Bed size

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Single size bed

Standard bed sizes are based on standard mattress sizes, which vary from country to country. Bed sizes also vary according to the size and degree of ornamentation of the bed frame. Dimensions and names vary considerably around the world, with most countries having their own standards and terminology. In addition, two mattresses with the same nominal size may still have slightly different dimensions, due to manufacturing tolerances, amount of padding, and support type. In almost all territories, standard beds are rectangular but other shapes, notably circular, may be obtained by special order.

Table of common sizes[edit]

Modern manufacturing conventions have produced many standard mattress and box spring sizes. Beds vary by country of origin as per the table below. These dimensions are for the mattress – actual bed frames are a little larger to accommodate the mattress. Mattress thickness varies considerably.

US and Canada UK and Ireland Australia New Zealand Continental Europe Scandinavia Japan China Thailand Singapore Brazil
Small single
or Cot
30 in × 75 in
76 cm × 191 cm
60 cm × 190 cm
24 in × 75 in
80 cm × 190 cm
31 in × 75 in
85 cm × 195 cm
33 in × 77 in
91 cm × 188 cm
36 in × 74 in
Single, Twin,
or Bunk
38[1] in × 75 in
97 cm × 191 cm
90 cm × 190 cm
35 in × 75 in
92 cm × 188 cm
36 in × 74 in
91 cm × 188 cm
36 in × 74 in
90 cm × 200 cm
35 in × 79 in
90 cm × 200 cm

35 in × 79 in

97 cm × 195 cm
38 in × 77 in
106 cm × 188 cm
42 in × 74 in
107 cm × 198 cm
42 in × 78 in
91 cm × 191 cm
36 in × 75 in
88 cm x 188 cm

35 in x 74 in

Twin extra long 38[1] in × 80 in
97 cm × 203 cm
91 cm × 203 cm
36 in × 80 in
90 cm × 210 cm
35 in × 83 in
97 cm × 205 cm
38 in × 81 in
King single
or Super single
107 cm × 203 cm
42 in × 80 in
107 cm × 203 cm
42 in × 80 in
120 cm × 200 cm
47 in × 79 in
110 cm × 195 cm
43 in × 77 in
107 cm × 191 cm
42 in × 75 in
96 cm x 203 cm

38 in x 80 in

Small double
or Three-quarter
48 in × 75 in
122 cm × 191 cm
120 cm × 190 cm
47 in × 75 in
140 cm × 200 cm

55 in × 79 in

122 cm × 195 cm
48 in × 77 in
Full or Double 53 in × 75 in
135 cm × 191 cm
135 cm × 190 cm
53 in × 75 in
138 cm × 188 cm
54 in × 74 in
137 cm × 188 cm
54 in × 74 in
140 cm × 200 cm
55 in × 79 in
180 cm × 200 cm

71 in × 79 in

140 cm × 195 cm
55 in × 77 in
152 cm × 188 cm
60 in × 74 in
122 cm × 198 cm
48 in × 78 in
138 cm x 188 cm

54 in x 74 in

Double extra long 53 in × 80 in
135 cm × 203 cm
140 cm × 205 cm
55 in × 81 in
Queen 60 in × 80 in
152 cm × 203 cm
152 cm × 203 cm
60 in × 80 in
152 cm × 203 cm
60 in × 80 in
154 cm × 195 cm
61 in × 77 in
182 cm × 188 cm
72 in × 74 in
152 cm × 198 cm
60 in × 78 in
152 cm × 191 cm
60 in × 75 in
158 cm x 198 cm

62 in x 78 in

Expanded, Super,
or Olympic queen
66 in × 80 in
168 cm × 203 cm
King or Eastern King 76 in × 80 in
193 cm × 203 cm or 78 in
198 cm square
152 cm × 198 cm
60 in × 78 in
183 cm × 203 cm
72 in × 80 in
167 cm × 203 cm
66 in × 80 in
160 cm × 200 cm
63 in × 79 in
170 cm × 195 cm
67 in × 77 in
182 cm × 212 cm
72 in × 83 in
183 cm × 198 cm
72 in × 78 in
183 cm × 191 cm
72 in × 75 in
193 cm x 203 cm

76 in x 80 in

California King or Western King or
or King long
72 in × 84 in
183 cm × 213 cm
72 in × 84 in
183 cm × 213 cm
80 in × 80 in
203 cm × 203 cm
170 cm × 205 cm
67 in × 81 in
Grand King,
Super King,
Athletic King
or Texas King
80 in × 98 in
203 cm × 249 cm
180 cm × 200 cm
71 in × 79 in
203 cm × 203 cm
80 in × 80 in
183 cm × 203 cm
72 in × 80 in
180 cm × 200 cm

71 in × 79 in

194 cm × 205 cm
76 in × 81 in
Large Emperor 213 cm × 213 cm
84 in × 84 in
Caesor 245 cm × 200 cm
96 in × 79 in

Canada and United States[edit]

Standard North American sizes (not to scale)
A pillowtop queen-size mattress.

Standard sizes[edit]

Standard bed sizes in the US and Canada are:

Twin or single
38 in × 75 in (97 cm × 191 cm)
There is a common misconception that a single bed is sometimes smaller than a twin.[2]
Full / Double
53 in × 75 in (135 cm × 191 cm)
Queen
60 in × 80 in (152 cm × 203 cm)
King
76 in × 80 in (193 cm × 203 cm)
Foundation or box spring size can be of two single L or twin XL.
California king
72 in × 84 in (183 cm × 213 cm)

Other sizes[edit]

Single L or twin XL
39 in × 80 in (99 cm × 203 cm)[3]
Three-quarters
48 in × 75 in (122 cm × 191 cm)[4]
Full XL
53 in × 80 in (135 cm × 203 cm)
Texas (or athletic) king
80 in × 98 in (203 cm × 249 cm)
California queen waterbed insert
Used for conventional mattresses inside a waterbed frame. Subtract 2.0 inches from California queen waterbed size.
58 in × 82 in (147 cm × 208 cm)
California king waterbed insert
Used for conventional mattresses inside a waterbed frame. Subtract 2.0 inches from California king waterbed size.
70 in × 82 in (178 cm × 208 cm)

Europe[edit]

UK and Ireland[edit]

Most modern beds/mattresses available in the UK and Ireland are sold using metric dimensions,[5] as required by law.[which?][citation needed] The names of standard mattress sizes were, however, originally attributed to specific imperial dimensions which remain in common use as a point of reference.

Size Dimensions Notes
Small Single 75 cm × 190 cm (30 in × 75 in)[5] Common UK size for hospitality (zip & link) twin beds as beds can be combined to make a short king bed.[6] Equivalent to previous 2'6" x 6'3"
Single 90 cm × 190 cm (35 in × 75 in)[5] Also a standard hospitality sized twin bed in Ireland,[citation needed] two mattresses can be zip linked to make a short Superking bed. Equivalent to previous 3' x 6'3"
European single 90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in)[7]
Small Double 120 cm × 190 cm (47 in × 75 in)[5] Equivalent to previous 4' x 6'3"
Double 135 cm × 190 cm (53 in × 75 in)[5] Equivalent to previous 4'6" x 6'3"
European Double 140 cm × 200 cm (55 in × 79 in)[7]
King 150 cm × 200 cm (59 in × 79 in)[5] Equivalent to previous 5' x 6'6"
European King 160 cm × 200 cm (63 in × 79 in)[7]
Superking 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in)[5] Equivalent to previous 6' x 6'6"
Emperor 200 cm × 202 cm (79 in × 80 in)[5] Equivalent to previous 6'6 x 6'8"
Large Emperor 215 cm × 217 cm (85 in × 85 in)[5] Equivalent to previous 7' x 7'

It is worth noting that "bed size" in the UK generally refers to mattress size. This is because mattresses have a standard size grading, whereas bed frames do not. While many companies in the UK do offer bespoke bed making services, most mass-produced bed linens,[5] bed frames and mattresses fit only the standard bed sizes above. A Queen size mattress in the UK is often misunderstood to be one of the larger sizes as is the case in many other parts of the world. At 120cm in width, however, it is smaller than a UK double. Another common mistake is to use a mattress size as the required space for the full dimensions of the bed and mattress.

France[edit]

Single size beds are usually 90 centimetres (35 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long.

Most common sizes for double beds are:
140 centimetres (55 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long
160 centimetres (63 in) wide by 200 centimetres (79 in) long
180 centimetres (71 in) wide by 200 centimetres (79 in) long (less common, but increasing popularity).

Due to the popularity of imported beds (especially from IKEA), the 200 centimetres (79 in) length is becoming more common.[citation needed]

Italy[edit]

In Italy, beds are classified by name and use the term Piazza as in "one place" Standard sizes are:[citation needed]

Una piazza or singolo ("single")
80 or 90 centimetres (31 or 35 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long.
Una piazza e mezza (1½)
120 centimetres (47 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long.
Due piazze or letto matrimoniale
160 or 180 centimetres (63 or 71 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long long

Less common:[citation needed]

Piazza francese or "Piazza e Mezza francese"
140 centimetres (55 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long

Due to the popularity of imported beds (especially from IKEA), the 200 centimetres (79 in) length is becoming more common.[citation needed]

Northern Europe[edit]

These sizes are for Germany, Poland, Netherlands, Belgium, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. There are some variations between the Nordic countries and the Baltic nations, but these are the most common sizes:

Single:

  • 80 cm × 190 cm (31 in × 75 in), traditional standard for bunk beds in Germany
  • 90 cm × 190 cm (35 in × 75 in), traditional standard in Germany
  • 75 cm × 200 cm (30 in × 79 in), standard in Norway[citation needed]
  • 80 cm × 200 cm (31 in × 79 in), common variant in Finland[citation needed]
  • 90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in), standard single bed in Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Germany.
  • 90 cm × 210 cm (35 in × 83 in)
  • 90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in), common variant in The Netherlands
  • 90 cm × 220 cm (35 in × 87 in), extra large variant in The Netherlands
  • 100 cm × 200 cm (39 in × 79 in), now very common in Germany
  • 105 cm × 200 cm (41 in × 79 in)
  • 120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in)[citation needed]

Three-Quarter:

  • 120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in), less common in Scandinavia
  • 140 cm × 200 cm (55 in × 79 in), very common three-quarters in Scandinavia

Double:

  • 120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in), referred to as a "doubter" in the Netherlands, somewhat common for younger people
  • 140 cm × 200 cm (55 in × 79 in)
  • 150 cm × 200 cm (59 in × 79 in), common
  • 160 cm × 200 cm (63 in × 79 in), very common[citation needed], common variant in Finland[citation needed]
  • 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in), very common double bed in current Danish, Swedish and Norwegian standards[citation needed]
  • 180 cm × 210 cm (71 in × 83 in)
  • 200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in) (very wide)

Most beds are 200 cm (79 in) cm long. Extra long beds are usually 220 cm (87 in), but they are rare.

Portugal[edit]

In Portugal the most common sizes for beds are:

Solteiro (single) 80 centimetres (31 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long (can go up to 105 cm wide by 200 cm long)

Casal (double) 140 centimetres (55 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in), 195 or 200 cm long

Queen Size 160 centimetres (63 in) or 180 centimetres (71 in) wide by 190, 195 or 200 cm long

King Size 180 centimetres (71 in) wide by 190, 195 or 200 cm long

Super King Size 200 centimetres (79 in) wide by 200 cm long

Spain[edit]

In Spain the most common sizes are:

180/190/200 cm long

80/90/105/120/135/150 cm wide, the most common:

"Individual" (single) = 90 cm wide

"Matrimonio" (marital) = 135/150 cm wide

Switzerland[edit]

Single:

  • 70 cm × 200 cm (28 in × 79 in), only used for double beds with two separate mattresses
  • 80 cm × 200 cm (31 in × 79 in), only used for double beds with two separate mattresses
  • 90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in), common single bed
  • 120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in), uncommon, mainly available as European-style futon beds that are sold with mattress, slats and frame
  • 140 cm × 200 cm (55 in × 79 in), common, especially among young people

Double:

  • 160 cm × 200 cm (63 in × 79 in), common
  • 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in), common
  • 200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in), proposed when enough space is available

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

The following bed sizes are available in Australia

Single
92cm x 188cm[8] (36in x 74in)
Long Single
92cm x 204cm (36in x 80in)
Three-quarter (obsolete, but still present)
120 cm × 188 cm (47in x 74in)
King Single
107cm x 203cm (42in x 80in)
Double
138cm x 188cm (54in x 74in)
Queen
153cm x 203cm (60in x 80in - Same as American Queen)
King
183cm x 203cm (72in x 80in)
California King
183cm x 213cm (72in x 82in)
Super King
204 cm x 204cm (80in x 80in)

New Zealand[edit]

The following bed sizes are available in New Zealand

Single
91cm x 188cm
Single XL
91cm x 203cm
Three-quarter (uncommon)
120 cm × 188 cm
King Single
107cm x 203cm
Double
137cm x 188cm
Queen
153cm x 203cm
King
167cm x 203cm
Super King
183cm x 203cm
Californian King
203cm x 203cm
Water Bed King
213cm x 203cm

Africa[edit]

South Africa[edit]

Comprehensive list of bed sizes in South Africa:

Single 
92 cm × 188 cm
Single XL 
92 cm × 200 cm
Three-quarter 
107 cm × 188 cm
Three-quarter XL
107 cm × 200 cm
Double
137 cm × 188 cm
Double XL 
137 cm × 200 cm
Queen 
152 cm × 188 cm
Queen XL 
dimensions 152 cm × 200 cm
King 
183 cm × 188 cm (equal to the width of two single mattresses)
King XL 
183 cm × 200 cm (equal to the width of two single mattresses)

XL mattress sizes vary only in length but not in width.

Asia[edit]

China[edit]

In China, the regulation standard has following sizes available:[9]

  • Length: 1900 mm, 1950 mm, 2000 mm, 2100 mm;
  • Width: Single: 800 mm, 900 mm, 1000 mm, 1100 mm, 1200 mm;
  • Width: Double: 1350 mm, 1400 mm, 1500 mm, 1800 mm.

In practice, bed sizes are usually categorized by the width. The length is typically two metres, but may vary. The most common sizes are:

1.2 m
120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in)
1.5 m
150 cm × 200 cm (59 in × 79 in)
1.8 m
180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in)

There are also extra size beds available, but they are less common.

Indonesia, Singapore, and Malaysia[edit]

The following bed sizes are available in Indonesia, Singapore, and Malaysia:

Single 
36 in × 75 in (91 cm x 191 cm)
Twin size 
39 in × 75 in (99 cm × 191 cm)
Super single 
42 in × 75 in (106 cm x 191 cm)
Queen (double) 
60 in × 75 in (152 cm × 191 cm)
King (double)
72 in × 75 in (183 cm × 191 cm)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Mattress Sizes". Better Sleep. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  2. ^ Apodaca, Frank (25 March 2017). "Single vs Twin Bed Size". The Sleep Judge. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  3. ^ Auer, Joe (22 December 2016). "Mattress Sizes And Dimensions- A Comprehensive Overview". Mattress Clarity. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  4. ^ "What size is a three-quarter bed?". Reference. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Buying guide: Choosing a mattress John Lewis Partnership
  6. ^ Buying guide: Choosing a small baby mattress
  7. ^ a b c Bed buyer's guide IKEA UK
  8. ^ "Single Bed Size & Mattress Dimensions — Standard". www.standardbedsizes.com. Retrieved 2017-12-11.
  9. ^ "中华人民共和国轻工业标准 QB/T1952.2—99 -- 弹 簧 软 床 垫". 国家轻工业局. 1999-07-12. Retrieved 2015-10-11.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Beds at Wikimedia Commons
  • Media related to Mattresses at Wikimedia Commons