Beclamide

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Beclamide
Beclamide.svg
Clinical data
Routes of
administration
By mouth
ATC code
Identifiers
  • N-Benzyl-3-chloropropanamide
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEMBL
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
ECHA InfoCard100.007.207 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC10H12ClNO
Molar mass197.66 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
Melting point94 °C (201 °F)
  • ClCCC(=O)NCc1ccccc1
  • InChI=1S/C10H12ClNO/c11-7-6-10(13)12-8-9-4-2-1-3-5-9/h1-5H,6-8H2,(H,12,13) checkY
  • Key:JPYQFYIEOUVJDU-UHFFFAOYSA-N checkY
  (verify)

Beclamide (marketed as Chloracon, Hibicon, Posedrine, Nydrane, Seclar, and other names) is a drug that possesses anticonvulsant activity.[1] It is no longer used.

Uses[edit]

It has been used as a sedative and as an anticonvulsant.

It was studied in the 1950s for its anticonvulsant properties, as a treatment for generalised tonic-clonic seizures. It was not effective for absence seizures.

Interest in the drug resumed in the 1990s for its psychiatric properties as an adjunct in the treatment of schizophrenia.[2]

Side effects[edit]

Side effects are uncommon but include stomach pain, nervousness, giddiness, skin rash and leukopenia. It is counter-indicated in breast feeding as it is passed in the milk.

Administration and pharmacology[edit]

Administration is oral, though it has an unpleasant taste. It is quickly absorbed and elimination is renal and complete within 48 hours. Beclamide is possibly metabolized to 3-chloropropanoic acid in vivo,[citation needed] which binds to the GHB receptor.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ahmadi M, Nicholls PJ, Smith HJ, Spencer PS, Preet-Ryatt MS, Spragg BP (October 1995). "Metabolism of beclamide after a single oral dose in man: quantitative studies". The Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 47 (10): 876–8. doi:10.1111/j.2042-7158.1995.tb05757.x. PMID 8583359.
  2. ^ Raptis C, Garcia-Borreguero D, Weber MM, Dose M, Bremer D, Emrich HM (February 1990). "Anticonvulsants as adjuncts for the neuroleptic treatment of schizophrenic psychoses: a clinical study with beclamide". Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 81 (2): 162–7. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0447.1990.tb06472.x. PMID 2183543. S2CID 26772370.
  • The Medical Treatment of Epilepsy by Stanley R Resor. Published by Marcel Dekker (1991). ISBN 0-8247-8549-5.