Beckenham (UK Parliament constituency)
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for the House of Commons
Boundary of Beckenham in Greater London.
|Population||87,011 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||66,470 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Bob Stewart (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Bromley and Orpington|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
- 1 Constituency profile
- 2 History
- 3 Boundaries
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
The northernmost third of the constituency is contiguous with Penge and Crystal Palace and has similar demographics to the London Borough of Lewisham in the north-west and to Norwood Junction, in having significantly more social housing than the Greater London average. However, these wards in 2005 and 2010 voted strongly for the Liberal Democrats, with Labour also competitive.
The other three wards, in the south, have a larger majority of private housing than the other wards and can be described as leafy Bromley suburbia in the "BR2 postcode" — one widely-known gazetteer summarised this in 2012:
"The properties on these streets typically include a range of styles, from modern to Mock Tudor. However many local residents are wealthy city commuters. Keston Common and Keston Ponds are both popular attractions for locals...The common theme is large, detached houses with substantial land and typically with asking prices of over £1 million. At the lower end of the market, a one bedroom period conversion flat on Turpington Lane near Bromley Common, or a one bedroom flat in a modern block on Homesdale Road, near the Bickley border, would demand an asking price of approximately £160,000."
Also in the south-east is the small town centre of Beckenham itself. These wards have voted between 60-70% Conservative since the seat's inception. In times when Labour has led in the national polls the seat has remained Conservative. The smallest majority in a general election was 9.3%, in 1997; in all other elections except 2001 there have been majorities of more than 15%.
Since 1983 there has been a close contest for second place between Labour and the Liberal Democrats. Labour's share has remained much greater than in Orpington whereas the Liberal Democrat share has remained much greater than in Croydon Central.[n 3]
The constituency has only elected Conservatives as its MPs since 1950.
The closest the Conservatives have ever come to losing this seat was at a by-election in November 1997, at the height of Tony Blair's 'honeymoon period' as Prime Minister, following the resignation of the previous MP Piers Merchant in a sex scandal. Even then, the former MP for Hastings who lost her seat in the earlier 1997 general election, Jacqui Lait, managed to win the seat by just over 1,000 votes.
Between 1957 and 1992 the long-serving MP for Beckenham was Sir Philip Goodhart, who was soon after 1979 discovered by Margaret Thatcher to be a left-of-centre or 'wet conservative' and consequently his career as a junior minister came to a quick end. Goodhart is best known for his book on the workings of the Conservative MPs' 1922 Committee, and for his brother Charles, who was a famous economics professor at LSE and sat for some time on the Bank of England's monetary policy committee.
Before Sir Philip Goodhart, the former Conservative Chief Whip Patrick Buchan-Hepburn represented Beckenham in Parliament.
1950-1974: The Municipal Borough of Beckenham, and the Urban District of Penge.
1974-1983: The London Borough of Bromley wards of Anerley, Clock House, Copers Cope, Eden Park, Lawrie Park and Kent House, Manor House, Penge, and Shortlands.
1983-1997: The London Borough of Bromley wards of Anerley, Clock House, Copers Cope, Eden Park, Kelsey Park, Lawrie Park and Kent House, Penge, and Shortlands.
1997-2010: The London Borough of Bromley wards of Anerley, Clock House, Copers Cope, Eden Park, Kelsey Park, Lawrie Park and Kent House, Penge, Shortlands, West Wickham North, and West Wickham South.
2010-present: The London Borough of Bromley wards of Bromley Common and Keston, Copers Cope, Hayes and Coney Hall, Kelsey and Eden Park, Shortlands, and West Wickham.
Beckenham constituency covers the north-western part of the London Borough of Bromley. The local government ward boundaries were redrawn for the 2002 local elections, though this did not affect parliamentary constituency boundaries until the 2010 general election.
Latest boundary review
Following their review of parliamentary representation in South London, the Boundary Commission for England made revisions to the existing Beckenham constituency. Clock House ward, Crystal Palace ward, and Penge and Cator ward were transferred from Beckenham to help create the new constituency of Lewisham West and Penge. Parts of Bromley Common and Keston ward, Hayes and Coney Hall ward, and Shortlands ward were transferred to Beckenham from Bromley and Chislehurst. A small part of Bromley Common and Keston ward was transferred to Beckenham from Orpington and a tiny part of Bromley Town ward was transferred from Beckenham to Bromley and Chislehurst.
Members of Parliament
|1957 by-election||Philip Goodhart||Conservative|
|1997 by-election||Jacqui Lait||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Julie Ireland||4,073||7.9||+1.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Anuja Prashar||3,378||6.9||-13.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Stephen Jenkins||9,813||20.6||+4.5|
|English Democrat||Dan Eastgate||223||0.5||+0.5|
Elections in the 2000s
|Labour||Liam K. Curran||13,782||28.1||−6.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Jef W. Foulger||10,862||22.2||+6.2|
|UKIP||James D.C. Cartwright||1,301||2.7||+1.0|
|Independent||Roderick A. Reed||836||1.7||+1.7|
|Labour||Richard F. Watts||15,659||34.4||+1.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Alexander D. Feakes||7,308||16.0||−2.1|
|Green||Karen A. Moran||961||2.1|
|UKIP||Christopher N. Pratt||782||1.7||+0.8|
Elections in the 1990s
|Labour||Robert N. Hughes||11,935||37.4||+4.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Rosemary E. Vetterlein||5,864||18.4||+0.2|
|Liberal||Phil H. Rimmer||330||1.0||–0.3|
|National Front||John C. McAuley||267||0.8||+0.09|
|Referendum||Leonard F. Mead||237||0.8||−2.4|
|Natural Law||John D. Small||44||0.1||N/A|
|Labour||Robert N. Hughes||18,131||33.4||+9.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Rosemary E. Vetterlein||9,858||18.1||+0.7|
|Referendum||Leonard F. Mead||1,663||3.1||N/A|
|Liberal||Phil H. Rimmer||720||1.3||−0.1|
|UKIP||Christopher N. Pratt||506||0.9||N/A|
|National Front||John C. McAuley||388||0.71||N/A|
|Labour||Kenneth G.H. Ritchie||11,038||23.8||+6.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Mary C. Williams||8,038||17.4||−8.5|
|Natural Law||Patrick J. Shaw||243||0.5||+0.5|
Elections in the 1980s
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||N. Dickson||606||1.40|
Elections in the 1960s
|Liberal||Philip A Golding||12,155||21.72|
|Labour||Alistair H Macdonald||13,338||23.72|
|Liberal||Herbert H Monroe||12,821||22.80|
Elections in the 1950s
|Liberal||Herbert H Monroe||9,365||15.80|
|Labour||Neville D Sandelson||17,445||37.06||+6.02|
|Labour||Charles FA Culling||17,377||31.04|
|Labour||A Philip Magonet||19,982||32.62|
|Liberal||Herbert H Monroe||6,834||10.74|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Both Orpington and Croydon Central are conservative neighbouring seats.
- "Beckenham: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2001 Census
- Mouseprice area guide - BR2
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)
- "Beckenham parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "PPC for Beckenham". Labour. Archived from the original on 2 April 2010. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.