Bedele

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Bedele
Bedele is located in Ethiopia
Bedele
Bedele
Location within Ethiopia
Coordinates: 8°27′N 36°21′E / 8.450°N 36.350°E / 8.450; 36.350Coordinates: 8°27′N 36°21′E / 8.450°N 36.350°E / 8.450; 36.350
Country Ethiopia
RegionOromia
ZoneIllubabor
Population
 (2007)
 • Total19,517
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
ClimateCwb

Bedele (also called Buno Bedele) is a town and separate woreda in south-western Ethiopia. Located in the Buno Bedelle Zone of the Oromia Region, this town has a longitude and latitude of 8°27′N 36°21′E / 8.450°N 36.350°E / 8.450; 36.350 and an elevation between 2,012–2,162 metres (6,601–7,093 ft) above sea level.

History[edit]

Ras Tessema Nadew made his capital near Bedele in the early 1900s. Henry Savage Landor passed through the town in 1906.[1] The map attached to C. W. Gwynn's account of his 1908/09 triangulation survey of southern Ethiopia shows that Bedele had a telegraph station, connected by way of Gore.[2] The Buno Bedele Health Center was built in 1966 with a majority of Swedish donations.[1]

The road connecting Bedele to Agaro, 96 kilometres (60 mi) long, was completed in 1968 at a cost of 12 million dollars (Ethiopian), by the French company Razel Frères. Construction on a road to Metu began around 1970.[1]

In February 2009, Regional President Abadula Gemeda laid the cornerstone for a new cultural center in Bedele. At the same time, he officially opened the new technical and vocational college in the town.[3]

Bedele Brewery[edit]

Bedele is the headquarters for the Bedele Brewery.[4] Founded in 1993, Bedele is a formerly government-owned corporation, producing about 75 million bottles of beer each year for domestic and export customers; it was bought by Heineken in August 2011.[5]

Demographics[edit]

The 2007 national census reported a total population for Bedele of 19,517, of whom 9,837 were men and 9,680 were women. The majority of the inhabitants practised Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity, with 52.9% of the population reporting they observed this belief, while 24.98% of the population said they were Protestant, and 21.44% were Moslem.[6]

Based on figures from the Central Statistical Agency in 2005,[needs update] Bedele has an estimated total population of 21,289 of whom 10,556 are men and 10,733 are women.[7] The 1994 census reported this town had a total population of 11,907 of whom 5,725 were males and 6,182 were females. 90% of the residents are ethnic Oromo.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Local History in Ethiopia"[permanent dead link] The Nordic Africa Institute website (accessed 16 November 2007)
  2. ^ Gwynn, "A Journey in Southern Abyssinia", Geographical Journal, 38 (1911), pp. 113-139
  3. ^ "Bedele to Get Cultural Center" Archived 2009-02-25 at the Wayback Machine, Ethiopian News Agency website, dated 22 February 2009 (accessed 14 April 2009)
  4. ^ Bedele Brewery website
  5. ^ Heineken and the famine: Refreshes the parts other beers cannot reach an August 18, 2011 blog post from The Economist
  6. ^ 2007 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Oromia Region, Vol. 1 Archived November 13, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Tables 2.1, 2.5, 3.4 (accessed 13 January 2012)
  7. ^ CSA 2005 National Statistics Archived July 31, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, Table B.4