Bed size

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Single size bed

Standard bed sizes are based on standard mattress sizes, which vary from country to country. Bed sizes also vary according to the size and degree of ornamentation of the bed frame. Dimensions and names vary considerably around the world, with most countries having their own standards and terminology. In addition, two mattresses with the same nominal size may still have slightly different dimensions, due to manufacturing tolerances, amount of padding, and support type. In almost all territories, standard beds are rectangular but other shapes, notably circular, may be obtained by special order.

Table of common sizes[edit]

Modern manufacturing conventions have produced many standard mattress and box spring sizes. Beds vary by country of origin as shown in the table below. These dimensions are for the mattress; actual bed frames are a little larger to accommodate the mattress. Mattress thickness varies considerably.

North America South America Europe Oceania Asia
US and Canada Brazil Colombia Continental
Europe
Scandinavia UK and Ireland Australia New Zealand China Japan Singapore Thailand
Small single
or Cot
76 cm × 191 cm
(30 in × 75 in)
80 cm × 190 cm
(31 in × 75 in)
80 cm × 190 cm
(31 in × 75 in)
60 cm × 190 cm
(24 in × 75 in)
91 cm × 188 cm
(36 in × 74 in)
85 cm × 195 cm
(33 in × 77 in)
Single, Twin,
or Bunk
97 cm × 191 cm
(38 in × 75 in)[1]
88 cm × 188 cm
(35 in × 74 in)
100 cm × 190 cm
(39 in × 75 in)
90 cm × 200 cm
(35 in × 79 in)
90 cm × 200 cm
(35 in × 79 in)
90 cm × 190 cm
(35 in × 75 in)
92 cm × 188 cm
(36 in × 74 in)
91 cm × 188 cm
(36 in × 74 in)
106 cm × 188 cm
(42 in × 74 in)
97 cm × 195 cm
(38 in × 77 in)
91 cm × 191 cm
(36 in × 75 in)
107 cm × 198 cm
(42 in × 78 in)
Twin extra long 97 cm × 203 cm
(38 in × 80 in)[1]
90 cm × 210 cm
(35 in × 83 in)
91 cm × 203 cm
(36 in × 80 in)
97 cm × 205 cm
(38 in × 81 in)
King single
or Super single
96 cm × 203 cm
(38 in × 80 in)
120 cm × 200 cm
(47 in × 79 in)
107 cm × 203 cm
(42 in × 80 in)
107 cm × 203 cm
(42 in × 80 in)
110 cm × 195 cm
(43 in × 77 in)
107 cm × 191 cm
(42 in × 75 in)
Small double
or Three-quarter
122 cm × 191 cm
(48 in × 75 in)
120 cm × 190 cm
(47 in × 75 in)
140 cm × 200 cm
(55 in × 79 in)
120 cm × 190 cm
(47 in × 75 in)
122 cm × 195 cm
(48 in × 77 in)
Full or Double 137 cm × 191 cm
(54 in × 75 in)
138 cm × 188 cm
(54 in × 74 in)
140 cm × 190 cm
(55 in × 75 in)
140 cm × 200 cm
(55 in × 79 in)
180 cm × 200 cm
(71 in × 79 in)
135 cm × 190 cm
(53 in × 75 in)
138 cm × 188 cm
(54 in × 74 in)
137 cm × 188 cm
(54 in × 74 in)
152 cm × 188 cm
(60 in × 74 in)
140 cm × 195 cm
(55 in × 77 in)
122 cm × 198 cm
(48 in × 78 in)
Double extra long 135 cm × 203 cm
(53 in × 80 in)
140 cm × 205 cm
(55 in × 81 in)
Queen 152 cm × 203 cm
(60 in × 80 in)
158 cm × 198 cm
(62 in × 78 in)
160 cm × 190 cm
(63 in × 75 in)
152 cm × 203 cm
(60 in × 80 in)
152 cm × 203 cm
(60 in × 80 in)
182 cm × 188 cm
(72 in × 74 in)
154 cm × 195 cm
(61 in × 77 in)
152 cm × 191 cm
(60 in × 75 in)
152 cm × 198 cm
(60 in × 78 in)
Expanded, Super,
or Olympic queen
168 cm × 203 cm
(66 in × 80 in)
180 cm × 190 cm
(71 in × 75 in)
King or
Eastern King
193 cm × 203 cm
(76 in × 80 in) or
198 cm × 198 cm
(78 in × 78 in)
193 cm × 203 cm
(76 in × 80 in)
200 cm × 200 cm
(79 in × 79 in)
160 cm × 200 cm
(63 in × 79 in)
152 cm × 198 cm
(60 in × 78 in)
183 cm × 203 cm
(72 in × 80 in)
167 cm × 203 cm
(66 in × 80 in)
182 cm × 212 cm
(72 in × 83 in)
170 cm × 195 cm
(67 in × 77 in)
183 cm × 191 cm
(72 in × 75 in)
183 cm × 198 cm
(72 in × 78 in)
California King,
Western King,
or King long
183 cm × 213 cm
(72 in × 84 in)
180 cm × 210 cm
(72 in × 84 in)
200 cm × 200 cm
(80 in × 80 in)
170 cm × 205 cm
(67 in × 81 in)
Grand King,
Super King,
Athletic King,
or Texas King
203 cm × 249 cm
(80 in × 98 in)
180 cm × 200 cm
(71 in × 79 in)
180 cm × 200 cm
(71 in × 79 in)
203 cm × 203 cm
(80 in × 80 in)
183 cm × 203 cm
(72 in × 80 in)
194 cm × 205 cm
(76 in × 81 in)
Large Emperor 213 cm × 213 cm
(84 in × 84 in)
Caesar 245 cm × 200 cm
(96 in × 79 in)

North America[edit]

The sizes of mattresses use non-numeric labels such as a "king" or "full", but are defined in inches. Historically most beds were "twins" or "doubles", but in the mid-1940s larger mattresses were introduced by manufacturers. These were later standardised as "queen" and "king", and first made a significant impact in the market in the 1950s and 60s.[2] Standard mattress depth ranges from the "standard" size of 9 inches (23 cm) to "high contour" of up to 13 inches (33 cm). Below are the standard ISPA widths and heights in the United States and Canada, rounded to an inch.[3][4]

Standard North American bed sizes
A pillowtop queen-size mattress.
Size Dimensions Notes
Inches Centimetres
Twin or single 39 × 74 99 × 188 There is a common misconception that a single bed is sometimes smaller than a twin.[5]
Twin XL 39 × 80 99 × 203 [6]
Full or double 54 × 74 137 × 188
Queen 60 × 80 152 × 203
King 76 × 80 193 × 203 Foundation or box spring size can be of two single L or twin XL.
California King 72 × 84 183 × 213

Less common sizes include:

Size Dimensions Notes
Inches Centimetres
Three-quarters 48 × 75 122 × 191 [7]
Full XL 53 × 80 135 × 203
Texas (or athletic) king 80 × 98 203 × 249
California queen waterbed insert 58 × 82 147 × 208 Used for conventional mattresses inside a waterbed frame. Subtract 2 inches from California queen waterbed size
California king waterbed insert 70 × 82 178 × 208 Used for conventional mattresses inside a waterbed frame. Subtract 2 inches from California king waterbed size

Bedding in the United States must state the type of bed it is intended for, in addition to the dimensions in both inches and centimetres.[8]

Europe[edit]

UK and Ireland[edit]

Standard UK and Ireland sizes

In the United Kingdom and Ireland beds are measured according to the size of mattress they hold, not the dimensions of the bed frame itself; bed sizes are not standardised and may differ between manufacturers.[9][10] Below are the typical bed sizes from the National Bed Federation, which is the trade association for the majority of British and Irish bed manufacturers and their suppliers.[11] Most manufacturers use a standard defined in feet and inches with the metric indicators not being exact equivalents.[9] There can legally be a tolerance of up to +/-2 centimetres (0.8 in) in quoted measurements and the size of the mattress itself.[12]

Size Dimensions Notes
Inches[10][9] Centimetres
Small Single 30 × 75 75 × 190 Common UK size for single-person hospitality (zip & link) twin beds as beds can be combined to make a short King bed.[citation needed]
Single 36 × 75 90 × 190 Also a standard hospitality sized single-person twin bed in Ireland,[citation needed] two mattresses can be zip linked to make a short Super King bed.
Small Double 48 × 75 120 × 190 Known also as a ​34 or a four-foot bed, for one person although can fit two.[13]
Double 54 × 75 135 × 190
King 60 × 78 150 × 200 This is the closest bed to the American Queen size bed, 60 by 80 inches (150 cm × 200 cm).[13]
Super King 72 × 78 180 × 200 Can fit three persons.

Less commonly used sizes include:

  • Toddler size: 2'6" × 4'8" or 75 by 140 centimetres (30 in × 56 in)[13]
  • Emperor: 7' × 7' or 215 by 215 centimetres (84 in × 84 in), though size can vary by manufacturer[14]

As well as standard sizes, European common sizes are also sometimes found in the UK from imports and IKEA.[10][15]

Size Dimensions Notes
Inches[15] Centimetres
European Single 36 × 78 90 × 200 Two mattresses can be zip linked to make a Super King bed.
European Double 55 × 78 140 × 200
European King 63 × 78 160 × 200

While many companies in the UK do offer bespoke bed making services, most mass-produced bed linens, bed frames and mattresses fit only the standard bed sizes above.

France[edit]

Single size beds are usually 90 centimetres (35 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long.

Most common sizes for double beds are:
140 centimetres (55 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long
160 centimetres (63 in) wide by 200 centimetres (79 in) long
180 centimetres (71 in) wide by 200 centimetres (79 in) long (less common, but increasing popularity).

Due to the popularity of imported beds (especially from IKEA), the 200 centimetres (79 in) length is becoming more common.[citation needed]

Italy[edit]

In Italy, beds are classified by name and use the term piazza as in "one place" Standard sizes are:[16]

Una piazza or singolo ("single")
80 or 90 centimetres (31 or 35 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long.
Una piazza e mezza (11/2)
120 centimetres (47 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long.
Due piazze or letto matrimoniale
160 or 180 centimetres (63 or 71 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long.

Less common:[citation needed]

Piazza francese or "Piazza e Mezza francese"
140 centimetres (55 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long

Due to the popularity of imported beds (especially from IKEA), the 200 centimetres (79 in) length is becoming more common.[citation needed]

Northern Europe[edit]

These sizes are for Germany, Poland, Netherlands, Belgium, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. There are some variations between different countries , but these are the most common sizes:

Single:

  • 80 cm × 190 cm (31 in × 75 in), traditional standard for bunk beds in Germany
  • 90 cm × 190 cm (35 in × 75 in), traditional standard in Germany, not common any more
  • 75 cm × 200 cm (30 in × 79 in), standard in Norway[citation needed]
  • 80 cm × 200 cm (31 in × 79 in), common variant in Finland[citation needed]
  • 90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in), standard single bed in Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Germany, also common in The Netherlands
  • 90 cm × 210 cm (35 in × 83 in)
  • 90 cm × 220 cm (35 in × 87 in), extra long variant in The Netherlands
  • 100 cm × 200 cm (39 in × 79 in), common in only some Regions in Germany
  • 105 cm × 200 cm (41 in × 79 in)
  • 120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in)[citation needed]

Three-Quarter:

  • 120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in), less common in Scandinavia
  • 140 cm × 200 cm (55 in × 79 in), very common three-quarters in Scandinavia

Double:

  • 120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in), referred to as a "doubter" in the Netherlands, somewhat common for younger people
  • 140 cm × 200 cm (55 in × 79 in), common for teens and tweens in Germany
  • 150 cm × 200 cm (59 in × 79 in), common
  • 160 cm × 200 cm (63 in × 79 in), very common[citation needed], common variant in Finland[citation needed]
  • 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in), very common double bed in current Danish, Swedish and Norwegian standards[citation needed]
  • 180 cm × 210 cm (71 in × 83 in)
  • 200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in) (very wide)

Portugal[edit]

In Portugal the most common sizes for beds are:

Solteiro (single) 80 centimetres (31 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long (can go up to 105 cm wide by 200 cm long)

Casal (double) 140 centimetres (55 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in), 195 or 200 cm long

Queen Size 160 centimetres (63 in) or 180 centimetres (71 in) wide by 190, 195 or 200 cm long

King Size 180 centimetres (71 in) wide by 190, 195 or 200 cm long

Super King Size 200 centimetres (79 in) wide by 200 cm long

Spain[edit]

In Spain the most common sizes are:

180/190/200 cm long

80/90/105/120/135/150 cm wide, the most common:

"Individual" (single) = 90 cm wide

"Matrimonio" (marital) = 135/150 cm wide

Switzerland[edit]

Single:

  • 70 cm × 200 cm (28 in × 79 in), only used for double beds with two separate mattresses
  • 80 cm × 200 cm (31 in × 79 in), only used for double beds with two separate mattresses
  • 90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in), common single bed
  • 120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in), uncommon, mainly available as European-style futon beds that are sold with mattress, slats and frame
  • 140 cm × 200 cm (55 in × 79 in), common, especially among young people

Double:

  • 160 cm × 200 cm (63 in × 79 in), common
  • 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in), common
  • 200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in)

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

The following bed sizes are available in Australia.

Size Dimensions Notes
Centimetres Inches
Single[17] 92 × 188 36 × 74
Long Single 92 × 204 36 × 80
Three-quarter 120 × 188 47 × 74 Obsolete, but still present.
King Single 107 × 203 42 × 80
Double 138 × 188 54 × 74
Queen 153 × 203 60 × 80 Same as an American Queen.
King 183 × 203 72 × 80
California King 183 × 213 72 × 84
Super King 204 × 204 80 × 80

New Zealand[edit]

The following bed sizes are available in New Zealand.

Size Dimensions Notes
Centimetres Inches
Single 92 × 188 36 × 74
Single XL 92 × 203 36 × 80
Three-quarter 120 × 188 47 × 74 Uncommon.
King Single 107 × 203 42 × 80
Double 135 × 188 53 × 74
Queen 150 × 203 59 × 80
King 165 × 203 65 × 80
Super King 183 × 203 72 × 80
Californian King 203 × 203 80 × 80
Water Bed King 213 × 203 84 × 80

Africa[edit]

South Africa[edit]

Comprehensive list of bed sizes in South Africa:

Single 
92 cm × 188 cm
Single XL 
92 cm × 200 cm
Three-quarter 
107 cm × 188 cm
Three-quarter XL
107 cm × 200 cm
Double
137 cm × 188 cm
Double XL 
137 cm × 200 cm
Queen 
152 cm × 188 cm
Queen XL 
dimensions 152 cm × 200 cm
King 
183 cm × 188 cm (equal to the width of two single mattresses)
King XL 
183 cm × 200 cm (equal to the width of two single mattresses)

XL mattress sizes vary only in length but not in width.

Asia[edit]

China[edit]

In China, the regulation standard has following sizes available:[18]

  • Length: 190, 195, 200, 210 cm
  • Width: Single: 80, 90, 100, 110, 120 cm
  • Width: Double: 135, 140, 150, 180 cm

In practice, bed sizes are usually categorized by the width. The length is typically 200 cm, but this may vary. The most common sizes are:

120 × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in)
150 × 200 cm (59 in × 79 in)
180 × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in)

There are also extra size beds available, but they are less common.

Indonesia, Singapore, and Malaysia[edit]

In Indonesia, the standard length is 200 cm or 79 inch. The following standard sizes are commonly available in Indonesia:

Single 
90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in)
Double/Twin 
120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in)
Queen 
160 cm × 200 cm (63 in × 79 in)
King 
180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in)
Super King 
200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in)

The following bed sizes are available in Singapore and Malaysia:

Single 
36 in × 75 in (91 cm x 191 cm)
Twin size 
39 in × 75 in (99 cm × 191 cm)
Super single 
42 in × 75 in (106 cm x 191 cm)
Queen (double) 
60 in × 75 in (152 cm × 191 cm)
King (double)
72 in × 75 in (183 cm × 191 cm)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Mattress Sizes". Latex For Less. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  2. ^ "1941-1965: Mattress makers introduce 'king' and 'queen' sizes". BedTimes. 10 June 2016.
  3. ^ "About the Industry". International Sleep Products Association. Archived from the original on 16 December 2004.
  4. ^ Sleep Products Voluntary Dimensional Guideline for Bedding Products and Components. International Sleep Products Association. 2001.
  5. ^ Apodaca, Frank (25 March 2017). "Single vs Twin Bed Size". The Sleep Judge. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  6. ^ Auer, Joe (22 December 2016). "Mattress Sizes And Dimensions- A Comprehensive Overview". Mattress Clarity. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  7. ^ "What size is a three-quarter bed?". Reference. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  8. ^ "Handbook 130 – 2012 Uniform Packaging and Labeling Regulation" (PDF). US National Institute of Standards and Technology. 9 May 2017. p. 81. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  9. ^ a b c "NBF Guidelines: Standard Bed Sizes". National Bed Federation. Archived from the original on 17 December 2013.
  10. ^ a b c "National Bed Federation Bed Buyers' Guide" (PDF). National Bed Federation. 2018.
  11. ^ "Trade Association Elects New President". National Bed Federation. 8 May 2018.
  12. ^ "NBF Guidelines: Tolerances". National Bed Federation. Archived from the original on 2 May 2013.
  13. ^ a b c "Mattress size guide". www.dreams.co.uk. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  14. ^ F&Q How big is an emperor bed UK? thebigbedcompany.com
  15. ^ a b "Bed buyer's guide". IKEA. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  16. ^ Tiwatne, Sid (20 January 2018). "Mattress Dimension Guide". Nectar Sleep. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  17. ^ "Single Bed Size & Mattress Dimensions — Standard". www.standardbedsizes.com. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
  18. ^ "中华人民共和国轻工业标准 QB/T1952.2—99 -- 弹 簧 软 床 垫". 国家轻工业局. 12 July 1999. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 11 October 2015.

External links[edit]

Media related to Beds at Wikimedia Commons

Media related to Mattresses at Wikimedia Commons