Bedford OY

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Bedford OY
Bedford O series truck in British Railways livery first reg January 1945 3519cc.JPG
ManufacturerBedford (General Motors)
Body and chassis
ClassMilitary vehicle
Body styleflatbed, tanker
LayoutLongitudinal front engine,
rear-wheel drive (2x4)
Engine3.5 L 72 bhp I6 petrol
Transmission4-speed manual
Wheelbasenot known
Length6.22 m (245 inches)
Width2.18 m (86 inches)
Height3.09 m (122 inches)
Kerb weight6,568 kg (14,450 lb.)

The Bedford OY is an army lorry (truck) built by Bedford for the British Armed Forces and introduced in 1939. It was based on Bedford's O-series commercial vehicles with a modified front end and single rear tyres. It was designed for a 3-ton payload. The OYD was a general service vehicle,[1] while the OYC was a tanker version for carrying water or petrol.[1] These vehicles were widely used during, and after, World War II but were later superseded by the Bedford RL.

Parachute troops hold up an 'enemy' Bedford OYD lorry during Exercise 'Bumper', 2 October 1941

Technical data[edit]

  • Engine: Bedford 6-cylinder, type WD, 3,519 cc (214 cubic inches) displacement, liquid cooled
  • Horsepower: 72 at 3,000 rpm
  • Transmission: 4-speed
  • Transfer box: None
  • Electrical system: 12 volt
  • Brakes: Hydraulic with vacuum servo assistance
  • Tyres: 10.50 - 16
  • Fuel type: Petrol
  • Fuel capacity: 145 litres (32 gallons)
  • Range: 450 km (280 miles)
  • Maximum speed: about 65 km/h (40 mph)
Bedford OXD as seen on War & Peace show 2011, UK

Bedford OX[edit]

Bedford OXD captured by Germans in Hungary, 1944

The OX was a short-wheelbase version of the OY, designed for a 30 cwt (1.5 ton) payload. The OXD was a general service vehicle, while the OXC was designed, in association with Scammell,[2] for use with a semi-trailer.[3] There was also an armoured version, the Bedford OXA.


Models of the Bedford OX and OY are available from several companies, including Milicast[4] and Skytrex.,[5] and in 1/285 scale by the US manufacturer, distributed in the UK by


  1. ^ a b "Bedford OY-series - Danish Army Vehicles Homepage". Retrieved 29 November 2012.
  2. ^ "THE BEDFORD AND THE SC/ 4MELL PROVE WELL MATED | 10th March 1939 | The Commercial Motor Archive". 10 March 1939. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
  3. ^ "Milicast Model Company :: Premiere Range (1/76-20mm) :: British & Commonwealth :: Softskins :: Bedford OX-D 30cwt GS Truck (Later)". Retrieved 29 November 2012.
  4. ^ "Milicast Model Company :: Premiere Range (1/76-20mm) :: British & Commonwealth :: Softskins :: Bedford OY-D 3ton GS Truck (Late)". Retrieved 29 November 2012.
  5. ^ "20mm British". Retrieved 29 November 2012.[permanent dead link]