Bebo Valdés

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Bebo Valdés
Bebo Valdés 2008.10.23 003.jpg
Bebo Valdés in 2008
Background information
Birth name Ramón Emilio Valdés Amaro
Born (1918-10-09)October 9, 1918
Quivicán, Cuba
Origin Havana, Cuba
Died March 22, 2013(2013-03-22) (aged 94)
Stockholm, Sweden
Genres Cuban music, Latin jazz
Occupation(s) Musician, bandleader, composer and arranger
Instruments Piano

Dionisio Ramón Emilio Valdés Amaro[1] (9 October 1918 – 22 March 2013[2]), better known as Bebo Valdés, was a Cuban pianist, bandleader, composer and arranger. He was a central figure in the golden age of Cuban music, led two famous big bands, and was one of the "house" arrangers for the Tropicana Club.[3]


Early career[edit]

Valdés was born in Quivicán, and started his career as a pianist in the night clubs of Havana during the 1940s. From 1948 to 1957 he worked as pianist and arranger for the vedette Rita Montaner, who was the lead act in the Tropicana cabaret. His orchestra, Sabor de Cuba, and that of Armando Valdés, alternated at the Tropicana, backing singers such as Benny More and Pío Leyva. Valdés played a role in the development of the mambo during the 1950s, and developed a new rhythm to compete with Perez Prado's mambo, called the batanga. Valdés was also an important figure in Cuban jazz and taking part in the Panart Cuban jazz sessions (one was commissioned by American producer Norman Granz). In the late 1950s he recorded with Nat "King" Cole. In 1960, with his singer Rolando La Serie, Bebo defected from Cuba to Mexico.[4] He then lived briefly in the United States before touring Europe, and eventually settled in Stockholm, where he lived until 2007. In Sweden he was instrumental in spreading the techniques of Cuban music and latin jazz.

Career revival[edit]

Valdés' career got a late career boost in 1994 when he teamed up with saxophone player Paquito D'Rivera to release a CD called Bebo Rides Again.[5] In 2000, the film Calle 54 by Fernando Trueba brought his piano playing to a wide audience. In 2003, he and Diego El Cigala, a famous Spanish cantaor (flamenco singer), recorded the album Lágrimas Negras (Black Tears), a fusion of Cuban rhythms and flamenco vocals.

During his career, Valdés—one of the founders of Latin jazz, and a pioneer in bringing Afro-Cuban sacred rhythms to popular dance music[6]—won seven Grammy Awards: two for El Arte del Sabor (2002), one for Lágrimas Negras,[7] and two for Bebo de Cuba in 2006 (in the categories "Best Traditional Tropical Album" and "Best Latin Jazz Album").

His last musical production was one fittingly recorded with his son: 2008’s Bebo y Chucho Valdés: Juntos para Siempre (Together Forever),[8] winner of the Grammy Award for Best Latin Jazz Album at the 52nd Grammy Awards in 2010;[9] they also won the Latin Grammy Award on the same field.[10][11]

In 2004, he was again filmed by Trueba, in El milagro de Candeal, in Brazil, and later composed a new score for Trueba's 2010 film Chico and Rita, whose plot included bits from his own life.[12] Chico and Rita ends with the dedication "a Bebo".

Valdés was first married to Pilar Valdés. This marriage produced five children, one of whom is the pianist Chucho Valdés. In 1963 he stopped in Sweden on a tour with the Lecuona Cuban Boys. There he met the 18-year-old Rose Marie Pehrson (August 28, 1928),[1] a cavalry officer's daughter. They got married the same year and he settled in Sweden. He described it as the most important moment of his life: "It was like being hit by lightning," he said. "If you meet a woman and you want to change your life you have to choose between love and art."[13] They remained together until her death in 2012.[14]

Valdés was in the middle of the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, which he had suffered for several years,[15] when he died in Stockholm, Sweden on March 22, 2013, aged 94.[16][17]


  1. ^ a b (Spanish) "Yo quiero tocar hasta que me muera" El País. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
  2. ^ "Fallece a los 94 años el músico cubano Bebo Valdés". Retrieved 2013-03-22. 
  3. ^ Giro, Radamés, 2007. Diccionario enciclopédico de la música en Cuba. La Habana. vol. 4, pp. 232 et seq.
  4. ^ Fordham, John (25 March 2013). "Bebo Valdés obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 March 2013. 
  5. ^ Cuban Pianist Bebo Valdes Dies In Sweden At Age 94
  6. ^ More from The Maestro
  7. ^ Diego el Cigala and Bebo Valdés win a Latin Grammy
  8. ^ Bebo Valdés, another music “grande” gone
  9. ^ "Bebo Valdes — Charts & Awards — Grammy Awards". Allmusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved 2013-03-27. 
  10. ^ "Mejor Album de Jazz Latino". Univision (in Spanish). Univision Communications, Inc. Retrieved 2013-03-27. 
  11. ^ (in Spanish) Lágrimas negras por la partida de Bebo Valdés
  12. ^ See the Pressbook (pdf) from the film's website.
  13. ^ [1][dead link]
  14. ^ "Bebo Valdés, a Force in World of Cuban Music, Dies at 94" The New York Times. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
  15. ^ (in Spanish) Lágrimas negras por el adiós de Bebo Valdés
  16. ^ (in Spanish) Muere el pianista cubano Bebo Valdés, a los 94 años
  17. ^ Bebo Valdes, Cuban pianist and composer, dies at 94

External links[edit]