Bedford County, Tennessee

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Bedford County
Bedford County courthouse in Shelbyville
Bedford County courthouse in Shelbyville
Official seal of Bedford County
Map of Tennessee highlighting Bedford County
Location within the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°31′N 86°28′W / 35.51°N 86.46°W / 35.51; -86.46
Country United States
State Tennessee
FoundedDecember 7, 1807[1]
Named forThomas Bedford, early settler[2]
SeatShelbyville
Largest cityShelbyville
Area
 • Total475 sq mi (1,230 km2)
 • Land474 sq mi (1,230 km2)
 • Water1.2 sq mi (3 km2)  0.2%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total50,237 Increase
 • Density105.99/sq mi (40.92/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district4th
Websitewww.bedfordcountytn.org

Bedford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2020 census, the population was 50,237.[3] Its county seat is Shelbyville.[4] Bedford County comprises the Shelbyville, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro, TN Combined Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The county was created in 1807 when the citizens of Rutherford County living south of the Duck River and the Stones River successfully petitioned the governor to split Rutherford County in two. The new county was named after American Revolutionary War officer and large landowner in the area, Thomas Bedford.

Once the state's largest and most populous county, Bedford County's size (in terms of area) has been steadily reduced since 1809 to form Coffee County, Moore County, Lincoln County, and Marshall County.[5]

The county was pro-Confederate during the Civil War, but Shelbyville was mostly loyal to the Union.

Confederate general Nathan Bedford Forrest was born in 1821 in Chapel Hill (now in Marshall County) and has no connection to naming of Bedford County. It was named after the Revolutionary War officer Thomas Bedford.[6]

Texas pioneer William Whitaker Reed was born in Bedford County in 1816.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 475 square miles (1,230 km2), of which 474 square miles (1,230 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.2%) is water.[8]

Adjacent counties[edit]

State protected areas[edit]

  • Normandy Wildlife Management Area (part)

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18108,242
182016,01294.3%
183030,39689.8%
184020,546−32.4%
185021,5114.7%
186021,5840.3%
187024,33312.7%
188026,0257.0%
189024,739−4.9%
190023,845−3.6%
191022,667−4.9%
192021,737−4.1%
193021,077−3.0%
194023,1519.8%
195023,6272.1%
196023,150−2.0%
197025,0398.2%
198027,91611.5%
199030,4118.9%
200037,58623.6%
201045,05819.9%
202050,23711.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2014[3]
Age pyramid, Bedford County[13]

2020 census[edit]

Bedford County racial composition[14]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 36,499 72.65%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 3,563 7.09%
Native American 127 0.25%
Asian 337 0.67%
Pacific Islander 13 0.03%
Other/Mixed 2,033 4.05%
Hispanic or Latino 7,665 15.26%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 50,237 people, 17,029 households, and 12,704 families residing in the county.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 37,586 people, 13,905 households, and 10,345 families residing in the county. The population density was 79 people per square mile (31/km2). There were 14,990 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile (12/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 86.84% White, 11.48% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.73% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. 7.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,905 households, out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 11.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.60% were non-families. 21.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 25.80% under the age of 18, 9.90% from 18 to 24, 29.70% from 25 to 44, 22.00% from 45 to 64, and 12.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,729, and the median income for a family was $33,691. Males had a median income of $25,485 versus $15,673 for females. The per capita income for the county was $13,698. About 12.70% of families and 25.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.90% of those under age 18 and 17.80% of those age 65 or over.


Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Politics[edit]

Bedford County is a Republican stronghold. The last Democrat to carry this county was Al Gore in 2000.

United States presidential election results for Bedford County, Tennessee[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 14,354 75.20% 4,453 23.33% 281 1.47%
2016 11,486 74.80% 3,395 22.11% 474 3.09%
2012 10,034 69.46% 4,211 29.15% 200 1.38%
2008 10,217 65.89% 5,027 32.42% 263 1.70%
2004 8,351 60.93% 5,268 38.44% 87 0.63%
2000 5,911 48.42% 6,136 50.27% 160 1.31%
1996 4,634 41.07% 5,735 50.82% 915 8.11%
1992 3,836 33.59% 5,978 52.34% 1,607 14.07%
1988 4,856 54.32% 4,046 45.26% 37 0.41%
1984 4,699 50.55% 4,499 48.40% 98 1.05%
1980 3,377 35.24% 5,987 62.48% 219 2.29%
1976 3,023 29.19% 7,228 69.79% 106 1.02%
1972 4,262 59.73% 2,565 35.95% 308 4.32%
1968 1,870 22.30% 2,416 28.81% 4,099 48.88%
1964 2,272 28.83% 5,610 71.17% 0 0.00%
1960 2,633 36.81% 4,457 62.32% 62 0.87%
1956 2,258 33.08% 4,517 66.18% 50 0.73%
1952 2,611 37.44% 4,362 62.56% 0 0.00%
1948 771 17.93% 2,393 55.64% 1,137 26.44%
1944 733 21.51% 2,651 77.81% 23 0.68%
1940 555 18.05% 2,499 81.29% 20 0.65%
1936 514 17.36% 2,428 82.00% 19 0.64%
1932 630 21.74% 2,264 78.12% 4 0.14%
1928 1,405 47.84% 1,532 52.16% 0 0.00%
1924 925 33.23% 1,799 64.62% 60 2.16%
1920 2,056 48.51% 2,182 51.49% 0 0.00%
1916 1,324 33.92% 2,578 66.05% 1 0.03%
1912 1,474 37.98% 2,305 59.39% 102 2.63%


Education[edit]

Bedford County School District operates nine elementary schools, four middle schools, and three high schools, in Shelbyville (Shelbyville Central High School), Bell Buckle (Cascade High School), and Unionville (Community High School).[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Timothy Marsh and Helen C. March, "Bedford County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 31 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Origins of Tennessee County Names" (PDF). Tennessee Secretary of State. Retrieved April 5, 2021.
  3. ^ a b "Bedford County, Tennessee". quickfacts.census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on July 12, 2012. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  5. ^ "Bedford County History". www.bedfordcountytn.org. Retrieved March 24, 2019.
  6. ^ "Origins of Tennessee County Names" (PDF).
  7. ^ Brochure "William Whitaker Reed House", 1850, Visitor's Center, Salado, Texas
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 1, 2015.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved April 1, 2015.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved April 1, 2015.
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 1, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved April 1, 2015.
  13. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  14. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 24, 2021.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  16. ^ "Schools". Bedford County School District. Retrieved April 7, 2019.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°31′N 86°28′W / 35.51°N 86.46°W / 35.51; -86.46