Bed size

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Single size beds are usually intended for one person.
Double size beds are usually intended for two persons.

Standard bed sizes are based on standard mattress sizes, which vary from country to country. Bed sizes also vary according to the size and degree of ornamentation of the bed frame. Dimensions and names vary considerably around the world, with most countries having their own standards and terminology. In addition, two mattresses with the same nominal size may still have slightly different dimensions, due to manufacturing tolerances, amount of padding, and support type. Beds are generally rectangular. More specialized shapes may be obtained by special order (for example circular beds). Mattress sizes may differ from bedding sizes.

Factors and different uses[edit]

The choice of bed size may depend on:

  • The amount of available space inside the room.
  • Whether the bed is intended to be used by a single person or shared between two (or more).
  • Body size and shape, preferred sleeping position and personal preference (neither too large nor too small).

Some recommend that the bed size should be at least 15 cm (6 in) longer than the height of the person sleeping in it, i.e. 200 cm (79 in) long for a 185 cm (73 in) tall person.[1] Some recommend that a double bed should allow two persons enough room to both lie on their back with their hand behind their head without their elbows touching.[1]

Nomenclature[edit]

Naming standards on different bed sizes and their corresponding actual measurements can vary across national standards. Examples of such nomenclature are names like "Single", "Double", "Queen" or "King" size. Sometimes the naming standards are further divided by adding adjectives such as "Narrow", "Wide", "Extra Wide", "Long", "Extra Long" and so on, which also can vary across national standards.

For example, a King size bed may measure (in width by length):

  • 150 cm × 200 cm (59 in × 79 in) in the UK.
  • 165 cm × 203 cm (65 in × 80 in) in New Zealand.[2]
  • 180 cm × 190 cm (71 in × 75 in) in Portugal, but is also available in 195 and 200 cm (77 and 79 in) lengths.[3]
  • 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in) in Indonesia.[4]
  • 183 cm × 191 cm (72 in × 75 in) in Singapore[5] and Malaysia.[6]
  • 183 cm × 203 cm (72 in × 80 in) in Australia.[7]
  • 183 cm × 216 cm (72 in × 85 in) in India.[8]
  • 193 cm × 202 cm (76 in × 80 in) in the US.[9]

Because of the growth of international trade and the above potential cause of confusion, bed sizes are becoming more standardized. In most countries, using the International System of Units, bed dimensions most often appear in centimeters, and often only by width and length.[10] In the United States, Canada, and some regions influenced by the former British Empire, dimensions are usually in inches.[11]

Europe[edit]

Comparison diagram of some of the most common European single and double bed sizes.

Europe may traditionally have had more variations in national bed size standards than any other part of the world,[12] but in the recent years a few sizes have become more common than others. Bed sizes are defined in centimeters in all European countries, although supplementary Imperial equivalents are sometimes shown in the United Kingdom.

Today, the most common widths sold by pan European retailers are:

  • 90 and 120 cm (35 and 47 in) for single beds.[13]
  • 160, 180 and 200 cm (63, 71 and 79 in) for double beds, with 180 cm (71 in) arguably being the most common.

Other sizes are also available in some European countries (e.g., 80 or 140 cm [31 or 55 in]), but the widths listed above are the most common when looking at the European market as a whole. 135 cm (53 in) and 150 cm (59 in) [nominal] are more typical in the UK and Ireland.

Today, the 200 cm (79 in) length is the most common bed length sold by pan-European retailers. Lengths of 210 or 220 cm (83 or 87 in) are often also available by special order. The longer beds are intended for taller people,[14] and as a rule of thumb 210 cm (83 in) long beds may be recommended to people 190 cm (75 in) or taller, while 220 cm (87 in) beds are recommended for people over 200 cm (79 in) tall.[15]

France[edit]

In France, single size beds are usually 90 cm × 190 cm (35 in × 75 in).

The most common sizes for double beds are:

  • 140 cm × 190 cm (55 in × 75 in)
  • 160 cm × 200 cm (63 in × 79 in)
  • 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in)

Italy[edit]

In Italy, beds are classified by name and use the term piazza as in "place" Standard sizes are:[16]

Una piazza ("one place") or singolo ("single")
  • 80 cm × 190 cm (31 in × 75 in)
  • 90 cm × 190 cm (35 in × 75 in)
Una piazza e mezza ("11/2 places")
  • 120 cm × 190 cm (47 in × 75 in)
Piazza e mezza francese ("French 11/2 places")
  • 140 cm × 190 cm (55 in × 75 in)
Due piazze ("two places") or letto matrimoniale ("matrimonial bed")
  • 160 cm × 190 cm (63 in × 75 in)
  • 180 cm × 190 cm (71 in × 75 in)

Due to the popularity of imported beds (especially from IKEA), the 200 cm (79 in) length is becoming more common across all bed sizes.[citation needed]

Northern Europe[edit]

These sizes are for Germany, Poland, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. There are some variations between different countries, but these are the most common sizes:

Single
  • 90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in). Extended variants are typically 210 cm-long (83 in).
Three-quarter
  • 140 cm × 200 cm (55 in × 79 in)[17]
Double
  • 160 cm × 200 cm (63 in × 79 in)
  • 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in), most common double bed[18]
  • 200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in), a common extra-wide bed

Portugal[edit]

In Portugal, the most common widths for beds are:

Solteiro (single)
80 cm (31 in) or 90 cm (35 in)
Casal (double)
140 cm (55 in)
Queen size
160 cm (63 in)
King size
180 cm (71 in)
Super king size
200 cm (79 in)

Beds are typically 190 cm (75 in) long, but 200 cm (79 in) are increasingly common.

Spain[edit]

In Spain, standardized lengths are 180, 190 and 200 cm (71, 75 and 79 in), with 190 cm (75 in) being the most common. Standardized widths are 80, 90, 105, 120, 135 or 150 cm (31, 35, 41, 47, 53 or 59 in). The most common bed sizes are:

Individual (single)
90 cm (35 in)
Matrimonio (marital)
135 or 150 cm (53 or 59 in)

Switzerland[edit]

Single
  • 70 cm × 200 cm (28 in × 79 in), only used for double beds with two separate mattresses.
  • 80 cm × 200 cm (31 in × 79 in), only used for double beds with two separate mattresses.
  • 90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in), common single bed.
  • 120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in), uncommon, mainly available as European-style futon beds that are sold with mattress, slats and frame.
  • 140 cm × 200 cm (55 in × 79 in), common, especially among young people.
Double
  • 160 cm × 200 cm (63 in × 79 in), common.
  • 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in), common.
  • 200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in).

UK and Ireland[edit]

Standard UK and Ireland sizes

In the United Kingdom and Ireland, beds are measured according to the size of mattress they hold, not the dimensions of the bed frame itself; bed frame sizes are not standardised and may differ between manufacturers.[19][20] Below are the typical bed sizes from the National Bed Federation, which is the trade association for the majority of British and Irish bed manufacturers and their suppliers.[21] Most manufacturers use a standard defined in feet and inches with the metric indicators not being exact equivalents.[19] There can legally be a tolerance of up to ±2 cm (0.8 in) in quoted measurements and the size of the mattress itself.[22]

Size Dimensions
Centimeters Inches[20][19]
Small single 76 × 191 30 × 75
Single 91 × 191 36 × 75
Small double 122 × 191 48 × 75
Double 137 × 191 54 × 75
King 152 × 198 60 × 78
Super King 183 × 198 72 × 78

Some UK retailers may have a "queen" size that refers to one of the above standard sizes, but there is inconsistency around which size specifically, with both the small double and super king being prevalent.

Less common sizes include:[citation needed]

Size Dimensions
Centimeters Inches
Toddler 71 × 140 28 × 55
Emperor 213 × 213 84 × 84
Caesar 244 × 221 96 × 87
Super Caesar 274 × 221 108 × 87

As well as UK standard sizes, common European sizes are also sometimes found in the UK from imports and IKEA.[20][23] The typical length of an IKEA and other European mattresses is 200 cm (79 in), whereas UK lengths vary depending on the width of the mattress, being usually either 191 or 198 cm (75 or 78 in).[24] Due to the popularity of imported beds (especially from IKEA), the 200 cm (79 in) length is becoming more common.[citation needed] In 2015, IKEA also started offering UK sizes in Britain alongside their standard European sizes.[25]

While many companies in the UK offer custom-made bed making services, most mass-produced bed linens, bed frames and mattresses fit only the standard bed sizes above.

North America[edit]

Proportions of the seven standard North American bed sizes

The sizes of mattresses use non-numeric labels such as a "king" or "full", but are defined in inches. Historically most beds were "twins" or "doubles" but in the mid–1940s larger mattresses were introduced by manufacturers. These were later standardized as "queen" and "king", and first made a significant impact on the market in the 1950s and 60s.[26] Standard mattress depth ranges from the "standard" size of 23 cm (9 in) to "high contour" of up to 33 cm (13 in). Below are the standard ISPA widths and heights in the United States and Canada.[27][28]

Note: When dimensions are specified to the half-inch below, the actual dimension called-out by manufactures or various websites may be ± 0.5 inch.[27]

Size Dimensions
Centimeters Inches[27][28]
Twin or Single 98 × 189 38.5 × 74.5
Twin XL 98 × 202 38.5 × 79.5
Full or Double 136 × 189 53.5 × 74.5
Queen 152 × 202 60 × 79.5
King 193 × 202 76 × 79.5
California King 183 × 212 72 × 83.5

Less common sizes include:[citation needed]

Size Dimensions
Centimeters Inches
Crib 70 × 132 27.5 × 52
Junior 70 × 160 27.5 × 63
Cot or
Small Single
76 × 191 30 × 75
Antique Single 91 × 183 36 × 72
Twin XXL 95 × 212 37.5 × 83.5
Antique Double or
Three-quarter[29]
122 × 183 48 × 72
Full XL or
Double XL
136 × 202 53.5 × 79.5
Super Queen,
Olympic Queen, or
Expanded Queen
168 × 203 66 × 80
California Queen 152 × 212 60 × 83.5
Super King,
Grand King,
Athletic King, or
Texas King
203 × 249 80 × 98
Wyoming King 213 × 213 84 × 84
Alberta King or
Alaskan Queen
244 × 244 96 × 96
Alaska King or
Alaskan King
274 × 274 108 × 108

There are also a number of specialty sizes for specific use cases:[citation needed]

Size Dimensions Notes
Centimeters Inches
Half Queen or
Split Queen
76 × 202 30 × 79.5 For adjustable Queen size beds where each half moves independently.
Half California King or
Split California King
91 × 212 36 × 83.5 For adjustable California King size beds where each half moves independently.
Short Queen or
RV Queen
152 × 191 60 × 75 Typically found in recreational vehicles and campers
Short King or
RV King
183 × 191 72 × 75 Typically found in RVs.
Narrower and shorter than a standard King.
RV King 183 × 203 72 × 80 Narrower than a standard King.
Single Waterbed 91 × 208 36 × 82 Used for conventional mattress inserts inside a Single/Twin waterbed frame.
Super Single Waterbed 119 × 208 47 × 82 Used for conventional waterbed insert inside a Super Single waterbed frame.
Queen Waterbed 147 × 208 58 × 82 Used for conventional waterbed insert inside a Queen waterbed frame.
(Subtract 5 cm (2 in) from California Queen size)
King Waterbed 178 × 208 70 × 82 Used for conventional waterbed insert inside a King waterbed frame.
(Subtract 5 cm (2 in) from California King size)
Truck Sleeper Cab
Common Mattress Sizes
(Without Specific Names)
81 × 201 32 × 79 Many additional sizes are considered Standard for trucks,
and custom sizes are available as well.
89 × 201 35 × 79
91 × 193 36 × 76
97 × 203 38 × 80
107 × 203 42 × 80

Bedding in the United States must state the type of bed it is intended for, in addition to the dimensions in both inches and centimeters.[30]

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

The following bed sizes are available in Australia.[31]

Traditional Australian bed sizes.
Size Dimensions
Centimeters Inches
Single 92 × 188 36 × 74
Long single 92 × 203 36 × 80
King single 107 × 203 42 × 80
Double 138 × 188 54 × 74
Queen 153 × 203 60 × 80
King 183 × 203 72 × 80
Super king 204 × 204 80 × 80

New Zealand[edit]

The following bed sizes are available in New Zealand.[citation needed]

Size Dimensions
Centimeters Inches
Single 92 × 188 36 × 74
Single XL 92 × 203 36 × 80
King single 107 × 203 42 × 80
Double 135 × 188 53 × 74
Queen 150 × 203 59 × 80
King 165 × 203 65 × 80
Super king 183 × 203 72 × 80
California king 203 × 203 80 × 80

Africa[edit]

South Africa[edit]

In South Africa, bed sizes have standard lengths of either 188 or 200 cm (74 or 79 in),[32] with the latter being called XL variants. XL mattresses have the same widths as their non-XL counterparts.[33] The 200 cm (79 in) XL length is recommended for persons over 183 cm (6 ft) tall.[34]

Single
92 cm (36 in) wide
Three-quarter
107 cm (42 in) wide
Double
137 cm (54 in) wide
Queen
152 cm (60 in) wide
King
183 cm (72 in) wide. Equal to the width of two single mattresses.
Super King
200 cm (79 in) wide. Available in XL length only.

Asia[edit]

India[edit]

In India, the following sizes are standard:[citation needed]

Single
91 cm × 198 cm (36 in × 78 in)
Double
122 cm × 198 cm (48 in × 78 in)
Queen
152 cm × 198 cm (60 in × 78 in)
King
183 cm × 198 cm (72 in × 78 in)

China[edit]

In China, the following sizes are standard:[35]

  • Lengths: 190, 195, 200, 210 cm (75, 77, 79, 83 in)
  • Single bed widths: 80, 90, 100, 110, 120 cm (31, 35, 39, 43, 47 in)
  • Double bed widths: 135, 140, 150, 180 cm (53, 55, 59, 71 in)

In practice, bed sizes are usually categorized by the width. The length is typically 200 cm (79 in), but this may vary. The most common sizes are:[citation needed]

  • 120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in)
  • 150 cm × 200 cm (59 in × 79 in)
  • 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in)

There are also other bed sizes available, but they are less common.

Indonesia[edit]

In Indonesia, the standard length is always 200 cm (79 in). The following market-standard sizes are commonly available in Indonesia:[36]

Single
90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in)
Double or twin
120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in)
Queen
160 cm × 200 cm (63 in × 79 in)
King
180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in)
Super King
200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in)

Japan[edit]

Standard Japanese bedding sizes are described in the standard JIS S 1102:2017 Beds for domestic use by the Japanese Standards Association.[37]

Size Dimensions
Centimeters Inches
Single 97 × 195 38 × 77
Semi-Double 122 × 195 48 × 77
Double 140 × 195 55 × 77
Wide Double 152 × 195 60 × 77
Queen 160 × 195 63 × 77
King 194 × 195 76 × 77
King Long 194 × 205 76 × 81

Taiwan[edit]

Traditionally, five sizes are common in Taiwan, locally known as 3 footer, 3.5 footer, 5 footer, 6 footer and 7 footer. They are also known as Taiwanese small single, twin, full, queen and king respectively.[38][39][40]

Size Dimensions
Centimeters Inches
Small Single 91 × 188 36 × 74
Twin 106 × 188 42 × 74
Double 152 × 188 60 × 74
Queen 182 × 188 72 × 74
King 182 × 212 72 × 83

However, American beds are also popular in Taiwan. Bedroom furniture and bedding of U.S. standard sizes can be purchased in major cities there.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "A Quick Guide In Choosing The Ideal Bed Size - SLEEPTALKERS". beddingstock.com. Archived from the original on 25 August 2019.
  2. ^ Mattress Sizes: Single, Double, Queen, King & Super King | Bedpost New Zealand
  3. ^ SizeChart.com - Portuguese Bed Sizes
  4. ^ FAQ » Serta Mattress Indonesia
  5. ^ The Definitive Guide to Mattress Sizes in Singapore | Simmons.com.sg
  6. ^ King Size & Queen Size Mattress In Malaysia - Sealy Asia (M) Sdn Bhd
  7. ^ Bed Size Guide | Help & FAQs | Forty Winks
  8. ^ Indian Mattress Sizes and Dimensions - Best Mattress In India
  9. ^ Mattress Size Information - US-Mattress.com
  10. ^ European beds (Sizechart.com)
  11. ^ Standard bed sizes (Bedsizes.com)
  12. ^ Continental European Bed Sizes - bedsizes.biz
  13. ^ Consumer Media (forbrukerliv.no - forbrugsguiden.dk - konsumentmagasinet.se) - Single Size Bed Guide 2019 English translation: "Today the standard is 90 cm [..] "However, it has also become more common with wider single beds" [..] "A 120 cm wide single bed can give a major increase in comfort". (Norwegian original: I dag er standarden 90 cm [..] Det blir likevel mer og mer vanlig med større bredde [..] en enkeltseng med bredde på 120 cm [kan] gjøre en stor forskjell på komforten)
  14. ^ Valg av seng - Slik velger du den beste seng - Les guide her
  15. ^ Rammemadrass - Se stort utvalg & finn de beste rammemadrasser her
  16. ^ Tiwatne, Sid; Hope (19 April 2020). "Mattress Dimension Guide". Puffy. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  17. ^ Trekvart-seng eller halvanden-mands-seng – find den på Bilka.dk
  18. ^ What is a German Double Bed? "A German double bed is typically 180 cm x 200 cm"
  19. ^ a b c "NBF Guidelines: Standard Bed Sizes". National Bed Federation. Archived from the original on 17 December 2013.
  20. ^ a b c "National Bed Federation Bed Buyers' Guide" (PDF). National Bed Federation. 2018.
  21. ^ "Trade Association Elects New President". National Bed Federation. 8 May 2018.
  22. ^ "NBF Guidelines: Tolerances". National Bed Federation. Archived from the original on 2 May 2013.
  23. ^ "Bed buyer's guide". IKEA. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  24. ^ IKEA size guide - bed factory direct .co.uk
  25. ^ Ikea booms in Britain after smaller beds introduced | Business | The Guardian
  26. ^ "1941–1965: Mattress makers introduce 'king' and 'queen' sizes". BedTimes. 10 June 2016.
  27. ^ a b c "About the Industry". International Sleep Products Association. Archived from the original on 1 December 2001.
  28. ^ a b Sleep Products Voluntary Dimensional Guideline for Bedding Products and Components. International Sleep Products Association. 2001.
  29. ^ "What size is a three-quarter bed?". Reference. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  30. ^ "Handbook 130 – 2012 Uniform Packaging and Labeling Regulation" (PDF). US National Institute of Standards and Technology. 9 May 2017. p. 81. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  31. ^ "Australian Bed Sizes". www.standardbedsizes.com. Retrieved 7 March 2020.
  32. ^ Mattress Buying Guide - The Sleep Gallery
  33. ^ Bed Sizes by Bedworld - A Quick Guide to bed sizes in South Africa
  34. ^ Bed and Mattresses Sizes in South Africa Explained
  35. ^ "中华人民共和国轻工业标准 QB/T1952.2—99 -- 弹 簧 软 床 垫". 国家轻工业局. 12 July 1999. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  36. ^ https://www.ikea.co.id/in/inspirasi/tips-memilih-jenis-ukuran-kasur-untuk-kamar-tidur (Tips for choosing the right mattress sizes for your bedroom before buying one)
  37. ^ JIS S 1102:2017 Beds for domestic use Japanese title: "JIS S 1102:2017 住宅用普通ベッド - 日本工業規格" (Supersedes "JIS S 1101:1981 Nominal Dimensions Of Domestic Beds", Japanese Standards Association)
  38. ^ "床尺寸", 维基百科,自由的百科全书 (in Chinese), 30 October 2019, retrieved 26 March 2020
  39. ^ "雙人床尺寸,單人床尺寸有多大?每家床墊尺寸相同嗎?-Unicorn龍馬名床". www.unicorn-bed.com.tw (in Chinese). Retrieved 26 March 2020.
  40. ^ geefoung-kh (1 March 2018). "床墊有哪些尺寸?長寬分別是幾公分?". 佶豐床墊推薦 (in Chinese). Retrieved 26 March 2020.

External links[edit]

Media related to Beds at Wikimedia Commons

Media related to Mattresses at Wikimedia Commons