Bednash v Hearsey

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Bednash v Hearsey
Court Court of Appeal
Decided 15 May 2001
Citation(s) [2001] EWCA Civ 787
Case history
Prior action(s) Nicholas Stewart QC
Case opinions
Sir Martin Nourse
Transaction at undervalue, excessive remuneration

Bednash v Hearsey or Re DGA (UK) Ltd [2001] EWCA 787 is a UK company law and UK insolvency law case, which held that a director's pay and pension was excessive and grossly negligent, and could be recovered after the company went insolvent.


Mr Lane Bednash was the liquidator of the DGA (UK) Ltd. DGA had provided engineering consulting services. Bednash sought an order under the Insolvency Act 1986 section 212 (misfeasance for breach of a fiduciary duty) and section 238 (transactions at an undervalue) against Mr Hearsey. Mr Hearsey had been the sole beneficial shareholder and controlling director of DGA. DGA had traded successfully in 1991 and 1992, but then its position had worsened. It had gone into liquidation through voluntary winding up proceedings on 24 February 1994. Apparently, in April 1994, there had been a burglary at the office by an unknown person, and all the accounts books had been stolen.

Bednash contended that Hearsey had paid himself an excessive salary and pension contributions.


High Court[edit]

Nicholas Stewart QC, for the High Court Chancery Division gave judgment on 15 February 2001. He allowed Bednash's claim in part.

In 1991 and 1992, because the company had been successful, and Mr Hearsey had adequately carried out his duties, it could not be said that pay or pension contributions were excessive. That was because there was no significant risk to DGA's creditors.

However, Hearsey's remuneration in following years was objectionable. There was a lack of clear evidence about Hearsey's actions. Despite that, if Hearsey had no reliable view on DGA's financial position, it was not responsible to pay himself large sums of money. Alternatively, if Hearsey had had a reliable view of DGA's finances, paying himself large sums of money would have also been irresponsible, because there had been a substantial risk to DGA's creditors.

Court of Appeal[edit]

Sir Martin Nourse (with whom Potter LJ concurred) upheld the decision of the High Court, after Mr Hearsey appealed.

See also[edit]



A Belcher, ‘Something distinctly not of this character’: how Knightian uncertainty is relevant to corporate governance' (2008) 28(1) Legal Studies 46, 55