brazil  Germany 3–1 Win Friendly
18. 14 July 1993 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Paraguay Paraguay 2–0 Win Friendly
19. 1 August 1993 Pueblo Nuevo, Brazil Venezuela Venezuela 5–1 Win 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification
20. 1 August 1993 Pueblo Nuevo, Brazil Venezuela Venezuela 5–1 Win 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification
21. 15 August 1993 Montevideo, Uruguay  Uruguay 1–1 Draw 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification
22. 22 August 1993 São Paulo, Brazil  Ecuador 2–0 Win 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification
23. 29 August 1993 Recife, Brazil  Bolivia 6–0 Win 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification
24. 29 August 1993 Recife, Brazil Bolivia Bolivia 6–4 Win 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification
25. 23 March 1994 Recife, Brazil Argentina Argentina 2–0 Win Friendly
26. 23 March 1994 Recife, Brazil Argentina Argentina 2–0 Win Friendly
27. 8 June 1994 San Diego, United States  Honduras 8–2 Win Friendly
28. 8 June 1994 San Diego, United States Honduras Honduras 8–2 Win Friendly
29. 12 June 1994 Fresno, United States  El Salvador 4–0 Win Friendly
30. 24 June 1994 Palo Alto, United States  Cameroon 3–0 Win 1994 FIFA World Cup
31. 4 July 1994 Palo Alto, United States  United States 1–0 Win 1994 FIFA World Cup
32. 9 July 1994 Dallas, United States  Netherlands 3–2 Win 1994 FIFA World Cup
33. 22 February 1995 Fortaleza, Brazil  Slovakia 5–0 Win Friendly
34. 22 February 1995 Fortaleza, Brazil Slovakia Slovakia 5–0 Win Friendly
35. 24 April 1996 Johannesburg, South Africa  South Africa 3–2 Win Friendly
36. 6 December 1997 Johannesburg, South Africa South Africa South Africa 2–1 Win Friendly
37. 16 June 1998 Nantes, France  Morocco 3–0 Win 1998 FIFA World Cup
38. 23 June 1998 Marseille, France  Norway 1–2 Loss 1998 FIFA World Cup
39. 3 July 1998 Nantes, France  Denmark 3–2 Win 1998 FIFA World Cup

Honours[edit]

Club[edit]

Flamengo
Vasco da Gama
Deportivo La Coruña
Vitória
Botafogo

International[edit]

Brazil

Individual[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Jon Carter (26 May 2010). "First XI: World Cup celebrations". ESPN. Archived from the original on 3 June 2010.
  2. ^ "Juventus net son of Bebeto". football-italia.net. 14 March 2013.
  3. ^ "St Mirren knock back Bebeto". BBC Sport. 10 March 2001.
  4. ^ "Brazilian star Bebeto joins Ittihad club". Arab News. 5 September 2002. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
  5. ^ "WORLD CUP '94; Romario Is Short on Humility, Long on Talent". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  6. ^ “WORLD CUP '94; For Now, Just Call It a Truce”. The New York Times.
  7. ^ “Бебето: През 94-а България имаше потенциал за световната титла”. Gong.bg.
  8. ^ "Bebeto's son Matheus signs for Flamenco". thescore.ie. 8 October 2011. Archived from the original on 5 February 2012.
  9. ^ "Brazilian Master win 3-1 against IFA Allstars in Kolkata". Arunava about Football. 8 December 2012. Archived from the original on 20 July 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2016.
  10. ^ Darwin Pastorin. "BEBETO (Jose Roberto Gama de Oliveira)". Treccani, Enciclopedia dello Sport (in Italian). Retrieved 2 April 2015.
  11. ^ Rogério Micheletti. "QUE FIM LEVOU? Bebeto". terceirotempo.bol.uol.com.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  12. ^ Mauro Prais (14 April 2014). "C. R. Vasco da Gama: Ídolos do Vasco B – BEBETO". netvasco.com.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2 April 2015.
  13. ^ "FIFA Soccer 97". Retrieved 2 April 2015.
  14. ^ "Bebeto". National Football Teams. Benjamin Strack-Zimmerman.
  15. ^ "José Roberto Gama de Oliveira "Bebeto" – Goals in International Matches". Rsssf.com. 25 October 2003. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
  16. ^ "South American Team of the Year". 16 January 2009. Archived from the original on 21 January 2015. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  17. ^ World Soccer: The 100 Greatest Footballers of All Time Retrieved on 20 November 2015

External links[edit]